Transforming Livelihoods of Smallscale Farmers

Contribution of Agricultural and Natural Resources Research : Proceeding[s] of the First Annual PANTIL Research Workshop Held in Morogoro, 25-27 September, 2006

Author: E. K. Batamuzi,Dorothy M. Gimbi,W. S. Abeli

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Farms, Small

Page: 289

View: 509

Degraded Forests in Eastern Africa

Management and Restoration

Author: Frans Bongers,Timm Tennigkeit

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136532358

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 5310

Forest degradation as a result of logging, shifting cultivation, agriculture and urban development is a major issue throughout the tropics. It leads to loss in soil fertility, water resources and biodiversity, as well as contributes to climate change. Efforts are therefore required to try to minimize further degradation and restore tropical forests in a sustainable way. This is the first research-based book to examine this problem in East Africa. The specific focus is on the forests of Ethiopia, Tanzania and Uganda, but the lessons learned are shown to be applicable to neighbouring countries and others in the tropics. A wide range of forest types are covered, from dry Miombo forest and afromontane forests, to forest-savannah mosaics and wet forest types. Current management practices are assessed and examples of good practice presented. The role of local people is also emphasized. The authors describe improved management and restoration through silviculture, plantation forestry and agroforestry, leading to improvements in timber production, biodiversity conservation and the livelihoods of local people.

2017 The State of Food and Agriculture

Leveraging food systems for inclusive rural transformation

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9251098735

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 181

View: 2783

One of the greatest challenges today is to end hunger and poverty while making agriculture and food systems sustainable. The challenge is daunting because of continued population growth, profound changes in food demand, and the threat of mass migration of rural youth in search of a better life. This report presents strategies that can leverage the potential of food systems to become the engine of inclusive economic development and rural prosperity in low-income countries. It analyses the structural and rural transformations now under way, and examines the opportunities and challenges they present to millions of small-scale food producers. It shows how an “agroterritorial” planning approach, focused on connecting cities and towns and their surrounding rural areas, combined with agro-industrial and infrastructure development can generate income opportunities throughout the food sector and underpin sustainable and inclusive rural transformation.

From subsistence to profit

Transforming smallholder farms

Author: Fan, Shenggen,Brzeska, Joanna,Keyzer, Michiel,Halsema, Alex

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 0896295583

Category: Social Science

Page: 30

View: 6038

This food policy report presents a typology of the diverse livelihood strategies and development pathways for smallholder farmers in developing countries, and offers policy recommendations to help potentially profitable smallholders meet emerging risks and challenges. Main Findings Smallholder farmers in developing countries play a key role in meeting the future food demands of a growing and increasingly rich and urbanized population. However, smallholders are not a homogeneous group that should be supported at all costs. Whereas some smallholder farmers have the potential to undertake profitable commercial activities in the agricultural sector, others should be supported in exiting agriculture and seeking nonfarm employment opportunities. For smallholder farmers with profit potential, their ability to be successful is hampered by such challenges as climate change, price shocks, limited financing options, and inadequate access to healthy and nutritious food. By overcoming these challenges, smallholders can move from subsistence to commercially oriented agricultural systems, increase their profits, and operate at an efficient scale—thereby helping to do their part in feeding the world’s hungry.

A Spatial Analysis of Youth Livelihoods and Rural Transformation in Ghana

Author: Silver, Jed,Diao, Xinshen

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 3

View: 4514

Ghana’s population is becoming younger and increasingly urbanized – by 2010, over half the population lived in urban settlements of more than 5,000 people – raising concerns among policy makers regarding the location and types of jobs required to employ the youth. The slow creation of for-mal urban jobs has particularly strong implications for young people entering the labor force: they are more educated than the older generation, with greater aspirations for non-farm em-ployment and urban lifestyles (Anyidoho, Leavy, and Asenso-Okyere 2012). Without rapid industrialization to create more formal manufacturing and other non-agricultural jobs, youth in Ghana who leave the agricultural sector are increasingly likely to resort to informal services in both rural and urban areas. While much youth-related research has focused on changes in youth employment and livelihoods through rural-urban migration, a re-cent IFPRI Discussion Paper focuses on youth in the rural non-farm economy (Diao et al. 2017).

Globalization, Agriculture and Food in the Caribbean

Climate Change, Gender and Geography

Author: Clinton L. Beckford,Kevon Rhiney

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137538376

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 5511

The last decade has seen a growing body of research about globalization and climate change in the Caribbean. This collection is a significant addition to the literature on a topic that is of critical importance to the region. It explores research from a number of Caribbean islands dealing with a range of issues related to agriculture and food in the context of globalization and climate change. Using a broad livelihoods perspective, the impacts on rural livelihoods are explored as well as issues related to community level resilience, adaptability and adaptations. The volume is strengthened by gendered analyses of issues and discussions informed by a diverse range of research methods and methodologies. Scholars of Caribbean studies and studies pertaining to social, cultural, economic and environmental issues facing Small Island Developing States (SIDS) will greatly benefit from this book.

Beyond the crises: Zimbabwe's prospects for transformation

Author: Murisa, Tendai,Chikweche, Tendai

Publisher: Weaver Press

ISBN: 1779222858

Category: Political Science

Page: 422

View: 4552

Over the past years, few African countries have been the focus of discussions and analyses generating a vast array of literature as much as Zimbabwe. The socioeconomic and political crises since the turn of the century have deeply transformed the country from the ideals of a vibrant freshly independent nation just two decades earlier. These transformations have necessitated the call for the restructuring of Zimbabwean society, polity, and economy. But this literature remains exclusively within the realm of academic thinking and theorising, with no concerted effort to move beyond this by explicitly drawing out the policy implications. Beyond the Crises: Zimbabwe's Prospects for Transformation is a welcome addition to the academic and policy literature with a much broader and all-embracing focus in terms of policy interventions. By focusing on different aspects of social and economic justice, Murisa and Chikweche go beyond initiating a broad discussion on these two key pillars of human development with a view to suggesting possible future directions of practical solutions and policy development for the attainment of inclusive social and economic justice for Zimbabweans.

Handbook of Research on In-Country Determinants and Implications of Foreign Land Acquisitions

Author: Osabuohien, Evans

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466674067

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 430

View: 5653

Several studies have investigated the impetus and implications behind large-scale land acquisitions/deals at the global level; however, intranational factors within communities and societies have not received much attention from researchers. The Handbook of Research on In-Country Determinants and Implications of Foreign Land Acquisitions examines the economic, sociological, and environmental issues surrounding land transactions and the impact these deals may have on local households and communities. Focusing on international issues as well as domestic concerns, this publication is a useful reference for policymakers, academics, researchers, and advanced-level students in various disciplines.

Rural Livelihoods, Regional Economies, and Processes of Change

Author: Deborah Sick

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136029206

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 216

View: 4203

For centuries, new technologies and expanding networks of production and consumption have been changing the face of rural economies in significant ways. Millions of rural dwellers have found survival increasingly difficult and have fled to urban centres. Others have remained: some retrenching, struggling to just subsist, others attempting to innovatively redefine their place within ‘new’ rural economies. Over the past 30 years, rural economies have largely been ignored by policy makers, but recent growing concerns about food security, environmental degradation, climate change, continued rural poverty, and high rates of out-migration have sparked renewed interest in rural regions. Covering a range of geographical and socio-cultural contexts, the case studies in this book draw on actor-oriented in-depth field studies, which provide detailed, locally focused perspectives on the nature of rural livelihoods today. The collection highlights the ways in which rural livelihoods are being redefined, the multiple ways in which rural dwellers draw on distinct social, cultural and environmental resources to formulate their livelihood strategies, and the factors which facilitate or limit their abilities to do so. This volume will be of interest to development practitioners and policy makers, and scholars working in rural development and economic anthropology.

The Role of Agriculture in Development

Implications for Sub-Saharan Africa

Author: Xinshen Diao,Hazell, P.B.R.,Resnick, Danielle,Thurlow, James

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 0896291618

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 66

View: 8068

Changes in the global environment have led some to question whether the conventional wisdom on the role of agriculture in economic development is still relevant to Africa today. This report critically examines the literature on this issue, taking both the conventional and skeptical views into account. It complements this review with case studies of five African countries. The findings indicate that agricultural growth will play an essential role in promoting overall economic growth and reducing poverty in most of Africa's agrarian-based economies. This holds true even for countries that have the potential for industrial growth driven by natural resources. The results also show that only smallholder food-staple and livestock production can generate broadbased agricultural growth. By demonstrating that Africa's agricultural and food subsector cannot be bypassed, this report contributes to an important ongoing debate in development studies.

Seeds of Transition

Essays in Novelty Production, Niches and Regimes in Agriculture

Author: J. S. C. Wiskerke

Publisher: Uitgeverij Van Gorcum

ISBN: 9789023239888

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 356

View: 1634

Rural Tourism and Sustainable Business

Author: Prof. Derek R Hall,Irene Kirkpatrick,Morag Mitchell

Publisher: Channel View Publications

ISBN: 1845413350

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 349

View: 1839

This book provides the latest conceptual thinking on, and case study exemplification of, rural tourism and sustainable business development from Europe, North America, Australasia, the Middle East and Japan in 19 concise, manageable chapters. The book is organised into distinct yet interrelated sections, and benefits from strong editorial input in terms of context setting and summary chapters. Rural Tourism and Sustainable Business represents a high quality text integrating the latest thinking on the evolving strategic roles of rural tourism and its role in sustainable business development. It provides readily accessible material drawn from a range of environmental and cultural contexts and draws attention to the nature and interrelationships between local and global issues in rural tourism and development.

Transformative Learning in Practice

Insights from Community, Workplace, and Higher Education

Author: Jack Mezirow,Edward W. Taylor

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118045432

Category: Education

Page: 336

View: 3988

Transformative learning is becoming influential in all areas of theeducational landscape. In Transformative Learning inPractice, leading authorities and practitioners working in avariety of national and international settings, including collegeclassrooms, corporate workshops, online, and informal groups inrural communities, offer insights and a wealth ofstrategies forfostering transformative learning in and out of the classroom. Transformative Learning in Practice will helpreaders: Learn the most effective practices for promoting transformativelearning Understand the most helpful ways transformative learning informspractice Find out how the teaching setting shapes the practice oftransformative learning Discover the successes, strengths, and outcomes of fosteringtransformative learning Recognize the risks and challenges of practicing transformativelearning This comprehensive resource includes an introduction to thetheory of transformative learning, a brief overview of the growingbody of research on the topic, and a discussion of areas for futureexploration. Praise for Transforming Learning in Practice "Transformative learning comes to life in this powerfulcollection of real experiences which put transformative learninginto practice in higher education, the workplace, and in communityand social change education. Every chapter is full of candidinsights from reflective practitioners about the challenges andrewards of engaging in transformative learning. A must-read foradult educators everywhere!" —Sharan B. Merriam, professor emeritus of adulteducation, University of Georgia "Mezirow and Taylor's book deepens our understanding of acentral idea in adult education—that meaningful learning foradults is often triggered by a transformative experience. Readersare provided a rich array of approaches which help them tounderstand and facilitate transformative learning in multiplesettings. Together these practices build a toolkit for those whowould support learning that transforms." —Karen E. Watkins, professor, human resource andorganization development, Department of Lifelong Education,Administration, and Policy, University of Georgia "Methods to facilitate transformative learning bear intriguingsimilarities across varied places and spaces. This book breaksthrough silo thinking and is for educators across formal andinformal settings who are concerned with individual or collectivetransformation, whether in the 'North' or 'South.'" —Shirley Walters, professor of adult and continuingeducation, University of Western Cape, South Africa

Youth and Agriculture

Key Challenges and Concrete Solutions

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9251084750

Category: Social Science

Page: 128

View: 2938

Young people account for a large percentage of the rural population, and are often unemployed or underemployed, despite the need for labour force in agriculture. Rural youth face many hurdles in trying to earn a livelihood. They do not perceive agriculture as a remunerative or prestigious profession, and until they find meaningful economic opportunities and attractive environments in rural areas, they will continue to migrate to cities. This trend not only contributes to the emerging phenomenon of over-urbanization and growing unemployment in urban areas, but is also expected to affect global food production. Investing in young people living in rural areas is therefore key to enhancing agricultural productivity, boosting rural economies and ensuring food security. This publication provides real life examples on how to re-engage youth in agriculture. It shows how tailor-made educational programmes can provide rural youth with the skills and insights needed to engage in farming and adopt environmentally friendly production methods. Many of the initiatives and approaches reported in this study originate from the youth themselves. The following study was a joint undertaking of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA).

The Transformation of Agri-food Systems

Globalization, Supply Chains and Smallholder Farmers

Author: Ellen B. McCullough,Prabhu L. Pingali,Kostas G. Stamoulis

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251059623

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 381

View: 4870

The driving forces of income growth, demographic shifts, globalisation and technical change have led to a reorganisation of food systems from farm to plate. The characteristics of supply chains - particularly the role of supermarkets - linking farmers have changed, from consumption and retail to wholesale, processing, procurement and production. This has had a dramatic effect on smallholder farmers, particularly in developing countries. This book presents a comprehensive framework for assessing the impacts of changing agri-food systems on smallholder farmers, recognising the importance of heterogeneity between developing countries as well as within them. The book includes a number of case studies from Asia, Africa, Latin America and Eastern Europe, which are used to illustrate differences in food systems' characteristics and trends. The country case studies explore impacts on the small farm sector across different countries, local contexts and farm types

Transforming Agrarian Economies

Opportunities Seized, Opportunities Missed

Author: Thomas Patrick Tomich,Peter Kilby,Bruce F. Johnston

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801482458

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 474

View: 8986

The world's 58 poorest countries share the characteristic of a labor force overwhelmingly dependent on agriculture. Challenging the assumption that mass poverty and chronic hunger are unsolvable problems, this book systematically explores the multiple aspects of economic development in these countries, which are home to 60 percent of the world's population. The authors offer a broad-based development strategy to raise incomes through agricultural productivity growth and expanded rural employment. They present rich new information on the rural informal sector and on agriculture-industry interactions, and they analyze the impact of macroeconomic and social policies on the rural economy. Policy instruments aimed at bringing about broad-based development are carefully assessed - from fiscal policy to development of new seeds and farm implements. The book includes detailed case studies of countries that have seized - or missed - development opportunities.

An Evaluation of Small-scale Freshwater Rural Aquaculture Development for Poverty Reduction

Author: Asian Development Bank. Operations Evaluation Department

Publisher: Asian Development Bank

ISBN: 9715615503

Category: Aquaculture

Page: 164

View: 7810

This report looks at small-scale aquaculture from the viewpoint of poverty reduction. What are the main factors that enable fish farming to generate livelihoods and reduce poverty? Based on case studies, the first part of the report highlights the importance of access to capital assets--human, social, natural, physical, and financial--and to a range of transforming processes, such as markets, institutions, facilities, infrastructure, and services.