Scientific Reflections on Earth's Waterways
Author: Sean W. Fleming
Publisher: Princeton University Press
The vital interconnections that rivers share with the land, the sky, and us Rivers are essential to civilization and even life itself, yet how many of us truly understand how they work? Why do rivers run where they do? Where do their waters actually come from? How can the same river flood one year and then dry up the next? Where the River Flows takes you on a majestic journey along the planet's waterways, providing a scientist's reflections on the vital interconnections that rivers share with the land, the sky, and us. Sean Fleming draws on examples ranging from common backyard creeks to powerful and evocative rivers like the Mississippi, Yangtze, Thames, and Congo. Each chapter looks at a particular aspect of rivers through the lens of applied physics, using abundant graphics and intuitive analogies to explore the surprising connections between watershed hydrology and the world around us. Fleming explains how river flows fluctuate like stock markets, what "digital rainbows" can tell us about climate change and its effects on water supply, how building virtual watersheds in silicon may help avoid the predicted water wars of the twenty-first century, and much more. Along the way, you will learn what some of the most exciting ideas in science—such as communications theory, fractals, and even artificial life—reveal about the life of rivers. Where the River Flows offers a new understanding of the profound interrelationships that rivers have with landscapes, ecosystems, and societies, and shows how startling new insights are possible when scientists are willing to think outside the disciplinary box.
The Upper Mississippi River-Illinois Waterway
Author: Division on Earth and Life Studies,Transportation Research Board
Publisher: National Academies Press
In 1988, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers began an investigation of the benefits and costs of extending several locks on the lower portion of the Upper Mississippi River-Illinois Waterway (UMR-IWW) in order to relieve increasing waterway congestion, particularly for grain moving to New Orleans for export. With passage of the Flood Control Act of 1936, Congress required that the Corps conduct a benefit-cost analysis as part of its water resources project planning; Congress will fund water resources projects only if a project's benefits exceed its costs. As economic analysis generally, and benefit-cost analysis in particular, has become more sophisticated, and as environmental and social considerations and analysis have become more important, Corps planning studies have grown in size and complexity. The difficulty in commensurating market and nonmarket costs and benefits also presents the Corps with a significant challenge. The Corps' analysis of the UMR-IWW has extended over a decade, has cost roughly $50 million, and has involved consultations with other federal agencies, state conservation agencies, and local citizens. The analysis has included many consultants and has produced dozens of reports. In February 2000, the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) requested that the National Academies review the Corps' final feasibility report. After discussions and negotiations with DOD, in April 2000 the National Academies launched this review and appointed an expert committee to carry it out.
Author: National Research Council,Transportation Research Board,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Water Science and Technology Board,Committee to Review the Corps of Engineers Restructured Upper Mississippi River-Illinois Waterway Feasibility Study
Publisher: National Academies Press
The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers has a long history of managing navigation, floods, and other water-related issues on the Upper Mississippi and Illinois Rivers. A recent chapter in that history is the problem of waterway congestion at several locks on the lower portion of the Upper Mississippi River. The Corps has studied this problem and its possible solutions since the late 1980s, producing a draft feasibility study in 2000 and an interim report on a restructured feasibility study in 2002. A committee was convened to review and provide advice on the most recent phase of the Corps' analytical efforts.
Flow and Reflection in American Literature
Author: T. S. McMillin
Publisher: University of Iowa Press
Category: Literary Criticism
In the continental United States, rivers serve to connect state to state, interior with exterior, the past to the present, but they also divide places and peoples from one another. These connections and divisions have given rise to a diverse body of literature that explores American nature, ranging from travel accounts of seventeenth-century Puritan colonists to magazine articles by twenty-first-century enthusiasts of extreme sports. Using pivotal American writings to determine both what literature can tell us about rivers and, conversely, how rivers help us think about the nature of literature, The Meaning of Rivers introduces readers to the rich world of flowing water and some of the different ways in which American writers have used rivers to understand the world through which these waters flow. Embracing a hybrid, essayistic form—part literary theory, part cultural history, and part fieldwork—The Meaning of Rivers connects the humanities to other disciplines and scholarly work to the land. Whether developing a theory of palindromes or reading works of American literature as varied as Henry David Thoreau's A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers and James Dickey’s Deliverance, McMillin urges readers toward a transcendental retracing of their own interpretive encounters. The nature of texts and the nature of “nature” require diverse and versatile interpretation; interpretation requires not only depth and concentration but also imaginative thinking, broad-mindedness, and engaged connection-making. By taking us upstream as well as down, McMillin draws attention to the potential of rivers for improving our sense of place and time.
Eine Tiefengeschichte der frühesten Staaten
Author: James C. Scott
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
Category: Social Science
Uns modernen Menschen erscheint die Sesshaftigkeit so natürlich wie dem Fisch das Wasser. Wie selbstverständlich gehen wir und auch weite Teile der historischen Forschung davon aus, dass die neolithische Revolution, in deren Verlauf der Mensch seine nomadische Existenz aufgab und zum Ackerbauer und Viehzüchter wurde, ein bedeutender zivilisatorischer Fortschritt war, dessen Früchte wir noch heute genießen. James C. Scott erzählt in seinem provokanten Buch eine ganz andere Geschichte. Gestützt auf archäologische Befunde, entwickelt er die These, dass die ersten bäuerlichen Staaten aus der Kontrolle über die Reproduktion entstanden und ein hartes Regime der Domestizierung errichteten, nicht nur mit Blick auf Pflanzen und Tiere. Auch die Bürger samt ihrer Sklaven und Frauen wurden der Herrschaft dieser frühesten Staaten unterworfen. Sie brachte Strapazen, Epidemien, Ungleichheiten und Kriege mit sich. Einzig die »Barbaren« haben sich gegen die Mühlen der Zivilisation gestemmt, sich der Sesshaftigkeit und den neuen Besteuerungssystemen verweigert und damit der Unterordnung unter eine staatliche Macht. Sie sind die heimlichen Helden dieses Buches, das unseren Blick auf die Menschheitsgeschichte verändert.
In v.1-8 the final number consists of the Commencement annual.
Understanding Transboundary Water Conflict, Negotiation and Cooperation Second
Author: Ariel Dinar,Shlomi Dinar,Stephen McCaffrey,Daene McKinney
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
Category: Political Science
Bridges over Water places the study of transboundary water conflicts, negotiation, and cooperation in the context of various disciplines, such as international relations, international law, international negotiations, and economics. It demonstrates their application, using various quantitative approaches, such as river basin modeling, quantitative negotiation theory, and game theory. Case-studies of particular transboundary river basins, lakes, and aquifers are also considered. This second edition updates the literature on international water and in-depth analyses on political developments and cooperation between riparian states. With an appended chapter on principles and practices of negotiation, and a new case study on the La Plata Basin, this edition is a timely update to the field of transboundary water studies.
The Structure and Function of Running Waters
Author: J. David Allan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This text emphasizes the ecological processes that influence community organization and ecosystem function in running waters. After providing an introduction to the physical and chemical circumstances of running water, there is an analysis of the biology and ecology of these systems, covering the following topics: the ecological role of autotrophic and heterotrophic energy producers; the trophic ecology of consumer organisms in lotic food webs; the community ecology of flowing waters, including herbivory, predation and competition, and their integration with abiotic factors in determining community organization; downstream drift; the dynamics of organic matter and of elements, including the concepts of mass balance and spiralling; the effects of humans on river systems; management and conservation of rivers and their biota.
proceedings, history, regional development, technology, a look ahead
Author: U.S. Army Engineer Institute for Water Resources
Category: Inland navigation
Proceedings on the History and Evolution of U.S. Waterways and Ports
Governing the Mobile Symmetries of Animals and Machines
Author: James H. Bunn
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
The Natural Law of Cycles assembles scientific work from different disciplines to show how research on angular momentum and rotational symmetry can be used to develop a law of energy cycles as a local and global influence. Angular momentum regulates small-scale rotational cycles such as the swimming of fish in water, the running of animals on land, and the flight of birds in air. Also, it regulates large-scale rotation cycles such as global currents of wind and water. James H. Bunn introduces concepts of symmetry, balance, and angular momentum, showing how together they shape the mobile symmetries of animals. Chapter 1 studies the configurations of animals as they move in a head-first direction. Chapter 2 shows how sea animals follow currents and tides generated by the rotational cycles of the earth. In chapter 3, Bunn explores the biomechanical pace of walking as a partial cycle of rotating limbs. On a large scale, angular momentum governs balanced shifts in plate tectonics. Chapter 4 begins with an examination of rotational wind patterns in terms of the counter-balancing forces of angular momentum. The author shows how these winds augment the flights of birds during migrations. A final chapter centers on the conservation of energy as the most basic principle of science. Bunn argues that in the nineteenth century the unity of nature was seen in the emergent concept of energy, not matter, as the source of power, including the movements of animals and machines. In each chapter Bunn features environmental writers who celebrate mobile symmetries. This book will interest students, naturalists, and advocates of the environmental movement.
Reflections on Australia
Author: Ian Lowe
Publisher: Univ. of Queensland Press
Can civilization survive the 21st century? Professor Ian Lowe, author, pre-eminent scientist and president of the Australian Conservation Foundation, thinks we have a chance--but we have to act now, and not just on global warming. Here, collected for the first time, are Lowe's views on topics that concern all Australians--the environment, culture, science, politics, education, technology and the economy, along with new pieces on Australia's outlook this century. Written in Lowe's accessible and engaging style, this collection of essays and opinion pieces is a resource for change based on common sense rather than fear-mongering. Informative, challenging and incisive, A Voice of Reason: Reflections on Australia will inspire you to make a difference.
Author: Anton J. Schleiss,Giovanni de Cesare,Mario J. Franca,Michael Pfister
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
The behaviour of river systems is a result of the complex interaction between flow, sediments, morphology and habitats. Furthermore, rivers are often used as a source of water supply and energy production as well as a waterway for transportation. The main challenge faced by river engineers today, in collaboration with environmental and ecological scientists, is to restore the channelized rivers under the constraints of high urbanization and limited space, as well as sustainable water use. During the seventh International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics “River Flow 2014” at École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland, scientists and professionals from all over the world addressed this challenge and exchanged their knowledge regarding fluvial hydraulics and river morphology. This book comprises the proceedings of the high quality contributions of the participants, which reflect the state-of-the-art in the fields of river hydrodynamics, morphodynamics, sediment transport, river engineering and restoration. The conference was organized under the auspices of the Committee on Fluvial Hydraulics of the International Association for Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research (IAHR). Past River Flow conferences have witnessed a significant increase in participation of our community of river engineers and researchers, confirming the need for such a forum.
Author: Mark Twain
Publisher: nexx verlag gmbh
»Leben auf dem Mississippi«, der 1883 erschienene, autobiographische Bericht beschreibt Mark Twains Leben als Lotse von 1857 bis 1861 auf verschiedenen Mississippi-Dampfern und das bunte, abenteuerliche Leben auf dem Fluss. »Nach dem fernen Westen« schildert seine Erlebnisse und Eindrücke, die er während einer zwanzigtägigen Fahrt mit der Postkutsche von St. Joseph nach Carson City, Nevadas Hauptstadt, erlebte.
Proceedings of the 3rd Technical Conference on Hydraulic Engineering (CHE 2014), Hong Kong, 13-14 December 2014
Author: Liquan Xie
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
Hydraulic research is developing beyond the borders of traditional civil engineering to meet increasing demands in natural hazards, structural safety assessment and also environmental research. Hydraulic Engineering III contains 62 technical papers from the 3rd Technical Conference on Hydraulic Engineering (CHE 2014, Hong Kong, 13-14 December 2014), including the 2014 Structural and Civil Engineering Workshop (SCEW 2014) and the 4th Workshop on Environment and Safety Engineering (WESE 2014). The contributions reflect recent advances, discuss problems and identify challenges associated with engineering applications in hydraulic engineering, and showcase recent developments in the areas of hydraulic engineering and environmental engineering, and other related fields. Hydraulic Engineering III includes a wide variety of topics: hydraulic engineering (river engineering and sediment transport, waterway engineering, flood hazards and innovative control measures, geotechnical aspects in hydraulic engineering, rainfall modelling, water resources and water treatment, hydraulic structures, modelling technology in hydraulic engineering), structural and civil engineering (mechanics in engineering, and new structural advances such as reinforced concrete beam by high titanium blast furnace slag), and environmental issues (environmental fluid dynamics, environmental hydraulics and hydrology, and the environmental prediction and control techniques in waste and pollution, water pollution and ecosystem degradation, coastal engineering). Hydraulic Engineering III will be invaluable to academics and professionals in both hydraulic and environmental engineering.
Category: Sanitary engineering
Environment, Politics, People
Category: Conservation of natural resources
Ocean technology, policy and non-living resources
Category: Aquatic biology
Author: Rachel Carson
Der stumme Frühling erschien erstmals 1962. Der Titel bezieht sich auf das eingangs erzählte Märchen von der blühenden Stadt, in der sich eine seltsame, schleichende Seuche ausbreitet … Das spannend geschriebene Sachbuch wirkte bei seinem Erscheinen wie ein Alarmsignal und avancierte rasch zur Bibel der damals entstehendenÖkologie-Bewegung. ZumerstenMal wurde hier in eindringlichem Appell die Fragwürdigkeit des chemischen Pflanzenschutzes dargelegt. An einer Fülle von Tatsachen machte Rachel Carson seine schädlichen Auswirkungen auf die Natur und die Menschen deutlich. Ihre Warnungen haben seither nichts von ihrer Aktualität verloren.