White Sports/Black Sports: Racial Disparities in Athletic Programs

Racial Disparities in Athletic Programs

Author: Lori Latrice Martin Ph.D.

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440800545

Category: Social Science

Page: 209

View: 3965

The racial makeup of sports in the United States serves as a classic example of racism in the 21st century. This book examines the racial disparities in sports and the continuing significance of race in 21st-century America, debunking the myth of a "postracial society." • Examines how race and sports are powerful social constructions • Presents examples of how sports can serve as both a liberating and an oppressive force • Explains how sports influence and are influenced by society and the ways in which institutional barriers and personal practices perpetuate racism in sports and in the society at large • Documents how historic racial stereotypes, such as the "brute" and "sapphire" caricatures, are alive and well in the world of sports

Out in Sport

The experiences of openly gay and lesbian athletes in competitive sport

Author: Eric Anderson,Rory Magrath,Rachael Bullingham

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317295412

Category: Social Science

Page: 186

View: 7675

Research has shown that since the turn of the millennia, matters have rapidly improved for gays and lesbians in sport. Where gay and lesbian athletes were merely tolerated a decade ago, today they are celebrated. This book represents the most comprehensive examination of the experiences of gays and lesbians in sport ever produced. Drawing on interviews with openly gay and lesbian athletes in the US and the UK, as well as media accounts, the book examines the experiences of ‘out’ men and women, at recreational, high school, university and professional levels, in addition to those competing in gay sports leagues. Offering a new approach to understanding this important topic, Out in Sport is essential reading for students and scholars of sport studies, LGBT studies and sociology, as well as sports practitioners and trainers.

The Race Controversy in American Education [2 volumes]

Author: Lillian Dowdell Drakeford Ph.D.

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440832641

Category: Social Science

Page: 833

View: 2993

In this unique two-volume work, expert scholars and practitioners examine race and racism in public education, tackling controversial educational issues such as the school-to-prison pipeline, charter schools, school funding, affirmative action, and racialized curircula. • Provides essays that are subjective and passionate yet grounded in scholarship and practical experience • Challenges assumptions about the roles race and racism play in educational policy and decision making • Offers ideas, strategies, and solutions aimed at decreasing racial inequality in public education • Addresses concerns related to a variety of historically marginalized student populations, including teen mothers, students with special needs, and immigrant populations • Examines global concerns associated with race, racism, and anti-racist pedagogy

Racism in American Popular Media: From Aunt Jemima to the Frito Bandito

From Aunt Jemima to the Frito Bandito

Author: Brian D. Behnken,Gregory D. Smithers

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440829772

Category: Social Science

Page: 146

View: 2190

This book examines how the media—including advertising, motion pictures, cartoons, and popular fiction—has used racist images and stereotypes as marketing tools that malign and debase African Americans, Latinos, American Indians, and Asian Americans in the United States. • Addresses the current and important subject of how the powerful and pervasive messages in the media communicate and reinforce common racial stereotypes about people of color to vast audiences—especially children • Examines popular depictions of people of color going back to the 1880s and details how those depictions have changed • Explores "fun" subject matter that student readers find interesting—pop culture and how it shapes our daily experiences—with an analytical, critical edge

Consumer Equality: Race and the American Marketplace

Race and the American Marketplace

Author: Geraldine Rosa Henderson,Anne-Marie Hakstian,Jerome D. Williams

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 144083377X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 194

View: 3277

This book provides a vivid examination of the issue of consumer inequality in America—one of society's most under-discussed and critical issues—through the evaluation of real-life cases, the trend of consumers suing companies for discrimination, and the application of novel frameworks to establish legitimate consumer equality. • Provides insights from three of the recognized leading authorities in the field who have collaborated extensively in conducting research on marketplace discrimination • Considers a wide array of lawsuits that document the growing trend of consumers taking companies to court for discrimination and examines the results of these legal cases to draw conclusions that will interest attorneys for plaintiffs and defendants in marketplace discrimination cases, consumer advocates, and public policymakers responsible for amending legislation to address issues of marketplace discrimination • Analyzes national crime reporting databases to gain insight into how law enforcement in the marketplace impacts various racial-ethnic communities

How Racism and Sexism Killed Traditional Media: Why the Future of Journalism Depends on Women and People of Color

Why the Future of Journalism Depends on Women and People of Color

Author: Joshunda Sanders

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440830827

Category: Social Science

Page: 186

View: 831

An evaluative examination that challenges the media to rise above the systematic racism and sexism that persists across all channels, despite efforts to integrate. • Gives a thorough background on the history of minority-produced media • Highlights ideas for improving hiring practices and coverage for minorities • Identifies the growing number of news consumers who are people of color • Provides a chronology of diversity efforts in legacy newsrooms • Includes material derived from interviews with experts like Dori J. Maynard with the Maynard Institute for Journalism Education and veteran journalists like Ellis Cose and Danyel Smith

Sex Segregation in Sports: Why Separate Is Not Equal

Why Separate Is Not Equal

Author: Adrienne N. Milner,Jomills Henry Braddock II

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440838119

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 208

View: 4709

Why isn't segregation based on sex illegal in sports just as race segregation is? This book examines the controversial issue, arguing that "separate but equal" is neither achievable nor constitutional. • Features both current and historical events to support the argument for sex integration in sports • Examines how sex and race are social constructions and considers their connected plights • Presents both legal and social arguments for the elimination of sports-related sex segregation • Challenges legal, biological, and social arguments against sex integration • Analyzes the legal nuances of Title IX legislation and Brown vs. Board of Education and compares the two cases

When Race, Religion, and Sport Collide

Black Athletes at BYU and Beyond

Author: Darron T. Smith

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442217901

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 230

View: 8521

This book tells the story of Brandon Davies’ dismissal from BYU’s NCAA playoff basketball team to illustrate the thorny intersection of religion, race, and sport in college athletics. Weaving together the history of black athletes and the black Mormon experience, the book offers a powerful analysis of the challenges facing black athletes today.

Pay to Play: Race and the Perils of the College Sports Industrial Complex

Author: Lori Latrice Martin Ph.D.,Kenneth J. Fasching-Varner Ph.D.,Nicholas D. Hartlep Ph.D.

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440843163

Category: Social Science

Page: 207

View: 608

This book advances the debate about paying "student" athletes in big-time college sports by directly addressing the red-hot role of race in college sports. It concludes by suggesting a remedy to positively transform college sports. • Examines the longstanding controversy regarding whether colleges must "pay to play" when it comes to being competitive in high-profile sports and how this debate intersects with perceptions of race • Suggests a remedy for transforming big-time college sports that can simultaneously benefit colleges and universities, non-revenue generating sports, elite college athletes, and professional sports teams • Presents provocative and insightful information for scholars and students in the fields of sociology, kinesiology, education, gender studies, black history, sports management, urban studies, communications, and labor relations as well as for current athletes, former athletes, and fans of college sports

Scandals in College Sports

Author: Shaun R. Harper,Jamel K. Donnor

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317569415

Category: Education

Page: 254

View: 5584

This timely book highlights the impact that sports have on institutions of higher education and guides college leaders and educators in informed discussions of policy and practice. Scandals in College Sports includes 21 classic and contemporary case studies and ethical dilemmas showcasing challenges that threatened the integrity and credibility of intercollegiate sports programs at a range of institutional types across the country. Cases cover NCAA policy violations and ethical dilemmas involving student-athletes, coaches, and other stakeholders, including scandals of academic misconduct, illegal recruiting practices, sexual assault, inappropriate sexual relationships, hazing, concussions, and point shaving. Each chapter author explores the details of the specific case, presents the dilemma in a broader sociocultural context, and ultimately offers an alternative ending to help guide future practice.

The New Plantation

Black Athletes, College Sports, and Predominantly White NCAA Institutions

Author: Billy Hawkins

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 1137357002

Category: Education

Page: 260

View: 5252

The New Plantation examines the controversial relationship between predominantly White NCAA Division I Institutions (PWI's) and black athletes, utilizing an internal colonial model.

Black and Blue

The Origins and Consequences of Medical Racism

Author: J. Hoberman

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520274016

Category: Social Science

Page: 293

View: 8003

Black & Blue is the first systematic description of how American doctors think about racial differences and how this kind of thinking affects the treatment of their black patients. The standard studies of medical racism examine past medical abuses of black people and do not address the racially motivated thinking and behaviors of physicians practicing medicine today. Black & Blue penetrates the physician’s private sphere where racial fantasies and misinformation distort diagnoses and treatments. Doctors have always absorbed the racial stereotypes and folkloric beliefs about racial differences that permeate the general population. Within the world of medicine this racial folklore has infiltrated all of the medical sub-disciplines, from cardiology to gynecology to psychiatry. Doctors have thus imposed white or black racial identities upon every organ system of the human body, along with racial interpretations of black children, the black elderly, the black athlete, black musicality, black pain thresholds, and other aspects of black minds and bodies. The American medical establishment does not readily absorb either historical or current information about medical racism. For this reason, racial enlightenment will not reach medical schools until the current race-aversive curricula include new historical and sociological perspectives.

The New Plantation

Black Athletes, College Sports, and Predominantly White NCAA Institutions

Author: B. Hawkins

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 023010553X

Category: Education

Page: 238

View: 2564

The New Plantation examines the controversial relationship between predominantly White NCAA Division I Institutions (PWI s) and black athletes, utilizing an internal colonial model. It provides a much-needed in-depth analysis to fully comprehend the magnitude of the forces at work that impact black athletes experiences at PWI s. Hawkins provides a conceptual framework for understanding the structural arrangements of PWI s and how they present challenges to Black athletes academic success; yet, challenges some have overcome and gone on to successful careers, while many have succumbed to these prevailing structural arrangements and have not benefited accordingly. The work is a call for academic reform, collective accountability from the communities that bear the burden of nurturing this athletic talent and the institutions that benefit from it, and collective consciousness to the Black male athletes that make of the largest percentage of athletes who generate the most revenue for the NCAA and its member institutions. Its hope is to promote a balanced exchange in the athletic services rendered and the educational services received.

Racism without Racists

Color-Blind Racism and the Persistence of Racial Inequality in America

Author: Eduardo Bonilla-Silva

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 144227624X

Category: Social Science

Page: 376

View: 8154

Eduardo Bonilla-Silva’s acclaimed Racism without Racists is a provocative book that explodes the belief that America is now a color-blind society. The fifth edition includes a new chapter addressing what readers can do to confront racism, new material on the racial climate post-Obama, new coverage of the Black Lives Matter movement, and more.

Citizen

An American Lyric

Author: Claudia Rankine

Publisher: Graywolf Press

ISBN: 1555973485

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 160

View: 6426

* Finalist for the National Book Award in Poetry * * Winner of the National Book Critics Circle Award in Poetry * Finalist for the National Book Critics Circle Award in Criticism * Winner of the NAACP Image Award * Winner of the L.A. Times Book Prize * Winner of the PEN Open Book Award * ONE OF THE BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR: The New Yorker, Boston Globe, The Atlantic, BuzzFeed, NPR. Los Angeles Times, Publishers Weekly, Slate, Time Out New York, Vulture, Refinery 29, and many more . . . A provocative meditation on race, Claudia Rankine's long-awaited follow up to her groundbreaking book Don't Let Me Be Lonely: An American Lyric. Claudia Rankine's bold new book recounts mounting racial aggressions in ongoing encounters in twenty-first-century daily life and in the media. Some of these encounters are slights, seeming slips of the tongue, and some are intentional offensives in the classroom, at the supermarket, at home, on the tennis court with Serena Williams and the soccer field with Zinedine Zidane, online, on TV-everywhere, all the time. The accumulative stresses come to bear on a person's ability to speak, perform, and stay alive. Our addressability is tied to the state of our belonging, Rankine argues, as are our assumptions and expectations of citizenship. In essay, image, and poetry, Citizen is a powerful testament to the individual and collective effects of racism in our contemporary, often named "post-race" society.

Race, Wrongs, and Remedies

Group Justice in the 21st Century

Author: Amy L. Wax

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 1442200278

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 8803

Black Americans continue to lag behind on many measures of social and economic well-being. Conventional wisdom holds that these inequalities can only be eliminated by eradicating racism and providing well-funded social programs. In Race, Wrongs, and Remedies, Amy L. Wax applies concepts from the law of remedies to show that the conventional wisdom is mistaken. She argues that effectively addressing today's persistent racial disparities requires dispelling the confusion surrounding blacks' own role in achieving equality. The evidence overwhelmingly suggests that discrimination against blacks has dramatically abated. The most important factors now impeding black progress are behavioral: low educational attainment, poor socialization and work habits, drug use, criminality, paternal abandonment, and non-marital childbearing. Although these maladaptive patterns are largely the outgrowth of past discrimination and oppression, they now largely resist correction by government programs or outside interventions. Wax asserts that the black community must solve these problems from within. Self-help, changed habits, and a new cultural outlook are, in fact, the only effective tactics for eliminating the present vestiges of our nation's racist past. Published in cooperation with the Hoover Institution

Out of Bounds: Racism and the Black Athlete

Author: Lori Latrice Martin Ph.D.

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313399387

Category: Social Science

Page: 322

View: 3430

This collection of essays highlights the controversies surrounding racism in sports and African American athletes, examining the racial discrimination that exists in one of the most public arenas in the 21st century. • Enables readers to comprehend how sports influence—and are influenced by—society, and grasp that both race and sports are powerful social constructions • Contains contributions from sociologist and social theorist Joe Feagin, a highly respected authority on the subject of race • Identifies and discusses the institutional barriers and personal practices regarding African Americans that perpetuate racism in sports and our society at large

Blacks and Whites in Christian America

How Racial Discrimination Shapes Religious Convictions

Author: Jason E. Shelton,Michael O. O. Emerson

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814722784

Category: Social Science

Page: 290

View: 7492

2012 Winner of the C. Calvin Smith Award presented by the Southern Conference on African American Studies, Inc. 2014 Honorable Mention for the Distinguished Book Award presented by the American Sociological Association's Sociology of Religion Section Conventional wisdom holds that Christians, as members of a “universal” religion, all believe more or less the same things when it comes to their faith. Yet black and white Christians differ in significant ways, from their frequency of praying or attending services to whether they regularly read the Bible or believe in Heaven or Hell. In this engaging and accessible sociological study of white and black Christian beliefs, Jason E. Shelton and Michael O. Emerson push beyond establishing that there are racial differences in belief and practice among members of American Protestantism to explore why those differences exist. Drawing on the most comprehensive and systematic empirical analysis of African American religious actions and beliefs to date, they delineate five building blocks of black Protestant faith which have emerged from the particular dynamics of American race relations. Shelton and Emerson find that America’s history of racial oppression has had a deep and fundamental effect on the religious beliefs and practices of blacks and whites across America.

Black Males and Intercollegiate Athletics

An Exploration of Problems and Solutions

Author: James L. Moore III,Robert A. Bennett III,David L. Graham,Samuel R. Hodge

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1784413933

Category: Education

Page: 348

View: 856

This volume focuses on the issues African American males face not only as participants in athletic competition as student-athletes but also as coaches, administrators, and academic support staff. It will serve as a valuable resource for educational policy makers, especially athletic association personnel (i.e. NCAA), and other constituents.

Separate Games

African American Sport behind the Walls of Segregation

Author: David K. Wiggins,Ryan Swanson

Publisher: University of Arkansas Press

ISBN: 1610756002

Category: History

Page: 310

View: 1327

Winner of the 2017 NASSH Book Award for best edited collection. The hardening of racial lines during the first half of the twentieth century eliminated almost all African Americans from white organized sports, forcing black athletes to form their own teams, organizations, and events. This separate sporting culture, explored in the twelve essays included here, comprised much more than athletic competition; these “separate games” provided examples of black enterprise and black self-help and showed the importance of agency and the quest for racial uplift in a country fraught with racialist thinking and discrimination. The significance of this sporting culture is vividly showcased in the stories of the Cuban Giants baseball team, basketball’s New York Renaissance Five, the Tennessee State Tigerbelles track-and-field team, black college football’s Turkey Bowl Classic, car racing’s Gold and Glory Sweepstakes, Negro League Baseball’s East-West All-Star game, and many more. These teams, organizations, and events made up a vibrant national sporting complex that remained in existence until the integration of sports beginning in the late 1940s. Separate Games explores the fascinating ways sports helped bind the black community and illuminate race pride, business acumen, and organizational abilities.