Thermodynamics in Materials Science, Second Edition

Author: Robert DeHoff

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0849340659

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 624

View: 9296

Thermodynamics in Materials Science, Second Edition is a clear presentation of how thermodynamic data is used to predict the behavior of a wide range of materials, a crucial component in the decision-making process for many materials science and engineering applications. This primary textbook accentuates the integration of principles, strategies, and thermochemical data to generate accurate “maps” of equilibrium states, such as phase diagrams, predominance diagrams, and Pourbaix corrosion diagrams. It also recommends which maps are best suited for specific real-world scenarios and thermodynamic problems. The second edition yet. Each chapter presents its subject matter consistently, based on the classification of thermodynamic systems, properties, and derivations that illustrate important relationships among variables for finding the conditions for equilibrium. Each chapter also contains a summary of important concepts and relationships as well as examples and sample problems that apply appropriate strategies for solving real-world problems. The up-to-date and complete coverage ofthermodynamic data, laws, definitions, strategies, and tools in Thermodynamics in Materials Science, Second Edition provides students and practicing engineers a valuable guide for producing and applying maps of equilibrium states to everyday applications in materials sciences.

Ceramic Materials

Science and Engineering

Author: C. Barry Carter,M. Grant Norton

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387462716

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 716

View: 1839

Ceramic Materials: Science and Engineering is an up-to-date treatment of ceramic science, engineering, and applications in a single, integrated text. Building on a foundation of crystal structures, phase equilibria, defects and the mechanical properties of ceramic materials, students are shown how these materials are processed for a broad diversity of applications in today's society. Concepts such as how and why ions move, how ceramics interact with light and magnetic fields, and how they respond to temperature changes are discussed in the context of their applications. References to the art and history of ceramics are included throughout the text. The text concludes with discussions of ceramics in biology and medicine, ceramics as gemstones and the role of ceramics in the interplay between industry and the environment. Extensively illustrated, the text also includes questions for the student and recommendations for additional reading. KEY FEATURES: Combines the treatment of bioceramics, furnaces, glass, optics, pores, gemstones, and point defects in a single text Provides abundant examples and illustrations relating theory to practical applications Suitable for advanced undergraduate and graduate teaching and as a reference for researchers in materials science Written by established and successful teachers and authors with experience in both research and industry

Physical Properties of Materials, Second Edition

Author: Mary Anne White

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439866511

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 469

View: 5474

Designed for advanced undergraduate students, Physical Properties of Materials, Second Edition establishes the principles that control the optical, thermal, electronic, magnetic, and mechanical properties of materials. Using an atomic and molecular approach, this introduction to materials science offers students a wide-ranging survey of the field and a basis to understand future materials. The author incorporates comments on applications of materials science, extensive references to the contemporary and classic literature, and problems at the end of each chapter. In addition, unique tutorials allow students to apply the principles to understand applications, such as photocopying, magnetic devices, fiber optics, and more. This fully revised and updated second edition presents a discussion of materials sustainability, a description of crystalline structures, and discussion of current and recent developments, including graphene, carbon nanotubes, nanocomposites, magnetocaloric effect, and spintronics. Along with a new capstone tutorial on the materials science of cymbals, this edition contains more than 60 new end-of-chapter problems, bringing the total to 300 problems. Web Resource The book’s companion website (www.physicalpropertiesofmaterials.com) provides updates to the further reading sections, links to relevant movies and podcasts for each chapter, video demonstrations, and additional problems. It also offers sources of demonstration materials for lectures and PowerPoint slides of figures from the book. More information can be found on a recent press release describing the book and the website.

Grain Boundary Migration in Metals

Thermodynamics, Kinetics, Applications, Second Edition

Author: Gunter Gottstein,Lasar S. Shvindlerman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439858993

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 711

View: 6568

A major goal of materials science is to create new engineering materials and optimize their cost and performance. Understanding how adjacent materials behave at their borders is an essential part of this process. Grain boundaries are the longest-known crystal defects, but although they were discovered in the mid-eighteenth century, until quite recently, we did not understand them very well. Even now, scientists are still searching for the best ways to comprehensively characterize a material’s microstructure—and accurately predict its evolution and behavior. Fills the gap between the physics of grain boundary motion and its engineering practicality Like the popular first edition, Grain Boundary Migration in Metals: Thermodynamics, Kinetics, Applications, Second Edition focuses extensively on the thermodynamics, kinetics, and applications involved with individual grain boundary migration in metals. However, this new volume adds a decade’s worth of new developments in research and methods. It offers an up-to-date overview of current knowledge of the grain boundary migration process, and it details how migration influences microstructural evolution, including the recrystallization process and the creation of new materials. The authors rely on well-defined geometry and crystallography to address key topics such as grain growth, textures, and the properties and behavior of grain boundaries, particularly the nonlinear interaction of boundary elements. This invaluable second edition: Covers the latest techniques and computer simulations used in the study of single-grain boundary motion and grain boundary systems with junctions Provides the latest experimental data of grain boundary free volume measurements and offers the first measurements of grain boundary junction line tension Includes new problems with solutions As a solid foundation on which you can build your understanding of the migration phenomenon, this book should be required reading for researchers in areas such as interface physics and materials science of microstructure evolution and property control. It will also be vastly useful to any professional engaged in metals production and/or the heat treatment of metals and alloys.

Drug Delivery Strategies for Poorly Water-Soluble Drugs

Author: Dionysios Douroumis,Alfred Fahr

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118444671

Category: Science

Page: 648

View: 6941

Many newly proposed drugs suffer from poor water solubility,thus presenting major hurdles in the design of suitableformulations for administration to patients. Consequently, thedevelopment of techniques and materials to overcome these hurdles is a major areaof research in pharmaceutical companies. Drug Delivery Strategies for Poorly Water-Soluble Drugs providesa comprehensive overview of currently used formulation strategiesfor hydrophobic drugs, including liposome formulation, cyclodextrindrug carriers, solid lipid nanoparticles, polymeric drugencapsulation delivery systems, self–microemulsifying drugdelivery systems, nanocrystals, hydrosol colloidal dispersions,microemulsions, solid dispersions, cosolvent use, dendrimers,polymer- drug conjugates, polymeric micelles, and mesoporous silicananoparticles. For each approach the book discusses the maininstrumentation, operation principles and theoretical background,with a focus on critical formulation features and clinical studies. Finally, the bookincludes some recent and novel applications, scale-upconsiderations and regulatory issues. Drug Delivery Strategies for Poorly Water-Soluble Drugs is anessential multidisciplinary guide to this important area of drugformulation for researchers in industry and academia working indrug delivery, polymers and biomaterials.

Materialwissenschaften und Werkstofftechnik

Eine Einführung

Author: William D. Callister,David G. Rethwisch

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527330070

Category:

Page: 906

View: 1732

Der 'Callister' bietet den gesamten Stoff der Materialwissenschaften und Werkstofftechnik für Studium und Prüfungsvorbereitung. Hervorragend aufbereitet und in klarer, prägnanter Sprache wird das gesamte Fachgebiet anschaulich dargestellt. Das erprobte didaktische Konzept zielt ab auf 'Verständnis vor Formalismus' und unterstützt den Lernprozess der Studierenden: * ausformulierte Lernziele * regelmäßig eingestreute Verständnisfragen zum gerade vermittelten Stoff * Kapitelzusammenfassungen mit Lernstoff, Gleichungen, Schlüsselwörtern und Querverweisen auf andere Kapitel * durchgerechnete Beispiele, Fragen und Antworten sowie Aufgaben und Lösungen * Exkurse in die industrielle Anwendung * an den deutschen Sprachraum angepasste Einheiten und Werkstoffbezeichnungen * durchgehend vierfarbig illustriert * Verweise auf elektronisches Zusatzmaterial Der 'Callister' ist ein Muss für angehende Materialwissenschaftler und Werkstofftechniker an Universitäten und Fachhochschulen - und ideal geeignet für Studierende aus Physik, Chemie, Maschinenbau und Bauingenieurwesen, die sich mit den Grundlagen des Fachs vertraut machen möchten.

Introduction to the Thermodynamics of Materials, Sixth Edition

Author: David R. Gaskell,David E. Laughlin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498757030

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 694

View: 4921

Maintaining the substance that made Introduction to the Thermodynamic of Materials a perennial best seller for decades, this Sixth Edition is updated to reflect the broadening field of materials science and engineering. The new edition is reorganized into three major sections to align the book for practical coursework, with the first (Thermodynamic Principles) and second (Phase Equilibria) sections aimed at use in a one semester undergraduate course. The third section (Reactions and Transformations) can be used in other courses of the curriculum that deal with oxidation, energy, and phase transformations. The book is updated to include the role of work terms other than PV work (e.g., magnetic work) along with their attendant aspects of entropy, Maxwell equations, and the role of such applied fields on phase diagrams. There is also an increased emphasis on the thermodynamics of phase transformations and the Sixth Edition features an entirely new chapter 15 that links specific thermodynamic applications to the study of phase transformations. The book also features more than 50 new end of chapter problems and more than 50 new figures.

Jetzt

Die Physik der Zeit

Author: Richard A. Muller

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104038228

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 3409

Sie lesen jetzt das Wort »jetzt« – und schon ist es vergangen. Das flüchtige Dasein der Gegenwart hat Philosophen und Physiker vor die größten Rätsel gestellt: Was ist die Zeit? Und warum fließt sie? Generationen von Wissenschaftlern haben sich vergeblich um Antworten bemüht, einige haben es aufgegeben. Nicht so Richard A. Muller. Er hat eine Theorie der Zeit aufgestellt, die neu ist und experimentell überprüfbar. Um sie vorzustellen, erklärt er zunächst mit großem Geschick die physikalischen Grundkonzepte wie Relativität, Entropie, Verschränkung, Antimaterie und Urknall. Darauf aufbauend entfaltet er seine provozierend neue Sicht mit all ihren Folgen für die Philosophie oder die Frage nach der Willensfreiheit. Eine kraftvolle und überzeugende Vision für die Lösung des alten Rätsels der Zeit. »Muller hat einen bemerkenswert frischen und aufregenden Ansatz für die Erklärung der Zeit.« Saul Perlmutter, Physik-Nobelpreisträger »Ein provokatives und gut argumentiertes Buch über die Natur der Zeit.« Lee Smolin

Materials Selection in Mechanical Design: Das Original mit Übersetzungshilfen

Easy-Reading-Ausgabe

Author: Michael F. Ashby

Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag

ISBN: 9783827417626

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 648

View: 3587

Das englischsprachige, weltweit anerkannte Standardwerk zur Werkstoffauswahl - als neuer Buchtyp speziell für die Bedürfnisse deutschsprachiger Leser angepasst! Der Zusatznutzen, den dieses Buch bietet ist das Lesen und Lernen im englischen Original zu erleichtern und gleichzeitig in die spezielle Fachterminologie einzuführen und zwar durch: - Übersetzungshilfen in der Randspalte zur Fachterminologie und zu schwierigen normalsprachlichen Ausdrücken - Ein zweisprachiges Fachwörterbuch zum raschen Nachschlagen

Biomechanics

Principles and Applications, Second Edition

Author: Donald R. Peterson,Joseph D. Bronzino

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420008197

Category: Medical

Page: 352

View: 4319

Traditionally, applications of biomechanics will model system-level aspects of the human body. As a result, the majority of technological progress to date appears in system-level device development. More recently, biomechanical initiatives are investigating biological sub-systems such as tissues, cells, and molecules. Fueled by advances in experimental methods and instrumentation, these initiatives, in turn, directly drive the development of biological nano- and microtechnologies. A complete, concise reference, Biomechanics integrates coverage of system and sub-system models, to enhance overall understanding of human function and performance and open the way for new discoveries. Drawn from the third edition of the widely acclaimed and bestselling The Biomedical Engineering Handbook, this is a comprehensive, state-of-the-science resource concerning the principles and applications of biomechanics at every level. The book presents substantial updates and revisions from the Handbook’s previous editions, as well as an entirely new chapter introducing current methods and strategies for modeling cellular mechanics. Organized in a systematic manner, the book begins with coverage of musculoskeletal mechanics including hard- and soft tissue and joint mechanics and their applications to human function. Contributions explore several aspects of biofluid mechanics and cover a wide range of circulatory dynamics such as blood vessel and blood cell mechanics and transport. Other topics include the mechanical functions and significance of the human ear and the performance characteristics of the human body during exercise and exertion. The book contains more than 140 illustrations, 60 tables, and a variety of useful equations to assist in modeling biomechanical behaviors. Incorporating material across the breadth of the field, Biomechanics is a complete, concise reference for the skilled professional as well as an introduction to the novice or student of biomedical engineering.

Grundzüge der Thermodynamik

mit historischen Anmerkungen

Author: Ingo Müller

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642980031

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 6714

Geschrieben für Studenten der Ingenieurwissenschaften, der Chemie und der Physik werden in diesem Lehrbuch die thermodynamischen Grundlagen sauber hergeleitet; dazu reichen die Mathematikkenntnisse des Grundstudiums. Das Buch enthält Übungsaufgaben und ist auch zum Selbststudium geeignet. Historische Anmerkungen lockern den Text auf und illustrieren die Begriffe von Temperatur, Energie und Entropie, indem sie deren schwierige Entstehung nachvollziehen. Unter sorgfältiger Herleitung der thermodynamischen Grundlagen behandelt der Autor zahlreiche Anwendungen in der Physik und der Chemie, der Werkstoffkunde, der Wärmeübertragung, der Gasdynamik usw. Die Neuauflage enthält zahlreiche Verbesserungen, behält aber das bewährte pädagogische Gesamtkonzept bei.

Sicherheit von Leichtwasserreaktoren

Risiken der Nukleartechnologie

Author: Günter Kessler,Anke Veser,Franz-Hermann Schlüter,Wolfgang Raskob,Claudia Landman,Jürgen Päsler-Sauer

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642283810

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 273

View: 7495

In einer für Laien verständlichen Form erläutern die Autoren die Risiken, die von Kernkraftwerken ausgehen, und den verantwortungsbewussten Umgang mit ihnen. Dazu werden die Grundlagen der Technologie erklärt ebenso wie die Sicherheitsmaßnahmen – auch im Hinblick auf Störfälle aus der Vergangenheit. Die Autoren beziehen neben den Ergebnissen probabilistischer Analysen und früherer Risikostudien auch aktuelle Forschungsergebnisse mit ein, die vor allem das Sicherheitskonzept für die neuen europäischen Druck- und Siedewasserreaktoren betreffen.

Thermodynamics

From Concepts to Applications, Second Edition

Author: Arthur Shavit,Chaim Gutfinger

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420073699

Category: Science

Page: 642

View: 9924

There are many thermodynamics texts on the market, yet most provide a presentation that is at a level too high for those new to the field. This second edition of Thermodynamics continues to provide an accessible introduction to thermodynamics, which maintains an appropriate rigor to prepare newcomers for subsequent, more advanced topics. The book presents a logical methodology for solving problems in the context of conservation laws and property tables or equations. The authors elucidate the terms around which thermodynamics has historically developed, such as work, heat, temperature, energy, and entropy. Using a pedagogical approach that builds from basic principles to laws and eventually corollaries of the laws, the text enables students to think in clear and correct thermodynamic terms as well as solve real engineering problems. For those just beginning their studies in the field, Thermodynamics, Second Edition provides the core fundamentals in a rigorous, accurate, and accessible presentation.

Fundamentals of Powder Diffraction and Structural Characterization of Materials, Second Edition

Author: Vitalij Pecharsky,Peter Zavalij

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387095780

Category: Science

Page: 744

View: 6035

A little over ?ve years have passed since the ?rst edition of this book appeared in print. Seems like an instant but also eternity, especially considering numerous developments in the hardware and software that have made it from the laboratory test beds into the real world of powder diffraction. This prompted a revision, which had to be beyond cosmetic limits. The book was, and remains focused on standard laboratory powder diffractometry. It is still meant to be used as a text for teaching students about the capabilities and limitations of the powder diffraction method. We also hope that it goes beyond a simple text, and therefore, is useful as a reference to practitioners of the technique. The original book had seven long chapters that may have made its use as a text - convenient. So the second edition is broken down into 25 shorter chapters. The ?rst ?fteen are concerned with the fundamentals of powder diffraction, which makes it much more logical, considering a typical 16-week long semester. The last ten ch- ters are concerned with practical examples of structure solution and re?nement, which were preserved from the ?rst edition and expanded by another example – R solving the crystal structure of Tylenol .

Materials Science of Thin Films

Author: Milton Ohring

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080491782

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 794

View: 1107

This is the first book that can be considered a textbook on thin film science, complete with exercises at the end of each chapter. Ohring has contributed many highly regarded reference books to the AP list, including Reliability and Failure of Electronic Materials and the Engineering Science of Thin Films. The knowledge base is intended for science and engineering students in advanced undergraduate or first-year graduate level courses on thin films and scientists and engineers who are entering or require an overview of the field. Since 1992, when the book was first published, the field of thin films has expanded tremendously, especially with regard to technological applications. The second edition will bring the book up-to-date with regard to these advances. Most chapters have been greatly updated, and several new chapters have been added.

Introduction to the Thermodynamics of Materials, Fifth Edition

Author: David R. Gaskell

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203428498

Category: Science

Page: 618

View: 4164

This classic textbook is the definitive introduction to the thermodynamic behavior of materials systems. Written as a basic text for advanced undergraduates and first year graduate students in metallurgy, metallurgical engineering, ceramics, or materials science, it presents the underlying thermodynamic principles of materials and their plethora of applications. The book is also of proven interest to working professionals in need of a reference or refresher course.

Advanced Thermodynamics Engineering, Second Edition

Author: Kalyan Annamalai,Ishwar K. Puri,Milind A. Jog

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439805725

Category: Science

Page: 1142

View: 7206

Advanced Thermodynamics Engineering, Second Edition is designed for readers who need to understand and apply the engineering physics of thermodynamic concepts. It employs a self-teaching format that reinforces presentation of critical concepts, mathematical relationships, and equations with concrete physical examples and explanations of applications—to help readers apply principles to their own real-world problems. Less Mathematical/Theoretical Derivations—More Focus on Practical Application Because both students and professionals must grasp theory almost immediately in this ever-changing electronic era, this book—now completely in decimal outline format—uses a phenomenological approach to problems, making advanced concepts easier to understand. After a decade teaching advanced thermodynamics, the authors infuse their own style and tailor content based on their observations as professional engineers, as well as feedback from their students. Condensing more esoteric material to focus on practical uses for this continuously evolving area of science, this book is filled with revised problems and extensive tables on thermodynamic properties and other useful information. The authors include an abundance of examples, figures, and illustrations to clarify presented ideas, and additional material and software tools are available for download. The result is a powerful, practical instructional tool that gives readers a strong conceptual foundation on which to build a solid, functional understanding of thermodynamics engineering.

Equilibrium Thermodynamics

Author: C. J. Adkins,Clement John Adkins

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521274562

Category: Science

Page: 285

View: 7969

Equilibrium Thermodynamics gives a comprehensive but concise course in the fundamentals of classical thermodynamics. Although the subject is essentially classical in nature, illustrative material is drawn widely from modern physics and free use is made of microscopic ideas to illuminate it. The overriding objective in writing the book was to achieve a clear exposition: to give an account of the subject that it both stimulating and easy to learn from. Classical thermodynamics has such wide application that it can be taught in many ways. The terms of reference for Equilibrium Thermodynamics are primarily those of the undergraduate physicist; but it is also suitable for courses in chemistry, engineering, materials science etc. The subject is usually taught in the first or second year of an undergraduate course, but the book takes the student to degree standard (and beyond). Prerequisites are elementary or school-level thermal physics.

Wärmetechnik

Author: Klaus Endrullat,Peter Epinatjeff,Dieter Petzold,Hubertus Protz

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662070278

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 468

View: 5451

Die rationelle Energieverwendung im Bereich wärmetechnischer Systeme hat im mittel europäischen Raum einen hohen Stellenwert, da bei der überwiegenden Anzahl der Haus halte und Gewerbebetriebe der Energieverbrauch zur Wärmeerzeugung den größten An teil am Gesamtenergieverbrauch hat. Das Ziel des vorliegenden Bandes ist es, dem Leser die Vorgehensweise 'zur Beurteilung wärmetechnischer Systeme und energiesparender Maßnahmen zu vermitteln. Schwerpunktmäßig werden die Heiz- und Raumlufttechnik im Umfeld des Menschen behandelt, während das Gebiet der Prozeßwärme für die indu strielle Anwendung aus Gründen des Umfanges nur ansatzweise erörtert werden konnte. Der Anspruch dieses Buches liegt auf einer Ebene, welche bewußt nicht die Einzellösung hervorhebt, da sich das Optimum eines Gesamtsystems noch längst nicht einstellen muß, wenn die Teilsysteme optimiert sind. Das Verständnis der Verzahntheit des vorliegenden Gebietes mit anderen Fachgebieten ist deshalb eine wesentliche Voraussetzung für ko ordinierte Maßnahmen zur rationellen Energieverwendung. Diesem Umstand wird durch zahlreiche qualitative Systembetrachtungen und Zahlenbeispiele Rechnung getragen. Im ersten Abschnitt werden die speziellen Grundlagen der Heiz- und Raumlufttechnik be handelt. Dazu zählen Kenntnisse über technische Funktionsabläufe und die Behaglich keitsanforderungen des Menschen, zu deren Aufrechterhaltung diese Anlagen gebaut werden. Anlagentechnische Maßnahmen zur Energieeinsparung müssen sich immer an der Erfüllung der Behaglichkeitsanforderungen messen lassen. Weiterhin gehört es auch zu einer wirkungsvollen Energieberatung, Maßnahmen an gebäudetechnischen Anlagen als Teilmaßnahme am Gesamtsystem Gebäude zu verstehen, weil durch den Umfang der Systemverbesserung (energetisch-ökonomisch) letztlich die Rangfolge der durchzuführen den Maßnahmen bestimmt wird.