Understanding Global Cultures

Metaphorical Journeys Through 34 Nations, Clusters of Nations, Continents, and Diversity

Author: Martin J. Gannon,Rajnandini Pillai

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483340058

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 680

View: 5071

In the fully updated Sixth Edition of Understanding Global Cultures: Metaphorical Journeys Through 34 Nations, Clusters of Nations, Continents, and Diversity, authors Martin J. Gannon and Rajnandini Pillai present the cultural metaphor as a method for understanding the cultural mindsets of individual nations, clusters of nations, continents, and diversity in each nation. A cultural metaphor is any activity, phenomenon, or institution that members of a given culture consider important and with which they identify emotionally and/or cognitively, such as the Japanese garden and American football. This cultural metaphoric approach identifies three to eight unique or distinctive features of each cultural metaphor and then discusses 34 national cultures in terms of these features. The book demonstrates how metaphors are guidelines to help outsiders quickly understand what members of a culture consider important.

Understanding Global Cultures

Metaphorical Journeys Through 28 Nations, Clusters of Nations, and Continents

Author: Martin J. Gannon

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761929802

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 459

View: 7958

Understanding Global Cultures, Third Edition presents the cultural metaphor as a method for understanding the cultural mindsets of a nation, a cluster of nations, and even of a continent. This method involves identifying some phenomenon, activity or institution of a culture that all or most of its members consider important and with which they identify closely. Metaphors are not stereotypes; rather, they rely upon the features of one critical phenomenon of a culture to describe the entire culture. The characteristics of the metaphor then become the basis for describing and understanding the essential features of the culture. For example, the Italians invented the opera and love it passionately. Five key characteristics of the opera are the overture, spectacle and pageantry, voice, externalization, and the interaction between the lead singers and the chorus. These features are used to describe Italy and its cultural mindset. Thus the metaphor is a guide or map that helps such outsiders as students, travelers, and managers on short-term and long-term assignments understand quickly what members of a culture consider important.

Cultural Metaphors

Readings, Research Translations, and Commentary

Author: Martin J. Gannon

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761913375

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 262

View: 3656

This book provides an exploration of the use of metaphor, particularly the cultural metaphor of a nation. A nation's cultural metaphor is shown to be any institution, phenomenon, or activity with which all or most citizens closely identify. Together with theoretical chapters, case studies cover the United States, Italy, Bali, and East Asia. The book concludes with a description of specific uses of cultural metaphors or metaphorical applications.

Culture, Leadership, and Organizations

The GLOBE Study of 62 Societies

Author: Robert J. House,Paul J. Hanges,Mansour Javidan,Peter W. Dorfman,Vipin Gupta

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452208123

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 848

View: 4922

Culture, Leadership, and Organizations reports the results of a ten-year research program, the Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness (GLOBE) research program. GLOBE is a long-term program designed to conceptualize, operationalize, test, and validate a cross-level integrated theory of the relationship between culture and societal, organizational, and leadership effectiveness. A team of 160 scholars worked together since 1994 to study societal culture, organizational culture, and attributes of effective leadership in 62 cultures. Culture, Leadership, and Organizations: The GLOBE Study of 62 Societies reports the findings of the first two phases of GLOBE. The book is primarily based on the results of the survey of over 17,000 middle managers in three industries: banking, food processing, and telecommunications, as well as archival measures of country economic prosperity and the physical and psychological well-being of the cultures studied.

Intercultural Communication

A Contextual Approach

Author: James W. Neuliep

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412976898

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 435

View: 1811

In this fully updated Fifth Edition of Intercultural Communication, author James W. Neuliep provides a clear contextual circular model for examining communication within cultural, micro-cultural, environmental, socio-relational, perceptual contexts, and verbal and nonverbal codes. The text begins with the broadest context; the cultural component of the model and progresses chapter by chapter through each component of the model. The later chapters then apply the model to the development and maintenance of intercultural relationships, the management of intercultural conflict, intercultural management, intercultural adaptation, culture shock, and intercultural competence.

Understanding Cross-cultural Management

Author: Marie-Joëlle Browaeys,Roger Price

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781292015897

Category: Diversity in the workplace

Page: 477

View: 3130

Managing effectively across national and cultural boundaries is critical to the success of today s organisations, given the global environment of business and the increasing diversity of workforces. A keen awareness and a high degree of cross-cultural competence in management are therefore key to the career success of both present and aspiring managers/professionals. "" This, the third edition of" Understanding Cross-Cultural Management," " "has been adapted in line with the feedback from our many readers." "The book explores the key themes and issues in one of the most challenging and fascinating areas of business, organisational and social life. It does so in a mannerthat enables you to sharpen your insights and practical skills. "Understanding Cross-Cultural Management" offers a selective but broad view of classic and contemporary thinking on cultural management and encourages you to apply theories and ideas to practice - and to relate them to your own experience - through various examples and cases from the business world as well as through a range of practical activities, including: Cross-cultural concepts, which explain key ideas from leading theorists, thinkers and practitioners. Case studies (many of them based on articles from the" Financial Times"), dilemmas and points for reflection, which enable you to reflect internally and interact externally. Spotlights in every chapter, which briefly illustrate the concepts being described. Mini-cases with questions, which give consistent application of theory to practice. Activities at the end of each chapter, as well as at the end of each of the book s three parts, which provide a broader and more integrated perspective on the material in question. These encourage you to develop both your cross-cultural management skills and a critical view of research done in this area. This book has been written for undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as practising managers and professionals, who are studying cross-cultural and international management as part of either specialist international business programmes or general business-related qualifications. Marie-Joelle Browaeys is now freelance lecturer and researcher in cross-cultural management, affiliated to Nyenrode Business University, The Netherlands. Roger Price, formerly senior lecturer at Nyenrode Business University, The Netherlands, is a freelance coach, instructor and writer in the area of cross-cultural management."

The Culture Code

An Ingenious Way to Understand Why People Around the World Live and Buy as They Do

Author: Clotaire Rapaille

Publisher: Crown Business

ISBN: 9780767924924

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 4058

Why are people around the world so very different? What makes us live, buy, even love as we do? The answers are in the codes. In The Culture Code, internationally revered cultural anthropologist and marketing expert Clotaire Rapaille reveals for the first time the techniques he has used to improve profitability and practices for dozens of Fortune 100 companies. His groundbreaking revelations shed light not just on business but on the way every human being acts and lives around the world. Rapaille’s breakthrough notion is that we acquire a silent system of codes as we grow up within our culture. These codes—the Culture Code—are what make us American, or German, or French, and they invisibly shape how we behave in our personal lives, even when we are completely unaware of our motives. What’s more, we can learn to crack the codes that guide our actions and achieve new understanding of why we do the things we do. Rapaille has used the Culture Code to help Chrysler build the PT Cruiser—the most successful American car launch in recent memory. He has used it to help Procter & Gamble design its advertising campaign for Folger’s coffee – one of the longest lasting and most successful campaigns in the annals of advertising. He has used it to help companies as diverse as GE, AT&T, Boeing, Honda, Kellogg, and L’Oréal improve their bottom line at home and overseas. And now, in The Culture Code, he uses it to reveal why Americans act distinctly like Americans, and what makes us different from the world around us. In The Culture Code, Dr. Rapaille decodes two dozen of our most fundamental archetypes—ranging from sex to money to health to America itself—to give us “a new set of glasses” with which to view our actions and motivations. Why are we so often disillusioned by love? Why is fat a solution rather than a problem? Why do we reject the notion of perfection? Why is fast food in our lives to stay? The answers are in the Codes. Understanding the Codes gives us unprecedented freedom over our lives. It lets us do business in dramatically new ways. And it finally explains why people around the world really are different, and reveals the hidden clues to understanding us all.

World Wise

What To Know Before You Go

Author: Lanie Denslow

Publisher: Fairchild Publications

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 342

View: 4781

For business travelers, from the newcomer to the global business scene to the seasoned professional wanting to sharpen skills, World Wise offers advice on establishing effective working relationships with businesspeople in all regions of the world. This savvy traveling companion is a handy reference for information ranging from the level of communication technology available in a particular country to proper etiquette for hosts and guests at business meals and other meetings. Based on the author's years of worldwide business travel, the book supplements what she has learned along the way with the shared experiences of Americans and the perceptions of their foreign business partners.

The Interpretation of Cultures

Author: Clifford Geertz

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465093566

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 2415

In The Interpretation of Cultures, the most original anthropologist of his generation moved far beyond the traditional confines of his discipline to develop an important new concept of culture. This groundbreaking book, winner of the 1974 Sorokin Award of the American Sociological Association, helped define for an entire generation of anthropologists what their field is ultimately about.

Working in the Shadows

A Year of Doing the Jobs (Most) Americans Won't Do

Author: Gabriel Thompson

Publisher: Nation Books

ISBN: 156858699X

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 1996

What is it like to do the back-breaking work of immigrants? To find out, Gabriel Thompson spent a year working alongside Latino immigrants, who initially thought he was either crazy or an undercover immigration agent. He stooped over lettuce fields in Arizona, and worked the graveyard shift at a chicken slaughterhouse in rural Alabama. He dodged taxis—not always successfully—as a bicycle delivery “boy” for an upscale Manhattan restaurant, and was fired from a flower shop by a boss who, he quickly realized, was nuts. As one coworker explained, “These jobs make you old quick.” Back spasms occasionally keep Thompson in bed, where he suffers recurring nightmares involving iceberg lettuce and chicken carcasses. Combining personal narrative with investigative reporting, Thompson shines a bright light on the underside of the American economy, exposing harsh working conditions, union busting, and lax government enforcement—while telling the stories of workers, undocumented immigrants, and desperate US citizens alike, forced to live with chronic pain in the pursuit of 8 an hour.

Contemporary Management

Author: Gareth Jones,Jennifer George

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education

ISBN: 1259301338

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 704

View: 5766

Nationalism and Ethnosymbolism: History, Culture and Ethnicity in the Formation of Nations

History, Culture and Ethnicity in the Formation of Nations

Author: Athena Leoussi

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748629351

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 2379

Ethnosymbolism offers a distinct and innovative approach to the study of nations and nationalism. It focuses on the role of ethnic myths, historical memories, symbols and traditions in the creation and maintenance of the collective identity of modern nations. This book explores the different aspects of the ethnosymbolic approach to the study of ethnicity, nationality and nationalism.Nationalism and Ethnosymbolism first introduces the main theoretical considerations that have arisen in nationalism studies in the past two decades. It then presents a collection of case studies covering music and poetry, ethnosymbolism in antiquity, and a wide variety of nations and regions. Areas discussed include Eastern Europe and Russia, the Middle East, the Far East and India, Africa, and the Americas.Overall the book offers a defence of the methodology of ethnosymbolism and a demonstration of its explanatory power.

Managing Customers as Investments

The Strategic Value of Customers in the Long Run

Author: Sunil Gupta,Donald R. Lehmann

Publisher: Wharton School Pub

ISBN: 9780131428959

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 205

View: 4896

Linking customer lifetime value to business value, powerful techniques for both executives and investors.

Foundations of Intercultural Communication

Author: Guo-Ming Chen,William J. Starosta

Publisher: University Press of Amer

ISBN: 9780761832294

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 340

View: 8127

Foundations of Intercultural Communication is the broadest, most inclusive overview of the field of intercultural communication available. It treats the history of the field, covers topics like ethics and multiculturalism, and describes how new advances in theory are starting to diverge from earlier emphasis. Outstanding features of the book include: 1) Integration of theoretical and practical perspectives; 2) Targeting of undergraduate and basic-level graduate classes as well as professionals; 3) Inclusion of all neglected levels of inquiry; and 4) Designation of both domestic and foreign cultures as essential to the field of intercultural communication. These features will render the current book uniquely attractive to academics and professionals. At the college level, this book is best used in undergraduate and basic graduate-level intercultural communication courses. It will also serve as an excellent reference work for administrators, nurses, engineers, and business practitioners.

Introduction to Finance

Markets, Investments, and Financial Management

Author: Ronald W. Melicher,Edgar A. Norton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118492676

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 587

View: 3582

Revised edition of the authors' Finance.

Beyond Hofstede

Culture Frameworks for Global Marketing and Management

Author: Cheryl Nakata

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230240836

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 290

View: 975

Hofstede introduced a culture paradigm that has been widely influential in international business. However, its relevance in light of culture's increasing complexity due to globalization has been questioned. Alternative culture frameworks and perspectives are offered by leading scholars in global marketing and management.

Emotional Intelligence for Managing Results in a Diverse World

The Hard Truth About Soft Skills in the Workplace

Author: Anita Rose,Jorge Cherbosque,Lee Gardenswartz

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1473643694

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 9099

Whether you work group stretches from here to Dubai or can easily meet in a conference room down the hall, anger and frustration are easy to come by when others don’t do things your way, follow directions, or respond the way you think they should. But when emotions manage workplace relationships, the result is conflict, disengagement, and low morale. Emotional Intelligence for Managing Results in a Diverse World delivers a novel prescription for managing effectively in today’s workplace: Use the dynamic principles of EQ plus insights from the author’s pioneering diversity work to increase your competence in managing emotions and enhance your effectiveness in work, relationships, and life. The book also gives you the know-how to use this approach in coaching and developing others to help them be more successful on the job.

Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies

Author: Jared Diamond

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393609294

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 6894

"Fascinating.... Lays a foundation for understanding human history."—Bill Gates In this "artful, informative, and delightful" (William H. McNeill, New York Review of Books) book, Jared Diamond convincingly argues that geographical and environmental factors shaped the modern world. Societies that had had a head start in food production advanced beyond the hunter-gatherer stage, and then developed religion --as well as nasty germs and potent weapons of war --and adventured on sea and land to conquer and decimate preliterate cultures. A major advance in our understanding of human societies, Guns, Germs, and Steel chronicles the way that the modern world came to be and stunningly dismantles racially based theories of human history. Winner of the Pulitzer Prize, the Phi Beta Kappa Award in Science, the Rhone-Poulenc Prize, and the Commonwealth club of California's Gold Medal.

Ethnic Los Angeles

Author: Roger Waldinger,Mehdi Bozorgmehr

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610445473

Category: Social Science

Page: 512

View: 1526

Since 1965 more immigrants have come to Los Angeles than anywhere else in the United States. These newcomers have rapidly and profoundly transformed the city's ethnic makeup and sparked heated debate over their impact on the region's troubled economy. Ethnic Los Angeles presents a multi-investigator study of L.A.'s immigrant population, exploring the scope, characteristics, and consequences of ethnic transition in the nation's second most populous urban center. Using the wealth of information contained in the U.S. censuses of 1970, 1980, and 1990, essays on each of L.A.'s major ethnic groups tell who the immigrants are, where they come from, the skills they bring and their sources of employment, and the nature of their families and social networks. The contributors explain the history of legislation and economic change that made the city a magnet for immigration, and compare the progress of new immigrants to those of previous eras. Recent immigrants to Los Angeles follow no uniform course of adaptation, nor do they simply assimilate into the mainstream society. Instead, they have entered into distinct niches at both the high and low ends of the economic spectrum. While Asians and Middle Easterners have thrived within the medical and technical professions, low-skill newcomers from Central America provide cheap labor in light manufacturing industries. As Ethnic Los Angeles makes clear, the city's future will depend both on how well its economy accommodates its diverse population, and on how that population adapts to economic changes. The more prosperous immigrants arrived already possessed of advanced educations and skills, but what does the future hold for less-skilled newcomers? Will their children be able to advance socially and economically, as the children of previous immigrants once did? The contributors examine the effect of racial discrimination, both in favoring low-skilled immigrant job seekers over African Americans, and in preventing the more successful immigrants and native-born ethnic groups from achieving full economic parity with whites. Ethnic Los Angeles is an illuminating portrait of a city whose unprecedented changes are sure to be replicated in other urban areas as new concentrations of immigrants develop. Backed by detailed demographic information and insightful analyses, this volume engages all of the issues that are central to today's debates about immigration, ethnicity, and economic opportunity in a post-industrial urban society.

Cross-Cultural Management

Essential Concepts

Author: David C. Thomas

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412939569

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 327

View: 9597

Now called Cross-Cultural Management to more clearly reflect the content, the Second Edition has been refined to build on the strength of the earlier edition for a stronger emphasis on understanding of the most current research on culture in organizational settings. The text examines cross-cultural management issues from a psychological or behavioural perspective. It focuses on the interactions of people from different cultures in organizational settings and helps the reader gain an understanding of the effect of culture that can be applied to a wide variety of cross-cultural interactions in various organizational contexts.