Zambia Health Sector Public Expenditure Review

Accounting for Resources to Improve Effective Service Coverage

Author: Oscar F. Picazo,Feng Zhao

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821378058

Category: Medical

Page: 92

View: 5052

This book portrays the performance of the health sector in Zambia using quantitative techniques. While there have been a number of health sector assessments in the country, they have relied on qualitative and anecdotal evidence for the most part. For the first time, this pubic expenditure review of the health sector brings together the results of three separate but related analytical efforts: multi-year national health accounts, a public expenditure tracking and quality of service delivery survey, and resource and impact modeling using the Marginal Budgeting for Bottlenecks software. These exercises combine to yield more powerful findings on the weaknesses and prospects of the Zambian health system.

Zambia Health Sector Public Expenditure Review

Accounting for Resources to Improve Effective Service Coverage

Author: Oscar F. Picazo,Feng Zhao

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821378058

Category: Medical

Page: 92

View: 8900

This book portrays the performance of the health sector in Zambia using quantitative techniques. While there have been a number of health sector assessments in the country, they have relied on qualitative and anecdotal evidence for the most part. For the first time, this pubic expenditure review of the health sector brings together the results of three separate but related analytical efforts: multi-year national health accounts, a public expenditure tracking and quality of service delivery survey, and resource and impact modeling using the Marginal Budgeting for Bottlenecks software. These exercises combine to yield more powerful findings on the weaknesses and prospects of the Zambian health system.

Zambia

Building Prosperity from Resource Wealth

Author: Christopher Adam,Paul Collier,Michael Gondwe

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191636266

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 448

View: 1545

Zambia is a landlocked mineral dependent country in Southern Africa whose history is intimately entwined with the copper mining industry. Having gained Independence from Britain in 1964 at the height of a copper boom, the country experienced a slow and painful economic decline over the next quarter century. However, following a traumatic and protracted process of economic adjustment through the 1990s and early 2000s, Zambia's economic potential is now better than it has been at any time since Independence. This book, which contains a set of rigorous but accessible essays by a range of Zambian and international scholars, seeks to examine the challenges and opportunities that currently face Zambian policymakers as they seek to harness the country's valuable natural assets to broad-based and sustainable economic growth over the coming decades. Written in a non-technical manner by leading scholars in the field, the chapters address key challenges in the areas of natural resource management, agriculture, trade, employment and migration, education, finance, and investment. This is the second volume in the Africa: Policies for Prosperity series following on from the successful first volume on Kenya.

Zambia: 2005 Article IV Consultation, Third Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, Request for Waiver and Modification of Performance Criterion, and Financing Assurances Review - Staff Report; Public Information Notice and Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Zambia

Author: International Monetary Fund

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 113

View: 3977

Zambia’s 2005 Article IV Consultation and Third Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility are discussed. Expenditure restraint, including on the wage bill, has helped to put the fiscal operations of the government on a sustainable course and contributed to the attainment of the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries completion point. Progress has also been made on the structural reforms agenda, including public expenditure management, public debt management, the resolution of insolvent nonbank financial institutions, and the privatization of the Zambia National Commercial Bank.

Zambia

Fourth Review of the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, Request for Modification of Performance Criteria, and Financing Assurances Review: Staff Report; and Press Release on the Executive Board Consideration

Author: International Monetary Fund

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 145279376X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 73

View: 7815

Zambia has achieved robust economic growth over the years, and poverty has begun to trend downward under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility Arrangement. Prudent fiscal policy has reduced the domestic financing need and facilitated the implementation of a firmer monetary policy. Executive Directors agreed that the relief under the economic program and the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative has reduced its external debt, and its economic fundamentals have helped in gaining market confidence. They advised the authorities to maintain macroeconomic stabilization and stressed the need to accelerate structural reform.

The Evaluation of Public Expenditure in Africa

Author: Henry J. Bruton,Catharine Hill,Arup Banerji

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821336809

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 172

View: 6635

World Bank Technical Paper No. 335. Describes the World Bank's successful interventions in three international river basins--the Indus, the Mekong, and the Aral Sea--to foster riparian dialogue, cooperation, and agreements. The paper highlights the Bank's successes in these basins as model strategies to follow for avoiding the adverse impacts that riparian conflicts may have on economic development in other regions.

Education and Health in Sub-Saharan Africa

A Review of Sector-wide Approaches

Author: N.A

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821348574

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 138

View: 8884

This book discusses the prevalent process of commodity market reform in the specific context of cocoa, coffee, cotton, grains and sugar markets, and provides lessons by selectively drawing on cross-country experience in those markets. The commodity markets covered in this book deserve special attention for the following reasons. A? They play an important role in many developing countries. A? These markets illustrate how well special features can influence the reform process and illustrate the importance of taking initial conditions into account when designing reform. A? Experience from commodity markets illustrates how long-standing interventions can crowd out markets and institutions geared toward the support of private markets. A? Close examination of liberalization at the commodity level shows the practical ways that changes in marketing systems can result in a shift in political power away from the government and toward the private sector in the design and implementation of commodity subsector policies. This book focuses on commodity-specific conditions that quickened or slowed the pace of reform and looks at the relationship between changing markets and institutions. It argues that the benefits of market reform and trade liberalization are only fully realized when the supporting factor markets and the institutions work.

Aid and Poverty Reduction in Zambia

Mission Unaccomplished

Author: Oliver S. Saasa,Jerker Carlsson

Publisher: Nordic Africa Institute

ISBN: 9789171064899

Category: Social Science

Page: 141

View: 8953

Zambia, a once prosperous African country, now has 73 per cent of its people below the poverty line and by the early 1990s, the country was included on the list of the least developed countries. Despite significant aid volumes and structural reforms, the country is getting deeper and deeper into poverty. What is the missing link between aid and positive change? Is the problem mainly that the volume of aid is not sufficient and, as is often heard, more of it would make a difference? Has the sluggish social and economic progress in Zambia been appropriately diagnosed and correct remedies and strategies prescribed? This book attempts to address these and related questions.

Zambia's Health Reforms

Selected Papers, 1995-2000

Author: Chris Ngenda Mwikisa

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789188042156

Category: Health care reform

Page: 231

View: 6584

World Bank HIV/AIDS Interventions

Ex-ante and Ex-post Evaluation

Author: Julia Dayton

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821342510

Category: Medical

Page: 35

View: 8404

The AIDS epidemic is one of the greatest development challenges of the 20th century. Since 1986, the World Bank has supported member countries' efforts to fight the epidemic in many ways including committing over US$550 million to HIV/AIDS prevention and mitigation efforts. This paper, the first comprehensive study of all World Bank HIV/AIDS-related activities, assesses the appropriateness of Bank interventions from the perspective of public economies and reviews the economic evaluation and implementation of projects.

Low Carbon, High Growth

Latin American Responses to Climate Change : an Overview

Author: Augusto de la Torre,Pablo Fajnzylber,John Nash

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821376195

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 78

View: 975

role can Latin America play in the area of climate change mitigation? While the book does not attempt to provide definitive answers to these questions, it contributs new information and analysis that could help to inform the public policy debate on this important issue." --Book Jacket.

Zambia Country Assistance Review

Turning an Economy Around

Author: Gladstone G. Bonnick

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821338797

Category: Political Science

Page: 152

View: 9252

This book draws on country case studies to focus on the environmental implications of economywide policy reforms undertaken at the sectoral or macroeconomic level. Although the emphasis is upon economic policies, other noneconomic measures are also relevant, such as social, institutional, and legal actions. The main feature of most policy reforms directed at various levels of economic decisionmaking are price changes designed to promote efficiency and reduce waste. This report reinforces the view that policies that address price-related distortions can contribute to both economic and environmental goals (win-win policy reforms). A recurring theme in the case studies is that the potential for achieving parallel gains in conventional economic, social, and environmental goals is often present when economywide reforms attempt to improve macroeconomic stability, increase efficiency, and alleviate poverty. However, in important cases these potential gains cannot be realized unless complementary environmental and social measures are carried out. Of related interest: The Greening of Economic Policy Reform: Volume I: Principles (ISBN 0-8213-3477-8) Stock no. 13477; Volume II: Case Studies (ISBN 0-8213-3797-1) Stock no. 13797.

Fiscal Space for Health in Uganda

Author: Peter Okwero,Ajay Tandon,Susan Sparkes,Julie McLaughlin,Johannes G. Hoogeveen

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821382950

Category: Medical

Page: 64

View: 9634

This paper reviews the performance of the health sector in Uganda. It addresses concerns in the Ugandan health community that health financing must be increased to improve health, nutrition, and population outcomes, especially given the rapid increase in the country s population. Although international development aid targeted to health has increased dramatically, Uganda s first priority is actions to reduce waste and inefficiency in existing health expenditures. Such actions could include improved management of human resources in the health sector, strengthened procurement and logistics management for medicines and medical supplies, and better programming of development assistance of health. This paper is targeted to health policy makers and those involved in health services financing, both in the government and in donor agencies. This working paper was produced as part of the World Bank s Africa Region Health Systems for Outcomes (HSO) Program. The Program, funded by the World Bank, the Government of Norway, the Government of the United Kingdom, and the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (GAVI), focuses on strengthening health systems in Africa to reach the poor and achieve tangible results related to Health, Nutrition, and Population. The main pillars and focus of the program center on knowledge and capacity building related to Human Resources for Health, Health Financing, Pharmaceuticals, Governance and Service Delivery, and Infrastructure and ICT.

Zambia

Public Expenditure Management and Financial Accountability Review

Author: N.A

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821359242

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 180

View: 4004

Zambia's economy is not growing fast. Poverty is on the rise. The quality of economic governance is on the decline. And public resources are not well spent. The badly needed first steps to reverse this situation are to start getting the budgetary allocations right and to make sure those allocations go where they're intended. Addressing the longstanding challenges that Zambia faces in public expenditure management will require strong political will. For Zambia to assure that public accountability is enduring and not dependent on the government of the day, it must strengthen budget processes and institutions that can provide public oversight and promote basic checks and balances. This report provides an analysis of how Zambia can strengthen budgetary processes and institutions for accountability and effective service delivery to its citizens.

The Impact of Structural Adjustment Programmes on the Public Health Sector: The Case of Zimbabwe

Author: Tsitsi Muvunzi

Publisher: Anchor Academic Publishing (aap_verlag)

ISBN: 3954891352

Category: Political Science

Page: 124

View: 619

Structural Adjustment Programmes of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank (WB) were implemented as part of aid conditionality in Africa and Latin America since the 1980s. There is a wide range of literature critical of SAPs. Several debates have focused on whether the failure of SAPs was a result of the inherent weaknesses of the IMF/ WB sponsored structural adjustment or whether it was caused by structural failures of policy implementation within the African continent. The author uses the Zimbabwean case to analyze the impact of SAPs on social service sectors, in particular the public health sector.