Who Decides the Budget?

A Political Economy Analysis of the Budget Process in Latin America

Author: Carlos G. Scartascini,Ernesto Stein

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9781597820899

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 5719

The budget is the main tool used to allocate scarce public resources, and it is in the context of the budget process that politicians must make trade-offs between different policy priorities. This volume describes the budget practices, both formal and informal, in ten countries of Latin America and explains fiscal results in terms of these four features.

Who Decides the Budget?

A Political Economy Analysis of the Budget Process in Latin America

Author: Carlos G. Scartascini,Ernesto Stein

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9781597820899

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 2956

The budget is the main tool used to allocate scarce public resources, and it is in the context of the budget process that politicians must make trade-offs between different policy priorities. This volume describes the budget practices, both formal and informal, in ten countries of Latin America and explains fiscal results in terms of these four features.

Institutions and public agricultural investments

A qualitative study of state and local government spending in Nigeria

Author: Mogues, Tewodaj,Olofinbiyi, Tolulope

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 27

View: 5112

This paper makes a contribution to this literature by drawing on the framework of actor-centered institutionalism (Scharpf 1997) to empirically examine how political and budget institutions affect the incentives of actors involved in the public agricultural finance process, structures the interactions between them, and ultimately shapes expenditure allocations

The Politics of Policies

Author: Ernesto Stein

Publisher: IDB

ISBN: 9781597820103

Category: History

Page: 290

View: 2818

This study analyzes how the workings of the policymaking process affect the quality of policy outcomes. It looks beyond a purely technocratic approach, arguing that the political and policymaking processes are inseparable. It offers a wide variety of examples and case studies, and yields useful insights for the design of effective policy reform.

The Oxford Handbook of Latin American Political Economy

Author: Javier Santiso,Jeff Dayton-Johnson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199909245

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 648

View: 2334

Latin America's recent development performance calls for a multidisciplinary analytical tool kit. This handbook accordingly adopts a political-economy perspective to understand Latin American economies. This perspective is not new to the region; indeed, this volume consciously follows the approach pioneered by political economist Albert O. Hirschman a half century ago. But the nature of the political and economic processes at work in Latin America has changed dramatically since Hirschman's critical contribution. Military dictatorships have given way to an uneven democratic consolidation; agricultural or primary-product producers have transformed into middle-income, diversified economies, some of which are leading examples of emerging markets. So, too, the tools of political-economy have developed by leaps and bounds. It is therefore worthwhile to take stock of, and considerably extend, the explosion of recent scholarship on the two-way interaction between political processes and economic performance. A unique feature of the book is that it begins with a group of chapters written by high-level academic experts on Latin American economics and policies who also happen to be current or past economic policy makers in the region, including Fernando Henrique Cardoso (former president of Brazil), Andr?s Velasco (former Chilean finance minister), Luis Carranza (former Peruvian finance minister), Mart?n Redrado (former governor of the Argentina central bank) and Luciano Coutinho (president of Brazil's national development bank). These contributors draw upon their academic expertise to understand their experience in the trenches of policy making.

Policymaking in Latin America

How Politics Shapes Policies

Author: Ernesto Stein,Mariano Tommasi,Carlos G. Scartascini,Pablo Tomas Spiller

Publisher: Harvard Univ David Rockefeller

ISBN: 9781597820615

Category: History

Page: 500

View: 4368

Political institutions, policymaking, and policy: an introduction / Pablo T. Spiller, Ernesto Stein, and Mariano Tommasi -- Who's who in the PMP: an overview of actors, incentives, and the roles they play / Carlos Scartascini -- Political institutions, policymaking processes, and policy outcomes in Argentina / Pablo T. Spiller and Mariano Tommasi -- On the road to good governance: recovering from economic and political shocks in Brazil / Lee J. Alston ... [et. al] -- Political institutions, policymaking processes, and policy outcomes in Chile / Cristóbal Aninat ... [et. al] -- Political institutions and policy outcomes in Colombia: the effects of the 1991 constitution / Mauricio Cárdenas, Roberto Junguito, Mónica Pachòn -- Veto players, fickle institutions, and low-quality policies: the policymaking process in Ecuador / Andrés Mejia Acosta ... [et. al] -- Policymaking in Mexico under one-party hegemony and divided government / Fabrice Lehoucq ... [et. al] -- Political institutions, policymaking processes, and policy outcomes in Paraguay / José Molinas ... [et. al] -- Political institutions and policymaking in Venezuela: the rise and collapse of political cooperation / Francisco Monaldi ... [et. al].

Rents to Riches?

The Political Economy of Natural Resource-Led Development

Author: Naazneen Barma,Kai Kaiser,Tuan Minh Le

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821384805

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 276

View: 2497

Rents to Riches> focuses on the political economy of the detailed decisions that governments make at each step of the natural resource management (NRM) value chain. Many resource-dependent developing countries pursue seemingly shortsighted and suboptimal policies when extracting, taxing, and investing resource rents. The book contextualizes these micro-level outcomes with an emphasis on two central political economy dimensions: the degree to which governments can make credible intertemporal commitments to both resource developers and citizens, and the degree to which governments and inclined to turn resource rents into public goods. Almost 1.5 billion people live in the more than 50 World Bank client countries classified as resource-dependent. A detailed understanding of the way political economy characteristics affect the NRM decisions made in these countries by governments, extractive developers, and society can improve the design of interventions to support welfare-enhancing policy making and governance in the natural resource sectors. Featuring case study work from Africa (Angola, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana, Niger, Nigeria), East Asia and Pacific (the Lao People's Democratic Republic, Mongolia, Timor-Leste), and Latin America and the Caribbean (Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador, Mexico, Trinidad an dTobago_, the book provides guidance for government clients, domestic stakeholders, and development partners committed to transforming natural resource into sustainable development riches.

Inflation Targeting and Fiscal Rules: Do Interactions and Sequencing Matter?

Author: Jean-Louis Combes,Mr. Xavier Debrun,Alexandru Minea,Rene Tapsoba

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 1498300006

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 36

View: 4512

The paper examines the joint impact of inflation targeting (IT) and fiscal rules (FR) on fiscal behavior and inflation in a broad panel of advanced and developing economies over the period 1990-2009. The main contribution of the paper is to show that, as suggested by the theoretical literature, interactions between FR and IT matter a great deal for policy outcomes. Specifically, the combination of FR and IT appears to deliver more disciplined macroeconomic policies than each of these institutions in isolation. In addition, the sequencing of the monetary and fiscal reforms plays a role: adopting FR before IT delivers stronger results than the reverse sequence.

Routledge Handbook of Latin American Politics

Author: Peter Kingstone,Deborah J. Yashar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135280304

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 632

View: 5720

Latin America has been one of the critical areas in the study of comparative politics. The region’s experiments with installing and deepening democracy and promoting alternative modes of economic development have generated intriguing and enduring empirical puzzles. In turn, Latin America’s challenges continue to spawn original and vital work on central questions in comparative politics: about the origins of democracy; about the relationship between state and society; about the nature of citizenship; about the balance between state and market. The richness and diversity of the study of Latin American politics makes it hard to stay abreast of the developments in the many sub-literatures of the field. The Routledge Handbook of Latin American Politics offers an intellectually rigorous overview of the state of the field and a thoughtful guide to the direction of future scholarship. Kingstone and Yashar bring together the leading figures in the study of Latin America to present extensive empirical coverage, new original research, and a cutting-edge examination of the central areas of inquiry in the region.

The State of State Reforms in Latin America

Author: Eduardo Lora

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821365762

Category: Political Science

Page: 470

View: 9175

Latin America suffered a profound state crisis in the 1980s, which prompted not only the wave of macroeconomic and deregulation reforms known as the Washington Consensus, but also a wide variety of institutional or 'second generation' reforms. 'The State of State Reform in Latin America' reviews and assesses the outcomes of these less studied institutional reforms. This book examines four major areas of institutional reform: a. political institutions and the state organization; b. fiscal institutions, such as budget, tax and decentralization institutions; c. public institutions in charge of sectoral economic policies (financial, industrial, and infrastructure); and d. social sector institutions (pensions, social protection, and education). In each of these areas, the authors summarize the reform objectives, describe and measure their scope, assess the main outcomes, and identify the obstacles for implementation, especially those of an institutional nature.

Is Geography Destiny?

Lessons from Latin America

Author: John Luke Gallup,Alejandro Gaviria,Eduardo Lora

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821383671

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 186

View: 1286

For decades, the prevailing sentiment was that, since geography is unchangeable, there is no reason why public policies should take it into account. In fact, charges that geographic interpretations of development were deterministic, or even racist, made the subject a virtual taboo in academic and policymaking circles alike. 'Is Geography Destiny?' challenges that premise and joins a growing body of literature studying the links between geography and development. Focusing on Latin America, the book argues that based on a better understanding of geography, public policy can help control or channel its influence toward the goals of economic and social development.

Democracies in Development

Politics and Reform in Latin America

Author: J. Mark Payne,Inter-American Development Bank

Publisher: IDB

ISBN: 1931003319

Category: Political Science

Page: 339

View: 7877

The spread of democracy over the past two decades in Latin America has contributed significantly to ensuring fundamental political freedom, civil liberties and human rights. Democracies in Development -- published in cooperation with the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance -- makes it clear that a legitimate and effective democracy is also essential for sustainable economic and social development. The book analyzes the effects of institutions on democratic systems, identifies regional trends in democratic reform, and assesses efforts to enhance governance. Chapters focus on the quality of democratic politics; citizen support for democracy and electoral participation; presidential democracy; political party systems; the balance of power between the executive and legislature; the authority of accountability agencies; and mechanisms to facilitate more direct citizen participation. Appendices outline the institutional structures of the region's democracies and examine voter turnout since 1978. The accompanying CD-ROM features country-by-country election results for presidential and legislative elections. International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance

Regional Public Goods

From Theory to Practice

Author: Antoni Estevadeordal,Brian Frantz,Tam Robert Nguyen

Publisher: IDB

ISBN: 9781931003858

Category: Political Science

Page: 444

View: 8145

Export Pioneers in Latin America

Author: Ricardo Hausmann,Ernesto Stein

Publisher: Harvard Univ David Rockefeller

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 314

View: 3697

Why do some export activities succeed while others fail? Here, research teams analyze export endeavors in Latin American countries to learn how export pioneers are born and jump-start a process leading to economic transformation. Case studies range from blueberries in Argentina and flowers in Colombia to aircraft in Brazil and software in Uruguay.

How Democracy Works

Political Institutions, Actors, and Arenas in Latin American Policymaking

Author: Carlos G. Scartascini,Ernesto Stein,Mariano Tommasi

Publisher: Melinda Inn

ISBN: 9781597821094

Category: Political Science

Page: 333

View: 6525

In the past thirty years, democratic freedom and competitive electoral processes have taken hold as never before in Latin America. This book zeroes in on the intricate workings of democratic institutions (such as political party systems and the legislature), the actors that participate in democratic systems (such as governors, judges, bureaucrats, and other members of civil society), and the arenas in which political and policy interactions take place (which may be formal, such as the legislature, or informal). The focus is on how those institutions, actors, and arenas affect the policymaking processes of Latin American countries for better or worse. In its scope and complexity, the volume moves well beyond stylized views of the political systems in Latin America.

Building Cities

Neighbourhood Upgrading and Urban Quality of Life

Author: Eduardo Rojas

Publisher: Heritage Capital Corporation

ISBN: 9781597821087

Category: Architecture

Page: 251

View: 610

This volume provides a synthesis of the lessons learned and challenges confronted in implementing neighbourhood improvement programs, based on the practical experiences of designing, implementing, and evaluating these types of programs in the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region. The book provides a wide panorama of the most complex problems that the cities of the LAC region currently face and shows--with examples of projects under execution--that it is possible to solve them through the expansion of the scale of interventions. The volume is structured in seven thematic chapters that present the "state of the art" on the knowledge and challenges in each theme. The book is of interest to policymakers, government officials, practitioners, and scholars working in this field in the LAC region and around the world.

Memoirs

Author: David Rockefeller

Publisher: Random House Trade Paperbacks

ISBN: 0812969731

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 521

View: 4280

The youngest son of John D. Rockefeller, Jr., and Abby Aldrich Rockefeller narrates the story of his life, from his youth and Harvard education, through his military service during World War II, to his career in business and finance, and chronicles his varied roles as financier, philanthropist, and unofficial international envoy. Reprint. 75,000 first printing.

Books in Print 2009-2010

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780835250191

Category: Publishers' catalogs

Page: N.A

View: 2785