What is Analytic Philosophy?

Author: Hans-Johann Glock

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139470159

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 7805

Analytic philosophy is roughly a hundred years old, and it is now the dominant force within Western philosophy. Interest in its historical development is increasing, but there has hitherto been no sustained attempt to elucidate what it currently amounts to, and how it differs from so-called 'continental' philosophy. In this rich and wide-ranging book, Hans Johann Glock argues that analytic philosophy is a loose movement held together both by ties of influence and by various 'family resemblances'. He considers the pros and cons of various definitions of analytic philosophy, and tackles the methodological, historiographical and philosophical issues raised by such definitions. Finally, he explores the wider intellectual and cultural implications of the notorious divide between analytic and continental philosophy. His book is an invaluable guide for anyone seeking to understand analytic philosophy and how it is practised.

The Oxford Handbook of The History of Analytic Philosophy

Author: Michael Beaney

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199238847

Category: Philosophy

Page: 1161

View: 6687

The main stream of academic philosophy, in Anglophone countries and increasingly worldwide, is identified by the name 'analytic'. The study of its history, from the 19th century to the late 20th, has boomed in recent years. These specially commissioned essays by forty leading scholars constitute the most comprehensive book on the subject.

Analytic Philosophy

A Very Short Introduction

Author: Michael Beaney

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198778023

Category: Philosophy

Page: 152

View: 5110

Originating in the pioneering work of Gottlob Frege, Bertrand Russell, G. E. Moore, and Ludwig Wittgenstein in the four decades around the turn of the twentieth century, analytic philosophy established itself in various forms in the 1930s. After the Second World War, it developed further in North America, in the rest of Europe, and is now growing in influence as the dominant philosophical tradition right across the world, from Latin America to East Asia. In this Very Short Introduction Michael Beaney introduces some of the key ideas of the founders of analytic philosophy by exploring certain fundamental philosophical questions and showing how those ideas can be used in offering answers. Considering the work of Susan Stebbing, he also explores the application of analytic philosophy to critical thinking, and emphasizes the conceptual creativity that lies at the heart of fruitful analysis. Throughout, Beaney illustrates why clarity of thinking, precision of expression, and rigour of argumentation are rightly seen as virtues of analytic philosophy. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

A Companion to Analytic Philosophy

Author: A. P. Martinich,E. David Sosa

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470998644

Category: Philosophy

Page: 510

View: 4136

A Companion to Analytic Philosophy is a comprehensive guide to many significant analytic philosophers and concepts of the last hundred years. Provides a comprehensive guide to many of the most significant analytic philosophers of the last one hundred years. Offers clear and extensive analysis of profound concepts such as truth, goodness, knowledge, and beauty. Written by some of the most distinguished philosophers alive, some of whom have entries in the book devoted to them.

Origins of Analytical Philosophy

Author: Michael Dummett

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1472528581

Category: Philosophy

Page: 208

View: 3395

The twentieth century was marked by the triumph of the 'analytic' tradition of philosophy, which remains to this day the dominant mainstream of philosophical thought and teaching. In his landmark reflection and exploration of the origins of analytic philosophy, Michael Dummett vividly explores the roots of that tradition in the writings of such German and Austrian thinkers as Frege, Husserl and Wittgenstein. Disputing the notion of analytic philosophy as an 'Anglo-American' tradition, Dummett finds a shared well-spring in the works of the analytic and phenomenological traditions. Now available in the Bloomsbury Revelations seres, Origins of Analytical Philosophy remains a vital read for anyone interested in the development of twentieth century thought and the history of philosophy.

Classics of Analytic Philosophy

Author: Robert R. Ammerman

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 9780872201019

Category: Philosophy

Page: 413

View: 8959

Offers a collection of writings by analytic philosophers who have made lasting contributions to contemporary philosophical debate.

The Hermeneutic Nature of Analytic Philosophy

A Study of Ernst Tugendhat

Author: Santiago Zabala

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023151297X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 8274

Contemporary philosopher—analytic as well as continental tend to feel uneasy about Ernst Tugendhat, who, though he positions himself in the analytic field, poses questions in the Heideggerian style. Tugendhat was one of Martin Heidegger's last pupils and his least obedient, pursuing a new and controversial critical technique. Tugendhat took Heidegger's destruction of Being as presence and developed it in analytic philosophy, more specifically in semantics. Only formal semantics, according to Tugendhat, could answer the questions left open by Heidegger. Yet in doing this, Tugendhat discovered the latent "hermeneutic nature of analytic philosophy" its post-metaphysical dimension—in which "there are no facts, but only true propositions." What Tugendhat seeks to answer is this: What is the meaning of thought following the linguistic turn? Because of the rift between analytic and continental philosophers, very few studies have been written on Tugendhat, and he has been omitted altogether from several histories of philosophy. Now that these two schools have begun to reconcile, Tugendhat has become an example of a philosopher who, in the words of Richard Rorty, "built bridges between continents and between centuries." Tugendhat is known more for his philosophical turn than for his phenomenological studies or for his position within analytic philosophy, and this creates some confusion regarding his philosophical propensities. Is Tugendhat analytic or continental? Is he a follower of Wittgenstein or Heidegger? Does he belong in the culture of analysis or in that of tradition? Santiago Zabala presents Tugendhat as an example of merged horizons, promoting a philosophical historiography that is concerned more with dialogue and less with classification. In doing so, he places us squarely within a dialogic culture of the future and proves that any such labels impoverish philosophical research.

Twentieth-Century Analytic Philosophy

Author: Avrum Stroll

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231112211

Category: Philosophy

Page: 304

View: 4353

Avrum Stroll investigates the "family resemblances" between that impressive breed of thinkers known as analytic philosophers. In so doing, he grapples with the point and purpose of doing philosophy: What is philosophy? What are its tasks? What kind of information, illumination, and understanding is it supposed to provide if it is not one of the natural sciences?

Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century, Volume 2

The Age of Meaning

Author: Scott Soames

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691123127

Category: Philosophy

Page: 504

View: 6008

This is a major, wide-ranging history of analytic philosophy since 1900, told by one of the tradition's leading contemporary figures. The first volume takes the story from 1900 to mid-century. The second brings the history up to date. As Scott Soames tells it, the story of analytic philosophy is one of great but uneven progress, with leading thinkers making important advances toward solving the tradition's core problems. Though no broad philosophical position ever achieved lasting dominance, Soames argues that two methodological developments have, over time, remade the philosophical landscape. These are (1) analytic philosophers' hard-won success in understanding, and distinguishing the notions of logical truth, a priori truth, and necessary truth, and (2) gradual acceptance of the idea that philosophical speculation must be grounded in sound prephilosophical thought. Though Soames views this history in a positive light, he also illustrates the difficulties, false starts, and disappointments endured along the way. As he engages with the work of his predecessors and contemporaries--from Bertrand Russell and Ludwig Wittgenstein to Donald Davidson and Saul Kripke--he seeks to highlight their accomplishments while also pinpointing their shortcomings, especially where their perspectives were limited by an incomplete grasp of matters that have now become clear. Soames himself has been at the center of some of the tradition's most important debates, and throughout writes with exceptional ease about its often complex ideas. His gift for clear exposition makes the history as accessible to advanced undergraduates as it will be important to scholars. Despite its centrality to philosophy in the English-speaking world, the analytic tradition in philosophy has had very few synthetic histories. This will be the benchmark against which all future accounts will be measured.

Struktur und Sein

ein Theorierahmen für eine systematische Philosophie

Author: Lorenz Bruno Puntel

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161489631

Category: Philosophy

Page: 687

View: 4389

English summary: Lorenz B. Puntel presents a systematic philosophy that is understood as a theory of the most universal structures of the universe of discourse. It is based on two fundamental theses: firstly that all statements and all theories emerge only within theoretical frameworks, and secondly that the task of systematic philosophy is to articulate the dimension of structurality and then to put it into relation to a dimension of actuality, of being. The author explains the concept of the theoretical framework by concentrating on logic and mathematics, the philosophy of science, and the fundamental disciplines of semantics (including the theory of truth) and ontology. He does a thorough analysis of three types of fundamental structures: formal (logical and mathematical), semantic and ontological structures. German description: Lorenz B. Puntel bietet eine struktural-systematische Philosophie im Grundriss. Er halt an der grossen Idee der Philosophie als einer Konzeption des Ganzen der Wirklichkeit fest, prazisiert aber diese Idee, indem er die Philosophie als Theorie der allgemeinsten Strukturen des universe of discourse definiert. Zwei Grundgedanken sind fur die Entwicklung der so verstandenen Philosophie bestimmend: Der Gedanke, dass alle Aussagen bzw. alle einzelnen Theorien nur in einem Theorierahmen moglich sind, und der Gedanke, dass es darauf ankommt, die Dimension der Strukturalitat herauszuarbeiten und sie in Beziehung zur Dimension des Wirklichen (des Seins) zu setzen. Der Autor erlautert ausfuhrlich den auf R. Carnap zuruckgehende Begriff des Theorierahmens unter Beachtung der formalen Wissenschaften (Logik und Mathematik), der Wissenschaftstheorie, der Grunddisziplinen der Semantik (speziell der Wahrheitstheorie) und der Ontologie. Es werden drei Arten von fundamentalen Strukturen analysiert: die formalen (logischen und mathematischen), die semantischen und die ontologischen Strukturen. Eines der Ergebnisse dieser Untersuchungen ist eine neue semantische und ontologische Theorie.

Fashionable Nihilism

A Critique of Analytic Philosophy

Author: Bruce Wilshire

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791454299

Category: Philosophy

Page: 156

View: 5790

One of America's foremost philosophers reflects on the discipline and its relation to everyday life.

The Analytic Tradition in Philosophy, Volume 2

A New Vision

Author: Scott Soames

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400887925

Category: Philosophy

Page: 448

View: 4563

An in-depth history of the linguistic turn in analytic philosophy, from a leading philosopher of language This is the second of five volumes of a definitive history of analytic philosophy from the invention of modern logic in 1879 to the end of the twentieth century. Scott Soames, a leading philosopher of language and historian of analytic philosophy, provides the fullest and most detailed account of the analytic tradition yet published, one that is unmatched in its chronological range, topics covered, and depth of treatment. Focusing on the major milestones and distinguishing them from detours, Soames gives a seminal account of where the analytic tradition has been and where it appears to be heading. Volume 2 provides an intensive account of the new vision in analytical philosophy initiated by Ludwig Wittgenstein’s Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, its assimilation by the Vienna Circle of Moritz Schlick and Rudolf Carnap, and the subsequent flowering of logical empiricism. With this “linguistic turn,” philosophical analysis became philosophy itself, and the discipline’s stated aim was transformed from advancing philosophical theories to formalizing, systematizing, and unifying science. In addition to exploring the successes and failures of philosophers who pursued this vision, the book describes how the philosophically minded logicians Kurt Gödel, Alfred Tarski, Alonzo Church, and Alan Turing discovered the scope and limits of logic and developed the mathematical theory of computation that ushered in the digital era. The book’s account of this pivotal period closes with a searching examination of the struggle to preserve ethical normativity in a scientific age.

Analytic Philosophy and History of Philosophy

Author: Tom Sorell,Graham Alan John Rogers

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199278992

Category: Philosophy

Page: 229

View: 8255

How, then, can substantial history of philosophy find a place in analytic philosophy? If history of philosophy includes the respectful, intelligent use of writings from the past to address problems that are being debated in the current philosophical journals, then history of philosophy may well belong to analytic philosophy. But if history of philosophy is more than this; if it is concerned with interpreting and reinterpreting a certain canon, or perhaps making a case for extending this canon, its connection with analytic philosophy is less clear. More obscure still is the connection between analytic philosophy and a kind of history of philosophy that is unapologetically antiquarian. This is the kind of history of philosophy that emphasises the status of a philosophical text as one document among others from a faraway intellectual world, and that tries to acquaint us with that world in order to produce understanding of the document.

Analytic Philosophy

An Anthology

Author: A. P. Martinich,David Sosa

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9781444335705

Category: Philosophy

Page: 600

View: 1436

Featuring updates and the inclusion of nine new chapters, Analytic Philosophy: An Anthology, 2nd Edition offers a comprehensive and authoritative collection of the most influential readings in analytic philosophy written over the past hundred years. Features broad coverage of analytic philosophy, including such topics as ethics, methodology, and freedom and personal identity Focuses on classic or seminal articles that were especially influential or significant New articles in this edition include “Proof of an External World” by G. E. Moore, “Criteria, Defeasibility, and Knowledge” by John McDowell, “Sensations and Brain Processes” by J. J. C. Smart, selections from Sense and Sensibilia by J. L. Austin, “Other Bodies” by Tyler Burge, “Individualism and Supervenience” by Jerry Fodor, “Responsibility and Avoidability” by Roderick Chisholm, “Alternative Possibilities and Moral Responsibility” by Harry Frankfurt, and “Personal Identity” by Derek Parfit Offers diverse approaches to analytic philosophy by including readings from Austin, Wittgenstein, Quine, and Davidson

Die Grundlagen der Arithmetik

eine logisch-mathematische untersuchung über den begriff der zahl

Author: Gottlob Frege

Publisher: Georg Olms Verlag

ISBN: 9783487400280

Category:

Page: 119

View: 734

Was ist Philosophie?

Author: Giorgio Agamben

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104902852

Category: Philosophy

Page: 192

View: 4372

Der international bekannte Philosoph Giorgio Agamben beantwortet die Grundfrage der Philosophie Die Frage »Was ist Philosophie?« kann man erst spät stellen und nur mit Freunden erörtern. Giorgio Agamben umkreist sie daher in seinem Buch mit fünf emblematischen Essays zur Stimme, zum Sagbaren, zum Erfordernis, zum Proömium und zur Muse. Er verbindet archäologische Untersuchung und theoretische Reflexion und geht Fragen nach, wie das Konzept Sprache erfunden wurde, welchen Ort das Denken in der Stimme hat, was unter einer platonischen Idee zu verstehen ist und wie man das Verhältnis von Philosophie und (Natur-)Wissenschaft bestimmen muss. Am Ende wird das philosophische Schreiben – ein Problem, mit dem sich Agamben unausgesetzt beschäftigt hat – zum Präludium eines Werks, das ungeschrieben bleiben muss.

The Bloomsbury Companion to Analytic Philosophy

Author: Barry Dainton,Howard Robinson

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1474236480

Category: Philosophy

Page: 672

View: 4701

Featuring chapters on the latest developments in fifteen core subjects in analytic philosophy, The Bloomsbury Companion to Analytic Philosophy is an essential guide for all those working in the field today. Introducing its history and looking ahead to new research directions, this companion brings together a team of internationally renowned philosophers to explore the major concepts, thinkers and areas of inquiry in the analytic tradition With an extensive glossary, an annotated bibliography, a timeline of major events and publications, and a guide to further resources, this comprehensive companion is ideal for use on courses. Broken down into three parts, it covers: The history of analytic philosophy, from Frege, Moore and Russell to Wittgenstein, the Vienna Circle and beyond the more recent work of four influential American philosophers: Quine, Davidson, Putnam and Kripke Current analytic philosophy in action in subjects such as philosophy of mind and language, moral and political philosophy, metaphysics, epistemology and the philosophy of science, mathematics, perception, free will and personal identity Recent trends and developments such as the rise of specialisation and science, self-consciousness and analytic metaphysics Broaching the controversial question of what analytical philosophy is, explaining how it differs from Continental Philosophy and exploring the extent to which it in a state of crisis, The Bloomsbury Companion to Analytic Philosophy presents an authoritative introduction to the origins and future of Anglo-America's dominant philosophical tradition. Now available in paperback, this edition includes updated references and a chapter on Ethics and the problem of overdemandingnes.