Viking Empires

Author: Angelo Forte,Richard D. Oram,Frederik Pedersen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521829922

Category: History

Page: 447

View: 1996

Viking Empires, first published in 2005, is a definitive global history of the Viking World.

Vikings

From Odin to Christ

Author: Martyn Whittock,Hannah Whittock

Publisher: Lion Books

ISBN: 0745980198

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 1162

The popular image of the Vikings is of tall red-headed men, raping and pillaging their way around the coast of Europe, stopping only to ransack monasteries and burn longships. But the violent Vikings of the 8th century became the pious Christians of the 11th century, who gave gold crosses to Christian churches and in whose areas of rule pagan idols were destroyed and churches were built. So how did this radical transformation happen, and why? What difference did it make to the Vikings, and to those around them, and what is their legacy today? This book takes a "global" look at this key period in Viking history, exploring all the major areas of Viking settlement. Written to be an accessible and engaging overview for the general reader.

Ideology and Power in the Viking and Middle Ages

Scandinavia, Iceland, Ireland, Orkney and the Faeroes

Author: Gro Steinsland

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004205063

Category: Political Science

Page: 405

View: 2698

This book analyses the Nordic pre-Christian ideology of rulership, and its confrontation with, survival into and adaptation to the European Christian ideals during the transition from the Viking to the Middle Ages from the ninth to the thirteenth century.

Vikings

Author: Neil Oliver

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 0297867881

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 9453

The Vikings famously took no prisoners, relished cruel retribution, and prided themselves on their blood-thirsty skills as warriors. But their prowess in battle is only a small part of their story, which stretches from their Scandinavian origins to America in the west and as far as Baghdad in the east. As the Vikings did not write their history, we have to discover it for ourselves, and that discovery, as Neil Oliver reveals, tells an extraordinary story of a people who, from the brink of destruction, reached a quarter of the way around the globe and built an empire that lasted nearly 200 years. Drawing on the latest discoveries that have only recently come to light, Neil Oliver goes on the trail of the real Vikings. Where did they emerge from? How did they really live? And just what drove them to embark on such extraordinary voyages of discovery over 1000 years ago? VIKINGS will explore many of these questions for the first time in an epic story of one of the world's great empires of conquest.

The Viking Age

A Reader, Second Edition

Author: Angus A. Somerville,R. Andrew McDonald

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442608676

Category: History

Page: 512

View: 2633

Drawing on a wide range of primary sources, and tracing the astonishing development of the Viking age from the first foreign raids to the rise and fall of empires, this comprehensive reader is essential to an understanding of Viking history. Chroniclers record European horror in the face of the Viking onslaught. An Arab diplomat gives a gripping account of an encounter with Norsemen in Russia. Great warriors and kings of the period are heralded in Skaldic poetry. With unusual power, saga literature narrates the lives of Norse women and men at home and abroad. Brief introductions contextualize the translations and all unfamiliar terms are explained in the body of the text, making this an extremely readable and user-friendly introduction to the Viking age.

History of Everyday Life in Medieval Scotland

Author: Edward J Cowan

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748688609

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 4511

This book examines the ordinary, routine, daily behaviour, experiences and beliefs of people in Scotland from the earliest times to 1600.

The Northmen's Fury

A History of the Viking World

Author: Philip Parker

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 1448156459

Category: History

Page: 464

View: 6298

The Northmen’s Fury tells the Viking story, from the first pinprick raids of the eighth century to the great armies that left their Scandinavian homelands to conquer larger parts of France, Britain and Ireland. It recounts the epic voyages that took them across the Atlantic to the icy fjords of Greenland and to North America over four centuries before Columbus and east to the great rivers of Russia and the riches of the Byzantine empire. One summer’s day in 793, death arrived from the sea. The raiders who sacked the island monastery of Lindisfarne were the first Vikings, sea-borne attackers who brought two centuries of terror to northern Europe. Before long the sight of their dragon-prowed longships and the very name of Viking gave rise to fear and dread, so much so that monks were reputed to pray each night for delivery from ‘the Northmen’s Fury’. Yet for all their reputation as bloodthirsty warriors, the Vikings possessed a sophisticated culture that produced art of great beauty, literature of abiding power and kingdoms of surprising endurance. The Northmen’s Fury describes how and why a region at the edge of Europe came to dominate and to terrorise much of the rest of the continent for nearly three centuries and how, in the end, the coming of Christianity and the growing power of kings tempered the Viking ferocity and stemmed the tide of raids. It relates the astonishing achievement of the Vikings in forging far-flung empires whose sinews were the sea and whose arteries were not roads but maritime trading routes. The blood of the Vikings runs in millions of veins in Europe and the Americas and the tale of their conquests, explorations and achievements continues to inspire people around the world.

Millennium

Die Geburt Europas aus dem Mittelalter

Author: Tom Holland

Publisher: Klett-Cotta

ISBN: 3608101446

Category: History

Page: 518

View: 3866

Mit »Millenium« schließt Tom Holland an seinen weltweiten Erfolg »Persisches Feuer« an. Anno Domini 900: Von drei Himmelsrichtungen durch unerbittliche Feinde bedrängt, während in der vierten Richtung nur der Ozean lag, schien es, dass der christlichen Bevölkerung keinerlei Spielraum mehr blieb. Und im Schatten des Jahrtausendwechsels befürchteten viele, dass der Antichrist erscheinen würde, um die Welt in Blut zu ertränken und ihr Ende anzukünden. Doch das Christentum brach nicht zusammen. Vielmehr wurde in den Erschütterungen jener furchtbaren Zeiten eine neue Zivilisation geschmiedet. In weit ausholendem epischem Zugriff, der uns von der Kreuzigung Christi zum Ersten Kreuzzug mitnimmt, vom Prunk Konstantinopels zu den trostlosen Küsten Kanadas, ist »Millennium« die brillante Darstellung einer schicksalsträchtigen Revolution: dem Auftauchen Westeuropas als einer unterscheidbaren, expansionistischen Macht.

The Vikings and Their Age

Author: Angus A. Somerville,R. Andrew McDonald

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442605243

Category: History

Page: 160

View: 8093

This book, the first in our Companions to Medieval Studies series, is a brief introduction to the history, culture, and religion of the Viking Age and provides an essential foundation for study of the period. The companion begins by defining the Viking Age and explores topics such as Viking society and religion. Viking biographies provide students with information on important figures in Viking lore such as Harald Bluetooth, Eirik the Red, Leif Eiriksson, and Gudrid Thorbjarnardaughter, a female Viking traveler. A compelling chapter entitled "How Do We Know About the Vikings?" and a case study on the wandering monks of St. Philibert introduce students to the process of historical inquiry. The book concludes with a discussion of the impact of the Vikings and their legacy. Pedagogical resources include a detailed chronology, study questions, a glossary, 4 maps, and 14 images. Text boxes provide information on outsider perceptions of the Vikings, a detailed account of a Viking raid, and a description of a chieftain's dwelling in Arctic Norway. This study also benefits from a multi-disciplinary approach including insights and evidence from such diverse disciplines as archaeology, philology, religion, linguistics, and genetics.

Viking Pirates and Christian Princes

Dynasty, Religion, and Empire in the North Atlantic

Author: Benjamin T. Hudson,Associate Professor of History and Medieval Studies Benjamin Hudson

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195162370

Category: History

Page: 278

View: 1666

In popular imagination, the Vikings are remembered as fierce warrior seamen who campaigned through Western Europe, terrorizing British, Frankish, and Irish societies. Yet is it possible that the great Viking armies left more in their wake than carnage and destruction? The stories of two families-the Olafssons, who transformed a pirate camp in Ireland into the kingdom of Dublin, and the Haraldssons, whose rule encompassed Hebrides, Galloway, and the Isle of Man-suggest that the Vikings did indeed leave behind a much greater legacy. Between the tenth and twelfth centuries, these two Viking families, descendants of men whom earlier chroniclers dismissed as pagan pirates, established themselves as Christian rulers whose domain straddled the Scandinavian and Celtic worlds. The Olafssons and Haraldssons carved out empires that inspired fear and made their families fabulously wealthy. From their ranks came the settlers who gave name to the Danelaw in Britain, Fingal in Ireland, and Normandy in Francia. Celebrated in Icelandic sagas and poems, Irish tales, and French history, the Olafssons and Haraldssons took part in the last successful Scandinavian invasion of Britain and the overthrow of the last Old English kingdom, even as they allied with, fought against, and married their Irish neighbors. Though the families had come to these lands as conquerors, they soon learned the importance of cooperating with those they had vanquished. Even as they worshipped pagan gods, the Olafssons and Haraldssons both became important benefactors to the Christian church. They also played a crucial role in the economic revival of northern Europe as trading ships from their ports sailed throughout the Atlantic and the goods they produced traveled as far west as Canada. Under their rule, the seas became a connector for a shared culture, commercially, artistically, and socially. Challenging traditional views of the Vikings' culture, Benjamin Hudson shows the role that these two great dynasties played in the Second Viking age. The rise and transformation of the Olafssons and Haraldsssons from the tenth to the twelfth centuries highlights a period and people important for understanding the political, religious, and cultural development of Europe in the High Middle Ages.

A Brief History of the Anglo-Saxons

Author: Geoffrey Hindley

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1472107594

Category: History

Page: 160

View: 3267

Starting AD 400 (around the time of their invasion of England) and running through to the 1100s (the 'Aftermath'), historian Geoffrey Hindley shows the Anglo-Saxons as formative in the history not only of England but also of Europe. The society inspired by the warrior world of the Old English poem Beowulf saw England become the world's first nation state and Europe's first country to conduct affairs in its own language, and Bede and Boniface of Wessex establish the dating convention we still use today. Including all the latest research, this is a fascinating assessment of a vital historical period.

The Forge of Christendom

The End of Days and the Epic Rise of the West

Author: Tom Holland

Publisher: Anchor

ISBN: 038553020X

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 5860

A grand narrative history of the re-emergence of Europe following the collapse of the Roman Empire. At the approach of the first millennium, the Christians of Europe did not seem likely candidates for future greatness. Weak, fractured, and hemmed in by hostile nations, they saw no future beyond the widely anticipated Second Coming of Christ. But when the world did not end, the peoples of Western Europe suddenly found themselves with no choice but to begin the heroic task of building a Jerusalem on earth. In The Forge of Christendom, Tom Holland masterfully describes this remarkable new age, a time of caliphs and Viking sea kings, the spread of castles and the invention of knighthood. It was one of the most significant departure points in history: the emergence of Western Europe as a distinctive and expansionist power.

Empires and Barbarians

The Fall of Rome and the Birth of Europe

Author: Peter Heather

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199741638

Category: History

Page: 752

View: 4018

Empires and Barbarians presents a fresh, provocative look at how a recognizable Europe came into being in the first millennium AD. With sharp analytic insight, Peter Heather explores the dynamics of migration and social and economic interaction that changed two vastly different worlds--the undeveloped barbarian world and the sophisticated Roman Empire--into remarkably similar societies and states. The book's vivid narrative begins at the time of Christ, when the Mediterranean circle, newly united under the Romans, hosted a politically sophisticated, economically advanced, and culturally developed civilization--one with philosophy, banking, professional armies, literature, stunning architecture, even garbage collection. The rest of Europe, meanwhile, was home to subsistence farmers living in small groups, dominated largely by Germanic speakers. Although having some iron tools and weapons, these mostly illiterate peoples worked mainly in wood and never built in stone. The farther east one went, the simpler it became: fewer iron tools and ever less productive economies. And yet ten centuries later, from the Atlantic to the Urals, the European world had turned. Slavic speakers had largely superseded Germanic speakers in central and Eastern Europe, literacy was growing, Christianity had spread, and most fundamentally, Mediterranean supremacy was broken. Bringing the whole of first millennium European history together, and challenging current arguments that migration played but a tiny role in this unfolding narrative, Empires and Barbarians views the destruction of the ancient world order in light of modern migration and globalization patterns.

The Feudal Kingdom of England

1042-1216

Author: Frank Barlow

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131787806X

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 5587

Now in its fifth edition, this hugely successful text remains as vivid and readable as ever. Frank Barlow illuminates every aspect of the Anglo-Norman world, but the central appeal of the book continues to be its firm narrative structure. Here is a fascinating story compellingly told. At the beginning of the period he shows us an England that is still, politically and culturally, on the fringe of the classical world. By the end of John’s reign, the new world that has emerged was in outlook, structure and character, recognisable as part of the modern age. Incorporating the findings of the most recent scholarship in the field – much of it Barlow’s own – the fifth edition includes new material on the role of women in Anglo-Norman England.

Domination and Lordship

Author: Richard Oram

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748687688

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 4133

This book discussed the processes by which the Gaelic kingdom of Alba established its mastery over the lesser kingdoms of northern mainland Britain and transformed itself into a state recognisable as Scotland.

Black Sun

Aryan Cults, Esoteric Nazism, and the Politics of Identity

Author: Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814732372

Category: Political Science

Page: 371

View: 727

More than half a century after the defeat of Nazism and fascism, the far right is again challenging the liberal order of Western democracies. Radical movements are feeding on anxiety about economic globalization, affirmative action, and third-world immigration, flashpoint issues to many traditional groups in multicultural societies. A curious mixture of Aristocratic paganism, anti-Semitic demonology, Eastern philosophies and the occult is influencing populist antigovernment sentiment and helping to exploit the widespread fear that invisible elites are shaping world events. Black Sun examines the new neofascist ideology, showing how hate groups, militias and conspiracy cults attempt to gain influence. Based on interviews and extensive research into underground groups, Black Sun documents the new Nazi and fascist sects that have sprung up from the 1970s through the 1990s and examines the mentality and motivation of these far-right extremists. The result is a detailed, grounded portrait of the mythical and devotional aspects of Hitler cults among Aryan mystics, racist skinheads and Nazi satanists, Heavy Metal music fans, and in occult literature. Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke offers a unique perspective on far right neo-Nazism viewing it as a new form of Western religious heresy. He paints a frightening picture of a religion with its own relics, rituals, prophecies and an international sectarian following that could, under the proper conditions, gain political power and attempt to realize its dangerous millenarian fantasies.

A Compendium of Decline and Distruction of Major Civilizations During Ancient Times

Author: Walter Whittemore

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 1475985029

Category: History

Page: 118

View: 2398

My purpose in writing this compendium of ancient civilizations was to give a clear understanding of the major events which took place during ancient times so that junior and senior high school students would enjoy. From my personal experience teaching in the public schools for the past thirty-years, I found most texts to be very wordy, cumbersome in their intent to express historical facts, and most of all, their immersion to detail instead of concentrating on the highlights of intrigue, fascination, and personal biography. These are the elements which should be concentrated on so that students do not become bored reading historical material. History should be an enjoyable experience for those who wish to learn about the past and how it has affected the future. Therefore, with this intent in mind, this author has embarked on a journey into the past to give enjoyment to those students who long to learn what the future will bring.

Manx Kingship in Its Irish Sea Setting, 1187-1229

King Rǫgnvaldr and the Crovan Dynasty

Author: Russell Andrew McDonald

Publisher: Four Courts PressLtd

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 254

View: 5092

For over forty years King Ragnvald Godredsson of Man and the Isles (r. 1187â??1226) was a power to be reckoned with in the seas between Britain and Ireland. Praised by Irish bards and Icelandic saga-men as a great warrior, Ragnvald was also a devout Christian prince who patronized religious houses round the shores of the Irish Sea and maintained diplomatic relations with the rulers of surrounding lands and beyond. Despite his contemporary stature, Ragnvald and his dynasty have been largely ignored by modern historians. This book explores Ragnvaldâ??s reign within the framework of the dynasty to which he belonged (the Crovan dynasty) and the ultra-competitive arena of the Irish Sea basin in theòdecades around 1200. It explores kinship, marriage, succession, military power, foreign relations and religious patronage, and concludes with a detailed analysis of late Norse Manx kingship within a broader British context.

The Vikings: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Julian D. Richards

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191578076

Category: History

Page: 168

View: 6668

The Viking reputation is of bloodthirsty seafaring warriors, repeatedly plundering the British Isles and the North Atlantic throughout the early Middle Ages. Yet Vikings were also traders, settlers, and farmers, with a complex artistic and linguistic culture, whose expansion overseas led them to cross the Atlantic for the first time in European history. Highlighting the latest archaeological evidence, Julian Richards reveals the whole Viking world: their history, society and culture, and their expansion overseas for trade, colonization, and plunder. We also look at the Viking identity, through their artistic expression, rune stones, their ships, and their religion. The Viking story is also brought up to date, by examining their legacy from the medieval Icelandic sagas to 19th Century nationalism, Wagner, and the Nazis. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.