The View of Life

Four Metaphysical Essays with Journal Aphorisms

Author: Georg Simmel

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022627330X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 237

View: 8307

Published in 1918, The View of Life is Georg Simmel’s final work. Famously deemed “the brightest man in Europe” by George Santayana, Simmel addressed diverse topics across his essayistic writings, which influenced scholars in aesthetics, epistemology, and sociology. Nevertheless, certain core issues emerged over the course of his career—the genesis, structure, and transcendence of social and cultural forms, and the nature and conditions of authentic individuality, including the role of mindfulness regarding mortality. Composed not long before his death, The View of Life was, Simmel wrote, his “testament,” a capstone work of profound metaphysical inquiry intended to formulate his conception of life in its entirety. Now Anglophone readers can at last read in full the work that shaped the argument of Heidegger’s Being and Time and whose extraordinary impact on European intellectual life between the wars was extolled by Jürgen Habermas. Presented alongside these seminal essays are aphoristic fragments from Simmel’s last journal, providing a beguiling look into the mind of one of the twentieth century’s greatest thinkers.

Classical Sociological Theory

Author: George Ritzer,Jeffrey Stepnisky

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506325564

Category: Social Science

Page: 592

View: 836

Now with SAGE Publishing, and co-authored by one of the foremost authorities on sociological theory, George Ritzer and Jeffrey Stepnisky’s Classical Sociological Theory, Seventh Edition, provides a comprehensive overview of the major theorists and schools of sociological thought from the Enlightenment roots of theory through the early 20th century. The integration of key theories with biographical sketches of theorists and the requisite historical and intellectual context helps students to better understand the original works of classical authors as well as to compare and contrast classical theories. New to this Edition · In Ch. 1, Colonialism is now discussed as a major social force in development of modern society. · In Ch. 2, there is an expanded discussion of the historical significance of Early Women Founders and the contributions of W.E.B. Du Bois. · The chapter on Du Bois (Ch. 9) includes new material about his intellectual influences. · New contemporary commentary about Durkheim has been added to Ch. 7. · Ch. 9 includes new material from recently translated later writings of George Simmel, providing new context for his overall theory. · Addition of Historical Context boxes throughout text. · Sections on contemporary applications of classical theory have been added to each chapter.

Social Innovation

Blurring Boundaries to Reconfigure Markets

Author: Alex Nicholls,Alex Murdock

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 023028017X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 302

View: 8102

The study of social innovation offers the opportunity to grapple with the central real-world challenges of our time. Indeed, rather than conceptualizing social innovation as a subset of technological-economic innovation, it may be the case that the reverse now makes a more compelling case. As this volume underlines, social innovation offers potential solutions to climate change, the crisis of the welfare state, health pandemics and failures, social dislocation and inequality, and educational failure. The need to address -- if not solve -- these 'wicked problems' presents us with global challenges that will become increasingly evident in all our everyday lives. It is, therefore, the ultimate purpose of this book to suggest that a focus on the sixth wave of social innovation represents not only a scholarly opportunity but a global imperative.

Routledge Handbook of Body Studies

Author: Bryan S Turner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136903313

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 3892

In the last three decades, the human body has gained increasing prominence in contemporary political debates, and it has become a central topic of modern social sciences and humanities. Modern technologies – such as organ transplants, stem-cell research, nanotechnology, cosmetic surgery and cryonics – have changed how we think about the body. In this collection of thirty original essays by leading figures in the field, these issues are explored across a number of theoretical and disciplinary perspectives, including pragmatism, feminism, queer theory, post-modernism, post-humanism, cultural sociology, philosophy and anthropology. A wide range of case studies, which include cosmetics, diet, organ transplants, racial bodies, masculinity and sexuality, eating disorders, religion and the sacred body, and disability, are used to appraise these different perspectives. In addition, this Handbook explores various epistemological approaches to the basic question: what is a body? It also offers a strongly themed range of chapters on empirical topics that are organized around religion, medicine, gender, technology and consumption. It also contributes to the debate over the globalization of the body: how have military technology, modern medicine, sport and consumption led to this contemporary obsession with matters corporeal? The Handbook’s clear, direct style will appeal to a wide undergraduate audience in the social sciences, particularly for those studying medical sociology, gender studies, sports studies, disability studies, social gerontology, or the sociology of religion. It will serve to consolidate the new field of body studies.

Essays and Aphorisms

Author: Arthur Schopenhauer

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141921757

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 5264

One of the greatest philosophers of the nineteenth century, Schopenhauer (1788-1860) believed that human action is determined not by reason but by 'will' - the blind and irrational desire for physical existence. This selection of his writings on religion, ethics, politics, women, suicide, books and many other themes is taken from Schopenhauer's last work, Parerga and Paralipomena, which he published in 1851. These pieces depict humanity as locked in a struggle beyond good and evil, and each individual absolutely free within a Godless world, in which art, morality and self-awareness are our only salvation. This innovative - and pessimistic - view has proved powerfully influential upon philosophy and art, directly affecting the work of Nietzsche, Wittgenstein and Wagner among others.

Metaphysical Essays

Author: John Hawthorne

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199291241

Category: Philosophy

Page: 299

View: 396

John Hawthorne is widely regarded as one of the finest philosophers working today. He is perhaps best known for his contributions to metaphysics, and this volume collects his most notable papers in this field. Hawthorne offers original treatments of fundamental topics in philosophy, including identity, ontology, vagueness, and causation. Six of the essays appear here for the first time, and there is a valuable introduction to guide the reader through the selection.

Nietzsche's Earth

Great Events, Great Politics

Author: Gary Shapiro

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022639445X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 238

View: 7605

In this new book, philosopher Gary Shapiro aims to demonstrate the extreme relevance of Nietzsche s thought to some of the contemporary world s most pertinent political issues, fully acknowledging the prescience of his thinking in several areas. In particular, Shapiro takes up Nietzsche s environmentalism and his concern with the direction ("Sinn") of the earth to show how Nietzsche is one of few major philosophers to have anticipated the most important and characteristic questions about modernity, and to have addressed them when it first became possible to do so (given Nietzsche s historical context: the 19th century zenith of the nation-state and the new speeds of industry, transportation, and communication). Nietzsche, Shapiro says, has important things to say about topics that are very much on the agenda today: globalization; the character of a livable earth (what he called a "Menschen-Erde"); and geopolitical categories that characterize people and places, peoples and states. While Nietzsche was clear in foregrounding these issues and questions, there is still much to be done in making sense of them, and "Nietzsche s Earth" offers a fresh reading informed both by Nietzsche s assessment of modernity, and by contemporary philosophical discussion in the work of Deleuze and Guattari, Agamben, Badiou, Foucault, Derrida, and others."

Wandering Jews

Existential Quests Between Berlin, Zurich, and Zion

Author: Susanne Hillman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Intellectuals

Page: 1210

View: 1096

For more than seventy years the shadow of the Holocaust has darkened modern Jewish historiography. Historians dealing with all facets of Jewish history have tended to treat the destruction of European Jewry as a foregone conclusion. This narrow focus on the "end" rather than on what came before has led to a distorted equation of Jews as nothing but victims. This dissertation, which deals with the Jewish German poet, philosopher, and literary critic Margarete Susman (1872-1966) and her fellow intellectuals, both Jews and Christians, employs a different, non-teleological approach. Susman grew up in the world of the highly assimilated Jewish-German bourgeoisie of Wilhelmine Germany. Her views were informed by the messianic ethos of reform Judaism as well as by the political project of the Left. Despite growing antisemitism and the rise of race thinking in the late 19th and early 20 th century, she regarded herself first and foremost as German; in other words, language was more important to her than blood. Her ongoing struggle with questions of self-identification and belonging throws light on the vexing question of the category "Jew." By embedding a thinker like Susman in the context of the various social and intellectual networks which she was part of, this project deliberately obfuscates conventional historiographical approaches. Starting from the premise that thinking should be studied from an embodied perspective, this study investigates thinking and living, i.e. the intellectual and the social, not as two distinct realms but as spheres of experience that continually overlap and reinforce each other. A close reading of sources ranging from archival biographical materials to newspaper articles, philosophical treatises, memoirs, and extensive correspondences reveals that the intellectual creativity of individuals like Susman, Karl Wolfskehl, Ernst Bloch, Edith Landmann, and many others was largely the result of a particular Jewish-Christian milieu that roamed geographically as well as topically. Even Hitler's rise to power and the extermination of millions could not extinguish this milieu. By examining Susman's beliefs and practices, as well as those of her peers, we arrive at a fuller understanding of Jewish German cultural and social life from the founding of the German empire to the post-Holocaust era.

Bacon's Novum organum

Author: Francis Bacon

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Induction (Logic)

Page: 619

View: 3371

The Moral Meaning of Nature

Nietzsche’s Darwinian Religion and Its Critics

Author: Peter J. Woodford

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022653992X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 208

View: 6055

What, if anything, does biological evolution tell us about the nature of religion, ethical values, or even the meaning and purpose of life? The Moral Meaning of Nature sheds new light on these enduring questions by examining the significance of an earlier—and unjustly neglected—discussion of Darwin in late nineteenth-century Germany. We start with Friedrich Nietzsche, whose writings staged one of the first confrontations with the Christian tradition using the resources of Darwinian thought. The lebensphilosophie, or “life-philosophy,” that arose from his engagement with evolutionary ideas drew responses from other influential thinkers, including Franz Overbeck, Georg Simmel, and Heinrich Rickert. These critics all offered cogent challenges to Nietzsche’s appropriation of the newly transforming biological sciences, his negotiation between science and religion, and his interpretation of the implications of Darwinian thought. They also each proposed alternative ways of making sense of Nietzsche’s unique question concerning the meaning of biological evolution “for life.” At the heart of the discussion were debates about the relation of facts and values, the place of divine purpose in the understanding of nonhuman and human agency, the concept of life, and the question of whether the sciences could offer resources to satisfy the human urge to discover sources of value in biological processes. The Moral Meaning of Nature focuses on the historical background of these questions, exposing the complex ways in which they recur in contemporary philosophical debate.

The Wisdom of Life and Counsels and Maxims

Author: Arthur Schopenhauer

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781541028951

Category:

Page: 162

View: 6870

This collection brings together two of Schopenhauer's most respected works, wherein the philosopher shares his views on life and what he believes to be follies of human behavior. Writing with incisive poise and a great sense of humor, Schopenhauer introduces the various ideas present in his pessimistic philosophy. Holding the usual goals of life - money, position, material and sexual pleasures - in low regard, he explains how the cultivation of one's individuality and mind are far better pursuits, albeit those that most people neglect. Rather than simply criticize the state of humanity, Schopenhauer uses wit and lively argument to convince the reader of the value in his outlook. The practice of an ordinary life and career is thereby demonstrated as spiritually draining, in contrast to concentration upon a wise mind and strong body, plus a moderated or even ascetic approach to material things. Many of Schopenhauer's most definitive pearls of wisdom are contained within this work, demonstrating the philosophy of life which he was renowned for living by. Scholars generally compare Schopenhauer's outlook to Buddhism, for his rejection of worldly pleasures and reverence of inner development. Although he speaks disparagingly of humanity, the philosopher has enough awareness to do so with entertaining eloquence. First published under the title of Aphorismen zur Lebensweisheit, Schopenhauer's warm and engaging style and profound substance is successfully expressed in the English translations of The Wisdom of Life and Counsels and Maxims, both of which are composed by Thomas Bailey Saunders.

Why We Are Not Nietzscheans

Author: Luc Ferry

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226244815

Category: Philosophy

Page: 235

View: 9842

"To think with Nietzsche against Nietzsche." Thus the editors describe the strategy adopted in this volume to soften the destructive effects of Nietzsche's "philosophy with a hammer" on French philosophy since the 1960s. Frustrated by the infinite inclusiveness of deconstructionism, the contributors to this volume seek to renew the Enlightenment quest for rationality. Though linked by no common dogma, these essays all argue that the "French Nietzsche" transmitted through the deconstructionists must be reexamined in light of the original context in which Nietzsche worked. Each essay questions the viability of Nietzsche's thought in the modern world, variously critiquing his philosophy of history as obsessed with hierarchy, his views on religion and art as myopic and irrational, and his stance on science as hopelessly reactionary. Contending that we must abandon the Nietzsche propped up as patron saint by French deconstructionists in order to return to reason, these essays will stimulate debate not just among Nietzscheans but among all with a stake in modern French philosophy. Contributors are Alain Boyer, André Compte-Sponville, Vincent Descombes, Luc Ferry, Robert Legros, Philippe Raynaud, Alain Renault, and Pierre-André Taguieff.

The Interpretation of Cultures

Author: Clifford Geertz

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465093566

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 5322

In The Interpretation of Cultures, the most original anthropologist of his generation moved far beyond the traditional confines of his discipline to develop an important new concept of culture. This groundbreaking book, winner of the 1974 Sorokin Award of the American Sociological Association, helped define for an entire generation of anthropologists what their field is ultimately about.

Georg Simmel and the Disciplinary Imaginary

Author: Elizabeth S. Goodstein

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 1503600742

Category: Philosophy

Page: 384

View: 8393

An internationally famous philosopher and best-selling author during his lifetime, Georg Simmel has been marginalized in contemporary intellectual and cultural history. This neglect belies his pathbreaking role in revealing the theoretical significance of phenomena—including money, gender, urban life, and technology—that subsequently became established arenas of inquiry in cultural theory. It further ignores his philosophical impact on thinkers as diverse as Benjamin, Musil, and Heidegger. Integrating intellectual biography, philosophical interpretation, and a critical examination of the history of academic disciplines, this book restores Simmel to his rightful place as a major figure and challenges the frameworks through which his contributions to modern thought have been at once remembered and forgotten.

AIDS to Reflection in the Formation

Author: Taylor Coleridge Samuel Taylor Coleridge

Publisher: Applewood Books

ISBN: 1429018631

Category: Philosophy

Page: 476

View: 5062

With our American Philosophy and Religion series, Applewood reissues many primary sources published throughout American history. Through these books, scholars, interpreters, students, and non-academics alike can see the thoughts and beliefs of Americans who came before us.

Nature

Author: Ralph Waldo Emerson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 74

View: 945

The Book of Disquiet

Author: Fernando Pessoa

Publisher: Profile Books

ISBN: 1846687357

Category: Fiction

Page: 262

View: 1755

A prize-winning international classic, first published in English in 1993, now with a new foreword by William Boyd.

Visions of the Sociological Tradition

Author: Donald N. Levine

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226475479

Category: Social Science

Page: 365

View: 2533

Don Levine moves from the origins of systematic knowledge in ancient Greece to the present day to present an account that is at once a history of the social science enterprise and an introduction to the cornerstone works of Western social thought. "Visions" has three meanings, each of which corresponds to a part of the book. In Part 1, Levine presents the ways previous sociologists have rendered accounts of their discipline, as a series of narratives—or "life stories"—that build upon each other, generation to generation, a succession of efforts to envisage a coherent past for the sake of a purposive present. In Part 2, the heart of the book, Levine offers his own narrative, reconnecting centuries of voices into a richly textured dialogue among the varied strands of the sociological tradition: Hellenic, British, French, German, Marxian, Italian, and American. Here, in a tour de force of clarity and conciseness, he tracks the formation of the sociological imagination through a series of conversations across generations. From classic philosophy to pragmatism, Aristotle to W. I. Thomas, Levine maps the web of visionary statements—confrontations and oppositions—from which social science has grown. At the same time, this is much more than an expert synthesis of social theory. Throughout each stage, Levine demonstrates social knowledge has grown in response to three recurring questions: How shall we live? What makes humans moral creatures? How do we understand the world? He anchors the creation of social knowledge to ethical foundations, and shows for the first time how differences in those foundations disposed the shapers of modern social science—among them, Marshall and Spencer, Comte and Durkheim, Simmel and Weber, Marx and Mosca, Dewey and Park—to proceed in vastly different ways. In Part 3, Levine offers a vision of the contemporary scene, setting the crisis of fragmentation in social sciences against the fragmentation of experience and community. By reconstructing the history of social thought as a series of fundamentally moral engagements with common themes, he suggests new uses for sociology's intellectual resources: not only as insight about the nature of modernity, but also as a model of mutually respectful communication in an increasingly fractious world.

This New Yet Unapproachable America

Lectures after Emerson after Wittgenstein

Author: Stanley Cavell

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022603741X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 144

View: 555

Stanley Cavell is a titan of the academic world; his work in aesthetics and philosophy has shaped both fields in the United States over the past forty years. In this brief yet enlightening collection of lectures, Cavell investigates the work of two of his most tried-and-true subjects: Emerson and Wittgenstein. Beginning with an introductory essay that places his own work in a philosophical and historical context, Cavell guides his reader through his thought process when composing and editing his lectures while making larger claims about the influence of institutions on philosophers, and the idea of progress within the discipline of philosophy. In “Declining Decline,” Cavell explains how language modifies human existence, looking specifically at the culture of Wittgenstein’s writings. He draws on Emerson, Thoreau, and many others to make his case that Wittgenstein can indeed be viewed as a “philosopher of culture.” In his final lecture, “Finding as Founding,” Cavell writes in response to Emerson’s “Experience,” and explores the tension between the philosopher and language—that he or she must embrace language as his or her “form of life,” while at the same time surpassing its restrictions. He compares finding new ideas to discovering a previously unknown land in an essay that unabashedly celebrates the power and joy of philosophical thought.