The Limits of Soft Power and the Necessity of Military Force
Author: Eliot A. Cohen
Publisher: Hachette UK
Category: Political Science
"Speak softly and carry a big stick" Theodore Roosevelt famously said in 1901, when the United States was emerging as a great power. It was the right sentiment, perhaps, in an age of imperial rivalry but today many Americans doubt the utility of their global military presence, thinking it outdated, unnecessary or even dangerous. In The Big Stick, Eliot A. Cohen-a scholar and practitioner of international relations-disagrees. He argues that hard power remains essential for American foreign policy. While acknowledging that the US must be careful about why, when, and how it uses force, he insists that its international role is as critical as ever, and armed force is vital to that role. Cohen explains that American leaders must learn to use hard power in new ways and for new circumstances. The rise of a well-armed China, Russia's conquest of Crimea and eastern Ukraine, nuclear threats from North Korea and Iran, and the spread of radical Islamist movements like ISIS are some of the key threats to global peace. If the United States relinquishes its position as a strong but prudent military power, and fails to accept its role as the guardian of a stable world order we run the risk of unleashing disorder, violence and tyranny on a scale not seen since the 1930s. The US is still, as Madeleine Albright once dubbed it, "the indispensable nation."
Author: Michael Mandelbaum
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Political Science
In the twenty-five years after 1989, the world enjoyed the deepest peace in history. In The Rise and Fall of Peace on Earth, the eminent foreign policy scholar Michael Mandelbaum examines that remarkable quarter century, describing how and why the peace was established and then fell apart. To be sure, wars took place in this era, but less frequently and on a far smaller scale than in previous periods. Mandelbaum argues that the widespread peace ended because three major countries -- Vladimir Putin's Russia in Europe, Xi Jinping's China in East Asia, and the Shia clerics' Iran in the Middle East -- put an end to it with aggressive nationalist policies aimed at overturning the prevailing political arrangements in their respective regions. The three had a common motive: their need to survive in a democratic age with their countries' prospects for economic growth uncertain. Mandelbaum further argues that the key to the return of peace lies in the advent of genuine democracy, including free elections and the protection of religious, economic, and political liberty. Yet, since recent history has shown that democracy cannot be imposed from the outside, The Rise and Fall of Peace on Earth has a dual message: while the world has a formula for peace, there is no way to ensure that all countries will embrace it.
Projecting Force After 9/11
Author: Jason W. Warren
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
War and landpower's role in the twenty-first century is not just about military organizations, tactics, operations, and technology; it is also about strategy, policy, and social and political contexts. After fourteen years of war in the Middle East with dubious results, a diminished national reputation, and a continuing drawdown of troops with perhaps a future force increase proposed by the Trump administration, the role of landpower in US grand strategy will continue to evolve with changing geopolitical situations. Landpower in the Long War: Projecting Force After 9/11, edited by Jason W. Warren , is the first holistic academic analysis of American strategic landpower. Divided into thematic sections, this study presents a comprehensive approach to a critical aspect of US foreign policy as the threat or ability to use force underpins diplomacy. The text begins with more traditional issues, such as strategy and civilian-military relations, and works its way to more contemporary topics, such as how socio-cultural considerations effect the landpower force. It also includes a synopsis of the suppressed Iraq report from one of the now retired leaders of that effort. The contributors -- made up of an interdisciplinary team of political scientists, historians, and military practitioners -- demonstrate that the conceptualization of landpower must move beyond the limited operational definition offered by Army doctrine in order to encompass social changes, trauma, the rule of law, acquisition of needed equipment, civil-military relationships, and bureaucratic decision-making, and argue that landpower should be a useful concept for warfighters and government agencies.
International, Economic, and Human Security in a Changing World
Author: James M. Scott,Ralph G. Carter,A. Cooper Drury
Publisher: CQ Press
Category: Political Science
Now publishing with CQ Press, the Third Edition of IR: International, Economic, and Human Security in a Changing World explores the most current issues affecting the global community by analyzing how global actors seek international, economic, and human security. Award-winning scholars and authors James M. Scott, Ralph G. Carter, and A. Cooper Drury combine thought-provoking examples with practical learning tools to give you context and help you develop an understanding of not just what happens, but why and how it happens. Assuming no prior knowledge about international relations, the text provides you with a framework to understand what conditions behavior in the international arena—the challenges of anarchy, diversity, and complexity permeate the multitude of events that comprise of our world today. You will be able to make sense of the complicated events and interactions of world politics and come away with a broader view of the world’s geographical and political landscapes. New to the Third Edition: New discussions of key international trends and developments such as the shifts in power and leadership, the nature of and challenges to international order, the backlash against globalization and the rise of populism around the world. New and updated tables, charts, maps, and photographs illustrate important political events and players and bring concepts to life for today’s students. New and updated “Spotlight On” stories look at recent events happening in China, North Korea, Russia, and other countries to help students apply important concepts to real-world scenarios. New and updated “Theory in Action” examples feature contemporary theories about feminism, leadership, and more to demonstrate how ideas are directly translated into current policy and action. New and updated “The Revenge of Geography” feature with current issues such as “The Shrinking World,” turmoil in the African Great Lakes region, and more to demonstrate how a country’s borders and geography influences its relationships with neighboring countries. New and updated “Foreign Policy in Perspective” discussions explain how the dynamics of international relations have changed, putting into context the recent behavior and motivations of Russia’s interactions with its neighbors, Brexit, sanctions on North Korea, and more.
Category: New York (N.Y.)
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