Theory and Methods in Sociology

An Introduction to Sociological Thinking and Practice

Author: John Hughes,Wes Sharrock

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137111607

Category: Social Science

Page: 376

View: 9157

This book offers a guide to sociology that explores its theoretical and methodological dimensions. Aiming to provide the reader with a sense of the reasoned character of the discipline, it traces how different theories and methods relate to one another, exploring the particular problems they spawn and the debates that have arisen in response.

An Introduction to Social Work Theory

Making Sense in Practice

Author: David Howe

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9781857421385

Category: Social Science

Page: 182

View: 7563

Social workers need to recognize the critical role that theory plays both in the way they make sense of what is going on and in the way they order their work. Such recognition clarifies practice for both the worker and the client. This classic text provides a framework to help social workers develop an understanding of the theories which inescapably underpin their thoughts and actions. The result is a stimulating guide to social work theory which is proven to help social workers both to understand their practices and to practise in a disciplined and imaginative way.

Knowledge and the Social Sciences

Theory, Method, Practice

Author: David Goldblatt

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415329750

Category: Social Science

Page: 162

View: 5772

Is knowledge what counts in today's society? How does knowledge shape social change? Do we trust experts less now than in the past? How do we decide which knowledge counts and which experts to trust? Knowledge and the Social Sciences: Theory, Method, Practice looks at the role of the social sciences in explaining and exploring what has been called the explosion of knowledge in the contemporary world. It takes as its starting point the claim that all forms of knowledge, including the social sciences, must be understood in their social context. It argues that the social sciences both describe and transform what they study and introduces students to some of the key concepts and arguments that are essential for further study in the social sciences. In a radical and practical introduction to ways of thinking and knowing in the social sciences, this text investigates the origins and consequences of different types of knowledge in areas of social change both in everyday thinking and in more academic fields, in medical science, religious belief systems and the environment and political responses to environmental change. These issues are explored in th context of the emergence of what has

Research for Social Workers

An Introduction to Methods

Author: Margaret Alston,Wendy Bowles

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415307222

Category: Social Science

Page: 334

View: 2537

An introduction to research methods specifically needed in social work and social welfare, this text outlines the major stages of research projects, covering both quantitative and qualitative methods.

Theory and Method

Author: Mel Churton,Anne Brown

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137021632

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 8439

Knowledge of theory is essential to study, but it often seems quite abstract and distant from the 'real world'. Research methods, on the other hand, are strategies that allow us to gather evidence from the people around us to help explain social phenomena. This book explores these two key areas and shows new sociologists how they can understand, appreciate and use both theory and method. Written with student needs firmly in mind, this new edition begins by exploring the most important theories and debates that are essential to understanding sociology. It then goes on to examine the concepts, techniques and trends in research methods, and explains how these link back to theory. Whilst continuing to cover traditional ideas, debates and methodologies, the book has also been updated to address recent thinking and research techniques. It explains how sociologists have responded to contemporary developments in sociology, including postmodernists' views on science, and introduces contemporary research techniques, such as cyberethnography. Exploring the basics of quantitative and qualitative methods, and explaining how to choose the right method, the book combines practical and theoretical coverage throughout. Part of the Skills-Based Sociology series, Theory and Method 2e continues to encourage an active approach to learning. Each chapter uses a variety of tasks, activities and practice questions that promote critical thinking and develop interpretation, analysis and evaluation skills. It is an invaluable guide for those learning about theory and research for the first time.

Social Research and Reflexivity

Author: Tim May,Beth Perry

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446248151

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 7742

What are the critical gaps in thinking about reflexivity and social research? How is reflexive practice shaped by the contexts and cultures in which researchers work? How might research practice respond to twin demands of excellence and relevance in the knowledge-based economy? Thinking reflexively about the inter-relationships between social research and societal practices is all the more important in the so-called knowledge economy. Developing reflexive practices in social research is not achieved through applying a method. Where and how researchers work is fundamental in shaping the capacities and capabilities to produce research as content and context lie in a dynamic interaction. This book not only provides a history of reflexive thought, but its consequences for the practice of social research and an understanding of the contexts in which it is produced. It provides critical insights into the implications of reflexivity through a discussion of positioning, belonging and degrees of epistemic permeability in disciplines. It is also highly innovative in its suggestions for ways forward in research practice through the introduction of active intermediaries. Overall, the book offers an exciting new position on reflexive research that will generate much debate through its successful achievement of two difficult feats: providing essential reading for orientations on reflexivity and social research in the twenty-first century and making a landmark contribution to thinking and practice in the field. Social Research and Reflexivity is suitable for advanced undergraduates, postgraduates and social researchers in general across a number of disciplines including geography, social research, management and organizations; economics, urban studies, sociology, social policy, anthropology and politics, as well as science and technology studies.

Making Sense of Social Theory

A Practical Introduction

Author: Charles H. Powers

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742530478

Category: Social Science

Page: 243

View: 5496

In this short introductory sociology textbook, Powers (anthropology and sociology, Santa Clara U.) aims to provide a conceptual and historical map of the discipline, explain some of its major theoretical principles, and demonstrate the links between research and theory. He offers chapters on Durkhei

Knowledge and the Social Sciences

Theory, Method, Practice

Author: Open University

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415222860

Category: Philosophy

Page: 165

View: 9400

This book provides a clear introduction to key philosophical and epistemological issues in the social sciences, to both positivist and interpretative methodologies through comparing contemporary debates surrounding social change.

Theory and Method in Organization Studies

Paradigms and Choices

Author: Antonio Strati

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781446239049

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 2906

`This introductory book is really worth buying. It is accessible without being patronizing. It stimulates thought without using rhetoric. It offers exciting content on methods and techniques without being arrogant' - Organization Studies In this introduction to theory and method, students of organization will find a comprehensive view of the key theories in their field, combined with a toolkit of guidelines linking these to the different methods available for analyzing and interpreting organizational life. Distinguishing `the external society' and the `internal society', Antonio Strati sheds light on the different contexts that shape organizational life and the different levels of analysis that may be used. By showing the many levels at which organizations function and can be understood this book provides an invaluable introduction to analysis and research for advanced students. Recent concepts such as `the organization as hypertext'; `communities of practice'; 'tacit knowledge'; and organizational learning; are explored as ways of approaching organizations: this book shows how to link such approaches to appropriate methodologies in order to achieve insightful analysis.

Approaches to Sociology (RLE Social Theory)

An Introduction to Major Trends in British Sociology

Author: John Rex

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317652525

Category: Social Science

Page: 310

View: 9921

These essays, commissioned by John Rex, reflect the state of sociology in Britain today. Leading representatives of the diverse ‘schools’ provide lucid accounts of their own particular approaches to this complex discipline and in doing so demonstrate the techniques described. Topics covered include the empirical study of stratification, social evolution, survey techniques, mathematical sociology, systems theory, phenomenological approaches, Weberian sociology, structuralism, contemporary Marxism, and the development of theory after Talcott Parsons.

Theory and Practice in Sociology

Author: Ian Marsh

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317904842

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 523

Theory and Practise in Sociology provide's students with a comprehensive, clear and accessible introduction to the main methods of research and the main theoretical approaches in sociology, and help's them examine the relationship between methods and theory.

Power and Everyday Practices

Author: Deborah Rose Brock,Mark Preston Thomas,Rebecca Raby

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0176502033

Category: Equality

Page: 383

View: 1934

Power and Everyday Practices is a unique, contributed text: one that takes up sociological theory and methods in the approachable context of everyday objects and practices primarily through Foucaultian and Marxist lenses. Rather than focusing first on abstract concepts, many of the chapters are organized around a familiar everyday activity for students, which engages the students and seeks to "trouble" their normative assumptions about the everyday world (for example, the chapter on coffee examines how our everyday activity of drinking coffee is linked to global economic relations and inequalities). This text uniquely focuses on "unpacking the centre" rather than concentrating on the margins (as an example, rather than focus on people of colour, the chapter on whiteness unpacks how whiteness works to occupy the centre and thus reproduce privilege). Students are asked to explore not only why questions but also how questions; to make visible not only why things are as they are, but how they have come to be historically, socially, and culturally organized. Deftly edited by Brock, Raby, and Thomas, a group of renowned Canadian sociologists have gathered to write a perfect core text for undergraduate and graduate courses on the subject of power and inequality.

An Introduction to the Work of Pierre Bourdieu

The Practice of Theory

Author: Richard Harker,Cheleen Mahar,Chris Wilkes

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1349211346

Category: Social Science

Page: 247

View: 6732

Pierre Bourdieu has been making a distinguished contribution to European sociology for the past 25 years. He is Professor of Sociology at the Collge de France in Paris and author of many influential books including, most recently, Distinction and Homo Academicus, which have both been translated into English. This book serves to introduce this important body of work to the Anglo-American world. In a cross-disciplinary collaboration Richard Harker, Cheleen Mahar and Chris Wilkes provide the reader with the necessary tools to understand this complex and rewarding body of French sociology. Post modernist sociology has already been influenced by the French theorist Foucault; it is likely that the generation to come will be reading Bourdieu.

Sociology and Social Practice

A Sociological Analysis of Contemporary Social Processes and Their Interrelationship with Science

Author: Niko Yahiel

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483149978

Category: Social Science

Page: 234

View: 2020

Sociology and Social Practice: A Sociological Analysis of Contemporary Social Processes and Their Interrelationship with Science reviews the interaction of sociological knowledge and social practice, with emphasis on the role of the practical functions of sociological science in the various spheres of society. This treatise examines from the sociological standpoint some fundamental problems that have arisen in the process of building the new society in Bulgaria and how science can help solve these problems. This book is comprised of 10 chapters organized into three sections. After an introduction to the theoretical aspects of the relationship between sociological knowledge and social practice (political practice and policy-making in particular), the discussion turns to some topical and interrelated problems such as the scientific and technical revolution; the intellectualization of social practice; the intensification of socio-economic development; the efficiency of science; and the essence of the multiplier approach. The last section explores some key problems of science as a social institution and includes chapters that discuss the scientific manpower potential in Bulgaria; scientific-information activity; and the scientific community as a collective subject of scientific activity. This monograph will be useful to sociologists and social scientists.

A Brief Introduction to Social Work Theory

Author: David Howe

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 0230365248

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 4336

Learning about social work theory is a bit like hot air ballooning – it's about looking at the world from above and going on a voyage of discovery to find out what guides social work practice. In 25 clearly labelled chapters, this book explains and discusses social work theory in a crisp, clear and accessible way. Whether you're a student, a newly qualified social worker or a 'seasoned' professional you will find plenty in this book to inform, enlighten and refresh you. Written by David Howe, one of the top British writers in social work, his simple, easy-to-read style makes this text ideal for quick reference in lectures, on placement or in practice. A Brief Introduction to Social Work Theory manages to be both compact and comprehensive. You will return to this 'can't live without it' text time and time again.

Re/Structuring Science Education

ReUniting Sociological and Psychological Perspectives

Author: Wolff-Michael Roth

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048139965

Category: Education

Page: 381

View: 7367

Since its beginnings, science education has been under the influence of psychological theories of knowing and learning, while in more recent years, social constructivist and sociological frameworks have also begun to emerge. With little work being done on showing how the perspectives of these separate approaches might be integrated, this work aims to plug the gap. The book helps lay the groundwork for reuniting sociological and psychological perspectives on the knowing, learning, and teaching of science. Featuring a range of integrative efforts beginning with simple conversation, the chapters here include not only articles but also commentaries that engage with other papers, as well as a useful running narrative that, from the introduction to the epilogue, contextualizes the book and its sections. Specific attention is given to cultural-historical activity theory, which already offers an integration of psychological and cultural-historical (sociological) perspectives on collectively motivated human activities. A number of chapters, as well as the contextualizing narrative, explicitly use this theory as a framework for rethinking science education to achieve the reunification that is the goal of this work. All the contributors to this volume have produced texts that contribute to the effort of overcoming the extant divide between sociological and psychological approaches to science education research and practice. From very different positions—gender, culture, race—they provide valuable insights to reuniting approaches in both theory and method in the field. As an ensemble, the contributions constitute a rich menu of ideas from which new forms of science education can emerge.

An Introduction to Early Childhood Studies

Author: Trisha Maynard,Nigel Thomas

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761970743

Category: Education

Page: 266

View: 2928

An Introduction to Early Childhood Studies is a comprehensive text that has been designed to provide students with an introduction to the main theories and issues within the field of early childhood studies. The book adopts a multi-discplinary approach and pulls together all the key themes involved in the study of young children and childhood. Written by a team of leading academics and practitioners, this is a lively and engaging text that will be a core text for all those involved in the study of childhood

Black Reflective Sociology

Epistemology, Theory, and Methodology

Author: John H. Stanfield

Publisher: Left Coast Press

ISBN: 1598746472

Category: Social Science

Page: 361

View: 8738

John H. Stanfield II, the leading contemporary Black sociologist of knowledge, distills decades of his research and thinking in a set of articles—some original to the volume, others from fugitive sources—that address race in the formation of epistemologies, theories, and methodologies in social science. Stanfield’s contributions to the discipline, such as the adoption of restorative justice as an anti-racism solution in multiracial societies and the development of African diasporic sociological reasoning, are highlighted here. Ranging widely across theoretical, methodological, and substantive topics, Stanfield creates a reflective sociology viewed through an African diasporic lens that enriches the thinking and practice of social science.

Introduction to Sociology

Author: George Ritzer

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506362648

Category: Social Science

Page: 648

View: 1084

This Fourth Edition of George Ritzer’s Introduction to Sociology shows students the relevance of sociology to their lives. While providing a rock-solid foundation, Ritzer illuminates traditional sociological concepts and theories, as well as some of the most compelling contemporary social phenomena: globalization, consumer culture, the digital world, and the “McDonaldization” of society. With examples on every page from current events and contemporary research, and stories about “public” sociologists who are engaging with the critical issues of today, the text demonstrates the power of sociology to explain the world, and the diversity of questions that sociologists seek to answer. New to this Edition New “Trending” boxes focus on influential books written by sociologists that have become part of the public conversation about important issues. Replacing “Public Sociology” boxes, these boxes demonstrate the diversity of sociology's practitioners, methods, and subject matter, and feature such authors as: Michelle Alexander (The New Jim Crow) Elizabeth Armstrong and Laura Hamilton (Paying for the Party) Randol Contreras (The Stick-Up Kids) Matthew Desmond (Evicted) Kimberly Hoang (Dealing in Desire) Arlie Hochschild (Strangers in Their Own Land) Eric Klinenberg (Going Solo) C.J. Pascoe (Dude, You're a Fag) Lori Peek and Alice Fothergill (Children of Katrina) Allison Pugh (The Tumbleweed Society)Updated examples in the text and "Digital Living" boxes keep pace with changes in digital technology and online practices, including Uber, bitcoin, net neutrality, digital privacy, WikiLeaks, and cyberactivism. New or updated subjects apply sociological thinking to the latest issues including: the 2016 U.S. election Brexit the global growth of ISIS climate change President Trump's proposed Mexican border wall further segmentation of wealthy Americans in the "super rich" transgender people in the U.S. armed forces charter schools the legalization of marijuana the Flint water crisis fourth-wave feminism