Language Contact and Bilingualism

Author: René Appel,Pieter Muysken

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9053568573

Category: Social Science

Page: 228

View: 3822


What happens – sociologically, linguistically, educationally, politically – when more than one language is in regular use in a community? How do speakers handle these languages simultaneously, and what influence does this language contact have on the languages involved? Although most people in the world use more than one language in everyday life, the approach to the study of language has usually been that monolingualism is the norm. The recent interest in bilingualism and language contact has led to a number of new approaches, based on research in communities in many different parts of the world. This book draws together this diverse research, looking at examples from many different situations, to present the topic in any easily accessible form. Language contact is looked at from four distinct perspectives. The authors consider bilingual societies; bilingual speakers; language use in the bilingual community; finally language itself (do languages change when in contact with each other? Can they borrow rules of grammar, or just words? How can new languages emerge from language contact?). The result is a clear, concise synthesis offering a much-needed overview of this lively area of language study.

Introduction to Contact Mechanics

Author: Anthony C. Fischer-Cripps

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387681884

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 226

View: 9629


This book deals with the mechanics of solid bodies in contact, a subject intimately connected with such topics as fracture, hardness, and elasticity. Coverage begins with an introduction to the mechanical properties of materials, general fracture mechanics, and the fracture of brittle solids. It then provides a detailed description of indentation stress fields for both elastic and elastic-plastic contact. In addition, the book discusses the formation of Hertzian cone cracks in brittle materials, subsurface damage in ductile materials, and the meaning of hardness. Coverage concludes with an overview of practical methods of indentation testing.

Clinical Contact Lens Practice

Author: Edward S. Bennett,Barry A. Weissman

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 9780781737050

Category: Medical

Page: 1072

View: 8427


This comprehensive text and reference addresses the full scope of contemporary contact lens science and practice. With two expert editors and 100 first-rate contributors, the book presents practitioners and students in optometry and ophthalmology with key facts on corneal anatomy, recent research, contact lens design, patient evaluation, clinical applications, patient education, and complications of contact lens wear. More than 600 illustrations complement the text. Clinical Contact Lens Practice will be the standard text for required contact lens courses and will be an invaluable everyday reference for practitioners.

Fisher's Contact Dermatitis

Author: Robert L. Rietschel,Joseph F. Fowler,Alexander A. Fisher

Publisher: PMPH-USA

ISBN: 9781550093780

Category: Medical

Page: 862

View: 5956


Since its introduction in 1967, Alexander A. Fisher's Contact Dermatitis has been the one essential text for American dermatologists who see patients with contact dermatitis. The sixth edition is an encyclopedic reference that discusses all aspects of contact dermatitis. It features a full color atlas section as well as color images for the first time. The 6th edition provides updates on the following sections: statistics and sources of rubber allergy; allergy to plastic chemicals, especially epoxies and acrylics; textile dyes and permanent press allergy; photo dermatitis; allergy to newer preservatives and other ingredients in skin and hair care products and cosmetics such as cocamidopropyl betaine, emulsifiers, methyldibromoglutaronitrile; and metal allergy especially gold, nickel, rare metal allergy and allergy to dental materials, cardiovascular and orthopedic implants.

Gower Handbook of Call and Contact Centre Management

Author: Natalie Calvert

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351932357

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 8905


Call centres and contact centres form an important and rapidly growing part of today's business world. They present a range of management challenges, from strategic decisions about how to develop a customer strategy, business planning, through to detailed considerations of staffing levels and appropriate technology. This new handbook, the first of its kind, provides a unique insight giving expert opinions on how to get the most out of your contact centre operations. Natalie Calvert, a specialist in the field, has brought together a team of 35 experienced practitioners who provide invaluable knowledge, share their experiences and draw on real-life examples to suggest practical solutions on a wide range of topics. This handbook is an indispensible guide and reference for call and contact centre managers, HR specialists and senior executives responsible for marketing, sales or customer services. The handbook is divided into six parts: I The business plan II The people factor III Contact centre technology IV Standards, processes, and outsourcing V Building profitable customer relationships VI The future.

Coatings and Inks for Food Contact Materials

Author: M. J. Forrest

Publisher: iSmithers Rapra Publishing

ISBN: 9781847350794

Category: Science

Page: 132

View: 6290


This Rapra Review Report, Coatings and Inks for Food Contact Materials, has attempted to cover all of the coatings and inks products used in food contact scenarios. In practice, this encompasses an extremely wide range of polymer systems and formulations, and an emphasis has been placed on coatings and inks used in food packaging, as this is usually regarded as representing the most important application category with respect to the potential for migration to occur. In addition to a thorough introduction of the polymers and additives that are used to produce coatings and inks, there are also chapters covering the regulation of these materials, the migration and analytical tests that are performed on them to assess their suitability for food contact applications, the migration data that have been published, and the areas in the field that are receiving the most attention for research and development. The report is accompanied by around 400 abstracts compiled from the Polymer Library, to facilitate further reading on this subject.

Contact Zones

Aboriginal and Settler Women in Canada's Colonial Past

Author: Katie Pickles,Myra Rutherdale

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 0774851686

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 320

View: 4677


As both colonizer and colonized (sometimes even simultaneously), women were uniquely positioned at the axis of the colonial encounter � the so-called "contact zone" � between Aboriginals and newcomers. Aboriginal women shaped identities for themselves in both worlds. By recognizing the necessity to "perform," they enchanted and educated white audiences across Canada. On the other side of the coin, newcomers imposed increasing regulation on Aboriginal women's bodies. Contact Zones provides insight into the ubiquity and persistence of colonial discourse. What bodies belonged inside the nation, who were outsiders, and who transgressed the rules � these are the questions at the heart of this provocative book.

Contact Mechanics

Author: K. L. Johnson,Kenneth Langstreth Johnson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521347969

Category: Science

Page: 452

View: 8476


This treatise is concerned with the stresses and deformation of solid bodies in contact with each other, along curved surfaces which touch initially at a point or along a line. Examples are a railway wheel and rail, or a pair of gear wheel teeth. Professor Johnson first reviews the development of the theory of contact stresses since the problem was originally addressed by H. Hertz in 1882. Next he discusses the influence of friction and the topographical roughness of surfaces, and this is incorporated into the theory of contact mechanics. An important feature is the treatment of bodies which deform plastically or viscoelastically. In addition to stationary contact, an appreciable section of the book is concerned with bodies which are in sliding or rolling contact, or which collide.

Languages in Contact and Conflict

Contrasting Experiences in the Netherlands and Belgium

Author: Sue Wright,Helen Kelly-Holmes

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 9781853592782

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 92

View: 7301


Papers explore new developments in the Dutch government's policy responses to the linguistic minorities constituted by recent immigration, the theoretical implications of linguistic groups in contact and conflict with one another, and the political reality which frames life in Belgium. Contributors discuss each other's papers in a debate section. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR