Vector and Geometric Calculus

Author: Alan Macdonald

Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub

ISBN: 9781480132450

Category: Mathematics

Page: 198

View: 4074

This textbook for the undergraduate vector calculus course presents a unified treatment of vector and geometric calculus. It is a sequel to the text Linear and Geometric Algebra by the same author. That text is a prerequisite for this one. Linear algebra and vector calculus have provided the basic vocabulary of mathematics in dimensions greater than one for the past one hundred years. Just as geometric algebra generalizes linear algebra in powerful ways, geometric calculus generalizes vector calculus in powerful ways. Traditional vector calculus topics are covered, as they must be, since readers will encounter them in other texts and out in the world. Differential geometry is used today in many disciplines. A final chapter is devoted to it. Visit the book's web site: http: //faculty.luther.edu/ macdonal/vagc to download the table of contents, preface, and index. This is a third printing, corrected and slightly revised. From a review of Linear and Geometric Algebra Alan Macdonald's text is an excellent resource if you are just beginning the study of geometric algebra and would like to learn or review traditional linear algebra in the process. The clarity and evenness of the writing, as well as the originality of presentation that is evident throughout this text, suggest that the author has been successful as a mathematics teacher in the undergraduate classroom. This carefully crafted text is ideal for anyone learning geometric algebra in relative isolation, which I suspect will be the case for many readers. -- Jeffrey Dunham, William R. Kenan Jr. Professor of Natural Sciences, Middlebury College

Clifford Algebra to Geometric Calculus

A Unified Language for Mathematics and Physics

Author: David Hestenes,Garret Sobczyk

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789027725615

Category: Mathematics

Page: 314

View: 4698

Matrix algebra has been called "the arithmetic of higher mathematics" [Be]. We think the basis for a better arithmetic has long been available, but its versatility has hardly been appreciated, and it has not yet been integrated into the mainstream of mathematics. We refer to the system commonly called 'Clifford Algebra', though we prefer the name 'Geometric Algebra' suggested by Clifford himself. Many distinct algebraic systems have been adapted or developed to express geometric relations and describe geometric structures. Especially notable are those algebras which have been used for this purpose in physics, in particular, the system of complex numbers, the quaternions, matrix algebra, vector, tensor and spinor algebras and the algebra of differential forms. Each of these geometric algebras has some significant advantage over the others in certain applications, so no one of them provides an adequate algebraic structure for all purposes of geometry and physics. At the same time, the algebras overlap considerably, so they provide several different mathematical representations for individual geometrical or physical ideas.

Geometry & Vector Calculus

Author: A. R. Vasishtha

Publisher: Krishna Prakashan Media

ISBN: 8182835372

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 6187

Calculus in 3D: Geometry, Vectors, and Multivariate Calculus

Author: Zbigniew Nitecki

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470443600

Category: Calculus

Page: 405

View: 3242

Calculus in 3D is an accessible, well-written textbook for an honors course in multivariable calculus for mathematically strong first- or second-year university students. The treatment given here carefully balances theoretical rigor, the development of student facility in the procedures and algorithms, and inculcating intuition into underlying geometric principles. The focus throughout is on two or three dimensions. All of the standard multivariable material is thoroughly covered, including vector calculus treated through both vector fields and differential forms. There are rich collections of problems ranging from the routine through the theoretical to deep, challenging problems suitable for in-depth projects. Linear algebra is developed as needed. Unusual features include a rigorous formulation of cross products and determinants as oriented area, an in-depth treatment of conics harking back to the classical Greek ideas, and a more extensive than usual exploration and use of parametrized curves and surfaces. Zbigniew Nitecki is Professor of Mathematics at Tufts University and a leading authority on smooth dynamical systems. He is the author of Differentiable Dynamics, MIT Press; Differential Equations, A First Course (with M. Guterman), Saunders; Differential Equations with Linear Algebra (with M. Guterman), Saunders; and Calculus Deconstructed, AMS.

Galoissche Theorie

Author: Emil Artin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Galois theory

Page: 86

View: 8646

Vektoranalysis

Author: Klaus Jänich

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662107503

Category: Mathematics

Page: 277

View: 3790

Die Vektoranalysis handelt, in klassischer Darstellung, von Vektorfeldern, den Operatoren Gradient, Divergenz und Rotation, von Linien-, Flächen- und Volumenintegralen und von den Integralsätzen von Gauß, Stokes und Green. In moderner Fassung ist es der Cartansche Kalkül mit dem Satz von Stokes. Das vorliegende Buch vertritt grundsätzlich die moderne Herangehensweise, geht aber auch sorgfältig auf die klassische Notation und Auffassung ein. Das Buch richtet sich an Mathematik- und Physikstudenten ab dem zweiten Studienjahr, die mit den Grundbegriffen der Differential- und Integralrechnung in einer und mehreren Variablen sowie der Topologie vertraut sind. Der sehr persönliche Stil des Autors und die aus anderen Büchern bereits bekannten Lernhilfen, wie: viele Figuren, mehr als 50 kommentierte Übungsaufgaben, über 100 Tests mit Antworten, machen auch diesen Text zum Selbststudium hervorragend geeignet.

Einführung in die Geometrie und Topologie

Author: Werner Ballmann

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3034809018

Category: Mathematics

Page: 162

View: 1973

Das Buch bietet eine Einführung in die Topologie, Differentialtopologie und Differentialgeometrie. Es basiert auf Manuskripten, die in verschiedenen Vorlesungszyklen erprobt wurden. Im ersten Kapitel werden grundlegende Begriffe und Resultate aus der mengentheoretischen Topologie bereitgestellt. Eine Ausnahme hiervon bildet der Jordansche Kurvensatz, der für Polygonzüge bewiesen wird und eine erste Idee davon vermitteln soll, welcher Art tiefere topologische Probleme sind. Im zweiten Kapitel werden Mannigfaltigkeiten und Liesche Gruppen eingeführt und an einer Reihe von Beispielen veranschaulicht. Diskutiert werden auch Tangential- und Vektorraumbündel, Differentiale, Vektorfelder und Liesche Klammern von Vektorfeldern. Weiter vertieft wird diese Diskussion im dritten Kapitel, in dem die de Rhamsche Kohomologie und das orientierte Integral eingeführt und der Brouwersche Fixpunktsatz, der Jordan-Brouwersche Zerlegungssatz und die Integralformel von Stokes bewiesen werden. Das abschließende vierte Kapitel ist den Grundlagen der Differentialgeometrie gewidmet. Entlang der Entwicklungslinien, die die Geometrie der Kurven und Untermannigfaltigkeiten in Euklidischen Räumen durchlaufen hat, werden Zusammenhänge und Krümmung, die zentralen Konzepte der Differentialgeometrie, diskutiert. Den Höhepunkt bilden die Gaussgleichungen, die Version des theorema egregium von Gauss für Untermannigfaltigkeiten beliebiger Dimension und Kodimension. Das Buch richtet sich in erster Linie an Mathematik- und Physikstudenten im zweiten und dritten Studienjahr und ist als Vorlage für ein- oder zweisemestrige Vorlesungen geeignet.

Vector Algebra and Calculus

Author: Hari Kishan

Publisher: Atlantic Publishers & Dist

ISBN: 9788126908066

Category: Calculus

Page: 430

View: 4574

The Present Book Aims At Providing A Detailed Account Of The Basic Concepts Of Vectors That Are Needed To Build A Strong Foundation For A Student Pursuing Career In Mathematics. These Concepts Include Addition And Multiplication Of Vectors By Scalars, Centroid, Vector Equations Of A Line And A Plane And Their Application In Geometry And Mechanics, Scalar And Vector Product Of Two Vectors, Differential And Integration Of Vectors, Differential Operators, Line Integrals, And Gauss S And Stoke S Theorems.It Is Primarily Designed For B.Sc And B.A. Courses, Elucidating All The Fundamental Concepts In A Manner That Leaves No Scope For Illusion Or Confusion. The Numerous High-Graded Solved Examples Provided In The Book Have Been Mainly Taken From The Authoritative Textbooks And Question Papers Of Various University And Competitive Examinations Which Will Facilitate Easy Understanding Of The Various Skills Necessary In Solving The Problems. In Addition, These Examples Will Acquaint The Readers With The Type Of Questions Usually Set At The Examinations. Furthermore, Practice Exercises Of Multiple Varieties Have Also Been Given, Believing That They Will Help In Quick Revision And In Gaining Confidence In The Understanding Of The Subject. Answers To These Questions Have Been Verified Thoroughly. It Is Hoped That A Thorough Study Of This Book Would Enable The Students Of Mathematics To Secure High Marks In The Examinations. Besides Students, The Teachers Of The Subject Would Also Find It Useful In Elucidating Concepts To The Students By Following A Number Of Possible Tracks Suggested In The Book.

Multivariable Calculus and Mathematica®

With Applications to Geometry and Physics

Author: Kevin R. Coombes,Ronald L. Lipsman,Jonathan M. Rosenberg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461216982

Category: Mathematics

Page: 283

View: 9276

Aiming to "modernise" the course through the integration of Mathematica, this publication introduces students to its multivariable uses, instructs them on its use as a tool in simplifying calculations, and presents introductions to geometry, mathematical physics, and kinematics. The authors make it clear that Mathematica is not algorithms, but at the same time, they clearly see the ways in which Mathematica can make things cleaner, clearer and simpler. The sets of problems give students an opportunity to practice their newly learned skills, covering simple calculations, simple plots, a review of one-variable calculus using Mathematica for symbolic differentiation, integration and numerical integration, and also cover the practice of incorporating text and headings into a Mathematica notebook. The accompanying diskette contains both Mathematica 2.2 and 3.0 version notebooks, as well as sample examination problems for students, which can be used with any standard multivariable calculus textbook. It is assumed that students will also have access to an introductory primer for Mathematica.

A Geometric Approach to Differential Forms

Author: David Bachman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0817683046

Category: Mathematics

Page: 156

View: 9628

This text presents differential forms from a geometric perspective accessible at the undergraduate level. It begins with basic concepts such as partial differentiation and multiple integration and gently develops the entire machinery of differential forms. The subject is approached with the idea that complex concepts can be built up by analogy from simpler cases, which, being inherently geometric, often can be best understood visually. Each new concept is presented with a natural picture that students can easily grasp. Algebraic properties then follow. The book contains excellent motivation, numerous illustrations and solutions to selected problems.

Differentialgeometrie von Kurven und Flächen

Author: Manfredo P. do Carmo

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322850722

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 263

View: 450

Inhalt: Kurven - Reguläre Flächen - Die Geometrie der Gauß-Abbildung - Die innere Geometrie von Flächen - Anhang

Tensoranalysis

Author: Heinz Schade,Klaus Neemann

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110213214

Category: Science

Page: 462

View: 580

Dieses Lehrbuch stellt eine umfassende und leicht verständliche Einführung in die Tensoranalysis dar, die hier als Oberbegriff von klassischer Tensoranalysis und Tensoralgebra zu verstehen ist und die in vielen Anwendungen der Physik und der Ingenieurwissenschaften benötigt wird. Es vermittelt die nötigen algebraischen Hilfsmittel und enthält zahlreiche Übungsaufgaben mit Lösungen, so dass es sich auch für ein Selbststudium eignet.

Differential Forms and Connections

Author: R. W. R. Darling

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316583686

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 7526

This 1994 book introduces the tools of modern differential geometry, exterior calculus, manifolds, vector bundles and connections, to advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in mathematics, physics and engineering. The book covers both classical surface theory and the modern theory of connections and curvature, and includes a chapter on applications to theoretical physics. The only prerequisites are multivariate calculus and linear algebra; no knowledge of topology is assumed. The powerful and concise calculus of differential forms is used throughout. Through the use of numerous concrete examples, the author develops computational skills in the familiar Euclidean context before exposing the reader to the more abstract setting of manifolds. There are nearly 200 exercises, making the book ideal for both classroom use and self-study.

Multivariable Calculus with Linear Algebra and Series

Author: William F. Trench,Bernard Kolman

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 148325920X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 770

View: 4051

Multivariable Calculus with Linear Algebra and Series presents a modern, but not extreme, treatment of linear algebra, the calculus of several variables, and series. Topics covered range from vectors and vector spaces to linear matrices and analytic geometry, as well as differential calculus of real-valued functions. Theorems and definitions are included, most of which are followed by worked-out illustrative examples. Comprised of seven chapters, this book begins with an introduction to linear equations and matrices, including determinants. The next chapter deals with vector spaces and linear transformations, along with eigenvalues and eigenvectors. The discussion then turns to vector analysis and analytic geometry in R3; curves and surfaces; the differential calculus of real-valued functions of n variables; and vector-valued functions as ordered m-tuples of real-valued functions. Integration (line, surface, and multiple integrals) is also considered, together with Green's and Stokes's theorems and the divergence theorem. The final chapter is devoted to infinite sequences, infinite series, and power series in one variable. This monograph is intended for students majoring in science, engineering, or mathematics.