A Course in Mathematical Logic for Mathematicians

Author: Yu. I. Manin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441906150

Category: Mathematics

Page: 384

View: 4227

1. The ?rst edition of this book was published in 1977. The text has been well received and is still used, although it has been out of print for some time. In the intervening three decades, a lot of interesting things have happened to mathematical logic: (i) Model theory has shown that insights acquired in the study of formal languages could be used fruitfully in solving old problems of conventional mathematics. (ii) Mathematics has been and is moving with growing acceleration from the set-theoretic language of structures to the language and intuition of (higher) categories, leaving behind old concerns about in?nities: a new view of foundations is now emerging. (iii) Computer science, a no-nonsense child of the abstract computability theory, has been creatively dealing with old challenges and providing new ones, such as the P/NP problem. Planning additional chapters for this second edition, I have decided to focus onmodeltheory,the conspicuousabsenceofwhichinthe ?rsteditionwasnoted in several reviews, and the theory of computation, including its categorical and quantum aspects. The whole Part IV: Model Theory, is new. I am very grateful to Boris I. Zilber, who kindly agreed to write it. It may be read directly after Chapter II. The contents of the ?rst edition are basically reproduced here as Chapters I–VIII. Section IV.7, on the cardinality of the continuum, is completed by Section IV.7.3, discussing H. Woodin’s discovery.

A Course in Homological Algebra

Author: Peter J. Hilton,Urs Stammbach

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441985662

Category: Mathematics

Page: 366

View: 1095

Homological algebra has found a large number of applications in many fields ranging from finite and infinite group theory to representation theory, number theory, algebraic topology and sheaf theory. In the new edition of this broad introduction to the field, the authors address a number of select topics and describe their applications, illustrating the range and depth of their developments. A comprehensive set of exercises is included.

Banach Algebra Techniques in Operator Theory

Author: Ronald G. Douglas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461216567

Category: Mathematics

Page: 198

View: 1345

A discussion of certain advanced topics in operator theory, providing the necessary background while assuming only standard senior-first year graduate courses in general topology, measure theory, and algebra. Each chapter ends with source notes which suggest additional reading along with comments on who proved what and when, followed by a large number of problems of varying difficulty. This new edition will appeal to a whole new generation of students seeking an introduction to this topic.

Categories for the Working Mathematician

Author: Saunders Mac Lane

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387984032

Category: Mathematics

Page: 314

View: 7242

Categories for the Working Mathematician begins with foundations, illuminating concepts such as category, functor, natural transformation, and duality. It then continues by extensively illustrating these categorical concepts while presenting applications to more advanced topics. This second edition includes many revisions and additions.

Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics

Author: V.I. Arnol'd

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475720637

Category: Mathematics

Page: 520

View: 5196

This book constructs the mathematical apparatus of classical mechanics from the beginning, examining basic problems in dynamics like the theory of oscillations and the Hamiltonian formalism. The author emphasizes geometrical considerations and includes phase spaces and flows, vector fields, and Lie groups. Discussion includes qualitative methods of the theory of dynamical systems and of asymptotic methods like averaging and adiabatic invariance.

Advanced Linear Algebra

Author: Steven Roman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387274744

Category: Mathematics

Page: 486

View: 4935

Covers a notably broad range of topics, including some topics not generally found in linear algebra books Contains a discussion of the basics of linear algebra

Field Theory

Author: Steven Roman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387276785

Category: Mathematics

Page: 335

View: 9009

"Springer has just released the second edition of Steven Roman’s Field Theory, and it continues to be one of the best graduate-level introductions to the subject out there....Every section of the book has a number of good exercises that would make this book excellent to use either as a textbook or to learn the material on your own. All in all...a well-written expository account of a very exciting area in mathematics." --THE MAA MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES DIGITAL LIBRARY

Algebraic Topology

A First Course

Author: William Fulton

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461241804

Category: Mathematics

Page: 430

View: 6958

To the Teacher. This book is designed to introduce a student to some of the important ideas of algebraic topology by emphasizing the re lations of these ideas with other areas of mathematics. Rather than choosing one point of view of modem topology (homotopy theory, simplicial complexes, singular theory, axiomatic homology, differ ential topology, etc.), we concentrate our attention on concrete prob lems in low dimensions, introducing only as much algebraic machin ery as necessary for the problems we meet. This makes it possible to see a wider variety of important features of the subject than is usual in a beginning text. The book is designed for students of mathematics or science who are not aiming to become practicing algebraic topol ogists-without, we hope, discouraging budding topologists. We also feel that this approach is in better harmony with the historical devel opment of the subject. What would we like a student to know after a first course in to pology (assuming we reject the answer: half of what one would like the student to know after a second course in topology)? Our answers to this have guided the choice of material, which includes: under standing the relation between homology and integration, first on plane domains, later on Riemann surfaces and in higher dimensions; wind ing numbers and degrees of mappings, fixed-point theorems; appli cations such as the Jordan curve theorem, invariance of domain; in dices of vector fields and Euler characteristics; fundamental groups

Integration and Probability

Author: Paul Malliavin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461242029

Category: Mathematics

Page: 326

View: 4931

An introduction to analysis with the right mix of abstract theories and concrete problems. Starting with general measure theory, the book goes on to treat Borel and Radon measures and introduces the reader to Fourier analysis in Euclidean spaces with a treatment of Sobolev spaces, distributions, and the corresponding Fourier analysis. It continues with a Hilbertian treatment of the basic laws of probability including Doob's martingale convergence theorem and finishes with Malliavin's "stochastic calculus of variations" developed in the context of Gaussian measure spaces. This invaluable contribution gives a taste of the fact that analysis is not a collection of independent theories, but can be treated as a whole.

Mathematical Logic

On Numbers, Sets, Structures, and Symmetry

Author: Roman Kossak

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783030073312

Category:

Page: 202

View: 3409

This book, presented in two parts, offers a slow introduction to mathematical logic, and several basic concepts of model theory, such as first-order definability, types, symmetries, and elementary extensions. Its first part, Logic Sets, and Numbers, shows how mathematical logic is used to develop the number structures of classical mathematics. The exposition does not assume any prerequisites; it is rigorous, but as informal as possible. All necessary concepts are introduced exactly as they would be in a course in mathematical logic; but are accompanied by more extensive introductory remarks and examples to motivate formal developments. The second part, Relations, Structures, Geometry, introduces several basic concepts of model theory, such as first-order definability, types, symmetries, and elementary extensions, and shows how they are used to study and classify mathematical structures. Although more advanced, this second part is accessible to the reader who is either already familiar with basic mathematical logic, or has carefully read the first part of the book. Classical developments in model theory, including the Compactness Theorem and its uses, are discussed. Other topics include tameness, minimality, and order minimality of structures. The book can be used as an introduction to model theory, but unlike standard texts, it does not require familiarity with abstract algebra. This book will also be of interest to mathematicians who know the technical aspects of the subject, but are not familiar with its history and philosophical background.