Wrongs and Remedies in the Twenty-first Century

Author: Society of Public Teachers of Law (London, England)

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198262923

Category: Law

Page: 333

View: 5593

When potential litigants first approach a lawyer they are generally interested in finding out one thing only: are they likely to be able to win damages or any other kind of remedy and what kind of quantum of damages are they likely to receive? It becomes the lawyers main task to try to argue for a remedy and to persuade the court that the plaintiff has a good cause of action. Textbooks about contract and tort frequently treat damages and other remedies as an after thought when in fact it is the issue of remedies which is a constant and an ever present consideration for the plaintiff and his or her lawyer. This new book, containing contributions from many of the UKs leading specialists brings to the fore a range of issues which are of topical interest to litigators and to teachers of law. In some instances the issues are currently the subject of reform proposals and these essays usefully highlight the principle issues facing the reformers and the objections which have been raised by those opposed to reform. In addition four of the essays tackle a strand of tort law which is of rapidly growing importance - the area of professional negligence. The contributors are among the best known writers in this field and their essays combine practical and academic perspectives which usefully highlight contemporary trends in professional negligence litigation. The first chapter in the book also offers a unique and controversial overview of tort law in the UK by Professor Patrick Atiyah who argues for a complete rethink of the system of personal injuries litigation in the UK, starting with its abolition and replacement by a vastly expanded system of private insurance.

Race, Wrongs, and Remedies

Group Justice in the 21st Century

Author: Amy L. Wax

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 1442200278

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 9047

Black Americans continue to lag behind on many measures of social and economic well-being. Conventional wisdom holds that these inequalities can only be eliminated by eradicating racism and providing well-funded social programs. In Race, Wrongs, and Remedies, Amy L. Wax applies concepts from the law of remedies to show that the conventional wisdom is mistaken. She argues that effectively addressing today's persistent racial disparities requires dispelling the confusion surrounding blacks' own role in achieving equality.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 8704

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Governance im 21. Jahrhundert

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9789264589360

Category:

Page: 264

View: 2288

Mit dem Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts stehen weitere dramatische Umwälzungen in Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft an der Tagesordnung. Der Bericht untersucht Chancen und Risiken wirtschaftlicher, gesellschaftlicher und technologischer Natur.

Das Globalisierungs-Paradox

die Demokratie und die Zukunft der Weltwirtschaft

Author: Dani Rodrik

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406613517

Category:

Page: 415

View: 1888

Ein Plädoyer gegen Hyperglobalisierung und für eine gewisse demokratische Renationalisierung der Wirtschaftspolitik.

Remedies for Breach of Contract

A Comparative Analysis of the Protection of Performance

Author: Solène Rowan

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191630055

Category: Law

Page: 296

View: 825

A thought-provoking analysis of remedies for breach of contract, this book examines the commitment of English law to the protection of contractual performance. It considers specific remedies, termination, compensatory damages, gain-based monetary awards, punitive damages, and contractually negotiated remedies. It also looks forward by considering how the protection of performance could be strengthened in the future. The book approaches English law remedies for breach of contract through the comparative study of French law, which offers significant scope for informative contrast. It sheds new light on contractual remedies in both jurisdictions and challenges fundamental aspects of English law in this area. With coverage of lively academic debates and recent developments in the case law on both sides of the Channel, the book discusses topical issues. There is also commentary on aspects of two recent far-reaching reform projects relating to the French Civil code and of the Draft Common Frame of Reference. Indispensable reading for private lawyers from common and civil law backgrounds with an interest in remedies for breach of contract, whether comparatists or not, the book should prove to be an invaluable resource for students, academics and practitioners on the current state and future reform of the law in this area.

Measuring Damages in the Law of Obligations

The Search for Harmonised Principles

Author: Sirko Harder

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847317472

Category: Law

Page: 330

View: 7692

This book challenges certain differences between contract, tort and equity in relation to the measure (in a broad sense) of damages. Damages are defined as the monetary award made by a court in consequence of a breach of contract, a tort or an equitable wrong. In all these causes of action, damages usually aim to put the claimant into the position the claimant would be in without the wrong. Even though the main objective of damages is thus the same for each cause of action, their measure is not. While some aspects of the measure of damages are more or less harmonised between contract, tort and equity (e.g. causation in fact and mitigation), significant differences exist in relation to (1) remoteness of damage, which is the question of whether, when and to which degree damage needs to be foreseeable to be recoverable; (2) the compensability of non-pecuniary loss such as pain and suffering, distress and loss of reputation; (3) the effect of contributory negligence, which is the victim's contribution to the occurrence of the wrong or the ensuing loss through unreasonable conduct prior to the wrong; (4) the circumstances under which victims of wrongs can claim the gain the wrongdoer has made from the wrong; and (5) the availability and scope of exemplary (or punitive) damages. For each of the five topics, this book examines the present position in contract, tort and equity and establishes the differences between the three areas. It goes on to scrutinise the arguments in defence of existing differences. The conclusion on each topic is that the present differences between contract, tort and equity cannot be justified on merits and should be removed through a harmonisation of the relevant principles.

Accounting for Profit for Breach of Contract

Theory and Practice

Author: Katy Barnett

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847319521

Category: Law

Page: 256

View: 7011

This book defends the view that an award of an account of profits (or 'disgorgement damages') for breach of contract will sometimes be justifiable, and fits within the orthodox principles and cases in contract law. However there is some confusion as to when such an award should be made. The moral bases for disgorgement damages are deterrence and punishment, which shape the remedy in important ways. Courts are also concerned with vindication of the claimant's performance interest, and it is pivotal in these cases that the claimant cannot procure a substitute performance via an award of damages or specific relief. The book argues that disgorgement damages should be available in two categories of case: 'second sale' cases, where the defendant breaches his contract with the claimant to make a more profitable contract with a third party; and 'agency problem' cases, where the defendant promises the claimant he will not do a certain thing, and the claimant finds it difficult to supervise the performance. Moreover, disgorgement may be full or partial, and 'reasonable fee damages' for breach of contract are best understood as partial disgorgement rather than 'restitutionary damages'. Equitable bars to relief should also be adopted in relation to disgorgement damages, as should allowances for skill and effort. This book will be of interest to contract and commercial lawyers, and will be especially valuable to anyone with an interest in contract remedies and restitution. It draws on case law in a number of common law jurisdictions, primarily England and Wales, and Australia.

The Anatomy of Tort Law

Author: Peter Cane

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847316735

Category: Law

Page: 264

View: 1304

Written to be accessible to all readers with a basic knowledge of tort law, this book adopts an approach which is both easily comprehended, yet also innovative and illuminating. It sets out a new and theoretically stimulating analysis of the law of tort, in which the subject is reconceived as a system of ethical rules and principles of personal responsibility. As such it can be viewed as a series of relationships between protected interests, sanctioned conduct and sanctions. These are the "building blocks" of tort law. Beyond affording a means of comprehending the fragmentary nature of tort law, the book, equally importantly, seeks to develop understanding of its relationship with other areas of the law of obligations. It also permits clearer understanding of the relationship between common law and statutory torts and throws fresh light on the links between tort law and its functions.

Tort Law

Author: Nicholas J. McBride,Roderick Bagshaw

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9781405859493

Category: Torts

Page: 847

View: 2543

This textbook aims to provide a coherent exposition of the law of tort around a framework which identifies clearly the guiding principles and marks out the directions in which the law of tort is likely to develop in future.

Liability for Negligent Words

Author: Barbara Ann Hocking

Publisher: Federation Press

ISBN: 9781862872974

Category: Law

Page: 264

View: 6806

This book is written with the aim of exploring the law of negligence in the context of words. Divided into fourteen chapters, it includes an overview of legal approaches to words followed by the significance of the House of Lords decision in Hedley Byrne as the basis of the action for negligent misstatement. A compendium of professional liability situations involving modern forms of informational injury follows. This includes the obligations of lawyers, doctors, lenders and public authorities under negligent misstatement principles. Negligent words and communication of news are also addressed, including compensation for nervous shock. A final chapter is devoted to possible future uses of the law. The law of negligence is increasingly imposing a duty of care upon professional parties. This book traces the expansion of the recognition of negligence liability where words are the source of the harm into contemporary situations of informational harm.

Structure and Justification in Private Law

Essays for Peter Birks

Author: Charles E F Rickett,Ross Grantham

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847314120

Category: Law

Page: 492

View: 3189

Peter Birks's tragically early death, and his immense influence around the world, led immediately to the call for a volume of essays in his honour by scholars who had known him as a colleague, teacher and friend. One such volume, published in 2006, contained essays largely from scholars working in England (Mapping the Law: Essays in Memory of Peter Birks, edited by Andrew Burrows and Lord Rodger). This volume contains the essays of those outside England who chose to honour Peter, and appears later than the English volume, reflecting the far flung habitations of its authors. The essays contained in this volume are focussed around the law of unjust enrichment, but are not narrowly preoccupied - instead they move freely from unjust enrichment to some of the most profound questions in private law concerning taxonomy, the relationship between contract, property and unjust enrichment, and the place of remedies within private law. This volume, featuring the work of some of the world's great private lawyers, provides a fitting tribute to a great scholar, and a series of thought-provoking essays inspired by his example. Contributors Kit Barker Michael Bryan Peter Butler Hanoch Dagan Simone Degeling Daniel Friedmann Mark Gergen Ross Grantham Steve Hedley John McCamus Mitchell McInnes Eoin O'Dell Charles Rickett Struan Scott Emily Sherwin Stephen Smith Richard Sutton Michael Tilbury Stephen Waddams Peter Watts Ernest Weinrib Eric Descheemaeker

Gain-Based Damages

Contract, Tort, Equity and Intellectual Property

Author: James Edelman

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847316824

Category: Law

Page: 320

View: 1677

On July 27,2000 the House of Lords delivered a decision where, for the first time in English law, it explicitly recognised that damages for civil wrongs can be assessed by reference to a defendant (wrongdoer)'s gain rather than a claimant's loss. The circumstances in which such gain-based damages might be available were left for development incrementally. This book considers the nature of gain-based damages and explains when they have historically been available and why, and provides a framework for appreciating the operation of such damages awards. The first part of the book justifies the existence of these damages, which focus upon a defendant wrongdoer's gain made as a result of a civil wrong, explaining the nature and need for such a remedy and the scope of civil wrongs. The core thesis of the book is that two different forms of such gain-based damages exist: the first is concerned with restitution of a defendant's gains wrongfully transferred from a claimant; the second is concerned only with stripping profits from the defendant's hands. Once these two gain-based damages awards are separated they can be shown to be based upon different rationales and the basis for their availability can be easily understood. The second part of the book considers and applies this approach, demonstrating its operation throughout the cases of civil wrongs. The operation of the two forms of gain-based damages is demonstrated in cases in the area of tort (chapter 4), contract (chapter 5), equitable wrongs (chapter 6) and intellectual property wrongs (chapter 7). It is shown that these gain-based damages awards have long been available in these areas and their operation has conformed to clear principle. The difficulty that has obscured the principle is the nomenclature which has hidden the true gain-based nature of many of these damages awards.

Der stumme Frühling

Author: Rachel Carson

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406704220

Category: Nature

Page: 348

View: 377

Der stumme Frühling erschien erstmals 1962. Der Titel bezieht sich auf das eingangs erzählte Märchen von der blühenden Stadt, in der sich eine seltsame, schleichende Seuche ausbreitet … Das spannend geschriebene Sachbuch wirkte bei seinem Erscheinen wie ein Alarmsignal und avancierte rasch zur Bibel der damals entstehendenÖkologie-Bewegung. ZumerstenMal wurde hier in eindringlichem Appell die Fragwürdigkeit des chemischen Pflanzenschutzes dargelegt. An einer Fülle von Tatsachen machte Rachel Carson seine schädlichen Auswirkungen auf die Natur und die Menschen deutlich. Ihre Warnungen haben seither nichts von ihrer Aktualität verloren.

Schnelligkeit durch Vertrauen

die unterschätzte ökonomische Macht

Author: Stephen M. R. Covey,Rebecca R. Merrill

Publisher: GABAL Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3897499088

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 370

View: 1625

Vertrauen bildet die Grundlage für alle Beziehungen und jede Form der Kommunikation, für alle Individuen, Unternehmen, Organisationen und Zivilisationen rund um den Globus. Mangelndes Vertrauen zerstört auch die erfolgreichsten Unternehmen, die mächtigste Regierung und die florierendste Wirtschaft. Trotz der offensichtlich immensen Macht von Vertrauen spielt es im realen Geschehen kaum eine Rolle und gehört wohl zu den am meisten unterschätzten Faktoren unserer Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft. Stephen M. R. Covey zeigt in seinem viel beachteten Buch „Schnelligkeit durch Vertrauen“, dass Vertrauen kein weicher Faktor ist, sondern ein pragmatischer und realer Wert, den man erschaffen und zur Handlungsgrundlage machen kann. Er präsentiert konkrete Vertrauensregeln und Prinzipien und zeigt, wie auf allen Ebenen eines Unternehmens Vertrauen aufgebaut, gelebt und gefördert werden kann. Seine These: Vertrauen ist eine Schlüsselkompetenz und ein Art Teilchenbeschleuniger für die Wirtschaft.

Theologisch-Politische Abhandlung

Author: Baruch de Spinoza

Publisher: Jazzybee Verlag

ISBN: 3849636518

Category:

Page: 230

View: 5665

Die "Abhandlung" gilt als eines der umstrittendesten Werke Spinozas. Seine Ansichten über Denkfreiheit und Religion, Theologie und Philosophie waren revolutionär und für das 17. Jahrhundert geradezu futuristisch.

Slum. Eine Geschichte von Leben, Tod und Hoffnung

Author: Katherine Boo

Publisher: Droemer eBook

ISBN: 3426416158

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 3549

Annawadi ist ein Slum jenseits des luxuriösen Flughafens von Mumbai. Hier wohnen Tausende Menschen in notdürftig errichteten Hütten. Eng ist es hier und schmutzig. Und nicht selten fallen hungrige Ratten nachts über die Kinder her. In Annawadi lebt Abdul, der Müllsammler. Dass er geschickt ist in seinem Job, dass er Müll zu sammeln, zu sortieren und weiterzuverkaufen weiß wie kein Zweiter, ruft viele Neider auf den Plan. Denn der Erfolg des einen bedeutet den möglichen Ruin des anderen. Und jeder in dem Slum kämpft mit allen Mitteln um die pure Existenz. Katherine Boo erzählt nicht nur die Geschichten der Menschen in Annawadi – sie erzählt auch von ihrer Hoffnung und ihrem Streben nach einem besseren Leben und von den Auswirkungen des westlichen Konsums bis in dieses Eckchen der Welt.

Der Staat / Politeia

Griechisch - Deutsch

Author: Platon

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3050092459

Category: History

Page: 1008

View: 7684

Mit seinem Werk Politeia ("Der Staat") wurde Platon zum Begründer einer neuen literarischen Gattung: der politisch-philosophischen Utopie. Schon im Altertum versuchten eine Reihe von Autoren ihm nachzueifern (Theopompos, Euhemeros, Iambulos, parodistisch auch Lukian), und nachdem Thomas Morus mit dem namengebenden Werk "Utopia" (1516) die Gattung gleichsam neu belebt hatte, entstand eine nicht mehr zu überblickende Flut utopischer Entwürfe. Doch nicht nur durch die hier entfaltete Staatslehre erwies sich die "Politeia" als grundlegendes und richtungsweisendes Werk: Platons Ausführungen zu solch verschiedenen philosophischen Gebieten wie der Theorie der Erziehung, der Theorie der Dichtung, der Ethik und Tugendlehre, der Seelenlehre haben die Diskussion bis in unsere Tage beeinflusst. Platon ist aber auch ein Sprachkünstler, der seine Werke als Dialog-"Dramen" meisterhaft gestaltete. Dabei weiß er sich souverän von dem Medium Schrift zu distanzieren, das drei Hauptmängel aufweist: Sie sagt immer dasselbe, kann auf Fragen nicht antworten; sie wendet sich unterschiedslos an alle, weiß nicht, zu wem sie reden und zu wem sie schweigen soll; und wird sie angegriffen, so kann sie sich nicht selbst zur Hilfe kommen. Dass der Kern der platonischen Ideenlehre nicht in dafür ungeeignete Köpfe "gepflanzt" werden kann, beweist das Erste Buch: Das aufgezwungene Gespräch über die Gerechtigkeit mit Polemarchos und dem Sophisten Thrasymachos endet in einer Aporie (so wie Platons Versuche, seine politische Theorie in die Praxis umzusetzen, an der mangelnden Eignung des jungen Herrschers von Syrakus, Dionysios II., scheitern mussten). Erst als Platon (von Buch II an) mit seinen Brüdern Glaukon und Adeimantos das Gesprächsthema wieder aufgreift, kann der Funken der Erkenntnis überspringen, und "Einsicht leuchtet auf".

Die 7 Wege zur Effektivität Snapshots Edition

Prinzipien für persönlichen und beruflichen Erfolg

Author: Stephen R. Covey

Publisher: GABAL Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3956236815

Category: Self-Help

Page: 50

View: 2063

Auch nach 25 Jahren hat "Die 7 Wege zur Effektivität" von Stephen R. Covey weder an Relevanz noch an Aktualität verloren. Die zentrale Botschaft des Buches: Nicht angelernte Erfolgstechniken, sondern Charakter, Kompetenz und Vertrauen führen zu einem erfüllten und erfolgreichen Leben. Die Snapshots Edition präsentiert übersichtlich und kompakt in anschaulichen Infografiken die wichtigsten Inhalte eines der am meisten gelesenen Businessbücher weltweit. Fokussiert auf Stephen R. Coveys Kernthesen ermöglicht die Snapshots Edition einen modernen Zugang zu einem zeitlosen Businessklassiker.