Using Algebraic Geometry

Author: David A. Cox,John Little,DONAL OSHEA

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475769113

Category: Mathematics

Page: 503

View: 8332

An illustration of the many uses of algebraic geometry, highlighting the more recent applications of Groebner bases and resultants. Along the way, the authors provide an introduction to some algebraic objects and techniques more advanced than typically encountered in a first course. The book is accessible to non-specialists and to readers with a diverse range of backgrounds, assuming readers know the material covered in standard undergraduate courses, including abstract algebra. But because the text is intended for beginning graduate students, it does not require graduate algebra, and in particular, does not assume that the reader is familiar with modules.

Commutative Algebra

With a View Toward Algebraic Geometry

Author: David Eisenbud,Professor David Eisenbud

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387942698

Category: Mathematics

Page: 785

View: 8681

Commutative Algebra is best understood with knowledge of the geometric ideas that have played a great role in its formation, in short, with a view towards algebraic geometry. The author presents a comprehensive view of commutative algebra, from basics, such as localization and primary decomposition, through dimension theory, differentials, homological methods, free resolutions and duality, emphasizing the origins of the ideas and their connections with other parts of mathematics. Many exercises illustrate and sharpen the theory and extended exercises give the reader an active part in complementing the material presented in the text. One novel feature is a chapter devoted to a quick but thorough treatment of Grobner basis theory and the constructive methods in commutative algebra and algebraic geometry that flow from it. Applications of the theory and even suggestions for computer algebra projects are included. This book will appeal to readers from beginners to advanced students of commutative algebra or algebraic geometry. To help beginners, the essential ideals from algebraic geometry are treated from scratch. Appendices on homological algebra, multilinear algebra and several other useful topics help to make the book relatively self- contained. Novel results and presentations are scattered throughout the text.

Algebraic Geometry

A Concise Dictionary

Author: Elena Rubei

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110316234

Category: Mathematics

Page: 239

View: 6623

Algebraic geometry is one of the most classic subjects of university research in mathematics. It has a very complicated language that makes life very difficult for beginners. This book is a little dictionary of algebraic geometry: for every of the most common words in algebraic geometry, it contains its definition, several references and the statements of the main theorems about that term (without their proofs). Also some terms of other subjects, close to algebraic geometry, have been included. It was born to help beginners that know some basic facts of algebraic geometry, but not every basic fact, to follow seminars and to read papers, by providing them with basic definitions and statements. The form of a dictionary makes it very easy and quick to consult.

Algebraic Geometry

Author: Robin Hartshorne

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475738498

Category: Mathematics

Page: 496

View: 5319

An introduction to abstract algebraic geometry, with the only prerequisites being results from commutative algebra, which are stated as needed, and some elementary topology. More than 400 exercises distributed throughout the book offer specific examples as well as more specialised topics not treated in the main text, while three appendices present brief accounts of some areas of current research. This book can thus be used as textbook for an introductory course in algebraic geometry following a basic graduate course in algebra. Robin Hartshorne studied algebraic geometry with Oscar Zariski and David Mumford at Harvard, and with J.-P. Serre and A. Grothendieck in Paris. He is the author of "Residues and Duality", "Foundations of Projective Geometry", "Ample Subvarieties of Algebraic Varieties", and numerous research titles.

An Invitation to Algebraic Geometry

Author: Karen E. Smith,Lauri Kahanpää,Pekka Kekäläinen,William Traves

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475744978

Category: Mathematics

Page: 164

View: 1643

This is a description of the underlying principles of algebraic geometry, some of its important developments in the twentieth century, and some of the problems that occupy its practitioners today. It is intended for the working or the aspiring mathematician who is unfamiliar with algebraic geometry but wishes to gain an appreciation of its foundations and its goals with a minimum of prerequisites. Few algebraic prerequisites are presumed beyond a basic course in linear algebra.

Algorithmic and Quantitative Real Algebraic Geometry

DIMACS Workshop, Algorithmic and Quantitative Aspects of Real Algebraic, Geometry in Mathematics and Computer Science, March 12-16, 2001, DIMACS Center

Author: Saugata Basu,Laureano González-Vega

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821871027

Category: Mathematics

Page: 219

View: 6166

Algorithmic and quantitative aspects in real algebraic geometry are becoming increasingly important areas of research because of their roles in other areas of mathematics and computer science. The papers in this volume collectively span several different areas of current research. The articles are based on talks given at the DIMACS Workshop on ''Algorithmic and Quantitative Aspects of Real Algebraic Geometry''. Topics include deciding basic algebraic properties of real semi-algebraic sets, application of quantitative results in real algebraic geometry towards investigating the computational complexity of various problems, algorithmic and quantitative questions in real enumerative geometry, new approaches towards solving decision problems in semi-algebraic geometry, as well as computing algebraic certificates, and applications of real algebraic geometry to concrete problems arising in robotics and computer graphics. The book is intended for researchers interested in computational methods in algebra.

Topics in Algebraic Geometry and Geometric Modeling

Workshop on Algebraic Geometry and Geometric Modeling, July 29-August 2, 2002, Vilnius University, Lithuania

Author: Ron Goldman,Rimvydas Krasauskas

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821834207

Category: Mathematics

Page: 366

View: 3335

Algebraic geometry and geometric modeling both deal with curves and surfaces generated by polynomial equations. Algebraic geometry investigates the theoretical properties of polynomial curves and surfaces; geometric modeling uses polynomial, piecewise polynomial, and rational curves and surfaces to build computer models of mechanical components and assemblies for industrial design and manufacture. The NSF sponsored the four-day ``Vilnius Workshop on Algebraic Geometry and Geometric Modeling'', which brought together some of the top experts in the two research communities to examine a wide range of topics of interest to both fields. This volume is an outgrowth of that workshop. Included are surveys, tutorials, and research papers. In addition, the editors have included a translation of Minding's 1841 paper, ``On the determination of the degree of an equation obtained by elimination'', which foreshadows the modern application of mixed volumes in algebraic geometry. The volume is suitable for mathematicians, computer scientists, and engineers interested in applications of algebraic geometry to geometric modeling.

Algebraic Geometry

A First Course

Author: Joe Harris

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475721897

Category: Mathematics

Page: 330

View: 7041

"This book succeeds brilliantly by concentrating on a number of core topics...and by treating them in a hugely rich and varied way. The author ensures that the reader will learn a large amount of classical material and perhaps more importantly, will also learn that there is no one approach to the subject. The essence lies in the range and interplay of possible approaches. The author is to be congratulated on a work of deep and enthusiastic scholarship." --MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS

An Introduction to Algebraic Geometry and Algebraic Groups

Author: Meinolf Geck

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 0191663727

Category: Mathematics

Page: 320

View: 3332

An accessible text introducing algebraic geometries and algebraic groups at advanced undergraduate and early graduate level, this book develops the language of algebraic geometry from scratch and uses it to set up the theory of affine algebraic groups from first principles. Building on the background material from algebraic geometry and algebraic groups, the text provides an introduction to more advanced and specialised material. An example is the representation theory of finite groups of Lie type. The text covers the conjugacy of Borel subgroups and maximal tori, the theory of algebraic groups with a BN-pair, a thorough treatment of Frobenius maps on affine varieties and algebraic groups, zeta functions and Lefschetz numbers for varieties over finite fields. Experts in the field will enjoy some of the new approaches to classical results. The text uses algebraic groups as the main examples, including worked out examples, instructive exercises, as well as bibliographical and historical remarks.

Elementare Algebraische Geometrie

Grundlegende Begriffe und Techniken mit zahlreichen Beispielen und Anwendungen

Author: Klaus Hulek

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322802213

Category: Mathematics

Page: 167

View: 374

Dieses Buch gibt eine Einführung in die Algebraische Geometrie. Ziel ist es, die grundlegenden Begriffe und Techniken der algebraischen Geometrie zusammen mit einer Reihe von Beispielen darzustellen.

Elementare Algebraische Geometrie

Grundlegende Begriffe und Techniken mit zahlreichen Beispielen und Anwendungen

Author: Klaus Hulek

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3834823481

Category: Mathematics

Page: 194

View: 6426

Dieses Buch gibt eine Einführung in die Algebraische Geometrie. Ziel ist es, die grundlegenden Begriffe und Techniken der algebraischen Geometrie zusammen mit einer Reihe von Beispielen darzustellen.

Poincarés Vermutung

die Geschichte eines mathematischen Abenteuers

Author: Donal O'Shea

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783596176632

Category:

Page: 376

View: 1540

Maß und Kategorie

Author: J.C. Oxtoby

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 364296074X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 112

View: 1600

Dieses Buch behandelt hauptsächlich zwei Themenkreise: Der Bairesche Kategorie-Satz als Hilfsmittel für Existenzbeweise sowie Die "Dualität" zwischen Maß und Kategorie. Die Kategorie-Methode wird durch viele typische Anwendungen erläutert; die Analogie, die zwischen Maß und Kategorie besteht, wird nach den verschiedensten Richtungen hin genauer untersucht. Hierzu findet der Leser eine kurze Einführung in die Grundlagen der metrischen Topologie; außerdem werden grundlegende Eigenschaften des Lebesgue schen Maßes hergeleitet. Es zeigt sich, daß die Lebesguesche Integrationstheorie für unsere Zwecke nicht erforderlich ist, sondern daß das Riemannsche Integral ausreicht. Weiter werden einige Begriffe aus der allgemeinen Maßtheorie und Topologie eingeführt; dies geschieht jedoch nicht nur der größeren Allgemeinheit wegen. Es erübrigt sich fast zu erwähnen, daß sich die Bezeichnung "Kategorie" stets auf "Bairesche Kategorie" be zieht; sie hat nichts zu tun mit dem in der homologischen Algebra verwendeten Begriff der Kategorie. Beim Leser werden lediglich grundlegende Kenntnisse aus der Analysis und eine gewisse Vertrautheit mit der Mengenlehre vorausgesetzt. Für die hier untersuchten Probleme bietet sich in natürlicher Weise die mengentheoretische Formulierung an. Das vorlie gende Buch ist als Einführung in dieses Gebiet der Analysis gedacht. Man könnte es als Ergänzung zur üblichen Grundvorlesung über reelle Analysis, als Grundlage für ein Se minar oder auch zum selbständigen Studium verwenden. Bei diesem Buch handelt es sich vorwiegend um eine zusammenfassende Darstellung; jedoch finden sich in ihm auch einige Verfeinerungen bekannter Resultate, namentlich Satz 15.6 und Aussage 20.4. Das Literaturverzeichnis erhebt keinen Anspruch auf Vollständigkeit. Häufig werden Werke zitiert, die weitere Literaturangaben enthalten.

Newsletter

Author: New Zealand Mathematical Society

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 2951

Topics in Combinatorial Group Theory

Author: Gilbert Baumslag

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783764329211

Category: Mathematics

Page: 170

View: 8366

Combinatorial group theory is a loosely defined subject, with close connections to topology and logic. With surprising frequency, problems in a wide variety of disciplines, including differential equations, automorphic functions and geometry, have been distilled into explicit questions about groups, typically of the following kind: Are the groups in a given class finite (e.g., the Burnside problem)? Finitely generated? Finitely presented? What are the conjugates of a given element in a given group? What are the subgroups of that group? Is there an algorithm for deciding for every pair of groups in a given class whether they are isomorphic or not? The objective of combinatorial group theory is the systematic development of algebraic techniques to settle such questions. In view of the scope of the subject and the extraordinary variety of groups involved, it is not surprising that no really general theory exists. These notes, bridging the very beginning of the theory to new results and developments, are devoted to a number of topics in combinatorial group theory and serve as an introduction to the subject on the graduate level.

The Geometry of Schemes

Author: David Eisenbud,Joe Harris

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387226397

Category: Mathematics

Page: 300

View: 3082

Grothendieck’s beautiful theory of schemes permeates modern algebraic geometry and underlies its applications to number theory, physics, and applied mathematics. This simple account of that theory emphasizes and explains the universal geometric concepts behind the definitions. In the book, concepts are illustrated with fundamental examples, and explicit calculations show how the constructions of scheme theory are carried out in practice.

The American Mathematical Monthly

The Official Journal of the Mathematical Association of America

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematicians

Page: N.A

View: 4082

Ebene algebraische Kurven

Author: Egbert Brieskorn,Horst Knörrer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 964

View: 4096

An Algebraic Introduction to Complex Projective Geometry

Commutative Algebra

Author: Christian Peskine,Peskine Christian

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521480727

Category: Mathematics

Page: 244

View: 4922

In this introduction to commutative algebra, the author choses a route that leads the reader through the essential ideas, without getting embroiled in technicalities. He takes the reader quickly to the fundamentals of complex projective geometry, requiring only a basic knowledge of linear and multilinear algebra and some elementary group theory. The author divides the book into three parts. In the first, he develops the general theory of noetherian rings and modules. He includes a certain amount of homological algebra, and he emphasizes rings and modules of fractions as preparation for working with sheaves. In the second part, he discusses polynomial rings in several variables with coefficients in the field of complex numbers. After Noether's normalization lemma and Hilbert's Nullstellensatz, the author introduces affine complex schemes and their morphisms; he then proves Zariski's main theorem and Chevalley's semi-continuity theorem. Finally, the author's detailed study of Weil and Cartier divisors provides a solid background for modern intersection theory. This is an excellent textbook for those who seek an efficient and rapid introduction to the geometric applications of commutative algebra.

Algebraic Geometry

An Introduction to Birational Geometry of Algebraic Varieties

Author: S. Iitaka

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781461381211

Category: Mathematics

Page: 357

View: 6779

The aim of this book is to introduce the reader to the geometric theory of algebraic varieties, in particular to the birational geometry of algebraic varieties. This volume grew out of the author's book in Japanese published in 3 volumes by Iwanami, Tokyo, in 1977. While writing this English version, the author has tried to rearrange and rewrite the original material so that even beginners can read it easily without referring to other books, such as textbooks on commutative algebra. The reader is only expected to know the definition of Noetherin rings and the statement of the Hilbert basis theorem. The new chapters 1, 2, and 10 have been expanded. In particular, the exposition of D-dimension theory, although shorter, is more complete than in the old version. However, to keep the book of manageable size, the latter parts of Chapters 6, 9, and 11 have been removed. I thank Mr. A. Sevenster for encouraging me to write this new version, and Professors K. K. Kubota in Kentucky and P. M. H. Wilson in Cam bridge for their careful and critical reading of the English manuscripts and typescripts. I held seminars based on the material in this book at The University of Tokyo, where a large number of valuable comments and suggestions were given by students Iwamiya, Kawamata, Norimatsu, Tobita, Tsushima, Maeda, Sakamoto, Tsunoda, Chou, Fujiwara, Suzuki, and Matsuda.