Urban Machinery

Inside Modern European Cities

Author: Mikael Hård,Thomas J. Misa

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262083698

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 351

View: 1416

Modern European cities viewed as complex constructs entangled with technology: the most dramatic changes in the urban environment over the last century and half, abundantly illustrated with rare photographs.

European Cities in the Modern Era, 1850-1914

Author: Friedrich Lenger

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004233385

Category: Political Science

Page: 324

View: 1729

In 'European Cities in the Modern Era, 1850/80-1914', Friedrich Lenger offers an account of Europe's major cities in a period crucial for the development of much of their present shape and infrastructure.

Developer's Dilemma

The Secret World of Videogame Creators

Author: Casey O'Donnell

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262028190

Category: Games

Page: 352

View: 7365

Examines the creative collaborative practice of typical game developers, investigating why they work the way they do, the organzation of work, and the market forces that shape (and are shaped by) media industries.

Beyond Imported Magic

Essays on Science, Technology, and Society in Latin America

Author: Eden Medina,Ivan da Costa Marques,Marcos Cueto,Christina Holmes

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262027453

Category: History

Page: 410

View: 385

The essays in this volume study the creation, adaptation, and use of science and technology in Latin America. They challenge the view that scientific ideas and technology travel unchanged from the global North to the global South -- the view of technology as "imported magic." They describe not only alternate pathways for innovation, invention, and discovery but also how ideas and technologies circulate in Latin American contexts and transnationally. The contributors' explorations of these issues, and their examination of specific Latin American experiences with science and technology, offer a broader, more nuanced understanding of how science, technology, politics, and power interact in the past and present.The essays in this book use methods from history and the social sciences to investigate forms of local creation and use of technologies; the circulation of ideas, people, and artifacts in local and global networks; and hybrid technologies and forms of knowledge production. They address such topics as the work of female forensic geneticists in Colombia; the pioneering Argentinean use of fingerprinting technology in the late nineteenth century; the design, use, and meaning of the XO Laptops created and distributed by the One Laptop per Child Program; and the development of nuclear energy in Argentina, Mexico, and Chile.ContributorsPedro Ignacio Alonso, Morgan G. Ames, Javiera Barandiarán, João Biehl, Anita Say Chan, Amy Cox Hall, Henrique Cukierman, Ana Delgado, Rafael Dias, Adriana Díaz del Castillo H., Mariano Fressoli, Jonathan Hagood, Christina Holmes, Matthieu Hubert, Noela Invernizzi, Michael Lemon, Ivan da Costa Marques, Gisela Mateos, Eden Medina, María Fernanda Olarte Sierra, Hugo Palmarola, Tania Pérez-Bustos, Julia Rodriguez, Israel Rodríguez-Giralt, Edna Suárez Díaz, Hernán Thomas, Manuel Tironi, Dominique Vinck

Leonardo to the Internet

Technology and Culture from the Renaissance to the Present

Author: Thomas J. Misa

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421404788

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 4701

"Misa brings his acclaimed text up to date by examining how today's unsustainable energy systems, insecure information networks, and vulnerable global shipping have helped foster geopolitical risks and instability. A masterful analysis of how technology and culture have influenced each other over five centuries, Leonardo to the Internet frames a history that illuminates modern-day problems and prospects faced by our technology-dependent world

Would Trotsky Wear a Bluetooth?

Technological Utopianism under Socialism, 1917–1989

Author: Paul R. Josephson

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 0801898412

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 7889

Josephson’s intriguing study of how technology both helped and hindered this effort asks new and important questions about the crucial issues inextricably linked with the development and diffusion of technology in any sociopolitical system.

Science for Welfare and Warfare

Technology and State Initiative in Cold War Sweden

Author: Per Lundin,Niklas Stenlås,Johan Gribbe

Publisher: Science History Publications

ISBN: 9780881354256

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 314

View: 8876

Science and Technology in Modern European Life

Author: Guillaume de Syon

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 205

View: 3271

Providea a summary of the impact science and technology has had in the last two hundred years in the daily lives of Europeans.

Immigrants in the Lands of Promise

Italians in Buenos Aires and New York City, 1870 - 1914

Author: Michael Adas

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801455251

Category: History

Page: 452

View: 5995

Over the past five centuries, advances in Western understanding of and control over the material world have strongly influenced European responses to non-Western peoples and cultures. In Machines as the Measure of Men, Michael Adas explores the ways in which European perceptions of their scientific and technological superiority shaped their interactions with people overseas. Adopting a broad, comparative perspective, he analyzes European responses to the cultures of sub-Saharan Africa, India, and China, cultures that they judged to represent lower levels of material mastery and social organization. Beginning with the early decades of overseas expansion in the sixteenth century, Adas traces the impact of scientific and technological advances on European attitudes toward Asians and Africans and on their policies for dealing with colonized societies. He concentrates on British and French thinking in the nineteenth century, when, he maintains, scientific and technological measures of human worth played a critical role in shaping arguments for the notion of racial supremacy and the "civilizing mission" ideology which were used to justify Europe's domination of the globe. Finally, he examines the reasons why many Europeans grew dissatisfied with and even rejected this gauge of human worth after World War I, and explains why it has remained important to Americans. Showing how the scientific and industrial revolutions contributed to the development of European imperialist ideologies, Machines as the Measure of Men highlights the cultural factors that have nurtured disdain for non-Western accomplishments and value systems. It also indicates how these attitudes, in shaping policies that restricted the diffusion of scientific knowledge, have perpetuated themselves, and contributed significantly to chronic underdevelopment throughout the developing world. Adas's far-reaching and provocative book will be compelling reading for all who are concerned about the history of Western imperialism and its legacies. First published to wide acclaim in 1989, Machines as the Measure of Men is now available in a new edition that features a preface by the author that discusses how subsequent developments in gender and race studies, as well as global technology and politics, enter into conversation with his original arguments.

Choice

Publication of the Association of College and Research Libraries, a Division of the American Library Association

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 8926

Consumers, Tinkerers, Rebels

The People Who Shaped Europe

Author: Ruth Oldenziel,Mikael Hård

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9780230308022

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 9311

Who has decided how Europeans have dressed and dwelled? Traveled and dined? Worked and played? Who, in fact, can be credited with the shaping of Europe? Certainly inventors, engineers, and politicians played their parts. But in the making of Europe, consumers, tinkerers, and rebels were an unrecognized force - until now. In this book, historians Ruth Oldenziel and Mikael Hård spotlight the people who 'made' Europe - by appropriating technology, protesting for and against it. Using examples from Britain and the Continent, the authors illustrate the conflicts that accompanied the modern technologies, from the sewing machine to the bicycle, the Barbie doll to personal computers. What emerges is a fascinating portrait of how Europeans have lived, from the 1850s to the current century.

Das Bild der Stadt

Author: Kevin Lynch

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3035602166

Category: Architecture

Page: 215

View: 8854

Wie orientieren wir uns in einer Stadt? Woher rühren unsere ganz fest umrissenen visuellen Vorstellungen? Um diese Fragen beantworten zu können, studierte Kevin Lynch die Erfahrungen von Menschen und zeigt damit, wie man das Bild der Stadt wieder lebendiger und einprägsamer machen könnte.

Cities of Others

Reimagining Urban Spaces in Asian American Literature

Author: Xiaojing Zhou

Publisher: University of Washington Press

ISBN: 0295805420

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 344

View: 7021

Asian American literature abounds with complex depictions of American cities as spaces that reinforce racial segregation and prevent interactions across boundaries of race, culture, class, and gender. However, in Cities of Others, Xiaojing Zhou uncovers a much different narrative, providing the most comprehensive examination to date of how Asian American writers - both celebrated and overlooked - depict urban settings. Zhou goes beyond examining popular portrayals of Chinatowns by paying equal attention to life in other parts of the city. Her innovative and wide-ranging approach sheds new light on the works of Chinese, Filipino, Indian, Japanese, Korean, and Vietnamese American writers who bear witness to a variety of urban experiences and reimagine the American city as other than a segregated nation-space. Drawing on critical theories on space from urban geography, ecocriticism, and postcolonial studies, Zhou shows how spatial organization shapes identity in the works of Sui Sin Far, Bienvenido Santos, Meena Alexander, Frank Chin, Chang-rae Lee, Karen Tei Yamashita, and others. She also shows how the everyday practices of Asian American communities challenge racial segregation, reshape urban spaces, and redefine the identity of the American city. From a reimagining of the nineteenth-century flaneur figure in an Asian American context to providing a framework that allows readers to see ethnic enclaves and American cities as mutually constitutive and transformative, Zhou gives us a provocative new way to understand some of the most important works of Asian American literature.

Making Sense of Cities

A geographical survey

Author: Blair Badcock

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1444118803

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 8834

In 2000, for the first time, a majority of the world's population was living in cities. The trend towards increasing urbanization shows no sign of slowing and the third millennium looks set to be an unprecedentedly urban one. 'Making Sense of Cities' provides an up-to-date, vibrant and accessible introduction to urban geography. It offers students a sense of the patterns and processess of urbanization and the spatial organisation of cities, recognizing the significance of globalization, economics, politics and culture from a range of perspectives. Above all, it seeks to provide a relevant approach, inviting students to engage with competing theories of the urban and to assess them against the background of their own opinions and personal experience. Examples and case studies are drawn from a range of international settings, from San Francisco to Shanghai, Sydney to Singapore, giving a genuinely global coverage. The book is written in a fresh and engaging stlye, and is fully illustrated throughout. It is designed to appeal to any student of the urban and will be essential to students of geography, urban studies, town planning and land economy.

Happy City: Transforming Our Lives Through Urban Design

Author: Charles Montgomery

Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux

ISBN: 1429969539

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 9009

A globe-trotting, eye-opening exploration of how cities can—and do—make us happier people Charles Montgomery's Happy City will revolutionize the way we think about urban life. After decades of unchecked sprawl, more people than ever are moving back to the city. Dense urban living has been prescribed as a panacea for the environmental and resource crises of our time. But is it better or worse for our happiness? Are subways, sidewalks, and tower dwelling an improvement on the car-dependence of sprawl? The award-winning journalist Charles Montgomery finds answers to such questions at the intersection between urban design and the emerging science of happiness, and during an exhilarating journey through some of the world's most dynamic cities. He meets the visionary mayor who introduced a "sexy" lipstick-red bus to ease status anxiety in Bogotá; the architect who brought the lessons of medieval Tuscan hill towns to modern-day New York City; the activist who turned Paris's urban freeways into beaches; and an army of American suburbanites who have transformed their lives by hacking the design of their streets and neighborhoods. Full of rich historical detail and new insights from psychologists and Montgomery's own urban experiments, Happy City is an essential tool for understanding and improving our own communities. The message is as surprising as it is hopeful: by retrofitting our cities for happiness, we can tackle the urgent challenges of our age. The happy city, the green city, and the low-carbon city are the same place, and we can all help build it.

100% Stadt

Author: Ernst Hubeli,Harald Saiko,Kai Vöckler,Haus der Architektur (Graz, Austria)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 255

View: 3369

International Seminar on Nuclear War and Planetary Emergencies, 34th Session

Energy, Nuclear and Renewable Energy ... : "E. Majorana" Centre for Scientific Culture, Erice, Italy, 19-24 Aug. 2005

Author: Richard C. Ragaini,Antonino Zichichi

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812773894

Category: Science

Page: 472

View: 719

Since its inception in 1981, the Erice Seminars from which this book series originates have attracted the attention of world leaders in science, technology and culture. This latest volume in the series covers a wide range of topics OCo from energy studies and research to disarmament and cultural emergencies. In addition to the main topics, the book also includes an associated workshop program (the 33rd Session) focusing on cultural emergencies, specifically designing and building in resilience against chemical, biological and radiological attacks. Sample Chapter(s). Chapter 1: The 34th Session of the International Seminars on Planetary Emergencies and Associated Meetings (296 KB). Contents: Energy: Nuclear and Renewable Energy: Nuclear Power in Europe (A Birkhofer); The Asian Nuclear Power Issue (A Miyahara); Climatology: Global Warming: Observational Climate Data and Comparison with Models (D H Douglass); Understanding Common Climate Claims (R S Lindzen); AIDS and Infectious Diseases: New Threats from Infectious Agents: Ebola Viral, Haemorrhagic Fever, Nipah Encephalities, SARS Avian Influenza: Episodes in a Never Ending Story? (J-C Manuguerra); Emerging Virus Infectious in a Changing World (A D M E Osterhaus); Brain Diseases: Update: Update on Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (H Budka); Limits of Development: Migration: A West African Point of View on Migration (M Diop); Migration in the 21st Century OCo A Mexican Perspective (A Gonzilez-Pozo); Pollution: Science and Technology: Subsurface Laser Drilling Applications (R Parker & L Everett); Desertification: Remote Sensing and Desertification: Desertification in the Sahel Revisited (L Olsson); Integrated Approaches to Desertification (E F Lambin); Permanent Monitoring Panel Meetings and Reports: Major Shortcomings in US Immigration Policy: Get Tough or Get Real? (C D Ellis); Conceptual Approach in the Creation and Implementation of the National Strategy for Sustainable Development of the Republic of Macedonia (M Milosevska); Disarmament and Cultural Emergencies: Non-Proliferation, Evolution OCo Minimal Life: Will the Non-Proliferation Treaty Survive? (H Wegener); Comments on the Non-Proliferation Treaty (R Wilson); Energy Workshop: Carbon Sequestration and Storage OCo The Needs (H Khatib); Consensus and Disagreement on Climate Change Due to Carbon Dioxide (K S Lackner); Information Security Workshop: Implementing Information Security and Its Technology: A Line Management Perspective (W A Barletta); Contributions and Recommendations for Bridging the Digital Divide (A Lehmann); Workshop on Building Resilience Associated with the 33rd Session (Terrorism) OCo 5OCo6 May 2005: The Biological Threat (R Dierstein & A Driks); Damage Mitigation of Buildings Against Blast Loading (C Mayrhofer); and other papers. Readership: Scientists, academics, psychologists, sociologists, political analysts, historians and government officials."

Early Modern Europe, 1450-1789

Author: Merry E. Wiesner

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107031060

Category: History

Page: 563

View: 343

"The title of this book, and perhaps also of the course for which you are reading it, is Early Modern Europe. The dates in the title inform you about the chronological span covered (1450-1789), but they do not explain the designation "early modern." Thatterm was developed by historians seeking to refine an intellectual model first devised during this very period, when scholars divided European history into three parts: ancient (to the end of the Roman Empire in the west in the fifth century), medieval (from the fifth century to the fifteenth), and modern (from the fifteenth century to their own time). In this model, the break between the Middle Ages and the modern era was marked by the first voyage of Columbus (1492) and the beginning of the Protestant Reformation (1517), though some scholars, especially those who focused on Italy, set the break somewhat earlier with the Italian Renaissance. This three-part periodization became extremely influential, and as the modern era grew longer and longer, historians began to divide it into "early modern" - from the Renaissance or Columbus to the French Revolution in 1789 - and what we might call "truly modern" - from the French Revolution to whenever they happened to be writing"--

Moving People, Goods and Information in the 21st Century

The Cutting-Edge Infrastructures of Networked Cities

Author: Richard Hanley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134461682

Category: Architecture

Page: 352

View: 3036

Globalisation and technological innovation have changed the way people, goods, and information move through and about cities. To remain, or become, economically and environmentally sustainable, cities and their regions must adapt to these changes by creating cutting-edge infrastructures that integrate advanced technologies, communications, and multiple modes of transportation. The book defines cutting-edge infrastructures, details their importance to cities and their regions, and addresses the obstacles to creating those infrastructures.