What is Analytic Philosophy?

Author: Hans-Johann Glock

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139470159

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 9299

Analytic philosophy is roughly a hundred years old, and it is now the dominant force within Western philosophy. Interest in its historical development is increasing, but there has hitherto been no sustained attempt to elucidate what it currently amounts to, and how it differs from so-called 'continental' philosophy. In this rich and wide-ranging book, Hans Johann Glock argues that analytic philosophy is a loose movement held together both by ties of influence and by various 'family resemblances'. He considers the pros and cons of various definitions of analytic philosophy, and tackles the methodological, historiographical and philosophical issues raised by such definitions. Finally, he explores the wider intellectual and cultural implications of the notorious divide between analytic and continental philosophy. His book is an invaluable guide for anyone seeking to understand analytic philosophy and how it is practised.

Analytic Philosophy

A Very Short Introduction

Author: Michael Beaney

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198778023

Category: Philosophy

Page: 152

View: 5546

Originating in the pioneering work of Gottlob Frege, Bertrand Russell, G. E. Moore, and Ludwig Wittgenstein in the four decades around the turn of the twentieth century, analytic philosophy established itself in various forms in the 1930s. After the Second World War, it developed further in North America, in the rest of Europe, and is now growing in influence as the dominant philosophical tradition right across the world, from Latin America to East Asia. In this Very Short Introduction Michael Beaney introduces some of the key ideas of the founders of analytic philosophy by exploring certain fundamental philosophical questions and showing how those ideas can be used in offering answers. Considering the work of Susan Stebbing, he also explores the application of analytic philosophy to critical thinking, and emphasizes the conceptual creativity that lies at the heart of fruitful analysis. Throughout, Beaney illustrates why clarity of thinking, precision of expression, and rigour of argumentation are rightly seen as virtues of analytic philosophy. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

The Hermeneutic Nature of Analytic Philosophy

A Study of Ernst Tugendhat

Author: Santiago Zabala

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023151297X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 2092

Contemporary philosopher—analytic as well as continental tend to feel uneasy about Ernst Tugendhat, who, though he positions himself in the analytic field, poses questions in the Heideggerian style. Tugendhat was one of Martin Heidegger's last pupils and his least obedient, pursuing a new and controversial critical technique. Tugendhat took Heidegger's destruction of Being as presence and developed it in analytic philosophy, more specifically in semantics. Only formal semantics, according to Tugendhat, could answer the questions left open by Heidegger. Yet in doing this, Tugendhat discovered the latent "hermeneutic nature of analytic philosophy" its post-metaphysical dimension—in which "there are no facts, but only true propositions." What Tugendhat seeks to answer is this: What is the meaning of thought following the linguistic turn? Because of the rift between analytic and continental philosophers, very few studies have been written on Tugendhat, and he has been omitted altogether from several histories of philosophy. Now that these two schools have begun to reconcile, Tugendhat has become an example of a philosopher who, in the words of Richard Rorty, "built bridges between continents and between centuries." Tugendhat is known more for his philosophical turn than for his phenomenological studies or for his position within analytic philosophy, and this creates some confusion regarding his philosophical propensities. Is Tugendhat analytic or continental? Is he a follower of Wittgenstein or Heidegger? Does he belong in the culture of analysis or in that of tradition? Santiago Zabala presents Tugendhat as an example of merged horizons, promoting a philosophical historiography that is concerned more with dialogue and less with classification. In doing so, he places us squarely within a dialogic culture of the future and proves that any such labels impoverish philosophical research.

The Oxford Handbook of The History of Analytic Philosophy

Author: Michael Beaney

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199238847

Category: Philosophy

Page: 1161

View: 2965

The main stream of academic philosophy, in Anglophone countries and increasingly worldwide, is identified by the name 'analytic'. The study of its history, from the 19th century to the late 20th, has boomed in recent years. These specially commissioned essays by forty leading scholars constitute the most comprehensive book on the subject.

Twentieth-Century Analytic Philosophy

Author: Avrum Stroll

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231500408

Category: Philosophy

Page: 304

View: 5640

Analytic philosophy is difficult to define since it is not so much a specific doctrine as a loose concatenation of approaches to problems. As well as having strong ties to scientism -the notion that only the methods of the natural sciences give rise to knowledge -it also has humanistic ties to the great thinkers and philosophical problems of the past. Moreover, no single feature characterizes the activities of analytic philosophers. Undaunted by these difficulties, Avrum Stroll investigates the "family resemblances" between that impressive breed of thinkers known as analytic philosophers. In so doing, he grapples with the point and purpose of doing philosophy: What is philosophy? What are its tasks? What kind of information, illumination, and understanding is it supposed to provide if it is not one of the natural sciences? Imbued with clarity, liveliness, and philosophical sophistication, Stroll ́s book presents a synoptic picture of the main developments in logic, philosophy of language, epistemology, and metaphysics in the past century. It does this by concentrating on the individual thinkers whose ideas have been most influential. Major themes in Twentieth-Century Analytic Philosophy include: · the innovation of mathematical logic by Gottlob Frege at the close of the nineteenth century and its independent development by Bertrand Russell; · the impact of advancements in science on the world of philosophy and its importance for understanding such doctrines as logical positivism, philosophy of language, philosophy of mind, and eliminative materialism; · the refusal by such thinkers as Wittgenstein, Moore, and Austin to treat logic as an ideal language superior to natural languages; and · a conjecture about which, if any, of the philosophers discussed in the book will enter the pantheon of philosophical gods. Along the way, Stroll also covers the theories of Rudolf Carnap, W. V. O. Quine, Gilbert Ryle, J. L. Austin, Hilary Putnam, Saul Kripke, John Searle, Ruth Marcus, and Patricia and Paul Churchland. Stroll ́s approach to his subject treats the critical movements in analytic philosophy in terms of the philosophers who defined them. The notoriously complex realm of analytic philosophy emerges less as an abstract enterprise than as a domain of personalities and their competing methods and arguments. The book ́s inventive presentations of complex logical doctrines relate them to the traditional problems of philosophy, seeking the continuity between them rather than polemical distinctions so as to bring the true differences of their respective achievements into sharper focus.

Analytic Philosophy and Phenomenology

American University Publications in Philosophy

Author: H.A. Durfee

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401014078

Category: Philosophy

Page: 277

View: 519

This is the second volume in the series of American University Publi cations in Philosophy. It, like the first volume, moves significantly beyond what other books have done before it. The first volume's original ity lay in its bringing together essays that explored important new directions in the explanation of behavior, language, and religion. The originality of the present volume lies in its collecting, for the first time in book form, essays at the interface between analytic philosophy and phenomenology. In this volume there are essays about a number of the most seminally influential philosophers among both the analysts and the phenomenologists. Barry L. Blose, for the editors of American University Publications in Philosophy EDITOR'S PREFACE Philosophy inevitably creates divisions and this anthology deals with what is perhaps the central division in twentieth century Western philo sophy. The collection, originally the foundation for a seminar in com parative philosophy which I offered at The American University in 1971 and 1974, was sufficiently suggestive to students of both traditions to lead me to initiate its publication. The future development of Western philosophy is far from clear, but I am convinced that it will inevitably involve a more open conversation between phenomenologists and analytic philosophers, between the current dominant orientations among both European and Anglo-Saxon philosophers. This volume of essays is offered as an attempt to stimulate that conversation.

Origins of Analytical Philosophy

Author: Michael Dummett

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674644731

Category: Philosophy

Page: 199

View: 6370

When contrasted with "Continental" philosophy, analytical philosophy is often called "Anglo-American." Michael Dummett argues that this is a misnomer: "Anglo-Austrian" would be a more accurate label, for analytical philosophy arose in the same milieu as the principal rival school of phenomenology. By re-examining the similar origins of the two traditions, we can come to understand why they later diverged so widely, and thus take the first step toward reconciliation.

A Brief History of Analytic Philosophy

From Russell to Rawls

Author: Stephen P. Schwartz

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118271726

Category: Philosophy

Page: 368

View: 4416

A Brief History of Analytic Philosophy: From Russell toRawls presents a comprehensive overview of the historicaldevelopment of all major aspects of analytic philosophy, thedominant Anglo-American philosophical tradition in the twentiethcentury. Features coverage of all the major subject areasand figures in analytic philosophy - includingWittgenstein, Bertrand Russell, G.E. Moore, Gottlob Frege, Carnap,Quine, Davidson, Kripke, Putnam, and many others Contains explanatory background material to help make cleartechnical philosophical concepts Includes listings of suggested further readings Written in a clear, direct style that presupposes littleprevious knowledge of philosophy

Analytic Philosophy and History of Philosophy

Author: Tom Sorell,Graham Alan John Rogers

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199278992

Category: Philosophy

Page: 229

View: 4765

How, then, can substantial history of philosophy find a place in analytic philosophy? If history of philosophy includes the respectful, intelligent use of writings from the past to address problems that are being debated in the current philosophical journals, then history of philosophy may well belong to analytic philosophy. But if history of philosophy is more than this; if it is concerned with interpreting and reinterpreting a certain canon, or perhaps making a case for extending this canon, its connection with analytic philosophy is less clear. More obscure still is the connection between analytic philosophy and a kind of history of philosophy that is unapologetically antiquarian. This is the kind of history of philosophy that emphasises the status of a philosophical text as one document among others from a faraway intellectual world, and that tries to acquaint us with that world in order to produce understanding of the document.

Fashionable Nihilism

A Critique of Analytic Philosophy

Author: Bruce Wilshire

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791488373

Category: Philosophy

Page: 172

View: 8548

One of America's foremost philosophers reflects on the discipline and its relation to everyday life.

Classics of Analytic Philosophy

Author: Robert R. Ammerman

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 9780872201019

Category: Philosophy

Page: 413

View: 8773

Offers a collection of writings by analytic philosophers who have made lasting contributions to contemporary philosophical debate.

Self and World

From Analytic Philosophy to Phenomenology

Author: Bruin Carleton Christensen

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 311021217X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 404

View: 5269

This book draws upon the phenomenological tradition of Husserl and Heidegger in order to provide an alternative elaboration of John McDowell’s thesis that in order to understand how self-conscious subjectivity relates to the world, perception must be understood as a genuine unity of spontaneity (“concept”) and receptivity (“intuition”). The book is written in terms accessible to analytic philosophers and will thus enable them to see the central differences between analytic and phenomenological approaches to intentionality and self-consciousness.

Struktur und Sein

ein Theorierahmen für eine systematische Philosophie

Author: Lorenz Bruno Puntel

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161489631

Category: Philosophy

Page: 687

View: 4889

English summary: Lorenz B. Puntel presents a systematic philosophy that is understood as a theory of the most universal structures of the universe of discourse. It is based on two fundamental theses: firstly that all statements and all theories emerge only within theoretical frameworks, and secondly that the task of systematic philosophy is to articulate the dimension of structurality and then to put it into relation to a dimension of actuality, of being. The author explains the concept of the theoretical framework by concentrating on logic and mathematics, the philosophy of science, and the fundamental disciplines of semantics (including the theory of truth) and ontology. He does a thorough analysis of three types of fundamental structures: formal (logical and mathematical), semantic and ontological structures. German description: Lorenz B. Puntel bietet eine struktural-systematische Philosophie im Grundriss. Er halt an der grossen Idee der Philosophie als einer Konzeption des Ganzen der Wirklichkeit fest, prazisiert aber diese Idee, indem er die Philosophie als Theorie der allgemeinsten Strukturen des universe of discourse definiert. Zwei Grundgedanken sind fur die Entwicklung der so verstandenen Philosophie bestimmend: Der Gedanke, dass alle Aussagen bzw. alle einzelnen Theorien nur in einem Theorierahmen moglich sind, und der Gedanke, dass es darauf ankommt, die Dimension der Strukturalitat herauszuarbeiten und sie in Beziehung zur Dimension des Wirklichen (des Seins) zu setzen. Der Autor erlautert ausfuhrlich den auf R. Carnap zuruckgehende Begriff des Theorierahmens unter Beachtung der formalen Wissenschaften (Logik und Mathematik), der Wissenschaftstheorie, der Grunddisziplinen der Semantik (speziell der Wahrheitstheorie) und der Ontologie. Es werden drei Arten von fundamentalen Strukturen analysiert: die formalen (logischen und mathematischen), die semantischen und die ontologischen Strukturen. Eines der Ergebnisse dieser Untersuchungen ist eine neue semantische und ontologische Theorie.

The Cultural Politics of Analytic Philosophy

Britishness and the Spectre of Europe

Author: Thomas L. Akehurst

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1847064507

Category: Philosophy

Page: 211

View: 1591

A highly original study of analytic philosophy in twentieth-century British thought.

Ethical and Religious Thought in Analytic Philosophy of Language

Author: Quentin Smith,University Distinguished Faculty Scholar and Professor of Philosophy Quentin Smith

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300062120

Category: Philosophy

Page: 255

View: 4491

This is a critical history of analytic philosophy from its inception in the late-19th century to the present day. The book focuses on the connections between the four leading movements in the field - logical realism, logical positivism, ordinary language analysis and linguistic essentialism.

Empty Ideas

A Critique of Analytic Philosophy

Author: Peter Unger

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019069601X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 2875

Peter Unger's provocative new book poses a serious challenge to contemporary analytic philosophy, arguing that to its detriment it focuses the predominance of its energy on "empty ideas." In the mid-twentieth century, philosophers generally agreed that, by contrast with science, philosophy should offer no substantial thoughts about the general nature of concrete reality. Leading philosophers were concerned with little more than the semantics of ordinary words. For example: Our word "perceives" differs from our word "believes" in that the first word is used more strictly than the second. While someone may be correct in saying "I believe there's a table before me" whether or not there is a table before her, she will be correct in saying "I perceive there's a table before me" only if there is a table there. Though just a parochial idea, whether or not it is correct does make a difference to how things are with concrete reality. In Unger's terms, it is a concretely substantial idea. Alongside each such parochial substantial idea, there is an analytic or conceptual thought, as with the thought that someone may believe there is a table before her whether or not there is one, but she will perceive there is a table before her only if there is a table there. Empty of import as to how things are with concrete reality, those thoughts are what Unger calls concretely empty ideas. It is widely assumed that, since about 1970, things had changed thanks to the advent of such thoughts as the content externalism championed by Hilary Putnam and Donald Davidson, various essentialist thoughts offered by Saul Kripke, and so on. Against that assumption, Unger argues that, with hardly any exceptions aside from David Lewis's theory of a plurality of concrete worlds, all of these recent offerings are concretely empty ideas. Except when offering parochial ideas, Peter Unger maintains that mainstream philosophy still offers hardly anything beyond concretely empty ideas.