Urbanism in the Preindustrial World

Cross-Cultural Approaches

Author: Glenn Storey

Publisher: University of Alabama Press

ISBN: 0817352465

Category: Social Science

Page: 443

View: 1404

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A baseline study of the growth of preindustrial cities worldwide. This work employs a subset of preindustrial cities on many continents to answer questions archaeologists grapple with concerning the populating and growth of cities before industrialization. It further explores how scholars differently conceive and execute their research on the population of cities. The subject cities are in Greece, Mesoamerica, the Andes, Italy, Egypt, Africa, United States, Denmark, and China. This broad sample provides a useful framework for answers to such questions as “Why did people agglomerate into cities?” and “What population size and what age of endurance constitute a city?” The study covers more than population magnitude and population makeup, the two major frameworks of urban demography. The contributors combine their archaeological and historical expertise to reveal commonalities, as well as theoretical extrapolations and methodological approaches, at work here and outside the sample. Urbanism in the Preindustrial World is a unique study revealing the variety of factors involved in the coalescing and dispersal of populations in preindustrial times.

Coming Together

Comparative Approaches to Population Aggregation and Early Urbanization

Author: Attila Gyucha

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 1438472773

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 4793

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Archaeologists, anthropologists, and classicists discuss how urbanization first emerged in strikingly different sociopolitical contexts in North America, Europe, and the Near East. The pursuit for universally applicable definitions of the terms “urban” and “city” has frequently distracted scholars from scrutinizing processes of how ancient nucleated settlements evolved and developed. Based on the premise that similar social dynamics to a great extent governed nucleation trajectories throughout human history, Coming Together focuses on both prehistoric aggregated and early urban settlements. Drawing from a variety of theoretical and methodological approaches, archaeologists, anthropologists, and classicists discuss how nucleation unfolded in strikingly different sociopolitical contexts in North America, Europe, and the Near East. The major themes of the volume are nucleation’s origins, pathways to sustainability, and the transformative role of these sites in sociopolitical and cultural change.

The Archaeology of Urbanism in Ancient Egypt

From the Predynastic Period to the End of the Middle Kingdom

Author: Nadine Moeller

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107079756

Category: History

Page: 450

View: 2227

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This book presents the latest archaeological evidence that makes a case for Egypt as an early urban society. It traces the emergence of urban features during the Predynastic Period up to the disintegration of the powerful Middle Kingdom state (ca. 3500-1650 BC).

The Ancient City

Author: Arjan Zuiderhoek

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521198356

Category: History

Page: 200

View: 8518

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Provides a survey of modern debates on Greek and Roman cities, and a sketch of the cities' chief characteristics.

State of the World 2007

Our Urban Future

Author: The Worldwatch Institute

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1610916328

Category: Nature

Page: 277

View: 7446

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In 2008, half of the Earth’s population will live in urban areas, marking the first time in history that humans are an urban species. State of the World 2007: Our Urban Future examines changes in the ways cities are managed, built, and lived in that could tip the balance towards a healthier and more peaceful urban future.

The Measure of Civilization

How Social Development Decides the Fate of Nations

Author: Ian Morris

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400844762

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 2113

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In the last thirty years, there have been fierce debates over how civilizations develop and why the West became so powerful. The Measure of Civilization presents a brand-new way of investigating these questions and provides new tools for assessing the long-term growth of societies. Using a groundbreaking numerical index of social development that compares societies in different times and places, award-winning author Ian Morris sets forth a sweeping examination of Eastern and Western development across 15,000 years since the end of the last ice age. He offers surprising conclusions about when and why the West came to dominate the world and fresh perspectives for thinking about the twenty-first century. Adapting the United Nations' approach for measuring human development, Morris's index breaks social development into four traits--energy capture per capita, organization, information technology, and war-making capacity--and he uses archaeological, historical, and current government data to quantify patterns. Morris reveals that for 90 percent of the time since the last ice age, the world's most advanced region has been at the western end of Eurasia, but contrary to what many historians once believed, there were roughly 1,200 years--from about 550 to 1750 CE--when an East Asian region was more advanced. Only in the late eighteenth century CE, when northwest Europeans tapped into the energy trapped in fossil fuels, did the West leap ahead. Resolving some of the biggest debates in global history, The Measure of Civilization puts forth innovative tools for determining past, present, and future economic and social trends.

A Fundamental Greek Course

Author: James I. A. Eezzuduemhoi,Glenn Storey

Publisher: University Press of Amer

ISBN: 9780761848615

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 547

View: 8684

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This book is designed primarily to lay a sound foundation for the study of Classical Greek and for use by everyone who is fascinated with ancient Greece. Suited to advanced college-level and university students, syntactical rules and vocabulary are carefully devised to help students master the intricacies of ancient Greek.

Urban Anthropology

Cities in Their Cultural Settings

Author: Richard Gabriel Fox

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 9794

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