Verbal Behavior

Author: Burrhus Frederic Skinner

Publisher: New York : Appleton-Century-Crofts


Category: Language and languages

Page: 478

View: 7379

Verbal Behavior

Author: Burrhus Frederic Skinner

Publisher: New York : Appleton-Century-Crofts


Category: Language and languages

Page: 478

View: 4030

Verbal Behavior

Author: Burrhus Frederic Skinner

Publisher: New York : Appleton-Century-Crofts


Category: Language and languages

Page: 478

View: 3785

Verbal Behavior

Author: B. F. Skinner

Publisher: B. F. Skinner Foundation

ISBN: 0989983900

Category: Psychology

Page: 1025

View: 6122

In 1934, at the age of 30, B. F. Skinner found himself at a dinner sitting next to Professor Alfred North Whitehead. Never one to lose an opportunity to promote behaviorism, Skinner expounded its main tenets to the distinguished philosopher. Whitehead acknowledged that science might account for most of human behavior but he would not include verbal behavior. He ended the discussion with a challenge: "Let me see you," he said, "account for my behavior as I sit here saying, 'No black scorpion is falling upon this table.'" The next morning Skinner began this book. It took him over twenty years to complete. This book extends the laboratory-based principles of selection by consequences to account for what people say, write, gesture, and think. Skinner argues that verbal behavior requires a separate analysis because it does not operate on the environment directly, but rather through the behavior of other people in a verbal community. He illustrates his thesis with examples from literature, the arts, and sciences, as well as from his own verbal behavior and that of his colleagues and children. Perhaps it is because this theoretical work provides a way to approach that most human of human behavior that Skinner ofter called Verbal Behavior his most important work.

The Verbal Behavior Approach

How to Teach Children with Autism and Related Disorders

Author: Mary Lynch Barbera

Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

ISBN: 9781846426537

Category: Education

Page: 200

View: 4136

The Verbal Behavior (VB) approach is a form of Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA), that is based on B.F. Skinner's analysis of verbal behavior and works particularly well with children with minimal or no speech abilities. In this book Dr. Mary Lynch Barbera draws on her own experiences as a Board Certified Behavior Analyst and also as a parent of a child with autism to explain VB and how to use it. This step-by-step guide provides an abundance of information about how to help children develop better language and speaking skills, and also explains how to teach non-vocal children to use sign language. An entire chapter focuses on ways to reduce problem behavior, and there is also useful information on teaching toileting and other important self-help skills, that would benefit any child. This book will enable parents and professionals unfamiliar with the principles of ABA and VB to get started immediately using the Verbal Behavior approach to teach children with autism and related disorders.

Verbal Behavior Analysis

Inducing and Expanding New Verbal Capabilities in Children with Language Delays

Author: Robert Douglas Greer,Denise E. Ross

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon

ISBN: 9780205458370

Category: Education

Page: 322

View: 8557

Help children develop language and verbal functions! "This is definitely a book I will be purchasing for my professional use. I supervise student teachers in home-based programs as well as school programs and this book will be a perfect fit for the program implementation we currently present. Greer and Ross have produced an excellent accumulation of research compilation, assessment and program descriptions for implementation by professionals training and working with autistic children and adults." -Dr. Irfa Karmali, Shelby Residential and Vocational Services "Overall, a very technically accurate book and one well suited to accompany a practicum component in verbal behavior. Very comprehensive and [does] a good job of covering most questions, concerns and issues [for] training others to implement verbal behavior strategies. I thoroughly enjoyed reading it." -Janet Goodman, University of West Georgia Responding to the overwhelming demand for effective language development tools for children with no language and severe language delays related to autism and other disabilities, Douglas Greer and Denise Ross present newly identified methods to assist teachers and parents in their efforts to provide verbal capabilities to children. In their book Verbal Behavior Analysis, Doug and Denise describe how to help children produce novel and spontaneous verbal functions, acquire language incidentally, and become socially verbal. They carefully integrate the latest research, including many new findings, and present readers with a clear outline of the current state of the science of verbal behavior and its application to children with real needs. Behavior analysts, parents, and teachers will find the procedures applicable to all forms of language (signs, pictures, and voice-generating devices) while maintaining a strong emphasis on the vocal production of a child's speech. Describes how to teach children to be literate listeners, reducing the number of instructional times required to teach basic skills from four to ten times. (Chapter 3). Presents the necessary procedures to teach children to become observational learners. (Chapter 5 and 7). Offers practitioners methods for teaching children to acquire novel language and language usage incidentally, allowing children to expand their language without direct instruction. (Chapters 3, 5, and 6). Demonstrates helping children to move from emergent speakers to readers, and learn to enjoy books in free time, and to read. (Chapter 6). Introduces a verbal developmental scheme to guide instruction and aid practitioners in determining which children need particular interventions and when they need them, along with alternative tactics and strategies for solving learning problems. (Chapters 2 and 7).

A Primer of Verbal Behavior

An Operant View

Author: Stephen Winokur

Publisher: Prentice Hall


Category: Psychology

Page: 164

View: 2872

Dialogues on Verbal Behavior

The First International Institute on Verbal Relations

Author: Linda J. Hayes,Philip N. Chase

Publisher: N.A


Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 308

View: 3305

Leaders in the field present a variety of behavioral perspectives on the phenomenon of language.

Verbal Behavior Targets

A Tool to Teach Mands, Tacts and Intraverbals

Author: Diana Luckevich

Publisher: Drl Books Incorporated

ISBN: 9780975585948

Category: Reference

Page: 161

View: 2355

This book is a resource for teaching young children with autism, PDD, Down syndrome or other language delays. It contains targets aimed at teaching language to children who have skills in the range of non-verbal to pre-conversational, and provides lists o

Verbal Behavior

Adaptation and Psychopathology

Author: Walter Weintraub

Publisher: N.A


Category: Psychology

Page: 214

View: 9908

Verbal Behavior and Politics

Author: Doris Appel Graber

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 9780252002625

Category: Communication in politics

Page: 377

View: 3406

Content Analysis of Verbal Behavior

New Findings and Clinical Applications

Author: Louis A. Gottschalk

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317843924

Category: Psychology

Page: 234

View: 8315

Focusing on language and the assessment of its meaning, this volume concentrates on a method of content analysis developed by the author and Goldine Gleser. Applicable to transcripts of speech or verbal texts, this method uses the grammatical clause as its smallest unit of communication, considers whether or not a verb is transitive and involves an object, or is intransitive and describes a state of being. It derives scores on many scales that have been tested for reliability of scoring and for construct validity with concurrently administered measures, such as rating and self-report scales as well as biochemical and pharmacological criteria. Finally, this volume provides detailed descriptions of the clinical and basic research establishing the validity of these scales, so that a reader can locate studies that have pertinence to any special interest area. A major achievement described in this book is the development of computer software that understands grammar and syntax, can parse natural language, knows most of the words in the Merriam-Webster dictionary, has been taught to identify idioms and slang, and is capable of continuing to learn. The program can score all the scales, report whether the scores obtained from a verbal sample are one to three standard deviations from the norms, and suggest APA DSM-IIIR diagnostic classifications the clinician might consider in assessing the patient.

Verbal Conditioning and Behaviour

Author: J. P. Das

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483156532

Category: Psychology

Page: 172

View: 305

Verbal Conditioning and Behavior clarifies certain major issues in the area of verbal behavior, with emphasis on the problems that are continuous and those that are discontinuous with animal learning research. This book provides information pertinent to certain areas of complex verbal behavior. Organized into 10 chapters, this book begins with an overview of conditioning as an objective tool for the investigation of verbal behavior. This text then explains the relationship between the extent of verbal intervention and the degree of closeness of the conditioning task to a task of concept-learning. Other chapters consider the role of reinforcement in human learning needs. This book discusses as well how meaning is acquired and how it can be transferred once acquired. The final chapter deals with the individual differences in the development of a certain conditioned response. This book is a valuable resource for psychologists, college students, teachers, and researcher workers.

Jumpstarting Communication Skills in Children with Autism

A Parents Guide to Applied Verbal Behavior

Author: Mary Jane Weiss,Valbona Demiri

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781890627706

Category: Education

Page: 207

View: 589

When children's communication skills lag, all areas of learning and socialisation are affected. This book describes how an ABA approach can help children aged 2 to 10 years who have significant communication problems -- difficulty making requests, perseverative speech, a lack of fluency in conversational exchanges, trouble reading others' signals, and more -- learn to understand and use speech and language. Enriched by case studies, this straightforward and information-packed book examines using the Applied Verbal Behaviour (AVB) method to tackle a wide variety of communication problems typical of children with autism. In a nutshell, AVB consists of observing and analysing a child's communication behaviours, breaking them down into functions, and then teaching and reinforcing needed skills. AVB strategies and the other methods profiled (PECS, sign language, video modelling, scripts, social stories, etc.,) can greatly boost a child's understanding of verbal and non-verbal communication, and help him improve his expressive abilities. The authors provide helpful suggestions on how parents can support this process and teach and reinforce communication skills at home. With this book parents and professionals can help young kids, both those with and without speech, expand their communication abilities and opportunities, enabling greater inclusion and progress in daily activities.

The Behavior of Organisms

An Experimental Analysis

Author: B. F. Skinner

Publisher: B. F. Skinner Foundation

ISBN: 0996453903

Category: Psychology

Page: 457

View: 9728

Enjoy Old Age

A Practical Guide

Author: Burrhus Frederic Skinner,Margaret E. Vaughan

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9780393316513

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 157

View: 8482

An eminent psychologist and a gerontologist explain how to cope with the problems of aging and how to get the most out of one's later years

Verbal behavior and learning: problems and processes


Author: United States. Office of Naval Research,New York University

Publisher: N.A


Category: Education

Page: 397

View: 748

"This book presents the Proceedings of the Second Conference on Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, sponsored by the U.S. Office of Naval Research and New York University. The conference was held in June, 1961, at the Frank Jay Gould House, Ardsley-on-Hudson, New York. The conference procedure was the same as the one used before. Eight papers were prepared and distributed ahead of time. One conference session was devoted to each paper. The session for a paper was led by the discussant of the paper. Typically, he made some comments about the paper and a general discussion ensued. Extensive notes were taken of the general discussion. In a final session, D. D. Wickens summarized the major points on which the conference had focused"--Preface.