William and Lawrence Bragg, Father and Son

The Most Extraordinary Collaboration in Science

Author: John Jenkin

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199235201

Category: History

Page: 458

View: 3057

This book is a joint biography of William and Lawrence Bragg, who changed all of science in the 20th-century with the development of X-ray crystallography, and by mentoring the mid-century discovery of the structure of DNA. Their stories are vivid examples of science teaching and research in a colonial setting (Australia).

Elements of Ethics for Physical Scientists

Author: Sandra C. Greer

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262036886

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 6381

A guide to the everyday decisions about right and wrong faced by physical scientists and research engineers.

Crystal Clear

The Autobiographies of Sir Lawrence and Lady Bragg

Author: A. M. Glazer,Patience Thomson

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191061794

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 9545

Crystal Clear takes you behind the scenes in the life of one of the most prominent scientists of the twentieth century, William Lawrence Bragg (WLB) - an innovative genius, who together with his father, William Henry Bragg (WHB) founded and developed a whole new branch of science, X-ray Crystallography. The main body of the text contains the hitherto unpublished autobiographies of both WLB and his wife, Alice. Alice Bragg was a public figure in her own right. She was Mayor of Cambridge and National Chairman of the Marriage Guidance Council among other roles. She and WLB were as different as chalk and cheese. Their autobiographies complement each other to give a rounded picture of the real personalities behind their public appearance. They write of their travels, their family life, their friends and their joys and sorrows. They write most of all about each other. Their younger daughter, Patience Thomson, provides anecdotes and vignettes, bringing her parents to life. She has also included extracts from previously unpublished letters and from articles which Alice Bragg wrote for National newspapers. The result is an unusual insight into the lives of two distinguished people. The two accounts reveal a fascinating interaction between these two characters, neither of whom could have achieved on this scale without the other. There is an underlying love story here which humanises and transforms. This is a unique book, adopting an original viewpoint, which will take the reader far beyond the scope of a normal biography.

The Spirit of Inquiry

How one extraordinary society shaped modern science

Author: Susannah Gibson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192569880

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 8364

Cambridge is now world-famous as a centre of science, but it wasn't always so. Before the nineteenth century, the sciences were of little importance in the University of Cambridge. But that began to change in 1819 when two young Cambridge fellows took a geological fieldtrip to the Isle of Wight. Adam Sedgwick and John Stevens Henslow spent their days there exploring, unearthing dazzling fossils, dreaming up elaborate theories about the formation of the earth, and bemoaning the lack of serious science in their ancient university. As they threw themselves into the exciting new science of geology - conjuring millions of years of history from the evidence they found in the island's rocks - they also began to dream of a new scientific society for Cambridge. This society would bring together like-minded young men who wished to learn of the latest science from overseas, and would encourage original research in Cambridge. It would be, they wrote, a society "to keep alive the spirit of inquiry". Their vision was realised when they founded the Cambridge Philosophical Society later that same year. Its founders could not have imagined the impact the Cambridge Philosophical Society would have: it was responsible for the first publication of Charles Darwin's scientific writings, and hosted some of the most heated debates about evolutionary theory in the nineteenth century; it saw the first announcement of x-ray diffraction by a young Lawrence Bragg - a technique that would revolutionise the physical, chemical and life sciences; it published the first paper by C.T.R. Wilson on his cloud chamber - a device that opened up a previously-unimaginable world of sub-atomic particles. 200 years on from the Society's foundation, this book reflects on the achievements of Sedgwick, Henslow, their peers, and their successors. Susannah Gibson explains how Cambridge moved from what Sedgwick saw as a "death-like stagnation" (really little more than a provincial training school for Church of England clergy) to being a world-leader in the sciences. And she shows how science, once a peripheral activity undertaken for interest by a small number of wealthy gentlemen, has transformed into an enormously well-funded activity that can affect every aspect of our lives.

The Man in the Monkeynut Coat

William Astbury and the Forgotten Road to the Double-Helix

Author: Kersten T. Hall

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 019100989X

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 4291

Sir Isaac Newton once declared that his momentous discoveries were only made thanks to having 'stood on the shoulders of giants'. The same might also be said of the scientists James Watson and Francis Crick. Their discovery of the structure of DNA was, without doubt, one of the biggest scientific landmarks in history and, thanks largely to the success of Watson's best-selling memoir 'The Double Helix', there might seem to be little new to say about this story. But much remains to be said about the particular 'giants' on whose shoulders Watson and Crick stood. Of these, the crystallographer Rosalind Franklin, whose famous X-ray diffraction photograph known as 'Photo 51' provided Watson and Crick with a vital clue, is now well recognised. Far less well known is the physicist William T. Astbury who, working at Leeds in the 1930s on the structure of wool for the local textile industry, pioneered the use of X-ray crystallography to study biological fibres. In so doing, he not only made the very first studies of the structure of DNA culminating in a photo almost identical to Franklin's 'Photo 51', but also founded the new science of 'molecular biology'. Yet whilst Watson and Crick won the Nobel Prize, Astbury has largely been forgotten. The Man in the Monkeynut Coat tells the story of this neglected pioneer, showing not only how it was thanks to him that Watson and Crick were not left empty-handed, but also how his ideas transformed biology leaving a legacy which is still felt today.

Atombilder

Ikonographien des Atoms in Wissenschaft und Öffentlichkeit des 20. Jahrhunderts

Author: Charlotte Bigg,Jochen Hennig

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 213

View: 4393

Bis heute ist "das Atom" Gegenstand von Auseinandersetzungen in Wissenschaft, Kultur und Politik Ư von Becquerels Entdeckung der Radioaktivität bis zum Reaktorunfall in Tschernobyl, von den Nachweisen subatomarer Teilchen bis zu Hiroshima und Atomtests, von der Entwicklung molekularer Modelle bis zur Nanotechnologie. Konzept und Vorstellung des "Atoms" waren Wandlungen unterworfen, die wesentlich durch Bilder hervorgebracht und geprägt wurden. Wissenschaftler unterschiedlicher Disziplinen gehen diesem Eigenwert des Bildlichen nach.

Die Welt des Lichtes

The Universe of Light

Author: William Henry Bragg

Publisher: Vieweg+Teubner Verlag

ISBN: 9783663003618

Category: Science

Page: 222

View: 5884

Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.

London Calling

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Radio

Page: N.A

View: 7554

Includes announcements of BBC short wave programs

Elements

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Geochemistry

Page: N.A

View: 1847

Röntgenanalyse von Krystallen

Author: Johannes Martin Bijvoet,Nicolaas Hendrik Kolkmeijer,C. H. MacGillavry

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Crystallography

Page: 228

View: 1455

New Scientist

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 8799

Die zweite Erschaffung der Welt

Wie die moderne Naturwissenschaft entstand

Author: Floris Cohen

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593409968

Category: History

Page: 283

View: 2838

Schon Aristoteles und Ptolemaios, aber auch arabische Gelehrte des Mittelalters wussten erstaunlich viel über die Zusammenhänge in der Natur, über Mathematik, Astronomie und Physik. Doch erst Descartes und Tycho Brahe, Kepler, Galilei und Newton gelang es, durch eine wissenschaftliche Revolution die Welt neu zu erschaffen. Spannend und für jeden verständlich erzählt Floris Cohen die Geschichte von der Entstehung der modernen Naturwissenschaft. Im Vergleich mit den antiken und mittelalterlichen Vorläufern erklärt er, was die Gelehrten des 17. Jahrhunderts anders machten: Sie entwickelten nicht nur Theorien, sie probierten diese auch aus, stützten ihre Beobachtungen durch Experimente und nutzten die Mathematik bei der Formulierung von Gesetzen. So schildert Cohen jene Entwicklungen, welche die industrielle Revolution in Europa erst ermöglichten. Ein Buch für alle, die neugierig sind auf eine ferne, fremde Welt, in der die Grundlagen für unser heutiges Leben geschaffen wurden.

World of Chemistry

Author: Robyn V. Young,Suzanne Sessine

Publisher: Gale / Cengage Learning

ISBN: N.A

Category: Reference

Page: 1360

View: 2929

Articles on theories, discoveries, concepts, and notable people in chemistry.

Books in Print 2009-2010

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780835250191

Category: Publishers' catalogs

Page: N.A

View: 628

ASM News

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Microbiology

Page: N.A

View: 9602

Die Naturwissenschaft auf neuen Bahnen

New Pathways in science

Author: Arthur Stanley Eddington

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322990869

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 320

View: 6502

Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.