Understanding Political Violence: A Criminological Approach

Author: Ruggiero, Vincenzo

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335217516

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 9360

The author distinguishes between political violence from below, for example collective violence, insurgency, armed struggle and terrorism; and political violence from above, which includes indiscriminate repression, institutional and state violence, torture and war.

The Palgrave Handbook of Global Counterterrorism Policy

Author: Scott Nicholas Romaniuk,Francis Grice,Daniela Irrera,Stewart Webb

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137557699

Category: Political Science

Page: 1098

View: 6131

The Palgrave Handbook of Global Counterterrorism Policy examines a comprehensive range of counterterrorism policies, strategies, and practices across dozens of states and actors around the world. It covers the topics of terrorism and counterterrorism both thematically and by region, allowing for discussions about the underpinning dynamics of these fields, consideration of how terrorism and counterterrorism are evolving in the modern period, and in-depth analyses of individual states and non-state actors, and their approaches to countering terrorism and terrorist threats. It draws upon a multidisciplinary range of established scholars and upcoming new researchers from across multiple fields including political science and international relations, sociology, and history, examining both theory and practice in their respective chapters. This volume is an essential resource for scholars and practitioners alike.

The Palgrave Handbook of Criminology and War

Author: Ross McGarry,Sandra Walklate

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137431709

Category: Social Science

Page: 469

View: 1073

This interdisciplinary Handbook brings together into one coherent volume a range of international authors, who firmly establish the relevance of war within the discipline of criminology. The chapters address emerging and prevailing issues in the criminological study of war, including state crime, corporate crime, victimology, genocide, policing, security and various forms of violence. Taking a critical standpoint including feminist, cultural, and radical approaches amongst others, the Handbook is split into five clear sections: (1) The Criminogenic Contexts of War; (2) Violence and Victimization at War; (3) Violence, War and Security; (4) Perpetrators of Violence and the Aftermath of War; and (5) Cultural and Methodological Developments for a Criminology of War. Edited by two leading experts in the field, this Handbook provides an original point of reference on the contemporary debates and applications of criminology and war and will be a key resource for academics and students across criminology, international relations, critical military studies, military sociology, peace studies and law.

Criminologies of the Military

Militarism, National Security and Justice

Author: Ben Wadham,Andrew Goldsmith

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1509904883

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 2598

This innovative collection offers one of the first analyses of criminologies of the military from an interdisciplinary perspective. While some criminologists have examined the military in relation to the area of war crimes, this collection considers a range of other important but less explored aspects such as private military actors, insurgents, paramilitary groups and the role of military forces in tackling transnational crime. Drawing upon insights from criminology, this book's editors also consider the ways the military institution harbours criminal activity within its ranks and deals with prisoners of war. The contributions, by leading experts in the field, have a broad reach and take a truly global approach to the subject.

The Handbook of the Criminology of Terrorism

Author: Gary LaFree,Joshua D. Freilich

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118923952

Category: Political Science

Page: 632

View: 6265

Joshua D. Freilich is a member of the Criminal Justice Department and the Criminal Justice PhD Program at John Jay College. --Book Jacket.

Understanding Political Violence: A Criminological Approach

Author: Ruggiero, Vincenzo

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335217516

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 8696

The author distinguishes between political violence from below, for example collective violence, insurgency, armed struggle and terrorism; and political violence from above, which includes indiscriminate repression, institutional and state violence, torture and war.

Family Violence and Criminal Justice

A Life-Course Approach

Author: Brian J. Payne,Randy R. Gainey

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1437755488

Category: Social Science

Page: 460

View: 2158

The historical context of family violence is explored, as well as the various forms of violence, their prevalence in specific stages of life, and responses to it made by the criminal justice system and other agencies. The linkage among child abuse, partner violence and elder abuse is scrutinized, and the usefulness of the life-course approach is couched in terms of its potential effect on policy implications; research methods that recognize the importance of life stages, trajectories, and transitions; and crime causation theories that can be enhanced by it. Tables, figures, charts, discussion questions and helpful boxes with supplemental information titled "Tool Box," "From the Field," and "Research Shows" enhance the text.

International Perspectives on Crime and Justice

Author: K. Jaishankar

Publisher: K. Jaishankar

ISBN: 1443801984

Category: Law

Page: 741

View: 3090

In a world of growing interdependence, crimes are no longer confined by national boundaries. In this context, the necessity to understand criminological developments across the globe becomes imperative. This book aims to offer cross-cultural perspectives of different criminological issues and criminal justice systems operating worldwide. This book emphasizes the collective understanding of criminological problems from an international perspective. This book is a quintessence of contemporary criminological developments, with a global outlook. The book is an edited volume of articles collected from criminologists all over the world. It is a peer reviewed collection. The chapters focuses on various criminological issues such as Bullying, Child abuse, Corrections (Institutional and Community), Cyber crimes, Corporate crime, Corruption, Costs of crime, Crime Analysis, Crime prevention, Crime Mapping and GIS, Criminal justice systems, Environmental crime, Ethnic/communal/caste conflicts, Family violence, Fear of crime, High tech crimes, Homicide, Human trafficking, Juvenile Delinquency, Organized crime, Offenders including women offenders, Policing, Prisons, Public attitudes, Restorative justice, Sexual assault, Stalking, Theories of crime, Transnational crime, Victimology, Violence, White collar crime, and Workplace violence.The book aims to provide theoretical frameworks and pragmatic discussions on Criminology and Criminal Justice. It is intended for Academics, Criminal Justice professionals, and Graduate Students who want to improve their understanding of the issues and challenges that arise when issues related to criminology and criminal justice cross national boundaries. Also, practitioners and academics of allied fields like sociology, psychology, geography, political science, public administration and forensic sciences whose research interests include either crime/criminal justice system/Victim or crime analysis will find this book useful."The comprehensive framework of this book means that it provides a rich variety of international perspectives on an array of crime and justice-related issues. The thirty chapters presented here are a treasure trove of insights in terms of both topical variety and approaches within topic. Dr. Jaishankar has assembled a valuable collection of readings that will find broad acceptance internationally." Prof. Keith Harries (From the Foreword)

Key Ideas in Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Travis C. Pratt,Jacinta M. Gau,Travis W. Franklin

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412970148

Category: Law

Page: 189

View: 8576

By focusing on key ideas in both criminology and criminal justice, this book brings a new and unique perspective to understanding critical research in criminology and criminal justice -- heretofore, the practice has been to separate criminology and criminal justice. However, given their interconnected nature, this book brings both together cohesively. In going beyond simply identifying and discussing key contributions and their effects by giving students a broader socio-political context for each key idea, this book concretely conceptualizes the key ideas in ways that students will remember and understand.

Genocidal Crimes

Author: Alex Alvarez

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134035810

Category: Law

Page: 216

View: 5633

Genocide has emerged as one of the leading problems of the twentieth century. No corner of the world seems immune from this form of collective violence. While many individuals are familiar with the term, few people have a clear understanding of what genocide is and how it is carried out. This book clearly discusses the concept of genocide and dispels the widely held misconceptions about how these crimes occur and the mechanisms necessary for its perpetration. Genocidal Crimes differs from much of the writing on the subject in that it explicitly relies upon the criminological literature to explain the nature and functioning of genocide. Criminology, with its focus on various types of criminality and violence, has much to offer in terms of explaining the origins, dynamics, and facilitators of this particular form of collective violence. Through application of a number of criminological theories to various elements of genocide Alex Alvarez presents a comprehensive analysis of this particular crime. These criminological perspectives are underpinned by a variety of psychological, sociological, and political science based insights in order to present a more complete discussion of the nature and functioning of genocide.

Contemporary Issues in Criminal Justice Policy

Author: Natasha Frost,Joshua Freilich,Todd Clear

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1133170587

Category: Education

Page: 432

View: 2597

Edited by ASC President Todd Clear along with Natasha Frost and Joshua Freilich, CONTEMPORARY ISSUES IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE POLICY is an outstanding new anthology of policy-focused essays ideal for stimulating policy discussions and debates in the classroom. Featuring all 23 policy proposals and 30 response essays presented at the American Society of Criminology's 2009 annual meeting, this collection includes essays by some of the leading criminologists in the field. This thought-provoking text presents sections on justice policy, drug policy, terrorism policy, immigration policy, policing policy, juvenile justice policy, and corrections policy. The book's concise format makes it an invaluable resource for those wanting to incorporate policy into their criminology and criminal justice curricula. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Violence

The Enduring Problem

Author: Alex Alvarez,Ronet Bachman

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412916852

Category: Social Science

Page: 346

View: 9839

Violence comprises a historical and contemporary discussion of the origins, patterns, and causes of violence in society. Through the use of contemporary and historical sources this book explore a variety of individual and collective types of violent crimes. It incorporates a broad interdisciplinary approach to analyzing the patterns and correlates of violence using the most up-to-date research and theories and presents them in a style intended to be accessible to a wide audience of readers.

The Handbook of Measurement Issues in Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Beth M. Huebner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118868781

Category: Social Science

Page: 600

View: 748

This volume of the series was designed to provide a comprehensive primer on the existing best practices and emerging developments in the study and design research on crime and criminology. The work as a whole includes chapters on the measurement of criminal typologies, the offenders, offending and victimization, criminal justice organizations, and specialized measurement techniques. Each chapter is written by experts in the field and they provide an excellent survey of the literature in the relevant area. More importantly, each chapter provides a description of the various methodological and substantive challenges presented in conducting research on these issues and denotes possible solutions to these dilemmas. An emphasis was placed on research that has been conducted outside of the United States and was designed to give the reader a broader more global understanding of the social context of research. The goal of this volume is to provide a definitive reference for professionals in the field, researchers, and students. This volume in the Handbooks in Criminology and Criminal Justice series identifies the principal topical areas of research in this field and summarizes the various methodological and substantive challenges presented in conducting research on these issues. In each chapter, authors provide a summary of the prominent data collection efforts in the topical area, provide an overview of the current methodological work, discuss the challenges in the measurement of central concepts in the subject area, and identify new horizons emerging in data collection and measurement. We encouraged authors to discuss work conducted in an international context and to incorporate discussion of qualitative methodologies when appropriate.

Criminology Theory and Terrorism

New Applications and Approaches

Author: Joshua D. Freilich,Gary LaFree

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317512014

Category: Social Science

Page: 214

View: 4370

Although there has been an increase in research on terrorism across the social and behavioural sciences in the past few decades, until recently most of this work has originated from political science, psychology or economics. Therefore, our focus in this book on criminological conceptual frameworks and empirical studies that engage terrorism and responses to it is unique. We include a distinguished group of researchers that offer their distinctive insights into criminological perspectives on terrorism. The contributors focus on criminological perspectives that have rarely, if ever, been previously applied to the study of terrorism. This includes a range of perspectives from rational choice to social disorganization; from strain to routine activities theory. This volume will advance understanding of terrorism by taking advantage of criminological contributions, and at the same time will serve as a useful update to the criminologists and their students already working in this area. It would also be a helpful introduction to those criminologists and their students who would like to be more engaged in this important area of research. This book was originally published as a special issue of Terrorism and Political Violence.

Companion Reader on Violence Against Women

Author: Claire M. Renzetti,Jeffrey L. Edleson,Raquel Kennedy Bergen

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452236186

Category: Psychology

Page: 424

View: 3430

Designed to advance knowledge about violence against women and to serve as an inspiration to those studying or working in the field, this companion reader's 20 original articles focus first on theoretical and methodological issues, then on types of violence against women, and finally on prevention and direct intervention. Readers will find a wide range of articles that draw attention to the global dimensions of violence against women and the importance of taking into account political, economic, and cultural differences across diverse groups of people. While the book's articles are designed as companion pieces to the chapters in the Second Edition of the Sourcebook, this reader may also be used as a stand-alone text by those researching specific topics, such as diversity issues, conducting trainings, or teaching advanced courses, such as international social work.

The New Criminal Justice

American Communities and the Changing World of Crime Control

Author: John Klofas,Natalie Kroovand Hipple,Edmund McGarrell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135280169

Category: Law

Page: 192

View: 4070

Criminal Justice in the United States is in the midst of momentous changes: an era of low crime rates not seen since the 1960s, and a variety of budget crunches also exerting profound impacts on the system. This is the first book available to chronicle these changes and suggest a new, emerging model of the criminal justice system.

Student Handbook of Criminal Justice and Criminology

Author: John Muncie,David Wilson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135334331

Category: Law

Page: 328

View: 859

Written by some of the leading criminologists in the country, this new title is a 'one-stop shop' for those who teach, study or are interested in criminology and the criminal justice systems of the UK.

International Prosecutors

Author: Luc Reydams,Jan Wouters,Cedric Ryngaert

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191637238

Category: Law

Page: 1032

View: 1870

This volume examines the prosecution as an institution and a function in a dozen international and hybrid criminal tribunals, from Nuremberg to the International Criminal Court. It is the result of a sustained collaborative effort among some twenty scholars and (former) tribunal staffers. The starting point is that the prosecution shapes a tribunal's practice and legacy more than any other organ and that a systematic examination of international prosecutors is therefore warranted. The chapters are organized chronologically, according to the successive phases of the life of the institution and the various stages of the trials. The analysis includes each institution's establishment, mandate and jurisdiction, as well as the prosecutorial framework and strategy, the prosecutor's external relations and the completion of the institution's work. The book also considers the prosecutors' independence and impartiality, and their accountability for their decisions. The volume thus provides a comprehensive picture of the mandate, organization, and operation of the prosecution in international criminal trials. As the first comprehensive study of an international legal actor whose decisions have widespread political repercussions, this book will be essential reading for all with an interest in international criminal justice.

Understanding Crime

A Multidisciplinary Approach

Author: Susan Guarino-Ghezzi,A. Javier Trevino

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317521471

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 7130

Explores the interdisciplinary nature and potential of the field of criminology, covering the fields of sociology, economics, psychology, biology, philosophy and religious studies. The conclusion demonstrates various theoretical approaches for policy development and discusses opportunities for incorporating academic contributions into the political process.

Textbook on Criminology

Author: Katherine S. Williams

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199592705

Category: Social Science

Page: 660

View: 3938

This text offers an engaging and wide-ranging account of crime and criminology. It provides a clear and comprehensive consideration of the theoretical, practical, and political aspects of the subject, including the influence of physical, biological, psychological, and social factors on criminality.