Ultrasonic Nondestructive Evaluation Systems

Models and Measurements

Author: Lester W. Schmerr Jr,Jung-Sin Song

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387490639

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 602

View: 9640

Using a systems level approach, this book employs aspects of linear systems theory and wave propagation and scattering theory to develop a comprehensive model of an entire ultrasonic measurement system. This integrated approach leads to a new model-based engineering technology for designing, using and optimizing ultrasonic nondestructive evaluation inspections. In addition, the book incorporates MATLAB examples and exercises.

Ultrasonic Nondestructive Evaluation Systems

Industrial Application Issues

Author: Pietro Burrascano,Sergio Callegari,Augusto Montisci,Marco Ricci,Mario Versaci

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319105663

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 324

View: 3564

This book deals with a number of fundamental issues related to the practical implementation of ultrasonic NDT techniques in an industrial environment. The book discusses advanced academic research results and their application to industrial procedures. The text covers the choice and generation of the signals energizing the system to probe position optimization, from quality assessment evaluation to tomographic inversion. With a focus to deepen a number of fundamental aspects involved in the specific objective of designing and developing an ultrasonic imaging system for nondestructive testing, aimed to automatically classify the entire production of an industrial production line, targeted to the field of precision mechanics. The contents of this book is the result of the common effort of six University Research Groups that focused their research activities for two years on this specific objective, working in direct conjunction with primary industrial firms, in a research project funded by the Italian government as a Strategic Research Project.

Ultrasonic and Advanced Methods for Nondestructive Testing and Material Characterization

Author: C. H. Chen

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812770941

Category: Medical

Page: 665

View: 2612

Ultrasonic methods have been very popular in nondestructive testing and characterization of materials. This book deals with both industrial ultrasound and medical ultrasound. The advantages of ultrasound include flexibility, low cost, in-line operation, and providing data in both signal and image formats for further analysis. The book devotes 11 chapters to ultrasonic methods. However, ultrasonic methods can be much less effective with some applications. So the book also has 14 chapters catering to other or advanced methods for nondestructive testing or material characterization. Topics like structural health monitoring, Terahertz methods, X-ray and thermography methods are presented. Besides different sensors for nondestructive testing, the book places much emphasis on signal/image processing and pattern recognition of the signals acquired.

Fundamentals of Ultrasonic Phased Arrays

Author: Lester W. Schmerr Jr.

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319072722

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 377

View: 320

This book describes in detail the physical and mathematical foundations of ultrasonic phased array measurements. The book uses linear systems theory to develop a comprehensive model of the signals and images that can be formed with phased arrays. Engineers working in the field of ultrasonic nondestructive evaluation (NDE) will find in this approach a wealth of information on how to design, optimize and interpret ultrasonic inspections with phased arrays. The fundamentals and models described in the book will also be of significant interest to other fields, including the medical ultrasound and seismology communities. A unique feature of this book is that it presents a unified theory of imaging with phased arrays that shows how common imaging methods such as the synthetic aperture focusing technique (SAFT), the total focusing method (TFM), and the physical optics far field inverse scattering (POFFIS) imaging method are all simplified versions of more fundamental and quantitative imaging approaches, called imaging measurement models. To enhance learning, this book first describes the fundamentals of phased array systems using 2-D models, so that the complex 3-D cases normally found in practice can be more easily understood. In addition to giving a detailed discussion of phased array systems, Fundamentals of Ultrasonic Phased Arrays also provides MATLAB® functions and scripts, allowing the reader to conduct simulations of ultrasonic phased array transducers and phased array systems with the latest modeling technology.

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

Volume 25A/B

Author: Donald O. Thompson,Dale E. Chimenti

Publisher: American Inst. of Physics

ISBN: 9780735403123

Category: Science

Page: 2019

View: 3247

This series provides a comprehensive review of the latest research results in quantitative nondestructive evaluation (NDE). Leading investigators working in government agencies, major industries, and universities present a broad spectrum of work extending from basic research to early engineering applications. Papers cover recent developments in essentially all measuring techniques and their applications to flaw detection and structural reliability.

Advanced Nondestructive Evaluation I

Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Advanced Nondestructive Testing, Jeju Island, Korea, 7-9 November 2005

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Materials science

Page: 1786

View: 2682

Fundamentals of Ultrasonic Nondestructive Evaluation

A Modeling Approach

Author: Lester W. Schmerr Jr.

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489901426

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 559

View: 3143

Ultrasound is currently used in a wide spectrum of applications ranging from medical imaging to metal cutting. This book is about using ultrasound in nondestructive evaluation (NDE) inspections. Ultrasonic NDE uses high-frequency acoustic/elastic waves to evaluate components without affecting their integrity or performance. This technique is commonly used in industry (particularly in aerospace and nuclear power) to inspect safety-critical parts for flaws during in-service use. Other important uses of ultrasonic NDE involve process control functions during manufacturing and fundamental materials characterization studies. It is not difficult to set up an ultrasonic NDE measurement system to launch waves into a component and monitor the waves received from defects, such as cracks, even when those defects are deep within the component. It is difficult however to interpret quantitatively the signals received in such an ultrasonic NDE measurement process. For example based on the ultrasonic signal received from a crack, what is the size, shape, and orientation of the crack producing the signal? Answering such questions requires evaluation procedures based on a detailed knowledge of the physics of the entire ultrasonic measurement process. One approach to obtaining such knowledge is to couple quantitative experiments closely with detailed models of the entire ultrasonic measurement system itself. We refer to such models here as ultrasonic NDE measurement models. In other areas of engineering, models have revolutionized how engineering is practiced. A classic example is the impact of the finite-element method on elastic stress analysis.

The Evaluation of Materials and Structures by Quantitative Ultrasonics

Author: J.D. Achenbach

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3709143152

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 398

View: 1506

Nondestructive evaluation (NDE) procedures are needed for materials processing, as well as for post-process materials testing. They play important roles in product design, analysis of service-life expectancy, manufacturing and quality control of manufactured products. They are also essential to on-line monitoring of the integrity of structural elements and complex systems. Rational accept and reject criteria should be based on NDE tests. Critical safety, efficiency and operational features of large-scale structures depend on adequate NDE capabilities. The lectures presented in this volume are concerned with quantitative ultrasonic NDE. They present fundamental concepts and basic theory, as well as applications to the detection of cracks and the evaluation of material properties. The following topics are discussed: basic wave propagation theory for ultrasonic NDE; piezoelectric transducers, EMATS and ultrasonic spectroscopy; laser-based ultrasonics; acoustoelasticity; ultrasound in solids with porosity, microcracking and polycrystalline structuring; the determination of mechanical properties of composite materials; inverse problems and imaging.

Ultrasonic Nondestructive Evaluation

Engineering and Biological Material Characterization

Author: Tribikram Kundu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203501962

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 848

View: 8929

Most books on ultrasonic nondestructive evaluation (NDE) focus either on its theoretical background or on advanced applications. Furthermore, information on the most current applications, such as guided wave techniques and acoustic microscopy, is scattered throughout various conference proceedings and journals. No one book has integrated these aspects into a treatment that is both self-contained and up-to-date. Ultrasonic Nondestructive Evaluation: Engineering and Biological Material Characterization brings together the principles, equations, and applications of ultrasonic NDE, both traditional and state-of-the-art, in a single, authoritative resource. It begins with the relevant fundamentals of mechanics, derives the basic equations of the mechanics of elastic wave propagation, and then, step-by-step, covers the advanced topics and applications of ultrasonic NDE that are at the forefront of today's research. These include engineering, biological, and clinical applications, such as structural health monitoring, the characterization of biological cells, and real-time blood flow measurement. Written in plain language by some of the world's leading experts, the chapters are filled with case studies, worked examples, and exercises that help make this book an outstanding resource for course work, as well as for reference. If you are looking for that one book that can bring you quickly up-to-speed on the principles, technologies, and latest applications of ultrasonic NDE, look no further than this book.

Proceedings of the 1st World Congress on Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME)

Author: The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118147715

Category: Science

Page: 275

View: 8886

In its most advanced form, Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME) holistically integrates manufacturing simulation, advanced materials models and component performance analysis. This volume contains thirty-five papers presented at the 1st World Congress on Integrated Computational Materials Engineering. Modeling processing-microstructure relationships, modeling microstructure-property relationships, and the role of ICME in graduate and undergraduate education are discussed. Ideal as a primary text for engineering students, this book motivates a wider understanding of the advantages and limitations offered by the various computational (and coordinated experimental) tools of this field.

Nondestructive Evaluation of Food Quality

Theory and Practice

Author: Shyam N. Jha

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642157967

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 6158

Numerous works on non-destructive testing of food quality have been reported in the literature. Techniques such as Near InfraRed (NIR) spectroscopy, color and visual spectroscopy, electronic nose and tongue, computer vision (image analysis), ultrasound, x-ray, CT and magnetic resonance imaging are some of the most applied for that purpose and are described in this book. Aspects such as theory/basics of the techniques, practical applications (sampling, experimentation, data analysis) for evaluation of quality attributes of food and some recent works reported in literature are presented and discussed. This book is particularly interesting for new researchers in food quality and serves as an updated state-of-the-art report for those already familiar with the field.

Issues in Analysis, Measurement, Monitoring, Imaging, and Remote Sensing Technology: 2011 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464963843

Category: Science

Page: 2350

View: 3031

Issues in Analysis, Measurement, Monitoring, Imaging, and Remote Sensing Technology: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Analysis, Measurement, Monitoring, Imaging, and Remote Sensing Technology. The editors have built Issues in Analysis, Measurement, Monitoring, Imaging, and Remote Sensing Technology: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Analysis, Measurement, Monitoring, Imaging, and Remote Sensing Technology in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Analysis, Measurement, Monitoring, Imaging, and Remote Sensing Technology: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

New Materials for Next-Generation Commercial Transports

Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Materials Advisory Board,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,Committee on New Materials for Advanced Civil Aircraft

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309053900

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 98

View: 9137

The major objective of this book was to identify issues related to the introduction of new materials and the effects that advanced materials will have on the durability and technical risk of future civil aircraft throughout their service life. The committee investigated the new materials and structural concepts that are likely to be incorporated into next generation commercial aircraft and the factors influencing application decisions. Based on these predictions, the committee attempted to identify the design, characterization, monitoring, and maintenance issues that are critical for the introduction of advanced materials and structural concepts into future aircraft.

Nondestructive Evaluation

A Tool in Design, Manufacturing and Service

Author: Don E. Bray,Roderick K. Stanley

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849326554

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 608

View: 477

Nondestructive evaluation (NDE) inspection schemes are important in design, manufacturing, and maintenance. By correctly applying techniques of NDE, we can reduce machine and system failures and increase reliability of operating systems over an extended lifetime. Nondestructive Evaluation: A Tool in Design, Manufacturing, and Service introduces and discusses primary techniques used in the field, including ultrasonics, acoustic emission, magnetics, radiography, penetrants, and eddy currents. Examples of each of these techniques are included, demonstrating typical applications.

Elastic waves and ultrasonic nondestructive evaluation

proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium on Elastic Wave Propagation and Ultrasonic Evaluation, University of Colorado, Boulder, U.S.A., July 30-August 3, 1989

Author: Subhendu K. Datta,J. D. Achenbach

Publisher: North Holland

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 469

View: 9994

During the last decade, the emergence of ultrasonic techniques for nondestructive evaluation of materials has provided a strong impetus for the study of propagation and diffraction of elastic waves. Elastic wave propagation studies have led to quantitative techniques for evaluation and service-life prediction of structures. The IUTAM Symposium provided an opportunity for researchers active in the interdisciplinary field of QNDE to assess progress and delineate areas of future research. Leading researchers presented state-of-the-art lectures, focusing attention on an important technological area in which wave propagation studies have made, and will continue to make important contributions toward advancing the technology. The volume provides a comprehensive overview on the current state of analytical, numerical, and experimental techniques as well as outlining future research needs. It provides evidence of important advances that have been made in the detailed analysis and experimental verification of ultrasonic scattering by single and multiple defects in isotropic medium. Judging by the progress made in the last decade, it is anticipated that ultrasonic techniques will find more and more use in quantitative nondestructive evaluation. In that regard it is hoped that this volume will be a valuable reference to researchers and practitioners in ultrasonic NDE. A selection of contents: A. Ultrasonic Scattering, Inverse Problems, and Localization. From ultrasonics to failure prevention (J.D. Achenbach). The peculiarity of vibration process localization in semi-restricted regions (V.A. Babeshko et al.). Inverse scattering in general anisotropic elastic media (D.E. Budreck, J.H. Rose). The null field and T matrix methods for elastodynamic scattering problems: Cracks and other types of flaws (P. Olsson, A. Bostrouml;m). Scattering of acoustic and elastic waves from cracks using hypersingular boundary integral equations (T.J. Rudolphi et al.). Experimental flaw detection by scattering of plate waves (H. Spetzler, S.K. Datta). A unified approach towards inverse problems in ultrasonic NDT (L.F. van der Wal et al.). B. Guided Waves in Multilayered and Composite Media. Wave propagation in composite media and material characterization (S.K. Datta et al.). Nondestructive evaluation of damage development in composite materials (I.M. Daniel et al.). A ray analysis of acoustic pulses reflected from a thick composite plate immersed in a fluid (A.K. Mal et al.). Ultrasonic nondestructive evaluation of graphite epoxy composite laminates (J.G. Miller). Nondestructive measurements of elastic constants of composite materials by ultrasonic methods (S.I. Rokhlin, W. Wang). Dynamic effective properties of transversely isotropic elastic spheres in an isotropic elastic matrix (F.J. Sabina). Generalized scaling transform for the point source solution of the wave equation in anisotropic media (A. Tverdokhlebov, J.L. Rose). C. Wave Propagation in Nonhomogeneous and Prestressed Media and Acoustic Emission. Characterization of material deformation and failure responses from ultrasonic measurements (R.B. Thompson). Strain-induced anisotrophy in elastic wave propagation (M. Braun). Numerical simulations of acoustic emission and inversion of microcracking (M. Enoki, T. Kishi). Uniaxial dissipative elastic waves due to high velocity impact (H. Irschik, F. Ziegler). Ultrasonic-wave studies of the new High-T c oxide superconductors (H. Ledbetter). Ultrasonic studies of deformation and failure of rocks (C.M. Sayers). Radiative transfer and diffusivity of ultrasound in polycrystals (R.L. Weaver). Poster Presentations. Lacunas in welds (I.D. Abrahams, G.R. Wickham). Use of the connection machine to study ultrasonic wave propagation in materials (P.P. Delsanto et al.). Finite element study of diffraction tomography (Z. You, W. Lord). Epilogue: Mile-High IUTAM (L.B. Felsen). Author Index.

Ultrasonics International 87

Conference Proceedings

Author: Yong Zhou

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483140539

Category: Science

Page: 974

View: 7117

Ultrasonics International 87 contains the Proceedings of the Ultrasonics International Conference and Exhibition held at London, United Kingdom on July 1987. The conference discussed and reviewed some of the developments in the field of ultrasonics. The compendium consists of over 150 contributed papers, four invited papers and three plenary papers. Topics discussed include generation of unipolar ultrasonic pulses by signal processing; scattering of longitudinal waves by partially closed slots; piezoelectric materials for ultrasonic transducers; and measuring turbulent flow characteristics using a multi- dimensional ultrasonic probe. Fiber optic sensors, medical imaging and inverse methods, and laser generation of ultrasound are covered as well. Physicians, technicians, researchers, and physical scientists will find the book insightful.

Nondestructive Evaluation of Metal Matrix Composites

Report of the Committee on Nondestructive Evaluation of Metal Matrix Composites, National Materials Advisory Board, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, National Research Council

Author: National Materials Advisory Board (U.S.). Committee on Nondestructive Evaluation of Metal Matrix Composites

Publisher: National Academies

ISBN: N.A

Category: Composite materials

Page: 82

View: 1561