Theory of Named Sets

Author: Mark Burgin

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781611227888

Category: Mathematics

Page: 681

View: 6936

Set theory has become one of the most respected fields in mathematics due to the situation in which sets are used to build all mathematical structures, pervading the whole of modern mathematics, and objects, while set theory guarantees soundness of this approach. The language of set theory, in its relative simplicity, is sufficiently powerful to formalise virtually all mathematical concepts popular in the mathematical community. As a result, the majority of mathematicians assume that a set is the most fundamental object for the whole mathematics and consequently, set theory along with logical calculi, forms the most natural and adequate ultimate foundation for mathematics. This book presents and discusses research in the study of set theory, as well as their role and place in mathematics.

Mathematics Almost Everywhere: In Memory Of Solomon Marcus

Author: Bellow Alexandra,Calude Cristian S,Zamfirescu Tudor

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9813237325

Category: Computers

Page: 252

View: 5242

The book is a collection of original papers, research and surveys, dedicated to the memory of the Romanian mathematician Solomon Marcus (1925-2016). Marcus published many papers and books in mathematical analysis, theoretical computer science, mathematical linguistics, poetics, theory of literature, semiotics, and several other fields less strongly connected to mathematics, like cultural anthropology, biology, history and philosophy of science, education. He exemplified an unimaginable richness of ideas. This volume intends to emphasize the mathematical fields in which Solomon Marcus worked, and demonstrate -- as he also did -- the interconnection between them. The authors who contribute to this volume are well-known experts in their fields. Most of them knew Solomon Marcus well, some even owed him for his decisive impulses for their careers and general development. With articles in so diverse areas, the volume will attract readers who would like to diversify their own knowledge or find unexpected connections with other topics. Contents: Logic, Complexity and Algebra: On Bases of Many-Valued Truth Functions (A Salomaa) Quasiperiods of Infinite Words (L Staiger) Early Romanian Contributions to Algebra and Polynomials (D Ştefănescu) Distributed Compression through the Lens of Algorithmic Information Theory: A Primer (M Zimand) Integrals, Operators, AF Algebras, Proof Mining and Monotone Nonexpansive Mappings: Monotonically Controlled Integrals (T Ball, D Preiss) Fine Properties of Duality Mappings (G Dincă) Primitive Ideal Spaces of Postliminal AF Algebras (A Lazar) An Application of Proof Miningto the Proximal Point Algorithm in CAT(0) Spaces (L Leuştean, A Sipoş) Generic Well-posedness of the Fixed Point Problem for Monotone Nonexpansive Mappings (S Reich, A J Zaslavski) Linguistics, Computer Science and Physics: Analytical Linguistics and Formal Grammars: Contributions of Solomon Marcus and Their Further Developments (M Burgin) A Contagious Creativity (Gh Păun) Entanglement through Path Identification (K Svozil) Solomon Marcus in Context: Memories about Solomon Marcus (A Bruckner) Memories With and About My Uncle (M Marcus) Index Readership: Graduate students and researchers. Keywords: Discrete Mathematics;Mathematical Analysis;Complexity Theory;Proof Mining;Mathematical Biology;Formal Languages;Theoretical Mechanics;Mathematical Linguistics;Theoretical PhysicsReview: Key Features: New results in a variety of mathematical areas including operator theory, measure theory, real and functional analysis, computable algebra, formal languages, proof mining in nonlinear analysis, theoretical mechanics, mathematical logic, and topical surveys in mathematical linguistics, complexity theory and computational biology The authors, coming from various parts of the world, are well-known experts in the areas of their contributions Interconnections between results and domains will make the volume not only informative, but also attractive and unique

Information And Complexity

Author: Burgin Mark,Calude Cristian S

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9813109041

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 412

View: 7276

The book is a collection of papers of experts in the fields of information and complexity. Information is a basic structure of the world, while complexity is a fundamental property of systems and processes. There are intrinsic relations between information and complexity. The research in information theory, the theory of complexity and their interrelations is very active. The book will expand knowledge on information, complexity and their relations representing the most recent and advanced studies and achievements in this area. The goal of the book is to present the topic from different perspectives — mathematical, informational, philosophical, methodological, etc.

Information and Communication Technologies in Education, Research, and Industrial Applications

10th International Conference, ICTERI 2014, Kherson, Ukraine, June 9-12, 2014, Revised Selected Papers

Author: Vadim Ermolayev,Heinrich C. Mayr,Mykola Nikitchenko,Aleksander Spivakovsky,Grygoriy Zholtkevych

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319132067

Category: Education

Page: 371

View: 4024

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies in Education, Research, and Industrial Applications, held in Kherson, Ukraine, in June 2014. The 16 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 66 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on framework and tools; information and communication technologies in teaching and learning; information and communication technologies in research and industrial applications.

General Theory of Statistics

Author: Victor Aladjev,Valery Haritonov

Publisher: Fultus Corporation

ISBN: 9781596820128

Category: Mathematics

Page: 251

View: 3744

Book Description fields of social and economic sciences. The book presents a manual on the course General Theory of Statistics, including a series of not quite traditional topics. First of all, it concerns the mathematical bases of statistics and use of computer technologies in statistical probing. Thematic choice of the chapters and sections of the book is caused not only by interests and tastes of the authors, but also by modern tendencies in applied statistics and orientation of the given work. The book is based on a course of lectures given by the first author for undergraduates in social and economic sciences along with three books published in Russian and English in Estonia, Lithuania and Byelorussia. This book has been written for a large enough audience of teachers, researchers, statisticians, students, collegians and users of statistics in behavioral and social sciences. Above all, the book is directed to a wide circle of the readers studying statistical disciplines in high schools and colleges; however, it can be useful also to persons independently studying statistics.

The Rise of Modern Logic: from Leibniz to Frege

Author: Dov M. Gabbay,John Woods

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080532875

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 780

View: 3804

With the publication of the present volume, the Handbook of the History of Logic turns its attention to the rise of modern logic. The period covered is 1685-1900, with this volume carving out the territory from Leibniz to Frege. What is striking about this period is the earliness and persistence of what could be called 'the mathematical turn in logic'. Virtually every working logician is aware that, after a centuries-long run, the logic that originated in antiquity came to be displaced by a new approach with a dominantly mathematical character. It is, however, a substantial error to suppose that the mathematization of logic was, in all essentials, Frege's accomplishment or, if not his alone, a development ensuing from the second half of the nineteenth century. The mathematical turn in logic, although given considerable torque by events of the nineteenth century, can with assurance be dated from the final quarter of the seventeenth century in the impressively prescient work of Leibniz. It is true that, in the three hundred year run-up to the Begriffsschrift, one does not see a smoothly continuous evolution of the mathematical turn, but the idea that logic is mathematics, albeit perhaps only the most general part of mathematics, is one that attracted some degree of support throughout the entire period in question. Still, as Alfred North Whitehead once noted, the relationship between mathematics and symbolic logic has been an "uneasy" one, as is the present-day association of mathematics with computing. Some of this unease has a philosophical texture. For example, those who equate mathematics and logic sometimes disagree about the directionality of the purported identity. Frege and Russell made themselves famous by insisting (though for different reasons) that logic was the senior partner. Indeed logicism is the view that mathematics can be re-expressed without relevant loss in a suitably framed symbolic logic. But for a number of thinkers who took an algebraic approach to logic, the dependency relation was reversed, with mathematics in some form emerging as the senior partner. This was the precursor of the modern view that, in its four main precincts (set theory, proof theory, model theory and recursion theory), logic is indeed a branch of pure mathematics. It would be a mistake to leave the impression that the mathematization of logic (or the logicization of mathematics) was the sole concern of the history of logic between 1665 and 1900. There are, in this long interval, aspects of the modern unfolding of logic that bear no stamp of the imperial designs of mathematicians, as the chapters on Kant and Hegcl make clear. Of the two, Hcgel's influence on logic is arguably the greater, serving as a spur to the unfolding of an idealist tradition in logic - a development that will be covered in a further volume, British Logic in the Nineteenth Century.

History & Mathematics

Analyzing and Modeling Global Development

Author: Leonid Efimovich Grinin,Victor C. De Munck,A. V. Korotaev

Publisher: Editorial URSS

ISBN: 5484010012

Category: Social Science

Page: 183

View: 6430

The Beauty of Physics: Patterns, Principles, and Perspectives

Author: A. R. P. Rau

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191019895

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 383

The beauty of physics lies in its coherence in terms of a few fundamental concepts and principles. Even physicists have occasion to marvel at the overarching reach of basic principles and their ability to account for features stretching from the microscopic sub-atomic world to the cosmological expanses of the Universe. While mathematics is its natural language, physics is mostly about patterns, connections, and relations between objects and phenomena, and it is this aspect that is emphasized in this book. Since science tries to connect phenomena that at first sight appear widely different, while boiling them down to a small set of essential principles and laws, metaphor and analogy pervade our subject. Consider the pendulum, its swing from one extreme to the other often invoked in social or economic contexts. In molecular vibrations, such as in the CO2 molecule, the quantum motions of electrons and nuclei are metaphorically the pendulums. In electromagnetic radiation, including the visible light we observe, there are not even any concrete material particles, only electric and magnetic fields executing simple harmonic motion. But, to a physicist, they are all "just a pendulum". The selection of topics reflects the author's own four-decade career in research physics and his resultant perspective on the subject. While aimed primarily at physicists, including junior students, this book also addresses other readers who are willing to think with symbols and simple algebra in understanding the physical world around us. Each chapter, on themes such as dimensions, transformations, symmetries, or maps, begins with simple examples accessible to all while connecting them later to more sophisticated realizations in more advanced topics of physics.

Lectures on the Theory of Pure Motives

Author: Jacob P. Murre,Jan Nagel,Chris Peters

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 082189434X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 149

View: 6659

The theory of motives was created by Grothendieck in the 1960s as he searched for a universal cohomology theory for algebraic varieties. The theory of pure motives is well established as far as the construction is concerned. Pure motives are expected to h

Topology and Borel Structure

Descriptive topology and set theory with applications to functional analysis and measure theory

Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080871219

Category: Mathematics

Page: 130

View: 8633

Topology and Borel Structure

Theory of Financial Risk and Derivative Pricing

From Statistical Physics to Risk Management

Author: Jean-Philippe Bouchaud,Marc Potters

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139440276

Category: Business & Economics

Page: N.A

View: 7358

Risk control and derivative pricing have become of major concern to financial institutions, and there is a real need for adequate statistical tools to measure and anticipate the amplitude of the potential moves of the financial markets. Summarising theoretical developments in the field, this 2003 second edition has been substantially expanded. Additional chapters now cover stochastic processes, Monte-Carlo methods, Black-Scholes theory, the theory of the yield curve, and Minority Game. There are discussions on aspects of data analysis, financial products, non-linear correlations, and herding, feedback and agent based models. This book has become a classic reference for graduate students and researchers working in econophysics and mathematical finance, and for quantitative analysts working on risk management, derivative pricing and quantitative trading strategies.

Studies in Mathematical Physics Research

Author: Charles V. Benton

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781594540271

Category: Science

Page: 245

View: 7253

Physics and mathematics have always been closely intertwined, with developments in one field frequently inspiring the other. Currently, there are many unsolved problems in physics which will likely require new innovations in mathematical physics. Mathematical physics is concerned with problems in statistical mechanics, atomic and molecular physics, quantum field theory, and, in general, with the mathematical foundations of theoretical physics. This includes such subjects as scattering theory for n bodies, quantum mechanics (both nonrelativistic and relativistic), atomic and molecular physics, the existence and properties of the phases of model ferromagnets, the stability of matter, the theory of symmetry and symmetry breaking in quantum field theory (both in general and in concrete models), and mathematical developments in functional analysis and algebra to which such subjects lead. This book presents leading-edge research in this fast-moving field.

The Neumann Compendium

Author: John Von Neumann,F. Br¢dy,Tibor V mos

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810222017

Category: Mathematics

Page: 699

View: 2060

After three decades since the first nearly complete edition of John von Neumann's papers, this book is a valuable selection of those papers and excerpts of his books that are most characteristic of his activity, and reveal that of his continuous influence.The results receiving the 1994 Nobel Prizes in economy deeply rooted in Neumann's game theory are only minor traces of his exceptionally broad spectrum of creativity and stimulation.The book is organized by the specific subjects-quantum mechanics, ergodic theory, operator algebra, hydrodynamics, economics, computers, science and society. In addition, one paper which was written in German will be translated and published in English for the first time.The sections are introduced by short explanatory notes with an emphasis on recent developments based on von Neumann's contributions. An overall picture is provided by Ulam's, one of his most intimate partners in thinking, 1958 memorial lecture. Facsimilae and translations of some of his personal letters and a newly completed bibliography based on von Neumann's own careful compilation are added.

The Princeton Companion to Mathematics

Author: Timothy Gowers,June Barrow-Green,Imre Leader

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400830398

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1056

View: 2860

This is a one-of-a-kind reference for anyone with a serious interest in mathematics. Edited by Timothy Gowers, a recipient of the Fields Medal, it presents nearly two hundred entries, written especially for this book by some of the world's leading mathematicians, that introduce basic mathematical tools and vocabulary; trace the development of modern mathematics; explain essential terms and concepts; examine core ideas in major areas of mathematics; describe the achievements of scores of famous mathematicians; explore the impact of mathematics on other disciplines such as biology, finance, and music--and much, much more. Unparalleled in its depth of coverage, The Princeton Companion to Mathematics surveys the most active and exciting branches of pure mathematics. Accessible in style, this is an indispensable resource for undergraduate and graduate students in mathematics as well as for researchers and scholars seeking to understand areas outside their specialties. Features nearly 200 entries, organized thematically and written by an international team of distinguished contributors Presents major ideas and branches of pure mathematics in a clear, accessible style Defines and explains important mathematical concepts, methods, theorems, and open problems Introduces the language of mathematics and the goals of mathematical research Covers number theory, algebra, analysis, geometry, logic, probability, and more Traces the history and development of modern mathematics Profiles more than ninety-five mathematicians who influenced those working today Explores the influence of mathematics on other disciplines Includes bibliographies, cross-references, and a comprehensive index Contributors incude: Graham Allan, Noga Alon, George Andrews, Tom Archibald, Sir Michael Atiyah, David Aubin, Joan Bagaria, Keith Ball, June Barrow-Green, Alan Beardon, David D. Ben-Zvi, Vitaly Bergelson, Nicholas Bingham, Béla Bollobás, Henk Bos, Bodil Branner, Martin R. Bridson, John P. Burgess, Kevin Buzzard, Peter J. Cameron, Jean-Luc Chabert, Eugenia Cheng, Clifford C. Cocks, Alain Connes, Leo Corry, Wolfgang Coy, Tony Crilly, Serafina Cuomo, Mihalis Dafermos, Partha Dasgupta, Ingrid Daubechies, Joseph W. Dauben, John W. Dawson Jr., Francois de Gandt, Persi Diaconis, Jordan S. Ellenberg, Lawrence C. Evans, Florence Fasanelli, Anita Burdman Feferman, Solomon Feferman, Charles Fefferman, Della Fenster, José Ferreirós, David Fisher, Terry Gannon, A. Gardiner, Charles C. Gillispie, Oded Goldreich, Catherine Goldstein, Fernando Q. Gouvêa, Timothy Gowers, Andrew Granville, Ivor Grattan-Guinness, Jeremy Gray, Ben Green, Ian Grojnowski, Niccolò Guicciardini, Michael Harris, Ulf Hashagen, Nigel Higson, Andrew Hodges, F. E. A. Johnson, Mark Joshi, Kiran S. Kedlaya, Frank Kelly, Sergiu Klainerman, Jon Kleinberg, Israel Kleiner, Jacek Klinowski, Eberhard Knobloch, János Kollár, T. W. Körner, Michael Krivelevich, Peter D. Lax, Imre Leader, Jean-François Le Gall, W. B. R. Lickorish, Martin W. Liebeck, Jesper Lützen, Des MacHale, Alan L. Mackay, Shahn Majid, Lech Maligranda, David Marker, Jean Mawhin, Barry Mazur, Dusa McDuff, Colin McLarty, Bojan Mohar, Peter M. Neumann, Catherine Nolan, James Norris, Brian Osserman, Richard S. Palais, Marco Panza, Karen Hunger Parshall, Gabriel P. Paternain, Jeanne Peiffer, Carl Pomerance, Helmut Pulte, Bruce Reed, Michael C. Reed, Adrian Rice, Eleanor Robson, Igor Rodnianski, John Roe, Mark Ronan, Edward Sandifer, Tilman Sauer, Norbert Schappacher, Andrzej Schinzel, Erhard Scholz, Reinhard Siegmund-Schultze, Gordon Slade, David J. Spiegelhalter, Jacqueline Stedall, Arild Stubhaug, Madhu Sudan, Terence Tao, Jamie Tappenden, C. H. Taubes, Rüdiger Thiele, Burt Totaro, Lloyd N. Trefethen, Dirk van Dalen, Richard Weber, Dominic Welsh, Avi Wigderson, Herbert Wilf, David Wilkins, B. Yandell, Eric Zaslow, Doron Zeilberger

An Introduction to K-Theory for C*-Algebras

Author: M. Rørdam,Flemming Larsen,N. Laustsen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521789448

Category: Mathematics

Page: 242

View: 454

This book provides a very elementary introduction to K-theory for C*-algebras, and is ideal for beginning graduate students.

The Theory of the Moiré Phenomenon

Volume I: Periodic Layers

Author: Isaac Amidror

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781848821811

Category: Mathematics

Page: 529

View: 9994

Since the first edition of this book was published several new developments have been made in the field of the moiré theory. The most important of these concern new results that have recently been obtained on moiré effects between correlated aperiodic (or random) structures, a subject that was completely absent in the first edition, and which appears now for the first time in a second, separate volume. This also explains the change in the title of the present volume, which now includes the subtitle “Volume I: Periodic Layers”. This subtitle has been added to clearly distinguish the present volume from its new companion, which is subtitled “Volume II: Aperiodic Layers”. It should be noted, however, that the new subtitle of the present volume may be somewhat misleading, since this book also treats (in Chapters 10 and 11) moiré effects between repetitive layers, which are, in fact, geometric transformations of periodic layers, that are generally no longer periodic in themselves. The most suitable subtitle for the present volume would therefore have been “Periodic or Repetitive Layers”, but in the end we have decided on the shorter version.

Herbert Scarf's Contributions to Economics, Game Theory and Operations Research

Volume 3: Production in Indivisibilities: A Contribution to the Theories of Large Firms

Author: Zaifu Yang

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 1137024410

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 292

View: 3213

Herbert Scarf is a highly esteemed distinguished American economist. He is internationally famous for his early epoch-making work on optimal inventory policies and his highly influential study with Andrew Clark on optimal policies for a multi-echelon inventory problem, which initiated the important and flourishing field of supply chain management. Equally, he has gained world recognition for his classic study on the stability of the Walrasian price adjustment processes and his fundamental analysis on the relationship between the core and the set of competitive equilibria (the so-called Edgeworth conjecture). Further achievements include his remarkable sufficient condition for the existence of a core in non-transferable utility games and general exchange economies, his seminal paper with Lloyd Shapley on housing markets, and his pioneering study on increasing returns and models of production in the presence of indivisibilities. All in all, however, the name of Scarf is always remembered as a synonym for the computation of economic equilibria and fixed points. In the early 1960s he invented a path-breaking technique for computing equilibrium prices. This work has generated a major research field in economics termed Applied General Equilibrium Analysis and a corresponding area in operations research known as Simplicial Fixed Point Methods. This book comprises all his research articles and consists of four volumes. The volume collects Herbert Scarfs papers in the area of Production in Indivisibilities and the Theories of Large Firms.

The Oxford Handbook of Neo-Riemannian Music Theories

Author: Edward Gollin,Alexander Rehding

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 0195321332

Category: Music

Page: 648

View: 7431

In recent years neo-Riemannian theory has established itself as the leading approach of our time, and has proven particularly adept at explaining features of chromatic music. The Oxford Handbook of Neo-Riemannian Music Theories assembles an international group of leading music theory scholars in an exploration of the music-analytical, theoretical, and historical aspects of this new field.