Universal Health Coverage for Inclusive and Sustainable Development

A Synthesis of 11 Country Case Studies

Author: Akiko Maeda,Edson Araujo,Cheryl Cashin,Joseph Harris,Naoki Ikegami,Michael R. Reich

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 146480298X

Category: Medical

Page: 72

View: 5119

The goals of universal health coverage (UHC) are to ensure that all people can access quality health services, to safeguard all people from public health risks, and to protect all people from impoverishment due to illness, whether from out-of-pocket payments for health care or loss of income when a household member falls sick. Countries as diverse as Brazil, France, Japan, Thailand, and Turkey have shown how UHC can serve as vital mechanisms for improving the health and welfare of their citizens, and lay the foundation for economic growth and competitiveness grounded in the principles of equity and sustainability. Ensuring universal access to affordable, quality health services will be an important contribution to ending extreme poverty by 2030 and boosting shared prosperity in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs), where most of the world's poor live. The book synthesizes the experiences from 11 countries – Bangladesh, Brazil, France, Ethiopia, Ghana, Indonesia, Japan, Peru, Thailand, Turkey and Vietnam – in implementing policies and strategies to achieve and sustain UHC. These countries represent diverse geographic and economic conditions, but all have committed to UHC as a key national aspiration and are approaching it in different ways. The study examined the UHC policies for each country around three common themes: (i) the political economy and policy process for adopting, achieving, and sustaining UHC; (ii) health financing policies to enhance health coverage; and (iii) human resources for health policies for achieving UHC. The findings from these country studies are intended to provide lessons that can be used by countries aspiring to adopt, achieve, and sustain UHC. Although the path to UHC is specific to each country, countries can benefit from the experiences of others in learning about different approaches and avoiding potential risks.

Universal Health Coverage for Inclusive and Sustainable Development

Lessons from Japan

Author: Naoki Ikegami

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 1464804095

Category: Medical

Page: 196

View: 3946

The goals of universal health coverage (UHC) are to ensure that all people can access quality health services, to safeguard all people from public health risks, and to protect all people from impoverishment due to illness, whether from out-of-pocket payments for health care or loss of income when a household member falls sick. Countries as diverse as Brazil, France, Japan, Thailand, and Turkey have shown how UHC can serve as a vital mechanism for improving the health and welfare of their citizens and lay the foundation for economic growth and competitiveness grounded in the principles of equity and sustainability. Ensuring universal access to affordable, quality health services will be an important contribution to ending extreme poverty by 2030 and boosting shared prosperity in low-income and middle-income countries, where most of the world s poor live. Universal Health Coverage for Inclusive and Sustainable Development synthesizes the experiences from 11 countries Bangladesh, Brazil, Ethiopia, France, Ghana, Indonesia, Japan, Peru, Thailand, Turkey, and Vietnam in implementing policies and strategies to achieve and sustain UHC. These countries represent diverse geographic and economic conditions, but all have committed to UHC as a key national aspiration and are approaching it in different ways. The book examines the UHC policies for each country around three common themes: (1) the political economy and policy process for adopting, achieving, and sustaining UHC; (2) health financing policies to enhance health coverage; and (3) human resources for health policies for achieving UHC. The findings from these country studies are intended to provide lessons that can be used by countries aspiring to adopt, achieve, and sustain UHC. Although the path to UHC is specific to each country, countries can benefit from the experiences of others in learning about different approaches and avoiding potential risks.

Tracking Universal Health Coverage

First Global Monitoring Report

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241564970

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 94

View: 6160

This report is the first of its kind to measure health service coverage and financial protection to assess countries' progress towards universal health coverage. It shows that at least 400 million people do not have access to one or more essential health services and 6% of people in low- and middle-income countries are tipped into or pushed further into extreme poverty because of health spending. Universal health coverage (UHC) means that all people receive the quality essential health services they need without being exposed to financial hardship. A significant number of countries at all levels of development are embracing the goal of UHC as the right thing to do for their citizens. It is a powerful social equalizer and contributes to social cohesion and stability. Every country has the potential to improve the performance of its health system in the main dimensions of UHC: coverage of quality services and financial protection for all. Priorities strategies and implementation plans for UHC will differ from one country to another. Enhanced and expanded monitoring of health under the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) should seek to build on that experience sharpening our focus on the key health service and financial protection interventions that underpin UHC. Effective UHC tracking is central to achieving the global goals for poverty alleviation and health improvement set by the World Bank Group and WHO. Without it policymakers and decision-takers cannot say exactly where they are or set a course for where they want to go. They cannot know whether they are focussing their efforts in the right areas or whether their efforts are making a difference. Monitoring is thus fundamental to the achievement of UHC objectives. It will also be vital to the realization of the SDGs. This report is a critical step to show how monitoring progress can be done telling us what the state of coverage of interventions and financial protection is and telling us where to focus most.

Der Preis der Ungleichheit

Wie die Spaltung der Gesellschaft unsere Zukunft bedroht

Author: Joseph Stiglitz

Publisher: Siedler Verlag

ISBN: 364109819X

Category: Social Science

Page: 544

View: 454

Viele Arme, wenige Reiche - Warum die wachsende Ungleichheit uns alle angeht Die Ungleichheit in der Welt nimmt zu: Immer weniger Menschen häufen immer größeren Reichtum an, während die Zahl der Armen wächst und die Mittelschicht vom Abstieg bedroht ist. Doch diese Entwicklung, so zeigt Nobelpreisträger Joseph Stiglitz in seinem neuen Bestseller, ist keine zwangsläufige Folge einer freien Marktwirtschaft, sondern Ergebnis einer globalisierten Ökonomie, die zunehmend vom reichsten einen Prozent der Bevölkerung beherrscht wird.

Die unterste Milliarde

Warum die ärmsten Länder scheitern und was man dagegen tun kann

Author: Paul Collier

Publisher: Pantheon Verlag

ISBN: 3641204941

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 2275

Der vielfach preisgekrönte Longseller jetzt in einer neuen Ausgabe Die unterste Milliarde – das sind die ärmsten Menschen der Erde, die am weltweit steigenden Wirtschaftswachstum keinen Anteil haben. Ihre Lebenserwartung ist auf fünfzig Jahre gesunken, jedes siebte Kind stirbt vor dem fünften Lebensjahr. Seit Jahrzehnten befinden sich die Ökonomien dieser Länder im freien Fall – ohne Aussicht auf Besserung. In seinem vielfach preisgekrönten Bestseller erklärt Paul Collier, wie es zu dieser krassen Armut gekommen ist und was man gegen sie tun kann.

Analyzing Markets for Health Workers

Insights from Labor and Health Economics

Author: Barbara McPake,Anthony Scott,Ijeoma Edoka

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 1464802254

Category: Medical

Page: 96

View: 4475

Achieving universal health care requires understanding health labor markets dynamics to overcome constaints in human resources for health. This book helps to understand how key elements in health labor markets interact and how these interactions can help or hinder significant progress in health care coverage.

Unsere gemeinsame Zukunft

Bericht der Weltkommission für Umwelt und Entwicklung

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 348

View: 4063

Approaches to Universal Health Coverage and Occupational Health and Safety for the Informal Workforce in Developing Countries

Workshop Summary

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Forum on Public-Private Partnerships for Global Health and Safety

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309374065

Category: Medical

Page: 140

View: 2807

Universal health coverage (UHC) has been recognized by the World Health Organization as a key element in reducing social inequality and a critical component of sustainable development and poverty reduction. In most of the world UHC is sought through a combination of public and private-sector health care systems. In most low- and middle-income countries health systems are evolving to increasingly rely on the private sector because the public sector lacks the infrastructure and staff to meet all health care needs. With growing individual assets available for private-sector expenditure, patients often seek better access to technology, staff, and medicines. However, in low-income countries nearly 50 percent of health care financing is out-of-pocket. With the expected increase in the overall fraction of care provided through the private sector, these expenditures can be financially catastrophic for individuals in the informal workforce. In the global workforce of approximately 3 billion people, only 10 to 15 percent are estimated to have some type of access to occupational health services. The informal workforce is growing worldwide, and the degree to which its occupational health needs are satisfied depends on the capabilities of the general health care system. In July 2014, the Institute of Medicine held a workshop on approaches to universal health coverage and occupational health and safety for informal sector workers in developing countries. This report summarizes the presentations and discussions from this workshop. Approaches to Universal Health Coverage and Occupational Health and Safety for the Informal Workforce in Developing Countries identifies best practices and lessons learned for the informal workforce in developing countries in the financing of health care with respect to health care delivery models that are especially suitable to meeting a population's needs for a variety of occupational health issues, including the prevention of or mitigation of hazardous risks and the costs of providing medical and rehabilitation services and other benefits to various types of workers within this population. These experiences and lessons learned may be useful for stakeholders in moving the discussions, policies, and mechanisms forward to increase equitable access to quality health services without financial hardship for the informal workforce.

Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific 2014

Regional Connectivity for Shared Prosperity

Author: United Nations

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789211206753

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 253

View: 2855

The Survey 2014 examines the region's challenges to support its economic growth and to promote inclusive and sustainable development. Part I of the report focuses on the region's outlook as it contends with the ongoing global economic uncertainty and assesses the region's policy response to remaining and emerging vulnerabilities. It also examines the role of sustainable agriculture in closing the development gaps in least developed countries. A special theme is domestic resource mobilisation in the region, which explores the challenges on strengthening tax revenues. Part II of the report discusses strategic approaches to strengthen regional connectivity to achieve shared prosperity, particularly the ways in which various networks facilitate trade, production networks and investment flows within the region.

Zur Genealogie der Moral

Author: Friedrich Nietzsche

Publisher: Jazzybee Verlag

ISBN: 3849616282

Category:

Page: 136

View: 6640

Die Serie "Meisterwerke der Literatur" beinhaltet die Klassiker der deutschen und weltweiten Literatur in einer einzigartigen Sammlung für Ihren eBook Reader. Lesen Sie die besten Werke großer Schriftsteller,Poeten, Autoren und Philosophen auf Ihrem Reader. Dieses Werk bietet zusätzlich * Eine Biografie/Bibliografie des Autors. Das Werk, das aus einer Vorrede und drei „Abhandlungen“ besteht, gehört zu den einflussreichsten Schriften Nietzsches. Er legte hier keine Aphorismen vor wie in den meisten anderen seiner Werke, sondern längere, systematische Texte mit durchaus wissenschaftlichem Anspruch: Er stellt darin soziologische, historische und psychologische Thesen auf. Nietzsche wollte anders als klassische Moralphilosophen keine Moral herleiten oder begründen, sondern die geschichtliche Entwicklung und die psychischen Voraussetzungen bestimmter moralischer Wertvorstellungen nachvollziehen. Er fragt also nicht, wie die Menschen handeln sollten, sondern warum Menschen (Einzelne oder Gruppen) glauben, sie sollten auf bestimmte Weise handeln, oder andere dazu bringen wollen, so oder so zu handeln. (aus wikipedia.de)

Das Ende der Armut

ein ökonomisches Programm für eine gerechtere Welt

Author: Jeffrey Sachs

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783570550120

Category: Armut - Bekämpfung

Page: 476

View: 1770

OECD-Umweltausblick bis 2050 Die Konsequenzen des Nichthandelns

Die Konsequenzen des Nichthandelns

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264172866

Category:

Page: 400

View: 915

Wie werden wirtschaftliche und soziale Entwicklungen die Umwelt bis 2050 beeinflussen? Welche Maßnahmen sind nötig, um den wichtigsten ökologischen Herausforderungen zu begegnen, und mit welchen Konsequenzen müssen wir im Falle von politischer Untätigkeit rechnen? Der Umweltausblick liefert Analysen ökonomischer und ökologischer Trends. Im Zentrum der Projektionen stehen vier Bereiche, anhand derer sich die Zukunft unseres Planeten entscheiden wird: Klimawandel, Artenvielfalt, Wasser sowie Umwelt und Gesundheit.

OECD-Umweltausblick bis 2030

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264043322

Category:

Page: 522

View: 3035

Der OECD-Umweltausblick bis 2030 liefert Analysen ökonomischer und ökologischer Trends bis 2030 sowie Simulationen politischer Maßnahmen zur Bewältigung der wichtigsten Herausforderungen.

Denken hilft zwar, nützt aber nichts

Warum wir immer wieder unvernünftige Entscheidungen treffen

Author: Dan Ariely

Publisher: Droemer eBook

ISBN: 3426402092

Category: Psychology

Page: 320

View: 1471

Die Logik der Unvernunft Wie gehen wir mit Geld um? Was bedeutet es uns? Warum sind so viele Menschen bereit, sich hoffnungslos zu verschulden? Und was treibt Banker, den Kollaps unseres Finanzsystems zu riskieren? In der erweiterten Neuausgabe seines internationalen Bestsellers zeigt Dan Ariely, wie unsere Entscheidungen gelenkt werden und weshalb wir in vielen Lebenssituationen zu unserem eigenen Nachteil handeln. »Ein ebenso amüsantes wie lehrreiches Buch.« Der Spiegel Denken hilft zwar, nützt aber nichts von Dan Ariely: im eBook erhältlich!

Das Kyoto-Protokoll

Internationale Klimapolitik für das 21. Jahrhundert

Author: Sebastian Oberthür,Hermann E. Ott

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663014347

Category: Social Science

Page: 443

View: 9514

Die internationale Klimapolitik ist an einem Wendepunkt angekommen. Die Annahme des Kyoto-Protokolls ist ein großer Schritt in dem Versuch der Menschheit, die schädlichen Folgen des Klimawandels zu begrenzen. Dieses Buch, geschrieben von zwei deutschen Experten, erklärt die naturwissenschaftlichen, ökonomischen sowie politischen Bedingungen desTreibhauseffekts und erläutert die Hintergründe der Annahme des Kyoto-Protokolls. Das Buch analysiert in seinem Mittelteil den Vertragstext im Stile eines Gesetzeskommentars, nennt die offenen Fragen und gibt mögliche Antworten für die Weiterentwicklung der Normen. In einem dritten Teil werden Schlussfolgerungen gezogen, die politische Landschaft nach Kyoto beleuchtet und eine Leadership-Initiative für die Europäische Union vorgestellt, um die Handlungsmacht gegenüber den USA wieder zu erlangen.

Die Realität der Massenmedien

Author: Niklas Luhmann

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658177381

Category: Social Science

Page: 143

View: 2455

Das Buch mit seinem berühmt gewordenen Diktum "Was wir über unsere Gesellschaft, ja über die Welt, in der wir leben, wissen, wissen wir durch die Massenmedien" analysiert aus systemtheoretischer Sicht die heutige Mediengesellschaft.

Inclusive Growth and Development Issues in Eastern and Southern Africa

Author: Musahara, Herman

Publisher: OSSREA

ISBN: 9994455885

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 244

View: 8969

This anthology presents issues, challenges and progress in Rwanda, Mauritius, Ethiopia, South Africa, and Uganda towards Africa's acknowledgement through Agenda 2063 of the need for inclusive and sustainable development, and its commitment to the Sustainable Development Goals (Agenda 2030) of the United Nations. Dictated by overall ever unfolding realities, including economic, social, political, technological issues, the growth and development dictums have been reshaped and reframed continually, in an effort to accommodate and respond to emerging issues. Human development and inclusive growth and development, within the overall theme of sustainable development, are, for example, among the recent focuses of the global and national development agenda. The background is that as individuals, communities, and societies get richer, the worrying levels of inequalities, exclusion and disparities are becoming an area of concern, drawing the attention of governments, planners, civil societies, researchers and academia. A predominant current issue has been an appreciation of high economic growth in the last 10 years, which is nonetheless marred by pervasive levels of poverty and inequality. The issues covered include: trade; rural-urban linkages; the dynamics of poverty, vulnerability, and welfare; social policies for inclusive and sustainable development; productivity and informality; and financial direct support systems to the poor. The chapters are based on first-hand data, secondary data from different databases and systematic reviews of academic literature. Drawing on the findings and conclusions of the individual chapters, the book distills together the key lessons and also puts forward recommendations for policy and practice. It is a resource for researchers, policy and decision makers, academia and graduate students.