Wildlife Forensics

Methods and Applications

Author: Jane E. Huffman,John R. Wallace

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119954290

Category: Medical

Page: 352

View: 7053

Wildlife Forensics: Methods and Applications provides an accessible and practical approach to the key areas involved in this developing subject. The book contains case studies throughout the text that take the reader from the field, to the lab analysis to the court room, giving a complete insight into the path of forensic evidence and demonstrating how current techniques can be applied to wildlife forensics. The book contains approaches that wildlife forensic investigators and laboratory technicians can employ in investigations and provides the direction and practical advice required by legal and police professionals seeking to gain the evidence needed to prosecute wildlife crimes. The book will bring together in one text various aspects of wildlife forensics, including statistics, toxicology, pathology, entomology, morphological identification, and DNA analysis. This book will be an invaluable reference and will provide investigators, laboratory technicians and students in forensic Science/conservation biology classes with practical guidance and best methods for criminal investigations applied to wildlife crime. Includes practical techniques that wildlife forensic investigators and laboratory technicians can employ in investigations. Includes case studies to illustrate various key methods and applications. Brings together diverse areas of forensic science and demonstrates their application specifically to the field of wildlife crime. Contains methodology boxes to lead readers through the processes of individual techniques. Takes an applied approach to the subject to appeal to both students of the subject and practitioners in the field. Includes a broad introduction to what is meant by 'wildlife crime', how to approach a crime scene and collect evidence and includes chapters dedicated to the key techniques utilized in wildlife investigations. Includes chapters on wildlife forensic pathology; zooanthropological techniques; biological trace evidence analysis; the importance of bitemark evidence; plant and wildlife forensics; best practices and law enforcement.

Forensic Entomology

International Dimensions and Frontiers

Author: Jeffery Keith Tomberlin,M. Eric Benbow

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466572418

Category: Law

Page: 468

View: 396

The use of forensic entomology has become established as a global science. Recent efforts in the field bridge multiple disciplines including, but not limited to, microbiology, chemistry, genetics, and systematics as well as ecology and evolution. The first book of its kind, Forensic Entomology: International Dimensions and Frontiers provides an inclusive summary of worldwide research on this body of knowledge that integrates aspects of a wide range of scientific realms. The book first reviews the history of forensic entomology, its accomplishments, and future challenges in nations around the world. It then provides perspectives of other scientific disciplines that are shaping the questions being addressed in the field. With an emphasis on medicolegal investigations, the book: Provides countrywide and regionally relevant syntheses on the current state and future of forensic entomology worldwide Presents insight from up-and-coming entomologists who offer new perspectives on the field while acknowledging their predecessors’ contributions and foundational work Highlights both established and newly emerging areas of forensic entomology research that provide the foundation and future of this exciting discipline Discusses the success of forensic entomology and identifies key challenges to current work and practice Supplies an internationally cohesive perspective to emerging multidisciplinary dimensions and frontiers of forensic entomology The book is designed to provide readers with a firm appreciation of the history of forensic entomology and the scientists who built its foundation in each of the countries presented. In doing so, it is destined to inspire new and exciting global collaboration among established researchers and newcomers to the field.

Wildlife Forensic Investigation

Principles and Practice

Author: John E. Cooper,Margaret E. Cooper

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439813752

Category: Law

Page: 770

View: 6561

Wildlife forensics is the application of forensic science to the conservation and protection of non-domesticated animals, both in the wild and in captivity. Providing an in-depth introduction to this rapidly evolving field, Wildlife Forensic Investigation: Principles and Practice also chronicles aspects of the history of management, conservation, and environmental protection, with an emphasis on their global importance in the twenty-first century. The book examines the crucial role of wildlife forensic investigation with regard to live animals, dead animals and samples and covers national, regional, and international legislation. While the text particularly focuses on forensic science as it relates to wild animals, it also includes mention of plants and habitats because of their relevance to conservation. The book discusses animal welfare as well as the damage that can be inflicted on humans and property by wildlife. Offering access to sound evidence based on good science and obtained using the best available practices, the book is enhanced by case studies from experts who describe some of their own work. This resource is essential for those involved in a range of endeavours, including investigating wildlife crime, identifying animal remains, ascertaining the circumstances of death of wild species, and other legal proceedings and activities concerning wildlife. The forensic skills described in this book can be applied to a wide range of activities (not necessarily involving the legal process), including environmental impact assessments, insurance claims, governmental and other enquiries, checking of trading standards and the inspection of (for instance) pet-shops, animal boarding establishments, and zoological collections. The authors point out that one of the most important requirements of those persons involved in wildlife forensic work is to retain an open mind. Such personnel should also be conscious of new developments and evolving techniques and be able to anticipate situations where their investigative and scientific skills might be used to advantage—so-called "horizon scanning". Examples of these are given.

Forensic Science in Wildlife Investigations

Author: Adrian Linacre

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849304118

Category: Law

Page: 178

View: 3683

The range of species that fall within the realm of wildlife crimes is extensive, ranging from ferns and orchids to bald eagles and great whales. Solving these crimes is rarely dependent on the testimony of witnesses or victims. An ever-increasing number of research groups are applying scientific tests to animal and plant studies alike. However, until now, whatever progress is available in this area has remained scattered through the literature. Forensic Science in Wildlife Investigations focuses on the developing test methods that can be applied to wildlife crimes. In large part, the tests described are drawn from human-based research. Edited by Adrian Linacre, a noted forensic researcher and one of the principal pioneers active in wildlife forensics, this volume collects the work of others working across the world with both plant and animal investigations. While the book contains valuable approaches that lab investigators can employ, the scientific material is written at a level that requires no more than a fundamental knowledge of biology. Any required scientific information is provided in separate boxes. Offering practical guidance, it helps investigators and lab technicians decide on best methods, including a determination of when basic microscopy is sufficient, when DNA testing should occur, and what tests or combination of tests should be executed in a particular circumstance. The text illustrates how to identify the species and geographic region of origin of an unknown sample. Demonstrating the latest methods through real-world case studies, this volume provides the direction and practical advice needed by legal and police professionals seeking to gain the evidence needed to prosecute wildlife crimes.

Handbook of Transnational Environmental Crime

Author: Lorraine Elliott,William H. Schaedla

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1783476230

Category: Law

Page: 608

View: 6756

Crimes associated with the illegal trade in wildlife, timber and fish stocks, pollutants and waste have become increasingly transnational, organized and serious. They warrant attention because of their environmental consequences, their human toll, their impacts on the rule of law and good governance, and their links with violence, corruption and a range of crossover crimes. This ground-breaking, multi-disciplinary Handbook brings together leading scholars and practitioners to examine key sectors in transnational environmental crime and to explore its most significant conceptual, operational and enforcement challenges.

Hemeproteins: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464922012

Category: Medical

Page: 404

View: 503

Hemeproteins: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Hemeproteins. The editors have built Hemeproteins: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Hemeproteins in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Hemeproteins: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Die Leiche im Kreuzverhör

Erstaunliche Lösungen spannender Kriminalfälle

Author: Colin Evans

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3034860803

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 382

View: 8132

Forensic Science Advances and Their Application in the Judiciary System

Author: Danielle Sapse,Lawrence Kobilinsky

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439829608

Category: Law

Page: 295

View: 5022

This volume examines how new cutting edge forensic techniques are currently being applied or have the potential to be applied in judicial proceedings. Examples include new applications of Raman spectroscopy, quantum chemistry, lithium in DNA analysis, and the burgeoning area of toxicogenetics. In each case legal issues are addressed, including the such as admissibility of evidence resulting from these techniques. A comparison between the American Judiciary system and the European system is included. Contributors offer their expertise from scientific and legal perspectives.

CSI-Forensik für Dummies

Author: Douglas P. Lyle

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527704698

Category:

Page: 400

View: 5383

CSI, CSI Miami, CSI New York, Crossing Jordan: Der Ermittler von heute ist Wissenschaftler, klug und manchmal exzentrisch. So ist das zumindest im Fernsehen, aber wie sieht es in der Wirklichkeit aus? Wie erkennt man an einer Schädelverletzung die Todesursache, wie funktioniert die Untersuchung von Projektilen, welche Möglichkeiten bietet die DNA-Analyse? Douglas P. Lyle klärt Sie in diesem preisgekrönten Buch über die Arbeit der Kriminaltechniker auf und stellt Ihnen bekannte und kuriose Fälle sowie deren Lösung vor.

Eine Studie in Scharlachrot

Author: Arthur Conan Doyle

Publisher: Jazzybee Verlag

ISBN: 3849682390

Category: Fiction

Page: 140

View: 8418

Eine Studie in Scharlachrot ist der erste Auftritt des Detektivs Sherlock Holmes. Der Roman besteht aus zwei Teilen: Der erste stellt Watsons Aufzeichnungen dar. Watson berichtet, wie er Sherlock Holmes kennenlernt, und ihn bei der Aufklärung eines Mordfalls begleitet und unterstützt. Im zweiten Teil wird die Vorgeschichte des Mordes erzählt. Sie spielt in einer Mormonengemeinde in Utah.

Current Therapy in Reptile Medicine and Surgery - E-Book

Author: Douglas R. Mader,Stephen J. Divers

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323242936

Category: Medical

Page: 488

View: 3158

Current Therapy in Reptile Medicine and Surgery is a valuable reference that emphasizes topics of real clinical relevance in reptile and amphibian medicine. With details on therapeutic regimens, this text also features coverage of infectious diseases, anesthesia, surgery, and advances in biology and conservation. Colorful illustrations showcase exotic animals, and numerous tables and figures provide quick access to essential information. "This is a great book for anyone interested in herptile medicine and surgery, worth every penny and I am sure will go on to become a regular series." Reviewed by: Jonathan Cracknell. Date: 25/07/2014 Selected topics of real clinical significance from the latest veterinary scientific literature explore today’s reptile and amphibian practice. A discussion of the most current theory and practical applications of diagnostic endoscopy in reptiles provides insight into minimally-invasive endoscopic procedures, including biopsy techniques. Expert contributors combine forces to bring you the most cutting-edge information available, offering authoritative and sometimes controversial opinions in particular areas. Expert contributors offer the most current thoughts on diagnosing new and emerging diseases, including a thorough review of molecular diagnostics. The latest therapeutics are discussed, and the most up-to-date formulary and library of normal clinical pathology values is provided. The most current and comprehensive discussion of amphibian medicine in print in the last decade!

Handbuch der Spurenanalyse

Die Anreicherung und Bestimmung von Spurenelementen unter Anwendung chemischer, physikalischer und mikrobiologischer Verfahren

Author: Othmar G. Koch,Gertrud A. Koch-Dedic

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642654231

Category: Science

Page: 1600

View: 5652

Allgemeine Bedeutung der Spurenelemente und der Spurenanalyse Man weiß schon seit langem, daß die uns bekannten Elemente allgegenwärtig sind und als Verunreinigungen in kleinen und kleinsten Mengen praktisch überall vorkommen. Im allgemeinen stören diese weder bei den gewöhnlichen Arbeits- und Lebensprozessen noch bei den zur Ermittlung der von Haupt- und Nebenbestandteilen der Stoffe ein gesetzten V erfahren der analytischen Chemie. Kleine Mengen bestimmter Elemente (Spurenelemente, s. S. 9) aber üben einerseits in vielen Fällen einen großen Einfluß aus auf Stoffeigenschaften und chemische Reaktionen. Andererseits lassen sie sich mit Hilfe empfindlicher Reaktionen, wie sie die Spurenanalyse verwendet, nachweisen und quantitativ bestimmen, weshalb sie bei bestimmten Spurenanalysen auch stören können. Die wissenschaftliche und technische Entwicklung der neueren Zeit verlangt nun in zunehmendem Maße die Anwendung verfeinerter Analysenverfahren, die es gestatten, Spurenelemente quantitativ zu bestimmen. Daran sind, wie später ausgeführt wird, zahlreiche Wissensgebiete interessiert, so daß sich zwangsläufig die Entwicklung einer eigenen Arbeitstechnik zur Durchführung von Spurenanalysen ergab.

Molecular Biology and Genetic Engineering

Author: P. K. Gupta

Publisher: Rastogi Publications

ISBN: 9788171337194

Category: Genetic engineering

Page: 590

View: 6450

PART I Molecular Biology 1. Molecular Biology and Genetic Engineering Definition, History and Scope 2. Chemistry of the Cell: 1. Micromolecules (Sugars, Fatty Acids, Amino Acids, Nucleotides and Lipids) Sugars (Carbohydrates) 3. Chemistry of the Cell . 2. Macromolecules (Nucleic Acids; Proteins and Polysaccharides) Covalent and Weak Non-covalent Bonds 4. Chemistry of the Gene: Synthesis, Modification and Repair of DNA DNA Replication: General Features 5. Organisation of Genetic Material 1. Packaging of DNA as Nucleosomes in Eukaryotes Techniques Leading to Nucleosome Discovery 6. Organization of Genetic Material 2. Repetitive and Unique DNA Sequences 7. Organization of Genetic Material: 3. Split Genes, Overlapping Genes, Pseudogenes and Cryptic Genes Split Genes or .Interrupted Genes 8. Multigene Families in Eukaryotes 9. Organization of Mitochondrial and Chloroplast Genomes 10. The Genetic Code 11. Protein Synthesis Apparatus Ribosome, Transfer RNA and Aminoacyl-tRNA Synthetases Ribosome 12. Expression of Gene . Protein Synthesis 1. Transcription in Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes 13. Expression of Gene: Protein Synthesis: 2. RNA Processing (RNA Splicing, RNA Editing and Ribozymes) Polyadenylation of mRNA in Prokaryotes Addition of Cap (m7G) and Tail (Poly A) for mRNA in Eukaryotes 14. Expression of Gene: Protein Synthesis: 3. Synthesis and Transport of Proteins (Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes) Formation of Aminoacyl tRNA 15. Regulation of Gene Expression: 1. Operon Circuits in Bacteria and Other Prokaryotes 16. Regulation of Gene Expression . 2. Circuits for Lytic Cycle and Lysogeny in Bacteriophages 17. Regulation of Gene Expression 3. A Variety of Mechanisms in Eukaryotes (Including Cell Receptors and Cell Signalling) PART II Genetic Engineering 18. Recombinant DNA and Gene Cloning 1. Cloning and Expression Vectors 19. Recombinant DNA and Gene Cloning 2. Chimeric DNA, Molecular Probes and Gene Libraries 20. Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and Gene Amplification 21. Isolation, Sequencing and Synthesis of Genes 22. Proteins: Separation, Purification and Identification 23. Immunotechnology 1. B-Cells, Antibodies, Interferons and Vaccines 24. Immunotechnology 2. T-Cell Receptors and MHC Restriction 25. Immunotechnology 3. Hybridoma and Monoclonal Antibodies (mAbs) Hybridoma Technology and the Production of Monoclonal Antibodies 26. Transfection Methods and Transgenic Animals 27. Animal and Human Genomics: Molecular Maps and Genome Sequences Molecular Markers 28. Biotechnology in Medicine: l.Vaccines, Diagnostics and Forensics Animal and Human Health Care 29. Biotechnology in Medicine 2. Gene Therapy Human Diseases Targeted for Gene Therapy Vectors and Other Delivery Systems for Gene Therapy 30. Biotechnology in Medicine: 3. Pharmacogenetics / Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine Phannacogenetics and Personalized 31. Plant Cell and Tissue Culture' Production and Uses of Haploids 32. Gene Transfer Methods in Plants 33. Transgenic Plants . Genetically Modified (GM) Crops and Floricultural Plants 34. Plant Genomics: 35. Genetically Engineered Microbes (GEMs) and Microbial Genomics References

Forensic DNA Typing

Biology, Technology, and Genetics of STR Markers

Author: John M. Butler

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080470610

Category: Law

Page: 688

View: 2544

Forensic DNA Typing, Second Edition, is the only book available that specifically covers detailed information on mitochondrial DNA and the Y chromosome. It examines the science of current forensic DNA typing methods by focusing on the biology, technology, and genetic interpretation of short tandem repeat (STR) markers, which encompass the most common forensic DNA analysis methods used today. The book covers topics from introductory level right up to cutting edge research. High-profile cases are addressed throughout the text, near the sections dealing with the science or issues behind these cases. Ten new chapters have been added to accommodate the explosion of new information since the turn of the century. These additional chapters cover statistical genetic analysis of DNA data, an emerging field of interest to DNA research. Several chapters on statistical analysis of short tandem repeat (STR) typing data have been contributed by Dr. George Carmody, a well-respected professor in forensic genetics. Specific examples make the concepts of population genetics more understandable. This book will be of interest to researchers and practitioners in forensic DNA analysis, forensic scientists, population geneticists, military and private and public forensic laboratories (for identifying individuals through remains), and students of forensic science. *The only book available that specifically covers detailed information on mitochondrial DNA and the Y chromosome *Chapters cover the topic from introductory level right up to "cutting edge" research *High-profile cases are addressed throughout the book, near the sections dealing with the science or issues behind these cases *NEW TO THIS EDITION: D.N.A. Boxes--boxed "Data, Notes & Applications" sections throughout the book offer higher levels of detail on specific questions

DNA Fingerprinting: Advancements and Future Endeavors

Author: Hirak Ranjan Dash,Pankaj Shrivastava,Braja Kishore Mohapatra,Surajit Das

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811315824

Category: Medical

Page: 325

View: 7083

This book describes the basics and various applications of DNA fingerprinting, including in actual case studies. The book is divided in four modules; Module 1: Basics of DNA Fingerprinting, Module 2: Applications of DNA Fingerprinting, Module 3: DNA Fingerprinting: Case Studies, and Module 4: Future of DNA Fingerprinting. Each module consists of 4 to 5 chapters, written by reputed researchers, academics and forensic scientists from around the globe. The respective chapters cover e.g. related fields, the tools and techniques used, various genotyping kits, real-world case studies, ancient DNA and wild life forensics, molecular diagnosis of human diseases, legal aspects, microbial forensics and the economics of the DNA fingerprinting technique. The book offers a practical guide for professionals, graduate and post-graduate students in the fields of Forensic Science, Medicine, Genetics, Anthropology, Microbiology, and Zoology. It also serves as a useful reference resource, summarizing major technological advances in the field of DNA fingerprinting, the problems faced in this field of science and possible new solutions to these problems. Presently, DNA fingerprinting is utilized in solving the majority of criminal cases; as such, the book is also helpful for investigating agencies, as it includes representative case studies.

Berichte zur Lebensmittelsicherheit 2005

Lebensmittel-Monitoring

Author: Peter Brandt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3764383461

Category: Science

Page: 60

View: 3570

Lebensmittelmonitoring - das von Bund und Ländern durchgeführte Untersuchungsprogramm - ergänzt die amtliche Lebensmittelüberwachung der Bundesländer. Lebensmittelüberwachung kontrolliert die Einhaltung lebensmittelrechtlicher Vorschriften v.a. durch verdachts- und risikoorientierte Untersuchungen. Das Lebensmittelmonitoring hingegen misst und bewertet - wiederholt und repräsentativ - den Gehalt unerwünschter Stoffe (z.B. Pflanzenschutzmittel, Schwermetalle) in und auf Lebensmitteln. Es erkennt Risiken für Verbraucher und stellt sie ab. 2005 wurden 5159 Proben von 50 Lebensmitteln bzw. -gruppen in- und ausländischer Herkunft untersucht.

Opportunities in Forensic Science

Author: Blythe Camenson

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071642110

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 160

View: 6639

Each book offers: The latest information on a field of interest Training and educational requirements for each career Salary statistics for different positions within each field Up-to-date professional and Internet resources

Body Farm

Kay Scarpettas fünfter Fall

Author: Patricia Cornwell

Publisher: Hoffmann und Campe

ISBN: 3455403042

Category: Fiction

Page: 400

View: 9307

Der grausame Mord an der elfjährigen Emily Steiner schockiert die Kleinstadt Black Mountain. Die Gerichtsmedizinerin Kay Scarpetta steht zunächst vor unlösbaren Rätseln. Doch dann deuten Spuren an der verstümmelten Leiche auf einen Täter hin, der aus Emilys engstem Umfeld stammen muss. Wurde das Mädchen Opfer einer düsteren Familientragödie? Kay Scarpettas Untersuchungen in dem Mordfall des elfjährigen Mädchens laufen anfangs ins Leere, da Emilys Tod einfach zu viele Fragen aufwirft: Was verschweigt Emilys Mutter? Hat der mysteriöse Selbstmord eines Polizisten etwas mit dem Tod des Mädchens zu tun? Und warum verübt ein Unbekannter einen Mordanschlag auf Scarpettas Nichte Lucy? Als Scarpetta auf ein entscheidendes Indiz stößt, muss ihr die "Body Farm" helfen: ein forensisches Labor, das menschliche Verwesungsprozesse erforscht und durch seine spektakulären Ergebnisse schon mehrmals geholfen hat, die schwierigsten Mordfälle aufzuklären.

Forensische Zahnmedizin

Forensische Odonto-Stomatologie

Author: Klaus Rötzscher

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642502733

Category: Medical

Page: 239

View: 4552

Endlich ein grundlegendes Praxis-Buch zu den wichtigen juristischen Fragestellungen der zahnärztlichen Praxis! Klar strukturiert mit zahlreichen Fallbeispielen und Abbildungen: o Die vertragliche Beziehung zwischen Arzt und Patient. Die Informationen helfen, Haftungsrisiken zu vermeiden und in Prozessverfahren Gutachteraufgaben sicher zu bewältigen. o Personen-Identifikation in Zusammenarbeit mit Rechtsmedizin und Ermittlungsbehörden. Mit Hinweisen zur Qualitätsverbesserung in der Befundaufzeichnung und Dokumentation. o Biss-/Zahnspuren, die hier erstmals ausführlich behandelt werden. Ein wichtiger Beitrag zur Aufklärung von Misshandlungen und Tötungsdelikten. Für Ärzte und Juristen aufschlussreich: Die fundierten Fakten und Informationen bieten Sicherheit beim Umgang mit aktuellen Rechtsfragen in der Zahnmedizin.