Papyrus Ebers und die antike Heilkunde

Akten der Tagung vom 15.-16. 3. 2002 in der Albertina/UB der Universität Leipzig

Author: Hans-Werner Fischer-Elfert

Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag

ISBN: 9783447052092

Category: History

Page: 147

View: 6289

m Rahmen einer Ausstellung des Papyrus Ebers in der frisch restaurierten Universitatsbibliothek (Albertina) fand am 15. und 16. Marz 2002 ein Kolloquium zur altagyptischen und antiken Heilkunde statt. Die nach seinem Erstbesitzer, dem vornehmlich durch seine historischen Romane bekannt gewordenen Agyptologen Georg Ebers, 1873 benannte Schriftrolle von heute knapp 19 Meter Lange mit ca. 880 Einzeldiagnosen und -rezepten zahlt zu den grossten Handschriften aus dem pharaonischen Agypten, daneben zu den bedeutsamsten medizinischen weltweit. Durch die Beteiligung verschiedener Mediziner, Medizinhistoriker und Agyptologen konnte sich eine lebhafte bis kontroverse Diskussion entspinnen, die erneut das vehemente Interesse auch seitens der praktizierenden modernen Mediziner und Biologen an historischen Entwicklungen ihrer Facher dokumentierte. Mehrere Beitrage der Tagung sind in diesem Band zusammengefasst, erganzt um eine weitere Untersuchung des Herausgebers zu den drei Eingangsspruchen des Papyrus Ebers.

The American Chemist

Author: Charles Frederick Chandler,William Henry Chandler

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Chemistry

Page: N.A

View: 6175

Writings of Early Scholars in the Ancient Near East, Egypt, Rome, and Greece

Translating Ancient Scientific Texts

Author: Annette Imhausen,Tanja Pommerening

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110229927

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 436

View: 3818

Medicine, astronomy, dealing with numbers even the cultures of the pre-modern world offer a rich spectrum of scientific texts. But how are they best translated? Is it sufficient to translate the sources into modern scientific language, and thereby, above all, to identify their deficits? Or would it be better to adopt the perspective of the sources themselves, strange as they are, only for them not to be properly understood by modern readers? Renowned representatives of various disciplines and traditions present a controversial and constructive discussion of these problems."

Handbuch der Orientalistik

Der Nahe und Mittlere Osten. Handbuch der altägyptischen Medizin

Author: N.A

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004113213

Category:

Page: 307

View: 2943

Human Insulin

Clinical Pharmacological Studies in Normal Man

Author: D.R. Owens

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400941617

Category: Medical

Page: 312

View: 8230

Since insulin became available for the treatment of diabetes in 1922 a number of major advances have been made, which include the modification of insulin to vary its timing of action, its purification, and latterly, the production of human insulin. Human insulin in quantities sufficiently large for therapy has been made available by two techniques developed in parallel during the late 1970s. These involve either (i) formulation in E. coli bacteria suitably encoded by DNA recombinant methods of the A- and B-chains of human insulin followed by a chain combination reaction ('biosynthetic' human insulin) or (ii) enzymatic conversion (transpeptidation) of porcine insulin brought to react with a threonine ester by porcine trypsin in a mixture of water and organic solvents, yielding human insulin ('semi-synthetic' human insulin). This book includes the first clinical-pharmacological studies of each of the highly purified 'semi-synthetic' human insulin preparations: Actrapid ® HM; Monotard® HM; Protaphane® HM; Actraphane® HM; and Ultratard® HM (Novo Industri A/S, Copenhagen). The preliminary studies established their safety and efficacy relative to their porcine and bovine counterparts emphasising the relevance of species and formulation on the pharmacokinetics and biological responses to insulin. Additional investigations with human insulin demonstrated the influence of insulin concentration, site of administration, the addition of aprotinin to insulin and the mixing of 'short-' and 'intermediate-acting' formulations on insulin 'bioavailability'. Examination of the 'within' and 'between' subject day-to-day variation in absorption and the effect of subcutaneous insulin also demonstrates the dominating influence of insulin responsiveness.