An Introduction to Criminal Justice
Author: Joycelyn M. Pollock
Category: Political Science
This book views peacemaking as a broad, encompassing process that is expressed in many different shapes and forms. It blends ancient-wisdom traditions, peacemaking criminology, and restorative justice principles as a way of intervening with offenders in both institutional and community-based settings. Philosophical and spiritual contexts for peacemaking are presented that form a foundation for understanding the potential for peacemaking in criminological thought, the criminal justice system, and society in general.
Author: George F. Cole,Christopher E. Smith,Christina DeJong
Publisher: Cengage Learning
In CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN AMERICA, Eighth Edition, authors George Cole, Christopher Smith, and Christina DeJong have accomplished much within a brief format. This concise introductory criminal justice text not only introduces students to the field's foundations and individual components, but also to the many professional opportunities available in the justice system - all within a unique interdisciplinary framework and emphasizing how public policy impacts criminal justice as it is practiced today. Created as an alternative to more expensive, encyclopedic introductory texts, this reader-friendly best seller incorporates ideas, themes, and theories from criminology, sociology, law, history, psychology, and political science. In addition to a strong interdisciplinary emphasis, CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN AMERICA teaches students to become better citizens by helping them think critically about what justice means in our society and how individuals can play a role in defining that meaning. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Author: Roscoe Pound
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
Roscoe Pound believed that unless the criminal justice system maintains stability while adapting to change, it will either fossilize or be subject to the whims of public opinion. In Criminal Justice in America, Pound recognizes the dangers law faces when it does not keep pace with societal change. When the home, neighborhood, and religion are no longer capable of social control, increased conflicts arise, laws proliferate, and new menaces wrought by technology, drugs, and juvenile delinquency flourish. Where Pound saw the influence of the motion pictures as part of the "multiplication of the agencies of menace," today we might cite television and the Internet. His point still holds true: The "old machinery" cannot meet the evolving needs of society. In Criminal Justice in America, Pound points out that one aspect of the criminal justice problem is a rigid mechanical approach that resists change. The other dimension of the problem is that change, when it comes, will result from the pressure of public opinion. Justice suffers when the public is moved by the oldest of public feelings, vengeance. This can result in citizens taking the law into their own handsâfrom tax evasion to mob lynchingsâas well as in altering the judicial systemâfrom sensationalizing trials to producing wrongful convictions. Ron Christenson, in his new introduction, discusses the evolution of Roscoe Pound's career and thought. Pound's theories on jurisprudence were remarkably prescient. They continue to gain resonance as crimes become more and more sensationalized by the media. Criminal Justice in America is a fascinating study that should be read by legal scholars and professionals, sociologists, political theorists, and philosophers.
Author: George F. Cole,Christopher E. Smith
Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company
Category: Criminal justice, Administration of
This book, which is intended to be used as a textbook in an introductory course in criminal justice in America, covers the criminal justice process, the police, the courts, corrections, and the juvenile justice system. From defining what behavior is labeled criminal to deciding the fate of offenders who are caught, the process of criminal justice is a social process subject to many influences other than written law. In introducing the study of this process, the three chapters of part one of this book provide a broad framework for analyzing how American society -- through its police, courts, and corrections -- attempts to deal with criminal behavior. The three chapters of part two examine the police as the key unit of the criminal justice system, as it confronts crime in the community. One chapter traces the history of policing and reviews its functions and organization. A second chapter explores the daily operations of the police, and the third chapter analyzes current issues and trends in policing. In part three, five chapters examine the process by which guilt is determined in accordance with the law's requirements, as well as the processes and underlying philosophies of the punishment that further separates the convicted from the acquitted. An overview of the court is followed by discussions of prosecution and defense, pretrial processes, trial and posttrial processes, and punishment and sentencing. The five chapters of part four address how the American criminal justice system deals with those who are convicted and sentenced. The chapters discuss how various influences have molded the way American society manages those who violate its laws. Topics considered include community corrections (probation and intermediate sanctions); prisons (their goals and management); prison society; and release and supervision in the community. Part five is a single chapter on the juvenile justice system. Following an overview of youth crime in the United States, the development of juvenile justice is traced, followed by a profile of the juvenile justice system and the juvenile justice process. Some juvenile justice problems and perspectives are identified, and the parameters of the debate on whether juvenile offenders should be tried as adults are outlined. Study aids are provided for each chapter.
Author: Joycelyn Pollock
Category: Social Science
Crime and Criminal Justice in America, Third Edition, addresses the major controversial issues in U.S. policing, courts, and the correctional system. This book features unique graphics and contemporary data and research, developed by Joycelyn Pollock, criminologist, and University Distinguished Professor of Criminal Justice, Texas State University. The text’s question-and-answer model promotes a critical thinking process for students new to criminal justice, encouraging student engagement and the application of learned skills through end-of-chapter exercises. Timely, comprehensive, and visually stimulating, Crime and Criminal Justice in America, Third Edition, is the go-to text for introductory criminal justice students and educators.
race and criminal justice in America
Author: Michael J. Lynch,E. Britt Patterson
Publisher: Harrow & Heston
Author: Larry J Siegel,Frank J. Schmalleger,John Worrall
Category: Political Science
This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. For all courses in courts and criminal justice A balanced, modern, comprehensive approach to the court system in America today Courts and Criminal Justice in America, Third Edition, is the collaboration of the most popular criminal justice authors of the century. Featuring a balanced and modern presentation, this book not only looks at the basic structure of the court system and court process, but also covers cutting-edge topics and all sides of the most controversial issues facing courts today. This student-friendly text does not presuppose any knowledge about the courts or how they operate. Highlighted controversial cases illustrate the tremendous power that the court system has to regulate citizens' lives, to shape what is acceptable and what is forbidden, and to ensure that criminal justice policy balances both rights and liberties. Extensively revised throughout, the Third Edition features new and updated statistics, chapter-opening stories, and Courts in the News and What Will You Do? features that challenge readers to think critically and draw their own conclusions. This respected author team delivers the most comprehensive introduction to America's courts, their personnel, and the context in which they operate on the market today. Courts and Criminal Justice in America, Third Edition, is also available via Revel™, an interactive learning environment that enables students to read, practice, and study in one continuous experience.
Present Realities and Future Prospects
Author: Wilson R. Palacios,Paul F. Cromwell,Roger G. Dunham
Publisher: Pearson College Division
This interesting and readable book covers a broad range of perspectives on various topics and issues critical to the American criminal justice system. It contains readings from many sources, as well as historical and philosophical approaches to understanding the complexities confronting the field of criminal justice today. The selected readings are organized under four major topical areas: Crime and Justice in America; The Police in America; Adjudication and Sentencing; and Jails, Prisons, and Community-based Corrections. For individuals working within—or simply interested in— the American criminal justice system.
the system, the process, the people
Author: Harold J. Vetter,Clifford E. Simonsen
Author: Wilbur R. Miller
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Several encyclopedias overview the contemporary system of criminal justice in America, but full understanding of current social problems and contemporary strategies to deal with them can come only with clear appreciation of the historical underpinnings of those problems. Thus, this five-volume work surveys the history and philosophy of crime, punishment, and criminal justice institutions in America from colonial times to the present. It covers the whole of the criminal justice system, from crimes, law enforcement and policing, to courts, corrections and human services. Among other things, this encyclopedia: explicates philosophical foundations underpinning our system of justice; charts changing patterns in criminal activity and subsequent effects on legal responses; identifies major periods in the development of our system of criminal justice; and explores in the first four volumes - supplemented by a fifth volume containing annotated primary documents - evolving debates and conflicts on how best to address issues of crime and punishment. Its signed entries in the first four volumes--supplemented by a fifth volume containing annotated primary documents--provide the historical context for students to better understand contemporary criminological debates and the contemporary shape of the U.S. system of law and justice.