Unjust Deeds

The Restrictive Covenant Cases and the Making of the Civil Rights Movement

Author: Jeffrey D. Gonda

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469625466

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 6958

In 1945, six African American families from St. Louis, Detroit, and Washington, D.C., began a desperate fight to keep their homes. Each of them had purchased a property that prohibited the occupancy of African Americans and other minority groups through the use of legal instruments called racial restrictive covenants--one of the most pervasive tools of residential segregation in the aftermath of World War II. Over the next three years, local activists and lawyers at the NAACP fought through the nation's courts to end the enforcement of these discriminatory contracts. Unjust Deeds explores the origins and complex legacies of their dramatic campaign, culminating in a landmark Supreme Court victory in Shelley v. Kraemer (1948). Restoring this story to its proper place in the history of the black freedom struggle, Jeffrey D. Gonda's groundbreaking study provides a critical vantage point to the simultaneously personal, local, and national dimensions of legal activism in the twentieth century and offers a new understanding of the evolving legal fight against Jim Crow in neighborhoods and courtrooms across America.

Unjust Deeds

The Restrictive Covenant Cases and the Making of the Civil Rights Movement

Author: Jeffrey D. Gonda

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781469625454

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 4056

Based on author's thesis (doctoral -Yale University, 2012) issued under title: Home front.

Caucasians Only

The Supreme Court, the NAACP, and the Restrictive Covenant Cases

Author: Clement E. Vose

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520013094

Category: African Americans

Page: 296

View: 7526

The Ghetto in Global History

1500 to the Present

Author: Wendy Z. Goldman,Joe William Trotter, Jr.

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351584103

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 4159

The Ghetto in Global History explores the stubborn tenacity of ‘the ghetto’ over time. As a concept, policy, and experience, the ghetto has served to maintain social, religious, and racial hierarchies over the past five centuries. Transnational in scope, this book allows readers to draw thought-provoking comparisons across time and space among ghettos that are not usually studied alongside one another. The volume is structured around four main case studies, covering the first ghettos created for Jews in early modern Europe, the Nazis' use of ghettos, the enclosure of African Americans in segregated areas in the United States, and the extreme segregation of blacks in South Africa. The contributors explore issues of discourse, power, and control; examine the internal structures of authority that prevailed; and document the lived experiences of ghetto inhabitants. By discussing ghettos as both tools of control and as sites of resistance, this book offers an unprecedented and fascinating range of interpretations of the meanings of the "ghetto" throughout history. It allows us to trace the circulation of the idea and practice over time and across continents, revealing new linkages between widely disparate settings. Geographically and chronologically wide-ranging, The Ghetto in Global History will prove indispensable reading for all those interested in the history of spatial segregation, power dynamics, and racial and religious relations across the globe.

A Different Shade of Justice

Asian American Civil Rights in the South

Author: Stephanie Hinnershitz

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469633701

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 8368

In the Jim Crow South, Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, and, later, Vietnamese and Indian Americans faced obstacles similar to those experienced by African Americans in their fight for civil and human rights. Although they were not black, Asian Americans generally were not considered white and thus were subject to school segregation, antimiscegenation laws, and discriminatory business practices. As Asian Americans attempted to establish themselves in the South, they found that institutionalized racism thwarted their efforts time and again. However, this book tells the story of their resistance and documents how Asian American political actors and civil rights activists challenged existing definitions of rights and justice in the South. From the formation of Chinese and Japanese communities in the early twentieth century through Indian hotel owners' battles against business discrimination in the 1980s and '90s, Stephanie Hinnershitz shows how Asian Americans organized carefully constructed legal battles that often traveled to the state and federal supreme courts. Drawing from legislative and legal records as well as oral histories, memoirs, and newspapers, Hinnershitz describes a movement that ran alongside and at times intersected with the African American fight for justice, and she restores Asian Americans to the fraught legacy of civil rights in the South.

Gateway to Equality

Black Women and the Struggle for Economic Justice in St. Louis

Author: Keona K. Ervin

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 0813169879

Category: History

Page: 314

View: 7874

Like most of the nation during the 1930s, St. Louis, Missouri, was caught in the stifling grip of the Great Depression. For the next thirty years, the "Gateway City" continued to experience significant urban decline as its population swelled and the area's industries stagnated. Over these decades, many African American citizens in the region found themselves struggling financially and fighting for access to profitable jobs and suitable working conditions. To combat ingrained racism, crippling levels of poverty, and sub-standard living conditions, black women worked together to form a community-based culture of resistance -- fighting for employment, a living wage, dignity, representation, and political leadership. Gateway to Equality investigates black working-class women's struggle for economic justice from the rise of New Deal liberalism in the 1930s to the social upheavals of the 1960s. Author Keona K. Ervin explains that the conditions in twentieth-century St. Louis were uniquely conducive to the rise of this movement since the city's economy was based on light industries that employed women, such as textiles and food processing. As part of the Great Migration, black women migrated to the city at a higher rate than their male counterparts, and labor and black freedom movements relied less on a charismatic, male leadership model. This made it possible for women to emerge as visible and influential leaders in both formal and informal capacities. In this impressive study, Ervin presents a stunning account of the ways in which black working-class women creatively fused racial and economic justice. By illustrating that their politics played an important role in defining urban political agendas, her work sheds light on an unexplored aspect of community activism and illuminates the complexities of the overlapping civil rights and labor movements during the first half of the twentieth century.

Contested Constitutionalism

Reflections on the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms

Author: James B. Kelly,Christopher P. Manfredi

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 0774858893

Category: Law

Page: 336

View: 5711

The introduction of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms in 1982 was accompanied by much fanfare and public debate. This book does not celebrate the Charter; rather it offers a critique by distinguished scholars of law and political science of its effect on democracy, judicial power, and the place of Quebec and Aboriginal peoples twenty-five years later. By employing diverse methodological approaches, contributors shift the focus of debate from the Charter's appropriateness to its impact � for better or worse � on political institutions, public policy, and conceptions of citizenship in the Canadian federation.

A Treatise on State and Federal Control of Persons and Property in the United States

Considered from Both a Civil and Criminal Standpoint

Author: Christopher Gustavus Tiedeman

Publisher: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.

ISBN: 1584772298

Category: Law

Page: 1274

View: 789

Tiedeman, Christopher G. A Treatise on State and Federal Control of Persons and Property in the United States Considered from both a Civil and Criminal Standpoint. St. Louis: The F.H. Thomas Law Book Co., 1900. Two volumes. Reprinted 2002 by The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. ISBN 1-58477-229-8. Cloth. $195. * A conservative jurist known for his important study A Treatise on the Limitations of Police Power in the United States Considered from Both a Civil and Criminal Standpoint, Tiedeman [1857-1903] completed this work at a time when the spirit of social and economic laissez-faire of the Gilded Age was giving way to demands for greater degrees of governmental regulation in response to the emergence of modern corporate capitalism and, especially, the rapid growth of Socialism, Communism, and Anarchism. For Tiedeman, the fundamental issue is the need to control these groups in the interests of public order while preserving their rights of self-determination as guaranteed by the Constitution. He was optimistic that popular faith in the Constitution is strong enough to maintain this delicate balance.

World Report on Ageing and Health

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241565047

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 246

View: 3295

The WHO World report on ageing and health is not for the book shelf it is a living breathing testament to all older people who have fought for their voice to be heard at all levels of government across disciplines and sectors. - Mr Bjarne Hastrup President International Federation on Ageing and CEO DaneAge This report outlines a framework for action to foster Healthy Ageing built around the new concept of functional ability. This will require a transformation of health systems away from disease based curative models and towards the provision of older-person-centred and integrated care. It will require the development sometimes from nothing of comprehensive systems of long term care. It will require a coordinated response from many other sectors and multiple levels of government. And it will need to draw on better ways of measuring and monitoring the health and functioning of older populations. These actions are likely to be a sound investment in society's future. A future that gives older people the freedom to live lives that previous generations might never have imagined. The World report on ageing and health responds to these challenges by recommending equally profound changes in the way health policies for ageing populations are formulated and services are provided. As the foundation for its recommendations the report looks at what the latest evidence has to say about the ageing process noting that many common perceptions and assumptions about older people are based on outdated stereotypes. The report's recommendations are anchored in the evidence comprehensive and forward-looking yet eminently practical. Throughout examples of experiences from different countries are used to illustrate how specific problems can be addressed through innovation solutions. Topics explored range from strategies to deliver comprehensive and person-centred services to older populations to policies that enable older people to live in comfort and safety to ways to correct the problems and injustices inherent in current systems for long-term care.

Battle for Bed-Stuy

Author: Michael Woodsworth

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674545060

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 503

In the 1960s Brooklyn’s Bedford-Stuyvesant neighborhood was labeled America’s largest ghetto. But its brownstones housed a coterie of black professionals intent on bringing order and hope to the community. In telling their story Michael Woodsworth reinterprets the War on Poverty by revealing its roots in local activism and policy experiments.

A Theory of Justice

Author: John RAWLS

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674042603

Category: Philosophy

Page: 623

View: 987

Though the revised edition of A Theory of Justice, published in 1999, is the definitive statement of Rawls's view, so much of the extensive literature on Rawls's theory refers to the first edition. This reissue makes the first edition once again available for scholars and serious students of Rawls's work.

Power and Principle

The Politics of International Criminal Courts

Author: Rudolph Christopher

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 1501708414

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 5762

On August 21, 2013, chemical weapons were unleashed on the civilian population in Syria, killing another 1,400 people in a civil war that had already claimed the lives of more than 140,000. As is all too often the case, the innocent found themselves victims of a violent struggle for political power. Such events are why human rights activists have long pressed for institutions such as the International Criminal Court (ICC) to investigate and prosecute some of the world's most severe crimes: genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity. While proponents extol the creation of the ICC as a transformative victory for principles of international humanitarian law, critics have often characterized it as either irrelevant or dangerous in a world dominated by power politics. Christopher Rudolph argues in Power and Principle that both perspectives are extreme. In contrast to prevailing scholarship, he shows how the interplay between power politics and international humanitarian law have shaped the institutional development of international criminal courts from Nuremberg to the ICC. Rudolph identifies the factors that drove the creation of international criminal courts, explains the politics behind their institutional design, and investigates the behavior of the ICC. Through the development and empirical testing of several theoretical frameworks, Power and Principle helps us better understand the factors that resulted in the emergence of international criminal courts and helps us determine the broader implications of their presence in society.

Leviathan

Author: Thomas Hobbes

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141395109

Category: Philosophy

Page: 576

View: 7901

'The life of man, solitary, poore, nasty, brutish, and short' Written during the chaos of the English Civil War, Thomas Hobbes' Leviathan asks how, in a world of violence and horror, can we stop ourselves from descending into anarchy? Hobbes' case for a 'common-wealth' under a powerful sovereign - or 'Leviathan' - to enforce security and the rule of law, shocked his contemporaries, and his book was publicly burnt for sedition the moment it was published. But his penetrating work of political philosophy - now fully revised and with a new introduction for this edition - opened up questions about the nature of statecraft and society that influenced governments across the world. Edited with a new introduction by Christopher Brooke

Thurgood Marshall

A Biography

Author: Glenn L. Starks,F. Erik Brooks

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313349169

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 145

View: 9489

This book provides a detailed examination of the life and legal legacy of Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall, including a discussion of the many legal cases in which he was involved. * A chronological timeline of the life of Thurgood Marshall * A bibliography provides useful references

Thurgood Marshall

American Revolutionary

Author: Juan Williams

Publisher: Three Rivers Press

ISBN: 0307786129

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 504

View: 7030

This New York Times Notable Book of the Year, 1998, is now in trade paper. From the bestselling author of Eyes on the Prize, here is the definitive biography of the great lawyer and Supreme Court justice. From the Trade Paperback edition.