Transforming Livelihoods of Smallscale Farmers

Contribution of Agricultural and Natural Resources Research : Proceeding[s] of the First Annual PANTIL Research Workshop Held in Morogoro, 25-27 September, 2006

Author: E. K. Batamuzi,Dorothy M. Gimbi,W. S. Abeli

Publisher: N.A


Category: Farms, Small

Page: 289

View: 2913

A Spatial Analysis of Youth Livelihoods and Rural Transformation in Ghana

Author: Silver, Jed,Diao, Xinshen

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst


Category: Political Science

Page: 3

View: 6793

Ghana’s population is becoming younger and increasingly urbanized – by 2010, over half the population lived in urban settlements of more than 5,000 people – raising concerns among policy makers regarding the location and types of jobs required to employ the youth. The slow creation of for-mal urban jobs has particularly strong implications for young people entering the labor force: they are more educated than the older generation, with greater aspirations for non-farm em-ployment and urban lifestyles (Anyidoho, Leavy, and Asenso-Okyere 2012). Without rapid industrialization to create more formal manufacturing and other non-agricultural jobs, youth in Ghana who leave the agricultural sector are increasingly likely to resort to informal services in both rural and urban areas. While much youth-related research has focused on changes in youth employment and livelihoods through rural-urban migration, a re-cent IFPRI Discussion Paper focuses on youth in the rural non-farm economy (Diao et al. 2017).

Globalization, Agriculture and Food in the Caribbean

Climate Change, Gender and Geography

Author: Clinton L. Beckford,Kevon Rhiney

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137538376

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 3299

The last decade has seen a growing body of research about globalization and climate change in the Caribbean. This collection is a significant addition to the literature on a topic that is of critical importance to the region. It explores research from a number of Caribbean islands dealing with a range of issues related to agriculture and food in the context of globalization and climate change. Using a broad livelihoods perspective, the impacts on rural livelihoods are explored as well as issues related to community level resilience, adaptability and adaptations. The volume is strengthened by gendered analyses of issues and discussions informed by a diverse range of research methods and methodologies. Scholars of Caribbean studies and studies pertaining to social, cultural, economic and environmental issues facing Small Island Developing States (SIDS) will greatly benefit from this book.

Beyond the crises: Zimbabwe's prospects for transformation

Author: Murisa, Tendai,Chikweche, Tendai

Publisher: Weaver Press

ISBN: 1779222858

Category: Political Science

Page: 422

View: 8622

Over the past years, few African countries have been the focus of discussions and analyses generating a vast array of literature as much as Zimbabwe. The socioeconomic and political crises since the turn of the century have deeply transformed the country from the ideals of a vibrant freshly independent nation just two decades earlier. These transformations have necessitated the call for the restructuring of Zimbabwean society, polity, and economy. But this literature remains exclusively within the realm of academic thinking and theorising, with no concerted effort to move beyond this by explicitly drawing out the policy implications. Beyond the Crises: Zimbabwe's Prospects for Transformation is a welcome addition to the academic and policy literature with a much broader and all-embracing focus in terms of policy interventions. By focusing on different aspects of social and economic justice, Murisa and Chikweche go beyond initiating a broad discussion on these two key pillars of human development with a view to suggesting possible future directions of practical solutions and policy development for the attainment of inclusive social and economic justice for Zimbabweans.

Latin America Transformed

Globalization and Modernity

Author: Robert N Gwynne,Kay Cristobal

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1444119044

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 8818

Praise for the first edition: 'Accomplishes its task to provide readers with a broad multi-disciplinary view on globalization's many impacts on Latin America ... the organization of the collection is logical and thoughtful, and the structural perspectives offered are convincing and powerful. I recommend it to other Latin American social scientists.' Growth and Change 'An impressive, timely and lively volume, which is especially valuable for teaching purposes.' Journal of Latin American Studies 'Authoritatively written by leading scholars in their respective fields.' Area Latin America Transformed, 2nd Edition explains the region's economic, political, social and cultural transformations, its association with globalization and the search for modernity, and contributes to a greater understanding of how these transformations are affecting the people of Latin America. Using a political economy approach to unravel the concepts of globalization and modernity within Latin America, emphasis is placed on interpreting the macro-level structures that frame the transformations taking place. The book also investigates the dynamics of people's livelihoods as they make sense of, rework and live out these structural transformations. The international team of authors involved with the successful first edition have updated their focus and substantially rewritten their material to examine the challenges facing Latin America in the twenty-first century. Three completely new chapters have also been added. Latin America Transformed, 2nd Edition is now even more useful for undergraduate and postgraduate courses that examine economic, political, social and cultural change in Latin America.

Rural Tourism and Sustainable Business

Author: Prof. Derek R Hall,Irene Kirkpatrick,Morag Mitchell

Publisher: Channel View Publications

ISBN: 1845413350

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 349

View: 9336

This book provides the latest conceptual thinking on, and case study exemplification of, rural tourism and sustainable business development from Europe, North America, Australasia, the Middle East and Japan in 19 concise, manageable chapters. The book is organised into distinct yet interrelated sections, and benefits from strong editorial input in terms of context setting and summary chapters. Rural Tourism and Sustainable Business represents a high quality text integrating the latest thinking on the evolving strategic roles of rural tourism and its role in sustainable business development. It provides readily accessible material drawn from a range of environmental and cultural contexts and draws attention to the nature and interrelationships between local and global issues in rural tourism and development.

Rural Livelihoods, Regional Economies, and Processes of Change

Author: Deborah Sick

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136029206

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 202

View: 9322

For centuries, new technologies and expanding networks of production and consumption have been changing the face of rural economies in significant ways. Millions of rural dwellers have found survival increasingly difficult and have fled to urban centres. Others have remained: some retrenching, struggling to just subsist, others attempting to innovatively redefine their place within ‘new’ rural economies. Over the past 30 years, rural economies have largely been ignored by policy makers, but recent growing concerns about food security, environmental degradation, climate change, continued rural poverty, and high rates of out-migration have sparked renewed interest in rural regions. Covering a range of geographical and socio-cultural contexts, the case studies in this book draw on actor-oriented in-depth field studies, which provide detailed, locally focused perspectives on the nature of rural livelihoods today. The collection highlights the ways in which rural livelihoods are being redefined, the multiple ways in which rural dwellers draw on distinct social, cultural and environmental resources to formulate their livelihood strategies, and the factors which facilitate or limit their abilities to do so. This volume will be of interest to development practitioners and policy makers, and scholars working in rural development and economic anthropology.

From subsistence to profit

Transforming smallholder farms

Author: Fan, Shenggen,Brzeska, Joanna,Keyzer, Michiel,Halsema, Alex

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 0896295583

Category: Social Science

Page: 30

View: 9429

This food policy report presents a typology of the diverse livelihood strategies and development pathways for smallholder farmers in developing countries, and offers policy recommendations to help potentially profitable smallholders meet emerging risks and challenges. Main Findings Smallholder farmers in developing countries play a key role in meeting the future food demands of a growing and increasingly rich and urbanized population. However, smallholders are not a homogeneous group that should be supported at all costs. Whereas some smallholder farmers have the potential to undertake profitable commercial activities in the agricultural sector, others should be supported in exiting agriculture and seeking nonfarm employment opportunities. For smallholder farmers with profit potential, their ability to be successful is hampered by such challenges as climate change, price shocks, limited financing options, and inadequate access to healthy and nutritious food. By overcoming these challenges, smallholders can move from subsistence to commercially oriented agricultural systems, increase their profits, and operate at an efficient scale—thereby helping to do their part in feeding the world’s hungry.

Seeds of Transition

Essays on Novelty Production, Niches and Regimes in Agriculture

Author: J. S. C. Wiskerke

Publisher: Uitgeverij Van Gorcum

ISBN: 9789023239888

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 356

View: 8174

Agriculture is confronted with changing societal expectations and demands regarding its role in food production and in the countryside. Complying with these expectations and demands will require a comprehensive, far-reaching and therefore far from easy and long-lasting transition of agriculture. This books seeks to explore the seeds of this transition by describing and analysing the production of promosing novelties in relation to to the dominant regime. On a theoretical level this books aims at the integration of hitherto largely disconneted disciplines and bodies of literature.

Transformative Learning in Practice

Insights from Community, Workplace, and Higher Education

Author: Jack Mezirow,Edward W. Taylor

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118045432

Category: Education

Page: 336

View: 4841

Transformative learning in practice Transformative learning is becoming influential in all areas of the educational landscape. In Transformative Learning in Practice, leading authorities and practitioners working in a variety of national and international settings, including college classrooms, corporate workshops, online, and informal groups in rural communities, offer insights and a wealth of strategies for fostering transformative learning in and out of the classroom. Transformative Learning in Practice will help readers: Learn the most effective practices for promoting transformative learning Understand the most helpful ways transformative learning informs practice Find out how the teaching setting shapes the practice of transformative learning Discover the successes, strengths, and outcomes of fostering transformative learning Recognize the risks and challenges of practicing transformative learning This comprehensive resource includes an introduction to the theory of transformative learning, a brief overview of the growing body of research on the topic, and a discussion of areas for future exploration. Praise for Transforming Learning in Practice "Transformative learning comes to life in this powerful collection of real experiences which put transformative learning into practice in higher education, the workplace, and in community and social change education. Every chapter is full of candid insights from reflective practitioners about the challenges and rewards of engaging in transformative learning. A must-read for adult educators everywhere!" —Sharan B. Merriam, professor emeritus of adult education, University of Georgia "Mezirow and Taylor's book deepens our understanding of a central idea in adult education—that meaningful learning for adults is often triggered by a transformative experience. Readers are provided a rich array of approaches which help them to understand and facilitate transformative learning in multiple settings. Together these practices build a toolkit for those who would support learning that transforms." —Karen E. Watkins, professor, human resource and organization development, Department of Lifelong Education, Administration, and Policy, University of Georgia "Methods to facilitate transformative learning bear intriguing similarities across varied places and spaces. This book breaks through silo thinking and is for educators across formal and informal settings who are concerned with individual or collective transformation, whether in the 'North' or 'South.'" —Shirley Walters, professor of adult and continuing education, University of Western Cape, South Africa

Global Management, Local Resistances

Theoretical Discussion and Empirical Case Studies

Author: Ulrike Schuerkens

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317906586

Category: Social Science

Page: 246

View: 6759

This book originates from a research project involving extensive collection and analysis of primary and secondary materials (scholarly literature, statistical data, and interviews with key actors) on global management and local resistances in all major world regions during the last years. It seeks to assess the overall management situation in the world, looking at the world as a social system where some countries act as winners of socioeconomic globalization, others as losers, and some as both. Offering analytical and comparative insights at the global level, this book will be useful for scholars, students, NGOs, and policy makers.

Assessing progress made toward shared agricultural transformation objectives in Mozambique

Author: Benson, Todd,Mogues, Tewodaj,Woldeyohannes, Sileshi

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst


Category: Social Science

Page: 39

View: 8890

What has been the recent performance of the agricultural sector in Mozambique and the progress made thus far toward achieving the objectives established under the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) initiative for Mozambique that began in late-2011?

The Role of Agriculture in Development

Implications for Sub-Saharan Africa

Author: Xinshen Diao,Hazell, P.B.R.,Resnick, Danielle,Thurlow, James

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 0896291618

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 66

View: 8265

Changes in the global environment have led some to question whether the conventional wisdom on the role of agriculture in economic development is still relevant to Africa today. This report critically examines the literature on this issue, taking both the conventional and skeptical views into account. It complements this review with case studies of five African countries. The findings indicate that agricultural growth will play an essential role in promoting overall economic growth and reducing poverty in most of Africa's agrarian-based economies. This holds true even for countries that have the potential for industrial growth driven by natural resources. The results also show that only smallholder food-staple and livestock production can generate broadbased agricultural growth. By demonstrating that Africa's agricultural and food subsector cannot be bypassed, this report contributes to an important ongoing debate in development studies.

Environmental Change and Globalization: Double Exposures

Author: Robin Leichenko,Karen O'Brien

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199884269

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 6362

This book explores the connections between two of the most transformative processes of the twenty-first century, namely climate change and globalization. In this book, Leichenko and O'Brien present a conceptual framework for analyzing the interactions between these two processes, and illustrate, through case studies, how these interactions create situations of "double exposure." Drawing upon prominent recent and current climate-related events -- Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans, recurring droughts in India, and the melting of Arctic sea ice -- the case studies each demonstrate a different pathway of interaction between globalization and global environmental change. Through exploration of these pathways of double exposure, the book also shows how broader human security concerns including growing inequalities, growing vulnerabilities, and unsustainable rates of development are integrally connected to both processes of global change. The double exposure framework not only sheds light on the challenges raised by these two global processes, but also reveals possibilities for using the interactions to generate positive opportunities for action.

Working Animals in Agriculture and Transport

A Collection of Some Current Research and Development Observations

Author: R. Anne Pearson

Publisher: Wageningen Academic Pub

ISBN: 9076998256

Category: Medical

Page: 209

View: 3597