Topics in Algebraic and Topological K-Theory

Author: Paul Frank Baum,Ralf Meyer,Rubén Sánchez-García,Marco Schlichting,Bertrand Toën

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642157076

Category: Mathematics

Page: 308

View: 3203

This volume is an introductory textbook to K-theory, both algebraic and topological, and to various current research topics within the field, including Kasparov's bivariant K-theory, the Baum-Connes conjecture, the comparison between algebraic and topological K-theory of topological algebras, the K-theory of schemes, and the theory of dg-categories.

Space – Time – Matter

Analytic and Geometric Structures

Author: Jochen Brüning,Matthias Staudacher

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110452154

Category: Mathematics

Page: 517

View: 6306

This monograph describes some of the most interesting results obtained by the mathematicians and physicists collaborating in the CRC 647 "Space – Time – Matter", in the years 2005 - 2016. The work presented concerns the mathematical and physical foundations of string and quantum field theory as well as cosmology. Important topics are the spaces and metrics modelling the geometry of matter, and the evolution of these geometries. The partial differential equations governing such structures and their singularities, special solutions and stability properties are discussed in detail. Contents Introduction Algebraic K-theory, assembly maps, controlled algebra, and trace methods Lorentzian manifolds with special holonomy – Constructions and global properties Contributions to the spectral geometry of locally homogeneous spaces On conformally covariant differential operators and spectral theory of the holographic Laplacian Moduli and deformations Vector bundles in algebraic geometry and mathematical physics Dyson–Schwinger equations: Fix-point equations for quantum fields Hidden structure in the form factors ofN = 4 SYM On regulating the AdS superstring Constraints on CFT observables from the bootstrap program Simplifying amplitudes in Maxwell-Einstein and Yang-Mills-Einstein supergravities Yangian symmetry in maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory Wave and Dirac equations on manifolds Geometric analysis on singular spaces Singularities and long-time behavior in nonlinear evolution equations and general relativity

2016 MATRIX Annals

Author: Jan de Gier,Cheryl E. Praeger,Terence Tao

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319722999

Category: Mathematics

Page: 656

View: 8416

MATRIX is Australia’s international, residential mathematical research institute. It facilitates new collaborations and mathematical advances through intensive residential research programs, each lasting 1-4 weeks. This book is a scientific record of the five programs held at MATRIX in its first year, 2016: Higher Structures in Geometry and Physics (Chapters 1-5 and 18-21); Winter of Disconnectedness (Chapter 6 and 22-26); Approximation and Optimisation (Chapters 7-8); Refining C*-Algebraic Invariants for Dynamics using KK-theory (Chapters 9-13); Interactions between Topological Recursion, Modularity, Quantum Invariants and Low-dimensional Topology (Chapters 14-17 and 27). The MATRIX Scientific Committee selected these programs based on their scientific excellence and the participation rate of high-profile international participants. Each program included ample unstructured time to encourage collaborative research; some of the longer programs also included an embedded conference or lecture series. The articles are grouped into peer-reviewed contributions and other contributions. The peer-reviewed articles present original results or reviews on selected topics related to the MATRIX program; the remaining contributions are predominantly lecture notes based on talks or activities at MATRIX.

Handbook of K-Theory

Author: Eric Friedlander,Daniel R. Grayson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 354023019X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1163

View: 5199

This handbook offers a compilation of techniques and results in K-theory. Each chapter is dedicated to a specific topic and is written by a leading expert. Many chapters present historical background; some present previously unpublished results, whereas some present the first expository account of a topic; many discuss future directions as well as open problems. It offers an exposition of our current state of knowledge as well as an implicit blueprint for future research.

Lecture Notes in Algebraic Topology

Author: James Frederic Davis,Paul Kirk

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821821601

Category: Mathematics

Page: 367

View: 9431

The amount of algebraic topology a graduate student specializing in topology must learn can be intimidating. Moreover, by their second year of graduate studies, students must make the transition from understanding simple proofs line-by-line to understanding the overall structure of proofs of difficult theorems. To help students make this transition, the material in this book is presented in an increasingly sophisticated manner. It is intended to bridge the gap between algebraic and geometric topology, both by providing the algebraic tools that a geometric topologist needs and by concentrating on those areas of algebraic topology that are geometrically motivated. Prerequisites for using this book include basic set-theoretic topology, the definition of CW-complexes, some knowledge of the fundamental group/covering space theory, and the construction of singular homology. Most of this material is briefly reviewed at the beginning of the book. The topics discussed by the authors include typical material for first- and second-year graduate courses. The core of the exposition consists of chapters on homotopy groups and on spectral sequences. There is also material that would interest students of geometric topology (homology with local coefficients and obstruction theory) and algebraic topology (spectra and generalized homology), as well as preparation for more advanced topics such as algebraic $K$-theory and the s-cobordism theorem. A unique feature of the book is the inclusion, at the end of each chapter, of several projects that require students to present proofs of substantial theorems and to write notes accompanying their explanations. Working on these projects allows students to grapple with the ``big picture'', teaches them how to give mathematical lectures, and prepares them for participating in research seminars. The book is designed as a textbook for graduate students studying algebraic and geometric topology and homotopy theory. It will also be useful for students from other fields such as differential geometry, algebraic geometry, and homological algebra. The exposition in the text is clear; special cases are presented over complex general statements.

Algebraic K-Theory

Author: V. Srinivas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0817647368

Category: Mathematics

Page: 341

View: 5767

Algebraic K-Theory has become an increasingly active area of research. With its connections to algebra, algebraic geometry, topology, and number theory, it has implications for a wide variety of researchers and graduate students in mathematics. The book is based on lectures given at the author's home institution, the Tata Institute in Bombay, and elsewhere. A detailed appendix on topology was provided in the first edition to make the treatment accessible to readers with a limited background in topology. The second edition also includes an appendix on algebraic geometry that contains the required definitions and results needed to understand the core of the book; this makes the book accessible to a wider audience. A central part of the book is a detailed exposition of the ideas of Quillen as contained in his classic papers "Higher Algebraic K-Theory, I, II." A more elementary proof of the theorem of Merkujev--Suslin is given in this edition; this makes the treatment of this topic self-contained. An application is also given to modules of finite length and finite projective dimension over the local ring of a normal surface singularity. These results lead the reader to some interesting conclusions regarding the Chow group of varieties. "It is a pleasure to read this mathematically beautiful book..." ---WW.J. Julsbergen, Mathematics Abstracts "The book does an admirable job of presenting the details of Quillen's work..." ---Mathematical Reviews

Algebraic K-theory of Crystallographic Groups

The Three-Dimensional Splitting Case

Author: Daniel Scott Farley,Ivonne Johanna Ortiz

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319081535

Category: Mathematics

Page: 148

View: 591

The Farrell-Jones isomorphism conjecture in algebraic K-theory offers a description of the algebraic K-theory of a group using a generalized homology theory. In cases where the conjecture is known to be a theorem, it gives a powerful method for computing the lower algebraic K-theory of a group. This book contains a computation of the lower algebraic K-theory of the split three-dimensional crystallographic groups, a geometrically important class of three-dimensional crystallographic group, representing a third of the total number. The book leads the reader through all aspects of the calculation. The first chapters describe the split crystallographic groups and their classifying spaces. Later chapters assemble the techniques that are needed to apply the isomorphism theorem. The result is a useful starting point for researchers who are interested in the computational side of the Farrell-Jones isomorphism conjecture, and a contribution to the growing literature in the field.

Algebraic K-Theory

Author: Richard G. Swan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540359176

Category: Mathematics

Page: 264

View: 5235

From the Introduction: "These notes are taken from a course on algebraic K-theory [given] at the University of Chicago in 1967. They also include some material from an earlier course on abelian categories, elaborating certain parts of Gabriel's thesis. The results on K-theory are mostly of a very general nature."

Topics in K-Theory

The Equivariant Künneth Theorem in K-Theory. Dyer-Lashof operations in K-Theory

Author: L.H. Hodgkin,V.P. Snaith

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540380264

Category: Mathematics

Page: 294

View: 2513

Cohomology of Groups and Algebraic K-theory

Author: Lizhen Ji,Kefeng Liu,Shing-Tung Yau

Publisher: International Press of Boston

ISBN: 9781571461445

Category: Mathematics

Page: 517

View: 4322

ALM Published jointly by International Press and by Higher Education Press of China, the Advanced Lectures in Mathematics (ALM) series brings the latest mathematical developments worldwide to both researchers and students. Each volume consists of either an expository monograph or a collection of significant introductions to important topics. The ALM series emphasizes discussion of the history and significance of each topic discussed, with an overview of the current status of research, and presentation of the newest cutting-edge results. Cohomology of Groups and Algebraic K-theory Cohomology of groups is a fundamental tool in many subjects of modern mathematics. One important generalized cohomology theory is the algebraic K-theory. Indeed, algebraic K-groups of rings are important invariants of the rings and have played important roles in algebra, topology, number theory, etc. This volume consists of expanded lecture notes from a 2007 seminar at Zhejiang University in China, at which several leading experts presented introductions, to and surveys of, many aspects of cohomology of groups and algebraic K-theory, along with their broad applications. Two foundational papers on algebraic K-theory by Daniel Quillen are also included.

Michael Atiyah Collected Works

Volume 2: K-Theory

Author: Michael Atiyah

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198532767

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 854

View: 9447

One of the greatest mathematicians in the world, Michael Atiyah has earned numerous honors, including a Fields Medal, the mathematical equivalent of the Nobel Prize. While the focus of his work has been in the areas of algebraic geometry and topology, he has also participated in research with theoretical physicists. For the first time, these volumes bring together Atiyah's collected papers--both monographs and collaborative works-- including those dealing with mathematical education and current topics of research such as K-theory and gauge theory. The volumes are organized thematically. They will be of great interest to research mathematicians, theoretical physicists, and graduate students in these areas.

Topics in Cohomological Studies of Algebraic Varieties

Impanga Lecture Notes

Author: Piotr Pragacz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3764373423

Category: Mathematics

Page: 300

View: 4565

The articles in this volume study various cohomological aspects of algebraic varieties: - characteristic classes of singular varieties; - geometry of flag varieties; - cohomological computations for homogeneous spaces; - K-theory of algebraic varieties; - quantum cohomology and Gromov-Witten theory. The main purpose is to give comprehensive introductions to the above topics through a series of "friendly" texts starting from a very elementary level and ending with the discussion of current research. In the articles, the reader will find classical results and methods as well as new ones. Numerous examples will help to understand the mysteries of the cohomological theories presented. The book will be a useful guide to research in the above-mentioned areas. It is adressed to researchers and graduate students in algebraic geometry, algebraic topology, and singularity theory, as well as to mathematicians interested in homogeneous varieties and symmetric functions. Most of the material exposed in the volume has not appeared in books before. Contributors: Paolo Aluffi Michel Brion Anders Skovsted Buch Haibao Duan Ali Ulas Ozgur Kisisel Piotr Pragacz Jörg Schürmann Marek Szyjewski Harry Tamvakis

Dialgebras and Related Operads

Author: J.-L. Loday

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540421947

Category: Mathematics

Page: 133

View: 8309

The main object of study of these four papers is the notion of associative dialgebras which are algebras equipped with two associative operations satisfying some more relations of the associative type. This notion is studied from a) the homological point of view: construction of the (co)homology theory with trivial coefficients and general coefficients, b) the operadic point of view: determination of the dual operad, that is the dendriform dialgebras which are strongly related with the planar binary trees, c) the algebraic point of view: Hopf structure and Milnor-Moore type theorem.

Algebra, K-theory, Groups, and Education

On the Occasion of Hyman Bass's 65th Birthday

Author: Hyman Bass,Tsit-Yuen Lam,Andy R. Magid

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821810871

Category: Mathematics

Page: 238

View: 8641

This volume includes expositions of key developments over the past four decades in commutative and non-commutative algebra, algebraic $K$-theory, infinite group theory, and applications of algebra to topology. Many of the articles are based on lectures given at a conference at Columbia University honoring the 65th birthday of Hyman Bass. Important topics related to Bass' mathematical interests are surveyed by leading experts in the field. Of particular note is a professional autobiography of Professor Bass and an article by Deborah Ball on mathematical education. The range of subjects covered in the book offers a convenient single source for topics in the field.

An Introduction to K-Theory for C*-Algebras

Author: M. Rørdam,Flemming Larsen,N. Laustsen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521789448

Category: Mathematics

Page: 242

View: 1946

This book provides a very elementary introduction to K-theory for C*-algebras, and is ideal for beginning graduate students.

Algebraic Topology

A Student's Guide

Author: J. F. Adams

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521080762

Category: Mathematics

Page: 300

View: 4043

This set of notes, for graduate students who are specializing in algebraic topology, adopts a novel approach to the teaching of the subject. It begins with a survey of the most beneficial areas for study, with recommendations regarding the best written accounts of each topic. Because a number of the sources are rather inaccessible to students, the second part of the book comprises a collection of some of these classic expositions, from journals, lecture notes, theses and conference proceedings. They are connected by short explanatory passages written by Professor Adams, whose own contributions to this branch of mathematics are represented in the reprinted articles.

Manifolds and Modular Forms

Author: Friedrich Hirzebruch

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663140458

Category: Mathematics

Page: 212

View: 1090

K-theory

Author: Michael Atiyah

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0429973179

Category: Mathematics

Page: 240

View: 3200

These notes are based on the course of lectures I gave at Harvard in the fall of 1964. They constitute a self-contained account of vector bundles and K-theory assuming only the rudiments of point-set topology and linear algebra. One of the features of the treatment is that no use is made of ordinary homology or cohomology theory. In fact, rational cohomology is defined in terms of K-theory.The theory is taken as far as the solution of the Hopf invariant problem and a start is mode on the J-homomorphism. In addition to the lecture notes proper, two papers of mine published since 1964 have been reproduced at the end. The first, dealing with operations, is a natural supplement to the material in Chapter III. It provides an alternative approach to operations which is less slick but more fundamental than the Grothendieck method of Chapter III, and it relates operations and filtration. Actually, the lectures deal with compact spaces, not cell-complexes, and so the skeleton-filtration does not figure in the notes. The second paper provides a new approach to K-theory and so fills an obvious gap in the lecture notes.