Theoretical Philosophy, 1755-1770

Author: Immanuel Kant

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521531702

Category: Philosophy

Page: 543

View: 6554

DOWNLOAD NOW »

First volume of the first comprehensive edition of the works of Kant in English translation.

The Poverty of Conceptual Truth: Kants Analytic/Synthetic Distinction and the Limits of Metaphysics

Author: R. Lanier Anderson

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191044083

Category: Philosophy

Page: 432

View: 3154

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The Poverty of Conceptual Truth is based on a simple idea. Kants distinction between analytic and synthetic judgments underwrites a powerful argument against the metaphysical program of his Leibnizian-Wolffian predecessors--an argument from fundamental limits on its expressive power. In that tradition, metaphysics promised to reveal the deep rational structure of the world through a systematic philosophy consisting of strictly conceptual truths, which flowfrom a logically perspicuous relation of containment among concepts. That is, all truths would be analytic, in Kants sense. Kants distinction shows to the contrary that far reaching and scientifically indispensable parts of our knowledge of the world (including mathematics, the foundations of naturalscience, all knowledge from experience, and the central principles of metaphysics itself) are essentially synthetic and could never be restated in analytic form. Thus, the metaphysics of Kants predecessors is doomed, because knowledge crucial to any adequate theory of the world cannot even be expressed in the idiom to which it restricts itself (and which was the basis of its claim to provide a transparently rational account of things). Traditional metaphysics founders on theexpressive poverty of conceptual truth.To establish these claims, R. Lanier Anderson shows how Kants distinction can be given a clear basis within traditional logic, and traces Kants long, difficult path to discovering it. Once analyticity is framed in clear logical terms, it is possible to reconstruct compelling arguments that elementary mathematics must be synthetic, and then to show how similar considerations about irreducible syntheticity animate Kants famous arguments against traditional metaphysics in the Critique ofPure Reason.

Kantian Reason and Hegelian Spirit

The Idealistic Logic of Modern Theology

Author: Gary Dorrien

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444355899

Category: Religion

Page: 616

View: 9969

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Winner: 2012 The American Publishers Award for Professional and Scholarly Excellence in Theology and Religious Studies, PROSE Award. In this thought-provoking new work, the world renowned theologian Gary Dorrien reveals how Kantian and post-Kantian idealism were instrumental in the foundation and development of modern Christian theology. Presents a radical rethinking of the roots of modern theology Reveals how Kantian and post-Kantian idealism were instrumental in the foundation and development of modern Christian theology Shows how it took Kant's writings on ethics and religion to launch a fully modern departure in religious thought Dissects Kant's three critiques of reason and his moral conception of religion Analyzes alternative arguments offered by Schleiermacher, Schelling, Hegel, and others - moving historically and chronologically through key figures in European philosophy and theology Presents notoriously difficult and intellectual arguments in a lucid and accessible manner

The Problem of Animal Generation in Early Modern Philosophy

Author: Justin E. H. Smith

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139456431

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 6439

DOWNLOAD NOW »

In this volume Smith examines the early modern science of generation, which included the study of animal conception, heredity, and fetal development. Analyzing how it influenced the contemporary treatment of traditional philosophical questions, it also demonstrates how philosophical pre-suppositions about mechanism, substance, and cause informed the interpretations offered by those conducting empirical research on animal reproduction. Composed of essays written by an international team of leading scholars, the book offers a fresh perspective on some of the basic problems in early modern philosophy. It also considers how these basic problems manifested themselves within an area of scientific inquiry that had not previously received much consideration by historians of philosophy.

Introduction to Metaphysics

From Parmenides to Levinas

Author: Jean Grondin

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231527233

Category: Philosophy

Page: 360

View: 6576

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Jean Grondin completes the first history of metaphysics and respects both the analytical and the Continental schools while transcending the theoretical limitations of each. He reviews seminal texts by Parmenides, Plato, Aristotle, Plotinus, and Augustine. He follows the theological turn in the metaphysical thought of Avicenna, Anselm, Aquinas, and Duns Scotus, and he revisits Descartes and the cogito; Spinoza and Leibniz's rationalist approaches; Kant's reclaiming of the metaphysical tradition; and post-Kantian practice up to Hegel. He engages with twentieth century innovations that upended the discipline, particularly Heidegger's revival of the question of Being and the rediscovery of the metaphysics of existence by Sartre and the Existentialists, language by Gadamer and Derrida, and transcendence by Levinas. Metaphysics is often dismissed as a form or epoch of philosophy that must be overcome, yet by promoting a full understanding of its platform and processes, Grondin reveals its cogent approach to reality and foundational influence on modern philosophy and science. By restoring the value of metaphysics for contemporary audiences, Grondin showcases the rich currents and countercurrents of metaphysical thought and its future possibilities.

A Companion to the Philosophy of Time

Author: Adrian Bardon,Heather Dyke

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118522052

Category: Philosophy

Page: 600

View: 2640

DOWNLOAD NOW »

A Companion to the Philosophy of Time presents thebroadest treatment of this subject yet; 32 specially commissionedarticles - written by an international line-up of experts –provide an unparalleled reference work for students and specialistsalike in this exciting field. The most comprehensive reference work on the philosophy of timecurrently available The first collection to tackle the historical development ofthe philosophy of time in addition to covering contemporarywork Provides a tripartite approach in its organization, coveringhistory of the philosophy of time, time as a feature of thephysical world, and time as a feature of experience Includes contributions from both distinguished,well-established scholars and rising stars in the field

The Future of Love

Essays in Political Theology

Author: John Milbank

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1630874477

Category: Religion

Page: 404

View: 5835

DOWNLOAD NOW »

With a newly written preface relating his theology to the current global situation, The Future of Love contains revised versions of eighteen of John Milbank's essays on theology, politics, religion, and culture--ranging from the onset of neoliberalism to its current crisis, and from the British to the global context. Many of the essays first appeared in obscure places and are thus not widely known. Also included are Milbank's most important responses to critiques of his seminal work, Theology and Social Theory. Taken together, the collection amounts to a political theology arrived at from diverse angles. This work is essential reading for all concerned with the current situation of religion in the era of globalization and with the future development of Radical Orthodoxy.

Gottlob Frege: Frege's philosophy in context

Author: Michael Beaney

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415306027

Category:

Page: 424

View: 6505

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This collection brings together recent scholarship on Frege, including new translations of German material which is made available to Anglophone scholars for the first time.

Anamorphosis

Kant on Knowledge and Ignorance

Author: Predrag Cicovacki

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 9780761807902

Category: Philosophy

Page: 325

View: 4220

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This book intends to show that we should re-think and re-evaluate our dogmatic commitment to a cognitivistic attitude. Our high regard for knowledge is due to the fact that we expect that it will help us satisfy not only our practical needs but also guide us toward a meaningful and fulfilled life. A careful examination of the nature and limits of knowledge reveals that both expectations cannot be satisfied. Following Kant, Cicovacki comes to the conclusion that, although our knowledge of reality seems to be reliable and true, at the same time it seems to be one-sided and very narrowly oriented. Our practical purposes seem to be served quite well, but it is dubious whether our knowledge helps us understand and find our own place and role in reality. Those pursuing science and analytic philosophy do not seem to realize that our knowledge of reality is at the same time reliable and true, and yet distorting and damaging. Cicovacki focuses on Kant's question: DEGREESD