Value Chains, Social Inclusion and Economic Development

Contrasting Theories and Realities

Author: A.H.J. (Bert) Helmsing,Sietze Vellema

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136724710

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 5055

Lead firms, development organisations, donors and governments view value chains and voluntary standards as vital instruments for achieving millennium development goals through trade and market-related interventions. The precise foundations for these development strategies, which suggest positive development outcomes from integration of poor actors into value chains, are as yet underdeveloped. The interdisciplinary work in this volume shows how trade is managed and asks theory-driven questions about how value chains relate to locally-rooted development processes. Policy makers and development practitioners are increasingly using value chain analysis to frame pro-poor development interventions. This book offers multiple conceptualizations of development outcomes of inclusion of small producers, firms and workers in value chains. Processes of inclusion at different scales are unpacked in order to identify the terms of participation of small producers, firms and workers. As value chains are embedded, the book further argues that inclusion can be conceptualized as the degree of alignment between value chain logics and the institutions and capacities in the local business system. The combination of inclusive governance and endogenous development informs a grounded debate on roles of development-oriented partnerships. Chapters in this volume draw on multiple strands of economics, sociology, political science, geography and management studies; and for empirical grounding engage in comparative analysis of cases from Latin America, SubSaharan Africa and East and South East Asia. These are combined with processes taking place at a global level, such as the proliferation of standards and the growth of roundtables and multi-stakeholder partnerships. The contributions explore contrasts – between contexts, between industries or commodities/products, and between conceptual frameworks; and the context dependency of development impact necessitates cross-case investigations. This collection will be of interest to scholars in development studies, economics, business studies, as well as to development policy makers.

Local Governance, Economic Development and Institutions

Author: G. Gomez,P. Knorringa,Georgina M. Gómez

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137557591

Category: Social Science

Page: 332

View: 3923

'Development' is what most people see as progress in the places where they live and in the ways they live. It has to do with public services, the ways to complain when these are not delivered properly, and the spaces to change power structures. It is related to the economy, the opportunities to access a secure job, a sustainable livelihood and increased welfare while caring for the planet and others. It is also linked to the institutions that allow people to live life well, using resources ethically and doing business responsibly in relation to other communities and future generations. This edited collection examines the interconnections between local governance, economic development and institutions, by focusing on what initiatives work and under what conditions they do so. Based on a variety of theories and empirical data, it presents evidence from current experiences around the world, revealed by researchers across different continents and several generations.

Institutional Innovation and Change in Value Chain Development

Negotiating tradition, power and fragility in Afghanistan

Author: Holly A. Ritchie

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131740405X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 302

View: 2315

George Bernard Shaw once said that reasonable people adapt themselves to the world but unreasonable people adapt the world to themselves. In a sense, this book explores how these so-called ‘unreasonable people’ may interact to re-fashion the world around them in fragile economic development. Drawing on empirical research in the volatile and traditional context of Afghanistan, the study investigates the challenge of poor women’s participation in business and diverse outcomes for local development. Institutional Innovation and Change in Value Chain Development takes a unique look at nuanced institutional phenomena through the lens of social institutions, with a subtle appreciation of the interaction of structure and agency. Drawing on in-depth qualitative research in Afghanistan, the case studies specifically investigate the transformation of the women’s norm of purdah, and the subsequent development of new market institutions in three women’s enterprises. Shedding new light on the opaque process of institutional change, the research shows that external actors (such as NGOs) can both initiate and guide institutional development in fragile environments. Yet there may be limitations to their endeavours, with strong resistance from local power holders. Meanwhile, dominant entrepreneurs are shown to play a major role in fostering institutional development pathways. This influences the scope of inclusion and exclusion in enterprise and value chains, and broader streams of socio-economic development.

Innovation for inclusive value-chain development

Successes and challenges

Author: Devaux, André,Torero, Maximo,Donovan, Jason,Horton, Douglas E.

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 0896292134

Category: Political Science

Page: 560

View: 770

Governments, nongovernmental organizations, donors, and the private sector have increasingly embraced value-chain development (VCD) for stimulating economic growth and combating rural poverty. Innovation for Inclusive Value-Chain Development: Successes and Challenges helps to fill the current gap in systematic knowledge about how well VCD has performed, related trade-offs or undesired effects, and which combinations of VCD elements are most likely to reduce poverty and deliver on overall development goals. This book uses case studies to examine a range of VCD experiences. Approaching the subject from various angles, it looks at new linkages to markets and the role of farmer organizations and contract farming in raising productivity and access to markets, the minimum assets requirement to participate in VCD, the role of multi-stakeholder platforms in VCD, and how to measure and identify successful VCD interventions. The book also explores the challenges livestock-dependent people face; how urbanization and advancing technologies affect linkages; ways to increase gender inclusion and economic growth; and the different roles various types of platforms play in VCD.

Handbook of the International Political Economy of Governance

Author: Anthony Payne,Nicola Phillips

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 0857933485

Category: Political Science

Page: 512

View: 2885

Since the 1990s many of the assumptions that anchored the study of governance in international political economy (IPE) have been shaken loose. Reflecting on the intriguing and important processes of change that have occurred, and are occurring, Profess

Global Value Chains in a Changing World

Author: Deborah Kay Elms,Patrick Low

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789287038821

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 409

View: 5243

A collection of papers by some of the world's leading specialists on global value chains (GVCs). It examines how GVCs have evolved and the challenges they face in a rapidly changing world. The approach is multi-disciplinary, with contributions from economists, political scientists, supply chain management specialists, practitioners and policy-makers. Co-published with the Fung Global Institute and the Temasek

Markets and Rural Poverty

Upgrading in Value Chains

Author: Jonathan Mitchell,Christopher Coles

Publisher: IDRC

ISBN: 1849713138

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 268

View: 6529

This book explores the place of poor people within a rich variety of value chains, focusing upon lagging, rural regions in Africa and Asia, and how they can 'upgrade' within such chains. Upgrading is a key concept for value chain analysis and refers to the acquisition of technological capabilities and market linkages that enable firms to improve their competitiveness and move into higher-value activities. The authors examine a range of evidence to assess whether the 'bottom billion' people, living mainly in the rural areas of low-income countries, can improve their position through productive strategies and, if so, how? They propose an innovative conceptual framework of value chain upgrading for some of the most marginal producers in the poorest local economies. They demonstrate how interventions can improve poverty and the environment for poor people supplying a wide range of services and agricultural and food products to local, regional and global markets. This analysis is based on empirical research conducted in Senegal, Mali, Tanzania, India, Nepal, Philippines and Vietnam. The main focus is on poverty, environment and gender outcomes of upgrading interventions, and represents one of the key challenges of contemporary development economics.

The Universal Social Safety-Net and the Attack on World Poverty

Pressing Need, Manageable Cost, Practical Possibilities, Favourable Spillovers

Author: Anthony Clunies-Ross,Mozammel Huq

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134659148

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 202

View: 3647

The book is concerned with strategy and tactics for directing that small slice of world income into filling the gap. This must be done country by country, on the initiative of each country’s government: with the maximum involvement of its own civil society, and with the rich world also making a contribution. To add momentum, the international community needs to adopt targets far more specific than the fifty percent extreme ‘poverty reduction’ of the first Millennium Development Goal.

Innovative ICT-enabled Services and Social Inclusion

Author: Jyoti Choudrie,Sherah Kurnia,Panayiota Tsatsou

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317387791

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 1292

Social Inclusion and Usability of Innovative ICT-enabled Services is a cutting-edge research book written for researchers, students, academics, technology experts, activists and policy makers. The book explores a wide range of issues concerning innovative ICT-enabled digital services, their usability and their consequent role in social inclusion, It includes the impacts of the use of ICT-enabled digital services on individuals, organisations, governments and society, and offers a theoretically informed and empirically rich account of the socio-technical, management and policy aspects of social inclusion and innovative ICT-enabled digital services. This publication offers insights from the perspectives of Information Systems, Media and Communications, Management and Social Policy, drawing on research from these disciplines to inform readers on diverse aspects of social inclusion and usability of innovative ICT-enabled digital services. The originality of this book lies in the combination of socio-technical, management and policy perspectives offered by the contributors, and integrated by the editors, as well as in the interdisciplinary and both theoretically framed and empirically rich features of the various chapters of the book. While providing a timely account of existing evidence and debates in the field of social inclusion and technology usability, this book will also offer some original insights into what practitioners, experts and researchers are to expect in the near future to be the emerging issues and agendas concerning the role of technology usability in social inclusion and the emerging forms and attributes of the latter. Through a collection of high quality, peer reviewed papers; Social Inclusion and Usability of Innovative ICT-enabled Services will enhance knowledge of social inclusion and usability of innovative ICT-enabled digital services and applications at a diverse level.

The Blue Economy

10 Years, 100 Innovations, 100 Million Jobs

Author: Gunter A. Pauli

Publisher: Paradigm Publications

ISBN: 9780912111902

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 308

View: 2518

Dr. Gunter Pauli is challenging the green movement he has been so much a part of to do better, to do more. He is the entrepreneur who launched Ecover; those products are probably in many of your homes. He built the largest ecologically-sound factory in the world. His participation in the Club of Rome and the founding of Zero Emissions Research Institute (ZERI) has made an immense contribution to sustainability both in terms of research, public awareness and articulating a visionary direction. He has dedicated himself to teaching and the hands-on implementation of projects that have brought healthy environments, good nutrition, health care and jobs in sustainable commerce to a myriad of places in the world.

Inclusive Global Value Chains

Policy Options for Small and Medium Enterprises and Low-Income Countries

Author: Ana Paula Cusolito,Raed Safadi,Daria Taglioni

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 1464808430

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 156

View: 5301

This report's focus is making global value chains (GVCs) more inclusive. To achieve inclusiveness is by overcoming participation constraints for Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) and facilitation access for Low Income Developing Countries (LIDCs). The underlying assumption is that most firms in LIDCs are SMEs. Even larger firms in LIDCs are likely to face similar challenges to SMEs, including a less supportive domestic operating environment and weaker institutions that lead to higher fixed costs and challenges to compete on the international markets. The two major points of this report are (1) participation in GVCs is heterogeneous and uneven, across and within countries, and (2) available data and survey-based evidence suggest that SMEs’ participation in GVCs is mostly taking place through indirect contribution to exports, rather than through exporting directly. The report makes the case that policy action, at the national and multilateral level, can make a difference in achieving more inclusive GVCs through: a holistic approach to reform spanning trade, investment, and domestic policies countries and investments in expanding the statistical base and analysis of GVCs and in sharing knowledge on best practices on enabling policies and programs. The report elaborates on three broad areas of recommendations: (1) establishing a trade and investment action plan for inclusiveness defining clear and achievable objectives on trade and investment policy and identifying the necessary complementary domestic policy actions; (2) complementing trade, investment, and domestic policy actions by providing the needed political leadership and support to enhance collaboration across the sectors, and establishing global platforms for sharing best practices; and (3) providing political support for the establishment of a multi-year plan to expand and upgrade the statistical foundation necessary to increase the capacity of all countries to identify and implement policies that can contribute to stronger, more inclusive and sustainable growth and development, globally.

Inclusive Green Growth

The Pathway to Sustainable Development

Author: World Bank

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821395521

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 188

View: 7653

Inclusive Green Growth: The Pathway to Sustainable Development makes the case that greening growth is necessary, efficient, and affordable. Yet spurring growth without ensuring equity will thwart efforts to reduce poverty and improve access to health, education, and infrastructure services.

Creating Jobs in Africa's Fragile States

Are Value Chains an Answer?

Author: Nora Dudwick,Radhika Srinivasan

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821397931

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 72

View: 2991

Nowhere is the need to generate employment more urgent than in the fragile states of Sub-Saharan Africa. In this region, where the majority of the labor force still works in agriculture, the potential of agricultural value chain development has been underexploited. Because value chain development lends itself to a flexible and incremental approach, it appears to be feasible in the absence of well-functioning government institutions. As value chain development involves building and strengthening relationships along the chain of productive and value-adding activities, it also has the potential to restore social relationships eroded by conflict. Creating Jobs in Africa's Fragile States considers how fragility has affected economic development and job creation in Sub-Saharan Africa and how the World Bank and other donors have addressed job creation in fragile and conflict-affected environments. It examines value chain projects that have proved successful in Sub-Saharan Africa and other fragile environments. This book is primarily addressed to donors, nongovernmental organizations and policy makers, all of whom have a unique role to play in nurturing value chains. For the World Bank, increased collaboration across the institution, rather than a strictly sectoral approach, has the potential to catalyze value chain development and expand job opportunities in Africa.

National Innovation Systems, Social Inclusion and Development

The Latin American Experience

Author: Gabriela Dutrénit,Judith Sutz

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1782548688

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 1091

This unique book brings together new perspectives on inclusive development and the kinds of science, technology and innovation that can foster this form of development.

Information and Communications for Development 2012

Maximizing Mobile

Author: World Bank

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821395874

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 238

View: 9257

Assessing what has worked, what hasn't, and why, this triennial report is an invaluable guide for understanding how to capture the benefits of information and communication technology around the world. This year's report focuses on mobile applications.

Organizing Supply Chain Processes for Sustainable Innovation in the Agri-Food Industry

Author: N.A

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 178635487X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 352

View: 5259

This book explores the challenges of sustainable agri-food supply chains. It presents and discusses nine cases of organizational innovation, covering different phases of food production and facing different challenges, by proposing alternative models to the traditional paradigm of scale and leverage to design supply chain in these industries.

The Company Citizen

Good for Business, Planet, Nation and Community

Author: Tom Levitt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351672924

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 198

View: 7613

Business doing good is doing good business; this book learns from the era where governments ruled the world, pre-globalisation, and where business looked after itself, where issues like climate change, resource depletion and even poverty and hunger were not thought to be the responsibility of business. The Company Citizen concludes that not only are these key issues for business today but that the world will not be able to manage these issues without the active participation - even leadership - of business. Aware of the shortcomings of both government and civil society the author argues that environmental sustainability, economic and social inclusion and the better management of resources are all key issues for business and that it makes good business sense to manage them better. This book examines the case for the company citizen on a global, national and community level working alongside other. Never has the conscientious company citizen, as envisaged by 19th century Quaker philanthropists, been more needed; and never has that business case, one that justifies a long-term commitment to practical corporate behaviour for good, been more clear. Drawing attention both to the businesses that are taking the lead and those who are holding us back, the author concludes that only by involving business can we tackle the great issues of the day - and survive, as communities, nation and planet.

Why Nations Fail

The Origins of Power, Prosperity, and Poverty

Author: Daron Acemoglu,James A. Robinson

Publisher: Crown Books

ISBN: 0307719227

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 529

View: 8605

An award-winning professor of economics at MIT and a Harvard University political scientist and economist evaluate the reasons that some nations are poor while others succeed, outlining provocative perspectives that support theories about the importance of institutions. Reprint.

Creating Social Value

A Guide for Leaders and Change Makers

Author: Cheryl Kiser,Deborah Leipziger,J. Janelle Shubert

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351276263

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 179

View: 6736

There is a new business landscape, where companies are increasingly being judged on their ability to generate _social value_. But there is no off-the-shelf solution for the leaders and change makers in this new domain. Creating social value is a journey, and each company must chart its own path through uncertain and complex terrain. We invite you to discover how the entrepreneurial leaders profiled in this book have become trailblazers, using strategy and innovation to generate profits and social value simultaneously.Creating Social Value provides insights into the motivations and preoccupations of groundbreaking entrepreneurial leaders as they look to activate change not just within their companies, but also in their sectors, value chains and even through co-creating partnerships with their competitors. Such change requires fundamentally new styles of leadership and business design where companies seek to be generative rather than extractive.This book also bears witness to the emergence of new language to describe these innovative concepts. Working with and sharing ideas with social entrepreneurs and entrepreneurs inside, the authors became aware of the building blocks of a new lexicon with the power to inspire and positively influence the culture of an organization. Many of the leaders included in this book have driven change by harnessing the power of language to reroute their company’s direction.For example, The Campbell Soup Company has created _destination goals_ to describe the long-term vision of the company to nourish its customers, employees and neighbours. Roshan has worked on _nation building_, creating physical infrastructure in Afghanistan, a country decimated by war. UPS has worked to understand its impact on the planet, building a _materiality matrix_ of the issues that matter to its stakeholders, while working to create a culture that fosters social innovation and seeks to understand _constructive dissatisfaction_. Ford is redefining its mission, imagining a different future in which it provides _mobility solutions_, rather than only manufacturing cars. Ford is working with Toyota to co-create technologies to combat climate change.This book sets out a manifesto for Social Value Creation, which is defined as a strategy that combines a unique set of corporate assets (including innovation capacities, marketing skills, managerial acumen, employee engagement, scale) in collaboration with the assets of other sectors and firms to co-create breakthrough solutions to complex economic, social and environmental issues that impact the sustainability of both business and society. Social innovation differs from corporate responsibility in two significant ways: it is strategic and it leverages a wide range of corporate assets and core competencies.Creating Social Value has been designed as a manual for change. It will be essential reading for business students, entrepreneurs and all of those wishing to effect positive, generative change in larger organizations.

Quality Standards, Value Chains, and International Development

Economic and Political Theory

Author: Johan Swinnen,Thijs Vandemoortele,Koen Deconinck,Anneleen Vandeplas

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107025915

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 250

View: 8818

This book offers the first theoretical analysis of the determination of quality standards and their effects along the value chain.